[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third most common cause of cancer-associated mortality worldwide. No effective treatment has been established for unresectable advanced HCC, and the prognosis is poor. Sorafenib is an oral multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor for unresectable advanced HCC that significantly improves progression-free and overall survival. However, in the two large phase III clinical trials (the SHARP and Asia-Pacific trials), no cases of complete response (CR) were reported. The present study reports the case of a 68-year-old male with hepatitis C virus-related cirrhosis and multiple recurrent HCCs, with a tumor thrombus of the third portal vein following resection. The patient received 400 mg once daily (half the standard dose) of sorafenib for two years and achieved a CR. At the most recent follow-up examination at one year after the cessation of treatment, the patient was observed to be in remission without clinical or imaging evidence of disease recurrence.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently, the oral multikinase inhibitor sorafenib has been used to treat advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (aHCC). Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) induces apoptosis of tumor cells by binding to TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, while binding of the Fas ligand on cytotoxic T lymphocytes to the Fas receptor on hepatocytes also causes apoptosis. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate changes of cytokines in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) and aHCC receiving sorafenib therapy.
Fifty-seven adult Japanese LC patients received sorafenib for aHCC (200-800 mg/day for 4 weeks) between 2009 and 2012 at our hospital. Blood samples were collected in the early morning before and after treatment, and the serum levels of soluble TNF-alpha (sTNF-alpha), soluble TNF receptor (sTNF-R), soluble Fas ligand (sFas L), and soluble Fas (sFas) were evaluated.
Ten patients were treated with sorafenib at 200 mg/day (200 mg group), 37 patients were given 400 mg/day (400 mg group), and 10 patients received 800 mg/day (800 mg group). The serum level of sTNF-alpha was significantly increased after treatment compared with before treatment in the 400 and 800 mg groups. The serum level of sTNF-R also showed a significant increase after treatment in the 400 mg group, although there was no significant difference of sTNF-R between before and after treatment in the 200 and 800 mg groups. sFas showed a significant decrease after treatment compared with before treatment in the 400 and 800 mg groups, although the serum level of sFas L never exceeded 0.15 ng/ml.
These findings suggest that treatment with sorafenib at doses ≥400 mg/day might promote TNF-related or Fas-related apoptosis by increasing the circulating level of TNF-alpha or decreasing that of sFas.
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 11/2013; · 2.80 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This case report concerns a 40-year-old male who had previously been treated for an esophageal varix rupture, at the age of 30 years. The medical examination at that time revealed occlusion of the inferior vena cava in the proximity of the liver, leading to the diagnosis of the patient with Budd-Chiari syndrome. The progress of the patient was therefore monitored in an outpatient clinic. The patient had no history of drinking or smoking, but had suffered an epileptic seizure in 2004. The patient's family history revealed nothing of note. In February 2012, color Doppler ultrasonography (US) revealed a change in the blood flow in the right portal vein branch, from hepatopetal to hepatofugal, during deep inspiration. Arrival time parametric imaging (At-PI), using Sonazoid-enhanced US, was subsequently performed to examine the deep respiration-induced changes observed in the hepatic parenchymal perfusion. US images captured during deep inspiration demonstrated hepatic parenchymal perfusion predominantly in red, indicating that the major blood supply was the hepatic artery. During deep expiration, the portal venous blood flow remained hepatopetal, and hepatic parenchymal perfusion was displayed predominantly in yellow, indicating that the portal vein was the major source of the blood flow. The original diagnostic imaging results were reproduced one month subsequently by an identical procedure. At-PI enabled an investigation into the changes that were induced in the hepatic parenchymal perfusion by a compensatory mechanism involving the hepatic artery. These changes occurred in response to a reduction in the portal venous blood flow, as is observed in the arterialization of hepatic blood flow that is correlated with the progression of chronic hepatitis C. It has been established that the peribiliary capillary plexus is important in the regulation of hepatic arterial blood flow. However, this case demonstrated that the peribiliary capillary plexus also regulates acute changes in portal venous blood flow, in addition to the chronic reduction in blood flow that is observed in patients with chronic hepatitis C.
Experimental and therapeutic medicine 07/2013; 6(1):15-21. · 0.34 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. We examined the anatomy of the pancreatic duct system in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) from the standpoint of embryological pancreatic primordial. Material and methods. The pancreatic duct system involved in 83 AIP patients was embryologically divided into both ventral and dorsal pancreatic ducts (VD type), only the dorsal pancreatic duct (D type), or only the ventral pancreatic duct (V type). Results. The 83 AIP patients were divided into 62 VD type, 20 D type, and 1 V type. Obstructive jaundice was significantly more frequent in VD type (87%) than in D type (0%; p < 0.01), and abdominal pain was more frequent in D type (24%) than in VD type (2%; p < 0.01). Stenosis of the lower bile duct was detected in 98% of VD type and 15% of D type (p < 0.01). In the 67 patients with involvement of the pancreatic head, only the dorsal pancreatic duct was involved with a normal ventral pancreatic duct in four patients (D type). In the four D-type patients, the pancreatic duct system showed complete pancreas divisum (n = 1), incomplete pancreas divisum (n = 2), or normal pancreatic duct system (n = 1). Stenosis of the lower bile duct was seen in three patients, but was mild, resulting in no obstructive jaundice. Three patients reported abdominal pain and one patient developed acute pancreatitis. Conclusions. We propose a new entity of "autoimmune dorsal pancreatitis" in which only the dorsal pancreas is involved, and involvement of the lower bile duct and obstructive jaundice is rare.
Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology 07/2013; 48(7):856-861. · 2.08 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background and study aims: Despite the development of peroral video cholangioscopy (PVCS), no prospective multicenter studies have been undertaken to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of PVCS in biliary tract diseases. Therefore, the aim of this study was to clarify the accuracy of PVCS in evaluating biliary tract lesions.Patients and methods: This study was a prospective multicenter study at five tertiary referral centers in Japan and included 87 eligible patients with biliary tract diseases who underwent PVCS. The study evaluated the ability of PVCS to diagnose indeterminate biliary tract diseases, detect mucosal cancerous extension preoperatively in extrahepatic bile duct cancers, and predict adverse events.Results: The use of PVCS appearance alone correctly distinguished benign from malignant indeterminate biliary lesions in 92.1 % of patients whereas biopsy alone was accurate in 85.7 %. In extrahepatic bile duct cancer, mucosal cancer extended histologically at least 20 mm in 34.7 % (17/49) of patients. The accuracy rate of PVCS to evaluate the presence or absence of mucosal cancerous extension by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) alone, ERC with PVCS, and ERC with PVCS + biopsy were 73.5 %, 83.7 %, and 92.9 %, respectively. Adverse events were seen in 6.9 % of PVCS patients, but no serious complications were observed.Conclusion: PVCS enhanced the accurate diagnosis of biliary tract lesions by providing excellent resolution in combination with biopsy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: We have shown that continuous intra-arterial combination chemotherapy (IACC) might be more effective for advanced HCC (aHCC) in patients with HCV-related (C-LC) or alcoholic (A-LC) liver cirrhosis (LC) patients than in patients with HBV-related LC (B-LC). This study retrospectively assesses the difference of etiology on host immunity in LC patients with aHCC treated by IACC. Methodology: Forty-seven adult LC patients with aHCC were treated by IACC between 2005 and 2008, with inoperable tumors according to CT findings. IACC (LV at 12 mg/hr, CDDP at 10 mg/hr, and 5-FU at 250 mg/22 hr) was delivered via the proper hepatic artery every 5 days for 4 weeks using a catheter connected to a subcutaneously implanted drug delivery system. The control group comprised 13 healthy volunteers. Results: Twelve of the 47 patients with aHCC had B-LC, 27 had C-LC, and 8 had A-LC. In the B-LC group, 1 out of 12 patients had a Japan Integrated Staging (JIS) score of 2, 4 had a JIS score of 3, 7 had a JIS score of 4, and no patients had a JIS score of 5, while the respective numbers were 6, 9, 10 and 2 in the C-LC group, and 1, 1, 5 and 1 in the A-LC group. The response rates were 37.0%, 37.5% and 8.3% in the C-LC, A-LC and B-LC group, respectively. In the C-LC group, the percentage of Th1 cells before and after chemotherapy was significantly higher than in the control group. In the B-LC group, the percentage of Th2 cells after chemotherapy was significantly higher than that in the control group. However, there were no significant differences of Th1 and Th2 cells between the A-LC group and the control group. Conclusions: These results indicate that IACC was more effective for aHCC in A-LC patients with normal Th1/Th2 balance and in C-LC patients without Th2 dominance than in B-LC patients who showed Th2 dominance after chemotherapy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 44-year-old man presenting to our hospital emergency room with abdominal pain was hospitalized for hyperlipidemic acute pancreatitis. A pig-tail catheter was placed percutaneously to drain an abscess on day 22. Although the abscess improved gradually and good clinical progress was seen, pancreatic duct disruption was strongly suspected and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was performed on day 90. An endoscopic nasopancreatic drainage tube was placed, but even with concurrent use of a somatostatin analogue, treatment was ineffective. Surgical treatment was elected, but was subsequently postponed as the abscess culture was positive for extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Drainage tubography showed a small fistula of the colon at the splenic flexure on day 140. Colonoscopy was performed on day 148. After indigo carmine had been injected, a fistula into the splenic flexure of the colon showed blue staining. The over-the-scope clip (OTSC) system was used to seal the fistula and complete closure was shown. A liquid diet was started on day 159 and was smoothly upgraded to a full diet. Following removal of the pancreatic stent on day 180, drainage volume immediately decreased and the percutaneous drain was removed. On day 189, computed tomography showed no exacerbation of the abscess and the patient was discharged on day 194. This case of colonic fistula caused by severe acute pancreatitis was successfully treated using the OTSC system, avoiding the need for an open procedure.
Case Reports in Gastroenterology 05/2013; 7(2):314-21.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: A Japanese multicenter study of pancreatolithiasis was performed to investigate its clinical features and determine treatment strategies for pancreatolithiasis. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 916 patients managed in 34 institutions for a period of more than 5 years. RESULTS: The treatment methods were extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in 479 patients, surgery in 133, and endoscopy alone in 68. Fragmentation of stones after ESWL was achieved in 92.4% of the patients. However, complete stone clearance was achieved in 49.4% of the patients after ESWL alone. The complete stone clearance rate was lower after ESWL than after endoscopy (87.9%). The incidence of early complications was significantly higher after surgery (13.3%) than after ESWL (6.1%). The frequencies of total stone recurrence after ESWL (22.5%) and endoscopy (12.0%) were significantly higher than that after surgery (1.5%). After ESWL (17.6%), abdominal pain recurred significantly more frequently than after surgery (2.2%). Stones and abdominal pain most often recurred within 3 years after ESWL and endoscopy. CONCLUSIONS: First-line treatment of pancreatic stones should be ESWL alone or with endoscopy because of its minimal invasiveness and low incidence of early complications. Surgery should be performed on patients in whom ESWL and endoscopy failed.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In patients with unresectable malignant biliary obstruction (MBO), anticancer treatment is often administered. The impact of anticancer treatment on recurrent biliary obstruction in covered self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) has not been fully elucidated. METHODS: Data on 279 patients enrolled in a multicenter prospective cohort study of two different covered SEMS for distal MBO, WATCH study (141 partially covered WallFlex stents and 138 partially covered Wallstents) were retrospectively analyzed. The rates and causes of recurrent biliary obstruction (stent occlusion or migration) were compared between anticancer treatment group (n = 173) and best supportive care alone (BSC) group (n = 106). Cumulative time and prognostic factors for recurrent biliary obstruction were analyzed, using a proportional hazards model with death without recurrent biliary obstruction as a competing risk. RESULTS: The overall rate (43 vs. 25 %, P = 0.002) and the cumulative incidence (16.1 vs. 8.2, 27.9 vs. 18.9 and 44.1 vs. 26.6 % at 3, 6 and 12 months, P = 0.030 by Gray's test) of recurrent biliary obstruction were significantly higher in anticancer treatment group compared with BSC group. The multivariate analysis revealed anticancer treatment [subdistribution hazard ratio (SHR) 1.93, P = 0.007) as well as the use of a partially covered WallFlex stent (SHR 0.65, P = 0.049) as prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS: Anticancer treatment was a risk factor for recurrent biliary obstruction in covered SEMS for distal MBO. The superiority of a partially covered WallFlex stent was again confirmed in this competing risk analysis; UMIN-CTR: UMIN000002293.
Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2013; · 3.79 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The identification of bleeding sites of ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is important for immediate treatment. We experienced a case of ruptured HCC readily treated with transarterial embolization (TAE) after identification of the bleeding site using contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) with Sonazoid. We report the case of a 61-year-old male with multiple HCCs caused by alcohol-related cirrhosis, who was admitted for rapid development of abdominal fullness. The diagnosis was established by hemorrhagic ascites by abdominal paracentesis. No clear extravasation was found on contrast-enhanced computed tomography. CEUS using the re-injection method in the post-vascular phase showed active bleeding from a lesion close to the S5 gallbladder bed. Abdominal angiography was urgently performed. Based on CEUS findings, selective cannulation of the cystic artery was performed. Cystic angiography findings with carbon dioxide showed extravasation. He was treated by TAE. Our case had multiple HCCs, but CEUS was useful for the identification of bleeding sites.
Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2013; 6:334-337.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Purpose: This study was aimed to investigate etiology and clinical profiles of recurrent acute pancreatitis (RAP), particularly from the morphology of the pancreaticobiliary duct system. Material and methods: Pancreaticobiliary morphology was examined in 230 of 381 patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. We analyzed factors associated with RAP including the pancreaticobiliary duct system. Results: RAP was diagnosed in 74 patients (19%). Major etiologies of RAP were alcoholic (38%), idiopathic (26%) and pancreaticobiliary malformation (22%). Patients with alcoholic RAP were significantly younger (47.2±11.6 years) than those with gallstone RAP (67.3±16.8; p<0.05). RAP with pancreaticobiliary malformation (male-to-female ratio: 1:4.3; p<0.01) and gallstone RAP (1:1.7; p<0.05) occurred predominantly in females in comparison with alcoholic RAP (1:0.2). Recurrence rate was 80% for AP with pancreaticobiliary malformation, significantly higher than for the others (p<0.01). Pancreas divisum was suspected as the etiology of mild RAP in 7 patients. Four RAP patients with pancreas divisum underwent endoscopic minor papilla sphincterotomy and improved. Pancreaticobiliary maljunction with biliary dilatation (choledochal cyst) was suspected as the etiology of mild RAP in 3 patients. The 3 RAP patients with choledochal cyst underwent prophylactic flow diversion surgery with complete resection of the dilated common bile duct, and achieved improvement. High confluence of pancreaticobiliary ducts was suspected as the etiology of mild RAP in 6 patients. Conclusion: Pancreaticobiliary malformation is one of the major causes of RAP. As some of them benefit from endoscopic or surgical treatment, morphology of the pancreaticobiliary duct system should be examined where possible in RAP patients.
Advances in Medical Sciences 11/2012; · 0.80 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: To report a rare case of right hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm complicating acute pancreatitis based upon imaging findings obtained before and after the development of pseudoaneurysm. Clinical Presentation and Intervention: A 32-year-old male with a history of acute pancreatitis 1 year prior was readmitted for acute pancreatitis. Computed tomography (CT) and angiography after admission revealed pseudoaneurysm of the right hepatic artery. Transcatheter arterial embolization with coils was used to successfully treat the pseudoaneurysm. A CT and angiography 1 year earlier did not reveal any pseudoaneurysm. Conclusion: This patient with a rare right hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm complicating acute pancreatitis was successfully treated with coil embolization.
Medical Principles and Practice 11/2012; · 0.96 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The cholangioscopic features of IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC) remain undefined. The aim of this study was to clarify these endoscopic features using peroral video cholangioscopy (PVCS) in IgG4-SC patients. METHODS: PVCS was performed in 33 patients: IgG4-SC (n = 13); primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC; n = 5); and cholangiocarcinoma (n = 15), which included hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA; n = 5) and distal cholangiocarcinoma (DCCA; n = 10). RESULTS: The most frequent findings on PVCS in the IgG4-SC patients were dilated (62 %) and tortuous (69 %) vessels, and absence of partially enlarged vessels. The incidence of dilated and tortuous vessels was significantly higher in IgG4-SC patients than in PSC patients (p = 0.015). Scarring and pseudodiverticula were found significantly more often in PSC patients than in IgG4-SC patients (p = 0.001 and p = 0.0007, respectively). The incidence of partially enlarged vessels was significantly higher in DCCA patients than in IgG4-SC patients (p = 0.004). In contrast, the incidence of dilated vessels was significantly higher in IgG4-SC patients than in HCCA patients (p = 0.015). PVCS performed after corticosteroid therapy showed resolution of bile duct stenosis and dilated, tortuous, or partially enlarged vessels, as well as resolution of friability in all patients with IgG4-SC. CONCLUSION: Cholangioscopy was useful in differentiating IgG4-SC from PSC. In addition, monitoring the patterns of proliferative vessels on PVCS may be useful to differentiate IgG4-SC from cholangiocarcinoma.
Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2012; · 3.79 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study, the aim was to determine the demographic characteristics of elderly patients with gastroduodenal ulcer who had undergone endoscopic hemostasis by comparing them with younger patients.
A total of 353 patients with Forrest class I-IIa hemorrhagic gastroduodenal ulcer who underwent endoscopic hemostasis at our hospital between December 2004 and May 2010 were divided into two groups: one for those 75 years or older (old-old group; n = 71; age ≥75 years) and one for those younger than 75 years (younger group; n = 282; age <75 years). Then, their demographic characteristics were compared.
There were significantly more female patients, patients with underlying chronic renal failure and patients using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the old-old group than in the younger group. In addition, the prevalence of open-type atrophy in the background gastric mucosa was significantly higher in the old-old group. Although more than half the patients in each group were infected with Helicobacter pylori, the prevalence was significantly higher in the younger group. Of the patients who underwent endoscopic hemostasis only once, those in the old-old group constituted a significantly higher medical cost than those in the younger group. Comparison of deaths between the two groups revealed that the old-old patients were more likely to develop severe complications associated with hematemesis, such as aspiration pneumonia.
The observed lower prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among the elderly patients compared to the younger patients with hemorrhagic gastroduodenal ulcer suggests that other factors, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs use and chronic renal failure, predispose the elderly to hemorrhagic ulcer.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Heterotopic pancreas (HP) is typically an asymptomatic malformation that can present anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract. It is often detected incidentally on surgery for other diseases or autopsy. We encountered 2 patients with jejunal HP incidentally detected by computed tomography (CT) performed for close evaluation of other diseases. In a 57-year-old woman diagnosed with reactive lymphoid hyperplasia on the dorsal portion of the pancreas head, CT detected a 15 mm oval-shaped submucosal lesion at the jejunum. In an 87-year-old woman diagnosed with type 2 adenocarcinoma occupying the sigmoid colon, CT detected a round-shaped submucosal tumor 15 mm in diameter in the jejunum. Both cases were histologically diagnosed as type 1 HP according to the classification by Heinrich. Contrast-enhanced CT revealed that the CT analyses of HP and pancreatic parenchyma were nearly identical in the arterial phase, but in the equilibrium phase, contrast enhancement persisted longer in HP than in the pancreatic parenchyma. There has been no report of asymptomatic jejunal HP preoperatively diagnosed by CT. These cases are presented with a review of the literature, particularly focusing on CT findings.
Case Reports in Gastroenterology 09/2012; 6(3):576-82.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To clarify the strategy for early diagnosis of pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM) without biliary dilatation and to pathologically examine gallbladder before cancer develops.
The anatomy of the union of the pancreatic and bile ducts was assessed by using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Patients with a long common channel in which communication between the pancreatic and bile ducts was maintained even during sphincter contraction were diagnosed as having PBM. Of these, patients in which the maximal diameter of the bile duct was less than 10 mm were diagnosed with PBM without biliary dilatation. The process of diagnosing 54 patients with PBM without biliary dilatation was retrospectively investigated. Histopathological analysis of resected gallbladder specimens from 8 patients with PBM without biliary dilatation or cancer was conducted.
Thirty-six PBM patients without biliary dilatation were diagnosed with gallbladder cancer after showing clinical symptoms such as abdominal or back pain (n = 16) or jaundice (n = 12). Radical surgery for gallbladder cancer was only possible in 11 patients (31%) and only 4 patients (11%) survived for 5 years. Eight patients were suspected as having PBM without biliary dilatation from the finding of gallbladder wall thickening on ultrasound and the diagnosis was confirmed by ERCP and/or magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). The median age of these 8 patients was younger by a decade than PBM patients with gallbladder cancer. All 8 patients underwent prophylactic cholecystectomy and bile duct cancer has not occurred. Wall thickness and mucosal height of the 8 resected gallbladders were significantly greater than controls, and hyperplastic changes, hypertrophic muscular layer, subserosal fibrosis, and adenomyomatosis were detected in 7 (88%), 5 (63%), 7 (88%) and 5 (63%) patients, respectively. Ki-67 labeling index was high and K-ras mutation was detected in 3 of 6 patients.
To detect PBM without biliary dilatation before onset of gallbladder cancer, we should perform MRCP for individuals showing increased gallbladder wall thickness on ultrasound.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 07/2012; 18(26):3409-14. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Peritoneal malignant mesothelioma is a rare disorder with a poor prognosis, and a standard treatment for it has not yet been established. Therefore, treatment of this disorder tends to be selected according to pleura malignant mesothelioma. We analyzed case reports in Japan. The median survival time(MST)with this disease was 12 months and the 1-year survival rate was 47. 3% in the chemotherapy group. It was found through a case-series study that platinum pharmaceutical plus antimetabolite are effective against peritoneal malignant mesothelioma. A gemcitabine(GEM)plus cisplatin(CDDP)regimen had been selected as a conventional treatment, but subsequently, pemetrexed(MTA)was covered by health insurance for pleural malignant mesothelioma in 2007, and the MTA plus CDDP regimen became the standard treatment. However, a phase III trial of GEM plus CDDP regimen and MTA plus CDDP regimen was not performed. There is a need to perform these phase III trials in the future. In our institution, the MTA plus CDDP regimen was the first-line treatment, and the GEM plus CDDP regimen was the second-line treatment against peritoneal malignant mesothelioma. Palonosetron hydrochloride and aprepitant should be used actively in treatment. Also, carboplatin(CBDCA)is effective as an alternative therapy of the CDDP against renal disorder case, but hematotoxicity requires attention.
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 05/2012; 39(5):718-21.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently, the progress of endoscopy has made it possible to evaluate bile duct mucosa by peroral cholangioscopy. Herein, we report a case of immunoglobulin G4-related sclerosing cholangitis accompanying autoimmune pancreatitis in a patient who improved with treatment by steroid therapy and endoscopic biliary stenting, and observed the bile duct mucosa by peroral cholangioscopy before and after treatment.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Covered self-expandable metal stents (CSEMSs) were developed to prevent tumor ingrowth, but stent migration is one of the problems with CSEMSs.
To evaluate a new, commercially available CSEMS with flared ends and low axial force compared with a commercially available CSEMS without the anti-migration system and high axial force.
Multicenter, prospective study with a historical cohort.
Twenty Japanese referral centers.
This study involved patients with unresectable distal malignant biliary obstruction.
Placement of a new, commercially available, partially covered SEMS.
Recurrent biliary obstruction rate, time to recurrent biliary obstruction, stent-related complications, survival.
Between April 2009 and March 2010, 141 patients underwent partially covered nitinol stent placement, and between May 2001 and January 2007, 138 patients underwent placement of partially covered stainless stents as a historical control. The silicone cover of the partially covered nitinol stents prevented tumor ingrowth. There were no significant differences in survival (229 vs 219 days; P = .250) or the rate of recurrent biliary obstruction (33% vs 38%; P = .385) between partially covered nitinol stents and partially covered stainless stents. Stent migration was less frequent (8% vs 17%; P = .019), and time to recurrent biliary obstruction was significantly longer (373 vs 285 days; P = .007) with partially covered nitinol stents. Stent removal was successful in 26 of 27 patients (96%).
Nonrandomized, controlled trial.
Partially covered nitinol stents with an anti-migration system and less axial force demonstrated longer time to recurrent biliary obstruction with no tumor ingrowth and less stent migration.