Yoshinori Igarashi

Toho University, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (122)270.66 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Diffuse or segmental irregular narrowing of the main pancreatic duct (MPD), as observed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), is a characteristic feature of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP).
    Gut and liver. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The basal pattern of p53 expression, defined as its immunoreactivity confined to the basal half of the glands, is associated with early neoplastic lesions in ulcerative colitis (UC). However, their clinical utility of this finding is limited by the use of "visual estimation" (approximate immunoreactivity on the basis of scanning the stained slide, without formal counting). This study was designed to analyze the basal pattern of p53 using computer-assisted cytometry and to identify the optimal cutoff value for discriminating between UC-associated early-stage neoplasia and regenerative atypia.
    Diagnostic pathology. 05/2014; 9(1):99.
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of intravenous doripenem (DRPM) in patients with biliary tract infection requiring biliary drainage in comparison with imipenem/cilastatin (IPM/CS). After the initial collection of bile, patients were randomly assigned by the registration system of the Clinical Research Organization to receive intravenous drip infusion of DRPM 0.5 g or IPM/CS 0.5 g three times daily in a randomized, open-label manner. A total of 127 patients were enrolled in the trial (DRPM 62, IPM/CS 65). The characteristics of the 122 patients evaluated for efficacy were well balanced, except for the percentage of patients previously receiving antimicrobials, which was higher in the DRPM group than in the IPM/CS group. The clinical response rate was not significantly different between the DRPM group (93.1 %, 54/58 patients) and the IPM/CS group (93.8 %, 60/64). Non-inferiority assessment using confidence intervals demonstrated the non-inferiority of DRPM-IPM/CS. The incidence of adverse events, for which a causal relationship with either treatment was not ruled out, was 3.3 % (2/60) in the DRPM group and 3.1 % (2/65) in the IPM/CS group, and none was serious. The clinical efficacy of DRPM in treating moderate or severe biliary tract infection requiring drainage was comparable to that of IPM/CS. DRPM was associated with no serious adverse events and a low incidence of adverse events. The results of this trial demonstrate that DRPM is a useful therapeutic option for moderate or severe biliary tract infection.
    Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2014; · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, endoscopic snare papillectomy has been performed to treat tumors of the ampulla of Vater. This procedure requires accurate preoperative evaluation. In this study, we diagnosed the focal extension of such tumors by using endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and intraductal ultrasonography (IDUS), and examined the indications for endoscopic snare papillectomy. The subjects were 48 patients with a papillary tumor (13 patients, surgical resection; 35 patients, endoscopic snare papillectomy) who were evaluated preoperatively with EUS and IDUS. The tumor-node-metastasis classification was used for the endosonographic evaluation and pathological diagnosis of these tumors. The diagnostic accuracy of EUS was 97% for diagnosing adenomas and pTis tumors, 73% for pT1 tumors, 50% for pT2 tumors, and 50% for pT3-4 tumors, for an overall accuracy of 85% for T-staging. The diagnostic accuracy of IDUS was 94% for adenomas and pTis tumors, 73% for pT1 tumors, 50% for pT2 tumors, and 100% for pT3-4 tumors, for an overall accuracy of 80% for T-staging. EUS and IDUS are highly capable of evaluating tumors of the ampulla of Vater preoperatively. However, these techniques are not sufficient for evaluating the focal extension of carcinomas preoperatively. Currently, endoscopic snare papillectomy is adequate for treating adenomas and pTis tumors.
    Clinical endoscopy. 03/2014; 47(2):174-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third most common cause of cancer-associated mortality worldwide. No effective treatment has been established for unresectable advanced HCC, and the prognosis is poor. Sorafenib is an oral multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor for unresectable advanced HCC that significantly improves progression-free and overall survival. However, in the two large phase III clinical trials (the SHARP and Asia-Pacific trials), no cases of complete response (CR) were reported. The present study reports the case of a 68-year-old male with hepatitis C virus-related cirrhosis and multiple recurrent HCCs, with a tumor thrombus of the third portal vein following resection. The patient received 400 mg once daily (half the standard dose) of sorafenib for two years and achieved a CR. At the most recent follow-up examination at one year after the cessation of treatment, the patient was observed to be in remission without clinical or imaging evidence of disease recurrence.
    Oncology letters 01/2014; 7(1):50-52. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. To evaluate the efficacy of combined endoscopic lithotomy and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), and additional electrohydraulic lithotripsy (EHL) as needed, for the treatment of pancreatic duct stones, we retrospectively evaluated 98 patients with chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic lithiasis. Methods. For the management of main pancreatic duct (MPD) stones in 98 patients, we performed combined endoscopic treatment (ET)/ESWL therapy as the first treatment option. When combined ET/ESWL was unsuccessful, EHL with the SpyGlass Direct Visualization system or X-ray guided EHL was performed. Outpatient ESWL was reserved as one of the final treatment options. Results. Fragmentation was successful in 80 (81.6%) patients as follows: combined ET/ESWL: 67 cases; SpyGlass EHL: 4 cases; X-ray guided EHL: 3 cases; and outpatient ESWL: 6 cases. Successful outcome was obtained by combined ET/ESWL in 67 of the 98 patients (74.5%), by EHL in 7 of 14 patients (7.1%), and by outpatient ESWL in 6 of 6 patients (6.1%). Negotiating the guidewire through a severe MPD stricture was significantly associated with a higher rate of stone fragmentation (P = 0.0003). Conclusions. In cases where combined ET/ESWL was not successful for stone clearance, EHL using the SpyGlass system or X-ray guided EHL was effective in cases where the guidewire could be negotiated through the MPD stricture and it increased the fragmentation rate.
    BioMed Research International 01/2014; 2014:732781. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We aim to investigate the hemodynamics in focal steatosis and focal spared lesion of the liver using contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) with Sonazoid. The subjects were 47 patients with focal steatosis and focal spared lesion. We evaluated enhancement patterns (hyperenhancement, isoenhancement, and hypoenhancement) in the vascular phase and the presence or absence of a hypoechoic area in the postvascular phase for these lesions using CEUS. Of the 24 patients with focal steatosis, the enhancement pattern was isoenhancement in 19 and hypoenhancement in 5. Hypoechoic areas were noted in the postvascular phase in 3 patients. Of the 23 patients with focal spared lesions, the enhancement pattern was isoenhancement in 18 and hyperenhancement in 5. No hypoechoic areas were noted in the postvascular phase in any patient. The hemodynamics in focal steatosis and focal spared lesions in nondiffuse fatty liver can be observed using low-invasive procedures in real-time by CEUS. It was suggested that differences in the dynamics of enhancement in the vascular phase of CEUS were influenced by the fat deposits in the target lesion, the surrounding liver parenchyma, and the third inflow.
    Radiology research and practice. 01/2014; 2014:604594.
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    ABSTRACT: In order to determine useful factors when selecting an appropriate procedure for non-invasive ampullary neoplasia, we investigated the relationship between the location and the histomorphological/immunohistochemical characteristics of 56 non-invasive ampullary neoplasms obtained by endoscopic papillectomy (EP). All subjects were classified according to histomorphology and location of neoplasms, and we evaluated the characteristics of each classified group using complemental immunohistochemical procedures. The CK20-positive rates of each location type were also evaluated. Subjects presented with 52 intestinal-type adenomas (low:high grade, 32:20) and 4 non-invasive pancreatobiliary papillary neoplasms (low:high grade, 1:3). Twenty-seven periampullary (peri-AMP)-type tumors and 23 extended-type tumors comprised the intestinal type, and the intra-ampullary (intra-AMP)-type was composed of four pancreatobiliary and two intestinal histomorphological types. The CK20-positive rates of these three location types differed significantly (peri-AMP type: 50.6 ± 21.0%; extended type: 35.4 ± 18.6%; intra-AMP type: 6.9 ± 6.3%). The CK20-positive rate for intestinal-type tumors of the intra-AMP location type was lower than that of the peri-AMP location type. Intestinal-type tumors without CDX2 expression included extended and intra-AMP types, which are tumors that may show positive vertical margins when EP is performed. In this study, we found that an understanding of pancreatobiliary-type histology is an important aspect for the investigation of tumors involving the common channel of the ampulla. Furthermore, immunostaining of CDX2 and CK20 provides beneficial information if considering whether to perform an EP.
    Human pathology 01/2014; · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, the oral multikinase inhibitor sorafenib has been used to treat advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (aHCC). Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) induces apoptosis of tumor cells by binding to TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, while binding of the Fas ligand on cytotoxic T lymphocytes to the Fas receptor on hepatocytes also causes apoptosis. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate changes of cytokines in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) and aHCC receiving sorafenib therapy. Fifty-seven adult Japanese LC patients received sorafenib for aHCC (200-800 mg/day for 4 weeks) between 2009 and 2012 at our hospital. Blood samples were collected in the early morning before and after treatment, and the serum levels of soluble TNF-alpha (sTNF-alpha), soluble TNF receptor (sTNF-R), soluble Fas ligand (sFas L), and soluble Fas (sFas) were evaluated. Ten patients were treated with sorafenib at 200 mg/day (200 mg group), 37 patients were given 400 mg/day (400 mg group), and 10 patients received 800 mg/day (800 mg group). The serum level of sTNF-alpha was significantly increased after treatment compared with before treatment in the 400 and 800 mg groups. The serum level of sTNF-R also showed a significant increase after treatment in the 400 mg group, although there was no significant difference of sTNF-R between before and after treatment in the 200 and 800 mg groups. sFas showed a significant decrease after treatment compared with before treatment in the 400 and 800 mg groups, although the serum level of sFas L never exceeded 0.15 ng/ml. These findings suggest that treatment with sorafenib at doses ≥400 mg/day might promote TNF-related or Fas-related apoptosis by increasing the circulating level of TNF-alpha or decreasing that of sFas.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 11/2013; · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We previously reported a relationship between depth of submucosal invasion of early colorectal carcinomas and desmoplastic reaction (DR). However, poor inter-observer agreement on the histopathological diagnosis of DR in biopsy specimens with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining has been the major critique of this tool. In this study, reproducibility of the histopathological diagnosis of DR was evaluated. Furthermore, we investigated the possible improvement of the reproducibility after education about histological characteristics and tried to identify histological characteristics that are most important in the recognition of DR. A total of 34 H&E stained slides were included in this study and analyzed by three pathologists. Slides were reviewed before and after education about histological characteristics of DR. Kappa statistics were used to compare the inter-observer variability. We investigated the relationship between DR and histopathological factor. The inter-observer agreement during the first session varied between 0.30 and 0.63, which improved during the second session toward an agreement between 0.58 and 0.71. Myofibroblast proliferation associated with cancer invasion was found to be the most useful in the diagnosis of DR. In conclusion, the correct detection of myofibroblasts may facilitate the standardization of diagnosis of DR.
    Pathology International 11/2013; 63(11):539-45. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. We examined the anatomy of the pancreatic duct system in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) from the standpoint of embryological pancreatic primordial. Material and methods. The pancreatic duct system involved in 83 AIP patients was embryologically divided into both ventral and dorsal pancreatic ducts (VD type), only the dorsal pancreatic duct (D type), or only the ventral pancreatic duct (V type). Results. The 83 AIP patients were divided into 62 VD type, 20 D type, and 1 V type. Obstructive jaundice was significantly more frequent in VD type (87%) than in D type (0%; p < 0.01), and abdominal pain was more frequent in D type (24%) than in VD type (2%; p < 0.01). Stenosis of the lower bile duct was detected in 98% of VD type and 15% of D type (p < 0.01). In the 67 patients with involvement of the pancreatic head, only the dorsal pancreatic duct was involved with a normal ventral pancreatic duct in four patients (D type). In the four D-type patients, the pancreatic duct system showed complete pancreas divisum (n = 1), incomplete pancreas divisum (n = 2), or normal pancreatic duct system (n = 1). Stenosis of the lower bile duct was seen in three patients, but was mild, resulting in no obstructive jaundice. Three patients reported abdominal pain and one patient developed acute pancreatitis. Conclusions. We propose a new entity of "autoimmune dorsal pancreatitis" in which only the dorsal pancreas is involved, and involvement of the lower bile duct and obstructive jaundice is rare.
    Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 07/2013; 48(7):856-861. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This case report concerns a 40-year-old male who had previously been treated for an esophageal varix rupture, at the age of 30 years. The medical examination at that time revealed occlusion of the inferior vena cava in the proximity of the liver, leading to the diagnosis of the patient with Budd-Chiari syndrome. The progress of the patient was therefore monitored in an outpatient clinic. The patient had no history of drinking or smoking, but had suffered an epileptic seizure in 2004. The patient's family history revealed nothing of note. In February 2012, color Doppler ultrasonography (US) revealed a change in the blood flow in the right portal vein branch, from hepatopetal to hepatofugal, during deep inspiration. Arrival time parametric imaging (At-PI), using Sonazoid-enhanced US, was subsequently performed to examine the deep respiration-induced changes observed in the hepatic parenchymal perfusion. US images captured during deep inspiration demonstrated hepatic parenchymal perfusion predominantly in red, indicating that the major blood supply was the hepatic artery. During deep expiration, the portal venous blood flow remained hepatopetal, and hepatic parenchymal perfusion was displayed predominantly in yellow, indicating that the portal vein was the major source of the blood flow. The original diagnostic imaging results were reproduced one month subsequently by an identical procedure. At-PI enabled an investigation into the changes that were induced in the hepatic parenchymal perfusion by a compensatory mechanism involving the hepatic artery. These changes occurred in response to a reduction in the portal venous blood flow, as is observed in the arterialization of hepatic blood flow that is correlated with the progression of chronic hepatitis C. It has been established that the peribiliary capillary plexus is important in the regulation of hepatic arterial blood flow. However, this case demonstrated that the peribiliary capillary plexus also regulates acute changes in portal venous blood flow, in addition to the chronic reduction in blood flow that is observed in patients with chronic hepatitis C.
    Experimental and therapeutic medicine 07/2013; 6(1):15-21. · 0.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and study aims: Despite the development of peroral video cholangioscopy (PVCS), no prospective multicenter studies have been undertaken to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of PVCS in biliary tract diseases. Therefore, the aim of this study was to clarify the accuracy of PVCS in evaluating biliary tract lesions.Patients and methods: This study was a prospective multicenter study at five tertiary referral centers in Japan and included 87 eligible patients with biliary tract diseases who underwent PVCS. The study evaluated the ability of PVCS to diagnose indeterminate biliary tract diseases, detect mucosal cancerous extension preoperatively in extrahepatic bile duct cancers, and predict adverse events.Results: The use of PVCS appearance alone correctly distinguished benign from malignant indeterminate biliary lesions in 92.1 % of patients whereas biopsy alone was accurate in 85.7 %. In extrahepatic bile duct cancer, mucosal cancer extended histologically at least 20 mm in 34.7 % (17/49) of patients. The accuracy rate of PVCS to evaluate the presence or absence of mucosal cancerous extension by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) alone, ERC with PVCS, and ERC with PVCS + biopsy were 73.5 %, 83.7 %, and 92.9 %, respectively. Adverse events were seen in 6.9 % of PVCS patients, but no serious complications were observed.Conclusion: PVCS enhanced the accurate diagnosis of biliary tract lesions by providing excellent resolution in combination with biopsy.
    Endoscopy 06/2013; · 5.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Pancreatobiliary reflux (PBR) can occur in individuals without pancreaticobiliary maljunction. The aim of this study was to elucidate the incidence of PBR in individuals with a normal pancreaticobiliary junction and its impact on the biliary tree. Methods Data were prospectively collected from 15 centers on 420 patients with a morphologically normal pancreaticobiliary junction who had undergone bile sampling and measurement of the biliary amylase level. We investigated the incidence and predictive factors for high biliary amylase levels (HBAL), as well as the relationship of HBAL with biliary malignancy. Results Twenty-three patients (5.5 %) showed HBAL (≥10,000 IU/L). Univariate analysis showed that risk factors for the elevation of biliary amylase levels were the existence of a relatively long common channel (≥5 mm), acute pancreatitis, and papillitis. Multivariate analysis revealed that only the existence of a relatively long common channel was a significant factor for PBR. Biliary amylase levels in patients with a relatively long common channel were significantly higher than in patients without a long common channel (12,333 vs. 2,070 IU/L, P = 0.001). The incidence of HBAL (P < 0.001), as well as the overall biliary amylase levels (P = 0.007) were significantly higher in patients with gallbladder cancer than in those without gallbladder cancer. Conclusions The PBR was frequently observed in individuals with a relatively long common channel. Patients showing HBAL with normal pancreaticobiliary junction are at high risk for gallbladder cancer.
    Journal of Gastroenterology 06/2013; · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: We have shown that continuous intra-arterial combination chemotherapy (IACC) might be more effective for advanced HCC (aHCC) in patients with HCV-related (C-LC) or alcoholic (A-LC) liver cirrhosis (LC) patients than in patients with HBV-related LC (B-LC). This study retrospectively assesses the difference of etiology on host immunity in LC patients with aHCC treated by IACC. Methodology: Forty-seven adult LC patients with aHCC were treated by IACC between 2005 and 2008, with inoperable tumors according to CT findings. IACC (LV at 12 mg/hr, CDDP at 10 mg/hr, and 5-FU at 250 mg/22 hr) was delivered via the proper hepatic artery every 5 days for 4 weeks using a catheter connected to a subcutaneously implanted drug delivery system. The control group comprised 13 healthy volunteers. Results: Twelve of the 47 patients with aHCC had B-LC, 27 had C-LC, and 8 had A-LC. In the B-LC group, 1 out of 12 patients had a Japan Integrated Staging (JIS) score of 2, 4 had a JIS score of 3, 7 had a JIS score of 4, and no patients had a JIS score of 5, while the respective numbers were 6, 9, 10 and 2 in the C-LC group, and 1, 1, 5 and 1 in the A-LC group. The response rates were 37.0%, 37.5% and 8.3% in the C-LC, A-LC and B-LC group, respectively. In the C-LC group, the percentage of Th1 cells before and after chemotherapy was significantly higher than in the control group. In the B-LC group, the percentage of Th2 cells after chemotherapy was significantly higher than that in the control group. However, there were no significant differences of Th1 and Th2 cells between the A-LC group and the control group. Conclusions: These results indicate that IACC was more effective for aHCC in A-LC patients with normal Th1/Th2 balance and in C-LC patients without Th2 dominance than in B-LC patients who showed Th2 dominance after chemotherapy.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 06/2013; 60(124):858-63. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endoscopic biliary stenting is a useful way to treat distal malignant biliary strictures that are not eligible for surgery. A 10-Fr plastic or metal stent is used for stenting. Typically, endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) has often been carried out as a way to prevent pancreatitis after stent placement given the ease of stent insertion, but EST has flaws such as bleeding and stent migration.The present study describes the need for EST prior to stent placement.
    Digestive Endoscopy 05/2013; 25(S2). · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 44-year-old man presenting to our hospital emergency room with abdominal pain was hospitalized for hyperlipidemic acute pancreatitis. A pig-tail catheter was placed percutaneously to drain an abscess on day 22. Although the abscess improved gradually and good clinical progress was seen, pancreatic duct disruption was strongly suspected and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was performed on day 90. An endoscopic nasopancreatic drainage tube was placed, but even with concurrent use of a somatostatin analogue, treatment was ineffective. Surgical treatment was elected, but was subsequently postponed as the abscess culture was positive for extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Drainage tubography showed a small fistula of the colon at the splenic flexure on day 140. Colonoscopy was performed on day 148. After indigo carmine had been injected, a fistula into the splenic flexure of the colon showed blue staining. The over-the-scope clip (OTSC) system was used to seal the fistula and complete closure was shown. A liquid diet was started on day 159 and was smoothly upgraded to a full diet. Following removal of the pancreatic stent on day 180, drainage volume immediately decreased and the percutaneous drain was removed. On day 189, computed tomography showed no exacerbation of the abscess and the patient was discharged on day 194. This case of colonic fistula caused by severe acute pancreatitis was successfully treated using the OTSC system, avoiding the need for an open procedure.
    Case Reports in Gastroenterology 05/2013; 7(2):314-21.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: A Japanese multicenter study of pancreatolithiasis was performed to investigate its clinical features and determine treatment strategies for pancreatolithiasis. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 916 patients managed in 34 institutions for a period of more than 5 years. RESULTS: The treatment methods were extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in 479 patients, surgery in 133, and endoscopy alone in 68. Fragmentation of stones after ESWL was achieved in 92.4% of the patients. However, complete stone clearance was achieved in 49.4% of the patients after ESWL alone. The complete stone clearance rate was lower after ESWL than after endoscopy (87.9%). The incidence of early complications was significantly higher after surgery (13.3%) than after ESWL (6.1%). The frequencies of total stone recurrence after ESWL (22.5%) and endoscopy (12.0%) were significantly higher than that after surgery (1.5%). After ESWL (17.6%), abdominal pain recurred significantly more frequently than after surgery (2.2%). Stones and abdominal pain most often recurred within 3 years after ESWL and endoscopy. CONCLUSIONS: First-line treatment of pancreatic stones should be ESWL alone or with endoscopy because of its minimal invasiveness and low incidence of early complications. Surgery should be performed on patients in whom ESWL and endoscopy failed.
    Pancreas 04/2013; · 2.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In patients with unresectable malignant biliary obstruction (MBO), anticancer treatment is often administered. The impact of anticancer treatment on recurrent biliary obstruction in covered self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) has not been fully elucidated. METHODS: Data on 279 patients enrolled in a multicenter prospective cohort study of two different covered SEMS for distal MBO, WATCH study (141 partially covered WallFlex stents and 138 partially covered Wallstents) were retrospectively analyzed. The rates and causes of recurrent biliary obstruction (stent occlusion or migration) were compared between anticancer treatment group (n = 173) and best supportive care alone (BSC) group (n = 106). Cumulative time and prognostic factors for recurrent biliary obstruction were analyzed, using a proportional hazards model with death without recurrent biliary obstruction as a competing risk. RESULTS: The overall rate (43 vs. 25 %, P = 0.002) and the cumulative incidence (16.1 vs. 8.2, 27.9 vs. 18.9 and 44.1 vs. 26.6 % at 3, 6 and 12 months, P = 0.030 by Gray's test) of recurrent biliary obstruction were significantly higher in anticancer treatment group compared with BSC group. The multivariate analysis revealed anticancer treatment [subdistribution hazard ratio (SHR) 1.93, P = 0.007) as well as the use of a partially covered WallFlex stent (SHR 0.65, P = 0.049) as prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS: Anticancer treatment was a risk factor for recurrent biliary obstruction in covered SEMS for distal MBO. The superiority of a partially covered WallFlex stent was again confirmed in this competing risk analysis; UMIN-CTR: UMIN000002293.
    Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2013; · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of obesity in the Japanese population has been increasing dramatically in step with the Westernization of lifestyles and food ways. Our study demonstrated significant associations between obesity and a number of gastrointestinal disorders in a large sample population in Japan. We demonstrated that reflux esophagitis and hiatal hernia were strongly related to obesity (BMI > 25) in the Japanese. In particular, obesity with young male was a high risk for these diseases. On the other hand, it has been reported that obesity is also associated with Barrett's esophagus and colorectal adenoma; however, obesity was not a risk factor for these diseases in our study. The difference of ethnicity of our subjects may partly explain why we found no data to implicate obesity as a risk factor for Barrett's esophagus. Arterial sclerosis associated with advanced age and hyperglycemia was accompanied by an increased risk of colorectal adenoma.
    Gastroenterology Research and Practice 01/2013; 2013:760574. · 1.62 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

549 Citations
270.66 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1991–2014
    • Toho University
      • • Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2010–2013
    • Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2012
    • Dokkyo Medical University
      • Department of Surgical and Molecular Pathology
      Tochigi, Tochigi-ken, Japan