[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: muxA-muxB-muxC-opmB (formerly PA2528-PA2527-PA2526-opmB), encoding a putative resistance nodulation cell division (RND)-type multidrug efflux pump system, was cloned from Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. Introduction of muxABC-opmB into P. aeruginosa YM64, a drug-hypersusceptible strain, led to elevated MICs of aztreonam, macrolides, novobiocin and tetracycline. Since muxB and muxC, both of which encode RND components, were essential for function, MuxABC-OpmB is thought to be a drug efflux pump with four components. One novobiocin-resistant mutant, PMX725, isolated from P. aeruginosa PMX7 showed elevated resistance not only to novobiocin but also to aztreonam, macrolides and tetracycline. Increased mRNA expression of muxABC-opmB was observed in the mutant PMX725 compared with the parental strain. Sequencing analysis revealed that a single-nucleotide insertion had occurred in the deduced promoter region for muxABC-opmB in PMX725. In this study, we have characterized the last RND-type multidrug efflux pump predicted from the genome sequence in P. aeruginosa.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Multidrug efflux pumps are thought to be involved in mediating multidrug resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Here we aim to characterize hitherto uncharacterized multidrug efflux pumps from P. aeruginosa.
We isolated a mutant, YM442, which showed elevated resistance to several antimicrobial agents from P. aeruginosa YM44 lacking four major multidrug efflux pumps, MexAB, MexCD-OprJ, MexEF-OprN and MexXY. We cloned genes responsible for the resistance from chromosomal DNA of YM442 using YM44 as host.
We designated the genes mexVW. Introduction of a recombinant plasmid pTAJ2 carrying the mexVW into YM44 cells conferred resistance to fluoroquinolones, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, ethidium bromide and acriflavine. Elevated ethidium bromide extrusion was observed with cells of YM442 and of YM44/pTAJ2. An outer membrane protein OprM was able to cooperate with MexVW. Elevated expression of the mexV gene was observed with YM442 compared with YM44.
MexV (membrane fusion protein)-MexW (RND-type membrane protein)-OprM is a tripartite multidrug efflux pump. It is suggested that other outer membrane component(s) could cooperate with MexVW.