[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background and AimIt was previously reported that high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia of the esophagus turns pink within a few minutes after iodine staining (pink-color sign; PCS); however, iodine staining is uncomfortable. By using narrow band imaging (NBI), color change in the area between the intraepithelial papillary capillary loop (background coloration; BGC) is often observed within the brownish area. The diagnostic usefulness of BGC findings for differentiating high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia from low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia was evaluated. Methods
In a prospective observational study from September 2010 to August 2012, 285 patients who were in a high-risk group for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma underwent endoscopic examination. Lesions with both endoscopic findings of dilated intraepithelial papillary capillary loop on NBI and iodine-unstained areas were studied, in which endoscopic biopsy or endoscopic resection was subsequently performed. The esophageal background mucosa was also evaluated on the basis of the iodine staining pattern (uniform type: Group U, scattered type: Group S). ResultsOne hundred three esophageal lesions in 87 patients were studied. When BGC was used as the differentiation index, sensitivity was 93.8%, specificity was 88.2%, and accuracy was 91.3%. When PCS was used, sensitivity was 97.9%, specificity was 88.2%, and accuracy was 93.2% (P=0.79). In Group U (n=54), BGC had an accuracy of 93.8%, and PCS had an accuracy of 92.3% (P=1.0). On the other hand, in Group S (n=33), BGC had an accuracy of 86.8%, while PCS had an accuracy of 94.7% (P=0.27). Conclusions
Diagnosis using BGC on NBI may substitute for diagnosis based on PCS in many patients.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 04/2014; 29(4):762-768. DOI:10.1111/jgh.12477 · 3.50 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background and aim:
Pepsinogen (PG) method is widely used to identify high risk groups of gastric cancer. It is very useful before Helicobacter pylori eradication, but after eradication the method becomes useless because the PGI, PGII, PGI/II ratios change. Therefore, we aimed to identify a high risk group for gastric cancer using serum pepsinogen after successful eradication of H. pylori.
A total of 261 participants were enrolled after successful eradication of H. pylori in Hokkaido University Hospital from 1995 to 2010. Participants with renal failure, taking proton pump inhibitors, and those with advanced gastric cancer were excluded. Serum levels of PGI and II were measured using chemiluminescent immunoassay method.
Receiver operating characteristic curves using cancerous and non-cancerous data in post-eradication determined the optimal cut-off value of PGI/II as 4.5. The sensitivity and the specificity were 65.9% and 79.3%, respectively. The usual PG method includes 48.9% of cancer cases, and the PGI/II ≤ 4.5 in post-eradication includes 65.9% of them, and it includes approximately half of the high risk group of diffuse type cancer. PGI/II ≤ 4.5 in post-eradication included many gastric cancer cases detected after eradication (12/16 = 75%).
In the identification of a high risk group for gastric cancer, we suggest that the optimal cut-off value of PGI/II after successful eradication of H. pylori is 4.5. PGI/II ≤ 4.5 in post-eradication includes more gastric cancer cases compared with the traditional PG method, and 75% of gastric cancer cases detected after eradication.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 10/2012; 28(1). DOI:10.1111/j.1440-1746.2012.07285.x · 3.50 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The results of a randomized controlled study and meta-analysis study have recently proved that Helicobacter pylori eradication has a preventive effect against the development of metachronous and primary gastric cancer. However, gastric cancer is sometimes detected after successful eradication. There is a lack of study about gastric cancers in eradicated patients. To clarify the characteristics of gastric cancers detected after H. pylori eradication, we analyzed the clinicopathological features of these cancers.
The subjects were 18 early-stage gastric cancer specimens resected from 17 patients who had received successful eradication of H. pylori from February 1995 to March 2009. The control group consisted of 36 specimens from noneradicated patients with persistent H. pylori infection who were matched with the subjects in age, sex, and depth of invasion. Clinicopathological features and mucin phenotypes of gastric cancer were clinically and immunohistologically evaluated.
The average diameter of gastric cancer was smaller and Ki-67 index was lower in the eradication group. The morphological distribution of depression types was significantly lower in the control group. Immunohistochemical phenotyping revealed that 72.2% of the lesions in the eradicated group were complete gastric type or gastric predominant mixed type, whereas the percentages of gastric type and intestinal type in the control group were similar.
Our findings indicate that the clinicopathological characteristics of gastric cancers detected after H. pylori eradication are different from those of gastric cancers in patients with persistent H. pylori infection. H. pylori eradication may suppress intestinalization during the development of gastric cancer.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Biopsy specimens obtained from esophageal lesions detected in endoscopic screening with iodine staining have often been diagnosed as high-grade intraepithelial squamous neoplasia (WHO 2000). However, a management strategy for such lesions has not been established. The purpose of this study was to perform EMR for such lesions and to determine the actual tumor stage in patients with complete resection and the outcomes after EMR.
During the study period, 51 patients were found to have esophageal lesions diagnosed as high-grade intraepithelial squamous neoplasia by using endoscopic iodine staining in biopsy specimens. All of the patients underwent EMR, and resected specimens were reviewed microscopically.
Histologic examination of totally resected specimens revealed that 12 (23.5%) of the 51 patients had tumor invasion of the lamina propria mucosae and that 4 (7.8%) had tumor invasion of the muscularis mucosae. The remaining 35 patients (68.6%) were confirmed to have high-grade intraepithelial squamous neoplasia. The invasive focus in all of the 16 lesions of invasive squamous-cell carcinoma was surrounded by high-grade intraepithelial squamous neoplasia. After a median of 23 months of follow-up, there were two recurrences, and those patients required second EMR.
Histologic results suggested that high-grade intraepithelial squamous neoplasia of the esophagus has characteristics of carcinoma in the preinvasive stage. EMR should be performed for esophageal lesions diagnosed by endoscopic biopsy as high-grade intraepithelial squamous neoplasia, not only because of its probable malignant potential but also because more than 30% of such lesions are actually invasive carcinoma.