[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To explore the relationship between polymorphism in the interleukin (IL)-28B gene and sustained virologic response (SVR) in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients.
A total of 220 patients with CHC were prospectively treated with pegylated-interferon (peg-IFN) in combination with ribavirin (RBV) for 48 weeks, and followed-up for an additional 24 weeks. All patients were genotyped for the rs8099917 polymorphism and correlations with antiviral efficacy were determined by statistical analysis.
One-hundred-and-eighty-two (82.7%) of the patients achieved end-of-treatment virological response (ETVR). Significantly more patients in the ETVR group carried the rs8099917 genotypes of TT (93.5%) and GT+GG (68.8%), compared to the patients who did not achieve ETVR (X2=23.287, P less than 0.01). In addition, the patients who achieved SVR also represented significantly higher rates of both genotypes (TT: 86.2% and GT+GG: 60.6%; X2=15.531, P less than 0.01). In the SVR group: TT vs. GT+GG: odds ratio (OR)=4.063, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.972-8.369; X2=15.531, P less than 0.01. In the RP group: TT vs. GT+GG: OR=0.246, 95% CI: 0.119-0.507; X2=15.531, P less than 0.01).
The IL-28B rs8099917 genotype is closely related to antiviral response of patients with chronic hepatitis C. Compared to carriers of the GT and GG genotypes, carriers of the TT genotype have higher SVR rates and lower RP rates. The TT genotype may be an important predictor of antiviral efficacy.
Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 12/2012; 20(12):892-5.
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Genetic variations at the interleukin 28B (IL-28B) locus are important in predicting outcome following therapy for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The aim of this research was to evaluate the role of IL-28B single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) variations in Chinese patients undergoing pegylated interferon-α plus ribavirin (PEG-IFN-α/RBV) treatment.
To determine the effect of IL-28B variation on the response to HCV therapy, these variants were genotyped in a cohort of 220 patients who were chronically infected with HCV and received combined PEG-IFN-α/RBV therapy.
The proportions of rs12979860 CC, CT, and TT genotypes were 71.4%, 25.0%, and 3.6% respectively, in the sustained virological response (SVR) group; 15.8%, 60.5%, and 23.7% respectively, in the null virological response (NVR) group; and 38.1%, 52.4%, and 9.5% respectively, in the relapse (Rel) group (P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that, compared to those having the CC genotype, CT heterozygotes had an increased risk of NVR and Rel (OR = 10.95, 95%CI = 4.12-29.11, P = 1.5×10(-7) and OR = 3.93, 95%CI = 1.86-8.32, P = 2.1×10(-4) respectively). The RNA quantification assay showed that patients with genotype CC exhibited much higher levels of IL-28 expression than those with genotype CT or TT (P < 0.001).
The IL-28B SNP rs12979860 genotype was related to the effectiveness of HCV therapy: patients with the CC rs12979860 genotype had higher rates of SVR than those with the CT or TT genotype, and the CC genotype revealed a significantly higher level of IL-28 mRNA expression.
Chinese medical journal 07/2012; 125(13):2334-8. · 0.90 Impact Factor
Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 01/2010; 18(1):63-4.