Xiao-Feng Cao

Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China

Are you Xiao-Feng Cao?

Claim your profile

Publications (5)26.68 Total impact

  • Source
    Wei-Wei Tan, Xiao-Feng Cao, Yun-Wei Yu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The determination of luminosity function (LF) of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) is of an important role for the cosmological applications of the GRBs, which is however hindered seriously by some selection effects due to redshift measurements. In order to avoid these selection effects, we suggest to calculate pseudo-redshifts for Swift GRBs according to the empirical L-E_p relationship. Here, such a $L-E_p$ relationship is determined by reconciling the distributions of pseudo- and real redshifts of redshift-known GRBs. The values of E_p taken from Butler's GRB catalog are estimated with Bayesian statistics rather than observed. Using the GRB sample with pseudo-redshifts of a relatively large number, we fit the redshift-resolved luminosity distributions of the GRBs with a broken-power-law LF. The fitting results suggest that the LF could evolve with redshift by a redshift-dependent break luminosity, e.g., L_b=1.2\times10^{51}(1+z)^2\rm erg s^{-1}. The low- and high-luminosity indices are constrained to 0.8 and 2.0, respectively. It is found that the proportional coefficient between GRB event rate and star formation rate should correspondingly decrease with increasing redshifts.
    The Astrophysical Journal Letters 06/2013; 772(1). · 6.35 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The accumulation of {\it Swift} observed gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) gradually makes it possible to directly derive a GRB luminosity function (LF) from observational luminosity distribution, where however two complexities must be involved as (i) the evolving connection between GRB rate and cosmic star formation rate and (ii) observational selection effects due to telescope thresholds and redshift measurements. With a phenomenological investigation on these two complexities, we constrain and discriminate two popular competitive LF models (i.e., broke-power-law LF and single-power-law LF with an exponential cutoff at low luminosities). As a result, we find that the broken-power-law LF could be more favored by the observation, with a break luminosity $L_b=2.5\times10^{52}\rm erg s^{-1}$ and prior- and post-break indices $\nu_1=1.72$ and $\nu_2=1.98$. For an extra evolution effect expressed by a factor $(1+z)^{\delta}$, if the matallicity of GRB progenitors is lower than $\sim0.1Z_{\odot}$ as expected by some collapsar models, then there may be no extra evolution effect other than the metallicity evolution (i.e., $\delta$ approaches to be zero). Alternatively, if we remove the theoretical metallicity requirement, then a relationship between the degenerate parameters $\delta$ and $Z_{\max}$ can be found, very roughly, $\delta\sim2.4(Z_{\max}/Z_{\odot}-0.06)$. This indicates that an extra evolution could become necessary for relatively high metallicities.
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 01/2011; 416. · 5.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Yun-Wei Yu, K. S. Cheng, Xiao-Feng Cao
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Swift observations suggest that the central compact objects of some gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) could be newly born millisecond magnetars. Therefore, by considering the spin evolution of the magnetars against r-mode instability, we investigate the role of the magnetars in GRB X-ray afterglow emission. Besides modifying the conventional energy injection model, we pay particular attention to the internal X-ray afterglow emission, whose luminosity is assumed to track the magnetic dipole luminosity of the magentars with a certain fraction. Following a comparison between the model and some selected observational samples, we suggest that some so-called "canonical" X-ray afterglows including the shallow decay, normal decay, and steeper-than-normal decay phases could be internally produced by the magnetars (possibly through some internal dissipations of the magnetar winds), while the (energized) external shocks are associated with another type of X-ray afterglows. If this is true, from those internal X-ray afterglows, we can further determine the magnetic field strengths and the initial spin periods of the corresponding magnetars. Comment: 10 pages, 5 figures, accepted for publication in ApJ
    The Astrophysical Journal 04/2010; · 6.73 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Yun-Wei Yu, Xiao-Feng Cao, Xiao-Ping Zheng
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The internal-plateau X-ray emission of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) indicates that a newly born magnetar could be the central object of some GRBs. The observed luminosity and duration of the plateaus suggest that, for such a magnetar, a rapid spin with a sub- or millisecond period is sometimes able to last thousands of seconds. In this case, the conventional neutron star (NS) model for the magnetar may be challenged, since the rapid spin of nascent NSs would be remarkably decelerated within hundreds of seconds due to r-mode instability. In contrast, the r-modes can be effectively suppressed in nascent strange stars (SSs). In other words, to a certain extent, only SSs can keep nearly-constant extremely-rapid spin for a long period of time during the early ages of the stars. We thus propose that the sample of the GRB rapidly-spinning magnetars can be used to test the SS hypothesis based on the distinct spin limits of NSs and SSs. Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures, accepted for publication in ApJ Letters
    The Astrophysical Journal 10/2009; · 6.73 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Yun-Wei Yu, Xiao-Feng Cao, Xiao-Ping Zheng
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In a second-order r-mode theory, S'a & Tom'e found that the r-mode oscillation in neutron stars (NSs) could induce stellar differential rotation, which leads to a saturation state of the oscillation spontaneously. Based on a consideration of the coupling of the r-modes and the stellar spin and thermal evolutions, we carefully investigate the influences of the r-mode-induced differential rotation on the long-term evolutions of isolated NSs and NSs in low-mass X-ray binaries, where the viscous damping of the r-modes and its resultant effects are taken into account. The numerical results show that, for both kinds of NSs, the differential rotation can prolong the duration of the r-mode saturation state significantly. As a result, the stars can keep nearly constant temperature and angular velocity over a thousand years. Moreover, due to the long-term steady rotation of the stars, persistent quasi-monochromatic gravitational wave radiation could be expected, which increases the detectibility of gravitational waves from both nascent and accreting old NSs. Comment: 14 pages, 6 figures, submitted to RAA
    Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics 05/2009; · 1.35 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

20 Citations
26.68 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
      • School of Physics
      Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China
  • 2009–2011
    • Huazhong (Central China) Normal University
      Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China
  • 2010
    • The University of Hong Kong
      • Department of Physics
      Hong Kong, Hong Kong