Xian-Min Meng

China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (22)40.95 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This study sought to investigate the relationship of polymorphisms in ABCB1 and the predictive value of thromboelastography (TEG) on bleeding risk in clopidogrel-treated patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
    Thrombosis Research 08/2014; · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate plasma levels of CXC-Chemokine Ligand 10 (CXCL10), CXC-Chemokine Ligand 12 (CXCL12) and CXC-Chemokine Ligand 16 (CXCL16) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH).
    Heart & lung : the journal of critical care. 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary vascular remodelling and inflammation have been implicated in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). YKL-40, a marker of tissue remodelling and inflammation, has recently been recognized as a risk predictor of cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases. The study aimed to investigate a potential role of YKL-40 in predicting prognosis in idiopathic PAH (IPAH). Plasma YKL-40 levels were measured in 82 IPAH patients without current or previous PAH-specific treatment during right heart catheterization and in 54 healthy volunteers. Concurrent data included clinical, haemodynamic and biochemical variables. Plasma YKL-40 levels were increased in IPAH patients compared with control subjects (median, interquartile range: IPAH: 24.90, 17.68-39.78 ng/mL; controls: 16.58, 14.20-19.64 ng/mL; P < 0.001). YKL-40 levels correlated with cardiac index (r = -0.244, P = 0.027) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP, r = 0.263, P = 0.017). After a median follow-up of 578 days, YKL-40 outperformed NT-proBNP, uric acid, and 6-min walk distance in receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses in predicting both clinical worsening (area under the curve (AUC) 0.681) and death (AUC 0.717). Compared with patients with YKL-40 below the ROC-derived cut-off point (24.5 ng/mL), the high YKL-40 group showed higher pulmonary vascular resistance and serum uric acid levels, and showed more clinical worsening events and deaths in Kaplan-Meier analyses. Plasma YKL-40 was independently associated with clinical worsening in univariate and multivariate Cox analyses (all P < 0.05). Plasma YKL-40 might serve as a promising indicator of disease severity and prognosis in patients with IPAH.
    Respirology 04/2014; · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To investigate plasma levels of CXC-Chemokine Ligand 10 (CXCL10), CXC-Chemokine Ligand 12 (CXCL12) and CXC-Chemokine Ligand 16 (CXCL16) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). Methods Plasma levels of biomarkers were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 61 patients with IPAH and 20 healthy volunteers. Results Plasma CXCL10, CXCL12 and CXCL16 concentrations were increased significantly in IPAH patients compared with controls, and significantly correlated with N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion and right ventricular ejection fraction. Conclusions Increased levels of CXCL10, CXCL12 and CXCL16 are associated with right ventricular dysfunction in patients with IPAH.
    Heart and Lung The Journal of Acute and Critical Care 01/2014; · 1.40 Impact Factor
  • Journal of the American College of Cardiology 01/2014; 64(11):B4. · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Iron is a biocorrodible metal that might be used in bioabsorbable stents. This study investigated the effects at the cellular and protein levels of soluble divalent iron (ferrous gluconate) and soluble trivalent iron (ferric chloride) on the proliferation of human aortic smooth muscle cell (HASMC) in vitro. The water-soluble tetrazolium (WST-1) test was used to evaluate the effect of iron on proliferation of HASMC and Western blotting was used to measure the levels of signaling proteins involved in proliferative and apoptosis pathways. HASMC proliferation was inhibited in a concentration dependent manner after treatment with soluble divalent and trivalent iron at concentrations of 100-500 µmol/L. Western blotting analysis showed that the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression following treatment with soluble divalent iron and trivalent iron at 100, 300 and 500 µmol/L was reduced compared to the control. The PCNA expression decreased with increasing iron concentration and to a greater extent with the trivalent iron than with the divalent iron treatment group. The p53 expression was markedly increased in a concentration dependent manner in both iron treatment groups. The soluble divalent iron and, to a greater degree trivalent iron, inhibited HASMC proliferation in a dosedependent manner, which may be attributed to reduction of PCNA expression and increase of p53 expression.
    Chinese medical journal 10/2013; 126(19):3728-3731. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our previous studies have demonstrated that Tongxinluo (TXL), a traditional Chinese medicine, can protect hearts against no-reflow and reperfusion injury in a protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent manner. The present study was to investigate whether the PKA-mediated cardioprotection of TXL against no-reflow and reperfusion injury relates to the inhibition of myocardial inflammation, edema, and apoptosis. In a 90-minute ischemia and 3-hour reperfusion model, minipigs were randomly assigned to sham, control, TXL (0.05 g/kg, gavaged one hour prior to ischemia), and TXL + H-89 (a PKA inhibitor, intravenously and continuously infused at 1.0 µg/kg per minute) groups. Myocardial no-reflow, necrosis, edema, and apoptosis were determined by pathological and histological studies. Myocardial activity of PKA and myeloperoxidase was measured by colorimetric method. The expression of PKA, phosphorylated cAMP response element-binding protein (p-CREB) (Ser(133)), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), P-selectin, apoptotic proteins, and aquaporins was detected by Western blotting analysis. TXL decreased the no-reflow area by 37.4% and reduced the infarct size by 27.0% (P < 0.05). TXL pretreatment increased the PKA activity and the expression of Ser(133) p-CREB in the reflow and no-reflow myocardium (P < 0.05). TXL inhibited the ischemia-reperfusion-induced elevation of myeloperoxidase activities and the expression of TNF-α and P-selectin, reduced myocardial edema in the left ventricle and the reflow and no-reflow areas and the expression of aquaporin-4, -8, and -9, and decreased myocytes apoptosis by regulation of apoptotic protein expression in the reflow and no-reflow myocardium. However, addition of the PKA inhibitor H-89 counteracted these beneficial effects of TXL. PKA-mediated cardioprotection of TXL against no-reflow and reperfusion injury relates to the inhibition of myocardial inflammation, edema, and apoptosis in the reflow and no-reflow myocardium.
    Chinese medical journal 04/2013; 126(8):1469-79. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The phosphorylation of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) plays an important role in the contractile dysfunction associated with heart failure. Human cardiac troponin I-interacting kinase (TNNI3K) is a novel cardiac-specific functional kinase that can bind to cTnI in a yeast two-hybrid screen. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether TNNI3K can phosphorylate cTnI at specific sites and to examine whether the phosphorylation of cTnI caused by TNNI3K can regulate cardiac myofilament contractile function. Co-immunoprecipitation was performed to confirm that TNNI3K could interact with cTnI. Kinase assays further indicated that TNNI3K did not phosphorylate cTnI at Ser23/24 and Ser44, but directly phosphorylated Ser43 and Thr143 in vitro. The results obtained for adult rat cardiomyocytes also indicated that enhanced phosphorylation of cTnI at Ser43 and Thr143 correlated with rTNNI3K (rat TNNI3K) overexpression, and phosphorylation was reduced when rTNNI3K was knocked down. To determine the contractile function modulated by TNNI3K-mediated phosphorylation of cTnI, cardiomyocyte contraction was studied in adult rat ventricular myocytes. The contraction of cardiomyocytes increased with rTNNI3K overexpression and decreased with rTNNI3K knockdown. We conclude that TNNI3K may be a novel mediator of cTnI phosphorylation and contribute to the regulation of cardiac myofilament contraction function.
    Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas / Sociedade Brasileira de Biofisica ... [et al.] 02/2013; · 1.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Chinese people are more frequent carriers of cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) loss-of-function alleles than Caucasians. The effect of the ATP-binding cassette, sub-family B, member 1 (ABCB1), and paraoxonase 1 (PON1) variants on platelet reactivity and clinical outcomes of clopidogrel treatment has not yet been reported in Chinese patients after percutaneous coronary intervention. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the CYP2C19, ABCB1, and PON1 variants on clopidogrel pharmacodynamics and clinical outcomes in these patients. METHODS: Six hundred and seventy patients after percutaneous coronary intervention were enrolled in a single-center registry. The antiplatelet effect of clopidogrel was assessed by thromboelastography, and the CYP2C19, ABCB1, and PON1 genotypes were detected by the ligase detection reaction. Primary clinical endpoints included cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, and stent thrombosis. The secondary clinical endpoints were thrombolysis in myocardial infarction bleeding. The follow-up period was 12 months. RESULTS: The frequency of the CYP2C19 loss-of-function alleles was relatively high (57.3 %). The risk of a low response to clopidogrel and composite ischemic events increased with the number of CYP2C19 loss-of-function alleles. However, there were not significant differences in clopidogrel pharmacodynamics and clinical outcomes across the ABCB1 and PON1 genotype groups; bleeding was not significantly different across the CYP2C19, ABCB1, and PON1 genotype groups. CONCLUSIONS: The CYP2C19 loss-of-function alleles had a gene dose effect on the pharmacodynamics and composite ischemic events of clopidogrel in our study population. Neither the ABCB1 nor the PON1 genotype significantly influenced the antiplatelet effect and clinical outcomes of clopidogrel in these patients.
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 11/2012; · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myocardial edema plays an important role in the development of myocardial no-reflow and reperfusion injury after the revascularization of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The present study investigated whether the effect of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) against myocardial no-reflow and reperfusion injury was related to the reduction of myocardial edema through the protein kinase A (PKA) pathway. Twenty-four minipigs were randomized into sham, AMI, IPC, and IPC + H-89 (PKA inhibitor, 1.0 µg×kg(-1)×min(-1)) groups. The area of no-reflow (ANR), area of necrosis (AN), and water content in left ventricle and ischemic-myocardium and non-ischemic area were determined by pathological studies. Microvascular permeability was determined by FITC-labeled dextran staining. Cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area (CSA) and mitochondria cross-sectional area (MSA) were evaluated by histological analysis. Myocardial expression of aquaporins (AQPs) was detected by Western blot. Compared with the MI group, the sizes of no-reflow and infarct were reduced by 31.9% and 46.6% in the IPC group (all P < 0.01), water content was decreased by 5.7% and 4.6% in the reflow and no-reflow myocardium of the IPC group (all P < 0.05), microvascular permeability and cardiomyocytes swelling in the reflow area were inhibited by 29.8% and 21.3% in the IPC group (all P < 0.01), mitochondrial water accumulation in the reflow and no-reflow areas of the IPC group were suppressed by 45.5% and 34.8% respectively (all P < 0.01), and the expression of aquaporin-4, -8, and -9 in the reflow and no-reflow myocardium were blocked in the IPC group. However, these beneficial effects of IPC were partially abolished in the IPC + H-89 group. The cardioprotective effects of IPC against no-reflow and reperfusion injury is partly related to the reduction of myocardial edema by inhibition of microvascular permeability and aquaporins up-regulation via PKA pathway.
    Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 11/2012; 40(11):945-51.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether ischemic preconditioning (IP) can reduce myocardial no-reflow by activating endothelial (e-) nitric oxide synthase (NOS) via the protein kinase A (PKA) pathway. In a 90-min ischemia and 3-h reperfusion model, minipigs were assigned into sham, ischemia-reperfusion (IR), IR+IP, IR+IP+L-NNA (an eNOS inhibitor, 10mg·kg(-1)), IR+IP+H-89 (a PKA inhibitor, 1.0μg·kg(-1)·min(-1)), IR+L-NNA, and IR+H-89 groups. IP pretreatment improved cardiac function and coronary blood flow, decreased the activities of creatine kinase by 36.6% after 90 min of ischemia and by 32.8% after 3 h of reperfusion (P<0.05), reduced the no-reflow areas from 49.9% to 11.0% (P<0.01), and attenuated the infarct size from 78.2% to 35.4% (P<0.01). IP stimulated myocardial PKA activities and the expression of PKA and Ser(133) phosphorylated (p-) cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) in the reflow and no-reflow myocardium, and enhanced the activities of constitutive NOS and the phosphorylation of eNOS at Ser(1179) and Ser(635) in the no-reflow myocardium. IP suppressed the expression of tumor necrosis factor-α and P-selectin, and attenuated cardiomyocytes apoptosis by regulating the expression of Bcl-2 and caspase-3 in the reflow and no-reflow myocardium. The eNOS inhibitor L-NNA completely canceled these beneficial effects of IP without any influence on PKA activity, whereas the PKA inhibitor H-89 partially blocked the IP cardioprotective effects and eNOS phosphorylation at the same time. IP attenuates myocardial no-reflow and infarction after ischemia and reperfusion by activating the phosphorylation of eNOS at Ser(1179) and Ser(635) in a partly PKA-dependent manner.
    Microvascular Research 04/2012; 84(1):44-54. · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) transplantation is poor because of the harsh environment post infarction. Our previous studies have proven that Statins could enhance the implanted bone marrow MSCs survival, but the exact mechanism remained to be clarified. We hypothesized that atorvastatin (Ator) could protect MSCs from hypoxia and serum-free (H/SF) induced apoptosis and investigated the potential mechanisms. Chinese mini-swine's bone marrow derived MSCs were cultured in vitro and exposed to hypoxia and H/SF, Ator of various concentrations (0.001 - 10 µmol/L), AMPK inhibitor-compound C (CC), PI3K inhibitor-LY294002 (LY), Ator + CC and Ator + LY. Cell apoptosis was assessed using Annexin V/Propidine Iodine kit by flow cytometry. Phosphorylation of AMPK, Akt, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) level and phosphorylation were tested with Western blot. Real Time-PCR was performed to analyze the gene expression of AMPK, Akt and eNOS. MSCs apoptosis in Ator (0.01 - 10 µmol/L) treated H/SF groups was significantly reduced compared with H/SF group (1.94% - 6.10% vs. 10.94%, P < 0.01 or 0.05). Apoptosis was higher in Ator + CC group than in 1 µmol/L Ator group (4.94% ± 0.98% vs. 2.59% ± 0.84%, P < 0.01) and similar between Ator + LY and 1 µmol/L Ator group (2.02% ± 0.45% vs. 2.59% ± 0.84%, P > 0.05). The gene expressions of AMPK, Akt and eNOS were significantly upregulated in atorvastatin treated groups. Meanwhile, phosphorylation of AMPK and eNOS increased in MSCs treated with atorvastatin (P < 0.01 or 0.05). Phosphorylation of eNOS significantly correlated with AMPK phosphorylation (r = 0.599, P = 0.004), but not with Akt phosphorylation (P = 0.263). Atorvastatin can protect MSCs from H/SF induced apoptosis through AMPK pathway, which resulting in activation of eNOS.
    Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 11/2011; 39(11):1033-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the impact of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 681G > A polymorphism on long-term prognosis of clopidogrel-treated Chinese patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Between January 1, 2009 and August 31,2009, 267 patients with coronary heart disease who received PCI and treated with clopidogrel for 12 months were enrolled. CYP2C19 * 2 was detected by MALDI-TOF MS and patients were grouped into CYP2C19 * 1/ * 1 (n = 130) and CYP2C19 * 2 carriers group (n = 137). Follow-up was 12 months. The primary endpoint was angina recurrence, urgent coronary revascularization, acute myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, death and the combined end points. Baseline data were similar between two groups (P > 0.05). Urgent coronary revascularization and the combined end points occurred more frequently in CYP2C19 * 2 carriers than in CYP2C19 * 1/* 1 patients (7.3% vs. 1.5% and 8.0% vs. 2.3% respectively, all P < 0.05). But incidence of angina recurrence, acute myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis and death was similar between two groups (all P > 0.05). Hazard risk of 1 year cumulative survival of CYP2C19 * 2 carriers group was significantly higher than CYP2C19 * 1/ * 1 group after PCI ( HR = 3.59, 95% CI: 1.02 - 12.87, P < 0.05). CYP2C19 681G > A polymorphism is a determinant of prognosis in coronary heart disease patients receiving chronic clopidogrel treatment after PCI.
    Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 07/2011; 39(7):617-20.
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    ABSTRACT: 1. Cardiac troponin I-interacting kinase (TNNI3K) is a novel cardiac-specific kinase gene. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis showed a significant increase in TNNI3K mRNA expression in hypertrophic cardiomyocytes induced by endothelin-1 (ET-1). The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of TNNI3K on neonate rat cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by ET-1. 2. Adenoviruses were amplified in 293A cells. To determine a reasonable adenovirus infection dose cardiomyocytes were infected with an adenovirus carrying human TNNI3K (Ad-TNNI3K) at varying multiplicity of infection (MOI) and the expression of TNNI3K was analysed by western blot. 3. Cardiomyocytes were infected with either a control adenovirus carrying green fluorescent protein (Ad-GFP) or Ad-TNNI3K. Compared with Ad-GFP, the Ad-TNNI3K induced an increase in sarcomere organization, cell surface area, (3) H-leucine incorporation and β-MHC re-expression. This type of hypertrophic phenomenon is similar to that observed in Ad-GFP-infected hypertrophic cardiomyocytes induced by ET-1. To determine the functional role of TNNI3K in ET-1-induced hypertrophic cardiomyocytes, the cells were infected with Ad-GFP or Ad-TNNI3K. Ad-TNNI3K induced an increase in sarcomere organization, cell surface area and (3) H-leucine incorporation compared with Ad-GFP. 4. These results suggest that TNNI3K overexpression induces cardiomyocytes hypertrophy and accelerates hypertrophy in hypertrophic cardiomyocytes. Therefore, TNNI3K might be an interesting target for the clinical treatment of hypertrophy.
    Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 02/2011; 38(4):278-84. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The traditional Chinese medicine Tongxinluo can protect myocardium against ischaemia/reperfusion injury, but the mechanism of its action is not well documented. We examined the involvement of nitric oxide in the protective role of Tongxinluo. Miniswine were randomized to four groups of seven: sham, control, Tongxinluo and Tongxinluo coadministration with a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA, 10 mg/kg i.v.). Three hours after administration of Tongxinluo, the animals were anaesthetised and the left anterior descending coronary artery ligated and maintained in situ for 90 minutes followed by 3 hours of reperfusion before death. Area of no reflow and necrosis and risk region were determined pathologically by planimetry. The degree of neutrophil accumulation in myocardium was obtained by measuring myeloperoxidase activity and histological analysis. Myocardial endothelial nitric oxide synthase activity and vascular endothelial cadherin content were measured by colorimetric method and immunoblotting analysis respectively. Tongxinluo significantly increased the local blood flow and limited the infarct and size of no reflow. Tongxinluo also attenuated myeloperoxidase activity and neutrophil accumulation in histological sections and maintained the level of vascular endothelial cadherin and endothelial nitric oxide synthase activity in the reflow region when compared with control group. The protection of Tongxinluo was counteracted by coadministration with L-NNA. Tongxinluo may limit myocardial ischaemia and protect the heart against reperfusion injury. Tongxinluo regulates synthesis of nitric oxide by altering activity of endothelial nitric oxide synthase.
    Chinese medical journal 08/2009; 122(13):1529-38. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the effects of tongxinluo on vascular endothelial integrity and myocardial no-reflow in early reperfusion of acute myocardial infarction. Forty mini-swines were divided into five groups randomly, sham group, control group, low dose (0.1 g/kg), medium dose (0.2 g/kg) and high dose (0.4 g/kg) groups of Tongxinluo. It was administered at 2 hours pre-reperfusion. Animals except in sham group were subjected to 1.5 hour of coronary occlusion followed by 3 hours of reperfusion. Content of VE-cadherin, beta-catenin, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and 9 in myocardium were evaluated; no-reflow area was examined with myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) at 1.5 hour of AMI and 3 hours of reperfusion. (1) Compared with that of normal myocardium, content of VE-cadherin and beta-catenin decreased in reperfusion and no-reflow myocardium while MMP-2 and 9 increased significantly (all P < 0.05); (2) Compared with that of control group, a high dose of Tongxinluo could increase significantly the content of VE-cadherin in both reperfusion and no-reflow myocardium, (22.2 +/- 3.2)% vs (32.0 +/- 3.9)% and (14.5 +/- 2.8)% vs (28.3 +/- 2.2)% respectively, beta-catenin, (20.5 +/- 3.5)% vs (27.3 +/- 2.9)% and (13.3 +/- 2.1)% vs (20.6 +/- 2.4)%, while reduce MMP-2, (48.3 +/- 4.1)% vs (29.4 +/- 3.5)% and (57.3 +/- 4.3)% vs (38.2 +/- 4.0)% respectively, MMP-9, (55.6 +/- 4.0)% vs (34.3 +/- 3.5)% and (62.4 +/- 4.8)% vs (44.4 +/- 4.1)%, all P < 0.05; (3) Compared with that of control group, a high dose of Tongxinluo could reduce significantly both no-reflow area, (6.6 +/- 1.7) cm2 vs (4.7 +/- 1.5) cm2, P < 0.05, and percentage (90.8 +/- 3.8)% vs (71.4 +/- 4.1)%, P < 0.05, at 3 hours of reperfusion. A high dose of tongxinluo could effectively maintain the integrity of vascular endothelium and attenuate no-reflow area in early reperfusion of acute myocardial infarction.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 06/2009; 89(20):1421-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the efficacy of transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) with gelatin microspheres containing vascular endothelial growth factor in ischemic regions in infracted swine hearts. Twelve Chinese mini swines with infarction were randomized to receive autogenetic MSC injection to the peri-infarction area of left ventricular wall (MSC group, n = 6) or MSC transplantation with gelatin hydrogel microspheres incorporating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-MSC group, n = 6). Three weeks later, left ventricular function was assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The contrast of the MSC hypointense lesion was determined using the difference in signal intensity between the hypointense and normal myocardium divided by signal intensity of the normal region. Myocardial capillary density, the number of DAPI positive MSC and the apoptotic MSC were also determined. The diameter of the microspheres averaged (104.0 +/- 22.6) microm. At 24 hours after transplantation, MSC were identified by MRI as large intramyocardial signal voids at injection sites which persisted up to 3 weeks. There was no significant difference in the contrast of the lesions and in the size of the lesions at 24 hours between two groups. At 3 weeks after injection, the size of the lesions and the contrast of the lesion were decreased (P < 0.05) in both groups. The capillary density of the injection site was significantly more in the MSC-VEGF microsphere group than that in MSC group [(15.2 +/- 5.4)/HPF vs. (10.2 +/- 5.0)/HPF, t = 2.43, P < 0.05], and there were more dense DAPI labeled MSC per high power fields in injection sites of MSC-VEGF microsphere group than that in MSC group [(354 +/- 83)/HPF vs. (278 +/- 97)/HPF, t = 3.14, P < 0.05]. Moreover, the apoptosis rate of MSCs of MSCs-VEGF microsphere group was less than that of MSC group [(6.4 +/- 4.1)% vs. (11.9 +/- 4.8)%, t = 2.97, P < 0.05]. MSC transplantation with gelatin hydrogel microspheres incorporating VEGF enhanced the efficacy of MSC in this swine model of myocardial infarction. MRI tracking of MSC is feasible and represents a preferred method for studying the engraftment of MSCs in infracted tissue.
    Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 03/2009; 37(3):233-9.
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    ABSTRACT: TNNI3K is a new cardiac-specific MAP kinase whose gene is localized to 1p31.1 and that belongs to a tyrosine kinase-like branch in the kinase tree of the human genome. In the present study we investigated the role of TNNI3K in the cardiac myogenesis process and in the repair of ischemic injury. Pluripotent P19CL6 cells with or without transfection by pcDNA6-TNNI3K plasmid were used to induce differentiation into beating cardiomyocytes. TNNI3K promoted the differentiation process, judging from the increasing beating mass and increased number of alpha-actinin-positive cells. TNNI3K improved cardiac function by enhancing beating frequency and increasing the contractile force and epinephrine response of spontaneous action potentials without an increase of the single-cell size. TNNI3K suppressed phosphorylation of cardiac troponin I, annexin-V(+) cells, Bax protein, and p38/JNK-mediated apoptosis. Intramyocardial administration of TNNI3K-overexpressing P19CL6 cells in mice with myocardial infarction improved cardiac performance and attenuated ventricular remodeling compared with injection of wild-type P19CL6 cells. In conclusion, our study clearly indicates that TNNI3K promotes cardiomyogenesis, enhances cardiac performance, and protects the myocardium from ischemic injury by suppressing p38/JNK-mediated apoptosis. Therefore, modulation of TNNI3K activity would be a useful therapeutic approach for ischemic cardiac disease.
    AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology 07/2008; 295(2):H708-16. · 4.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, a yeast two-hybrid screening system was used to identify the interaction partners of cardiac troponin I-interacting kinase (TNNI3K) that might serve as regulators or targets, and thus in turn to gain some insights on the roles of TNNI3K. After screening the adult heart cDNA library with a bait construct encoding the ANK motif of TNNI3K, antioxidant protein 1 (AOP-1) was isolated. The interaction between TNNI3K and AOP-1 was confirmed by the in vitro binding assay and coexpression experiments in vivo. The colocalization of TNNI3K and AOP-1 was clarified by confocal immunofluorescence. Moreover, coexpression of AOP-1 inhibited TNNI3K kinase activity in the in vitro kinase assay.
    Biochemistry (Moscow) 12/2007; 72(11):1199-204. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation following arterial injury plays a critical role in a variety of vascular proliferative disorders, such as atherosclerosis and restenosis after balloon angioplasty. Herpes simplex virus-thymidine kinase (HSV-TK)/ganciclovir (GCV) and E. coli cytosine deaminase (CD)/5-fluorocytosine (5-Fc) suicide gene systems have been successfully employed in cardiovascular gene therapy, respectively. We reasoned that coexpression of both HSV-TK with CD suicide genes would lead to increased cell killing. To test this imagine, the adenoviral vectors expressing TK and/or CD genes were developed and tested on vascular smooth muscle cells. Adenoviral vectors, including Ad-EF1alpha-CD-cytomegalovirus (CMV)-TK coexpressing both CD and TK double suicide genes, Ad-EF1alpha-CD and Ad-CMV-TK expressing CD and TK respectively, and control vector Ad-CMV-LacZ, were constructed and prepared with homologous recombination in RecA + E. coli cells. Integration and expression of CD and/or TK gene were identified by PCR and Western blot. Primary cultured VSMCs were infected at a multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 20 with exposure to their matching prodrugs 5-Fc and GCV. Cell mortality was measured by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assays. Flow cytometry analysis was used to detect cell death. Apoptotic cells were analyzed using Hoechst 33342 fluorescence dye as a DNA probe. Genomic DNA cleavage of apoptotic VSMCs was tested by agarose gel electrophoresis. Recombinant adenovirus expressing CD and/or TK suicide genes were successfully constructed. Both single and double suicide genes could be integrated into adenoviral genome and expressed. Cytotoxic effects of Ad-EF1alpha-CD-CMV-TK double suicide genes combined with 5-Fc and GCV were higher than those of Ad-CMV-TK and Ad-EF1alpha-CD single gene groups. The rate of cell survival was only (9 +/- 3)% in the Ad-EF1alpha-CD-CMV-TK group, but (37 +/- 3)% in the Ad-CMV-TK and (46 +/- 4)% in the Ad-EF1alpha-CD groups (P < 0.05). Flow cytometry analysis indicated that the killing mechanisms of the groups were different. Necrosis and apoptosis were involved in the mechanism of the double gene group. Based on the DNA stainability with Hoechst 33342, the apoptotic rates of VSMCs in the Ad-EF1alpha-CD-CMV-TK [(11.0 +/- 2.1)%] and Ad-CMV-TK [(12.0 +/- 2.2)%] groups were higher than those in Ad-CMV-LacZ [(1.2 +/- 0.11)%] and Ad-EF1alpha-CD [(5.0 +/- 1.8)%] groups (P < 0.05, respectively). DNA smear could be observed in both Ad-CMV-TK and Ad-EF1alpha-CD-CMV-TK groups after administration of prodrugs. The killing effect on rat VSMCs mediated by adenoviral CD/TK double suicide genes is superior to that of single suicide gene. The killing mechanism of recombinant adenovirus coexpressing CD/TK double suicide genes is mainly through cytotoxic effect and apoptosis.
    Chinese medical journal 11/2004; 117(10):1464-70. · 0.90 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

73 Citations
40.95 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2009–2013
    • Beijing Fuwai Hospital
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2011
    • Core Laboratories
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2007
    • Tongji University
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2003–2007
    • Peking Union Medical College Hospital
      Peping, Beijing, China