Publications (2)1.61 Total impact
Article: Spatial pattern analysis of heavy metals in Beijing agricultural soils based on spatial autocorrelation statistics.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study explored the spatial pattern of heavy metals in Beijing agricultural soils using Moran's I statistic of spatial autocorrelation. The global Moran's I result showed that the spatial dependence of Cr, Ni, Zn, and Hg changed with different spatial weight matrixes, and they had significant and positive global spatial correlations based on distance weight. The spatial dependence of the four metals was scale-dependent on distance, but these scale effects existed within a threshold distance of 13 km, 32 km, 50 km, and 29 km, respectively for Cr, Ni, Zn, and Hg. The maximal spatial positive correlation range was 57 km, 70 km, 57 km, and 55 km for Cr, Ni, Zn, and Hg, respectively and these were not affected by sampling density. Local spatial autocorrelation analysis detected the locations of spatial clusters and spatial outliers and revealed that the pollution of these four metals occurred in significant High-high spatial clusters, Low-high, or even High-low spatial outliers. Thus, three major areas were identified and should be receiving more attention: the first was the northeast region of Beijing, where Cr, Zn, Ni, and Hg had significant increases. The second was the southeast region of Beijing where wastewater irrigation had strongly changed the content of metals, particularly of Cr and Zn, in soils. The third area was the urban fringe around city, where Hg showed a significant increase.International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 06/2011; 8(6):2074-89. · 1.61 Impact Factor
Article: [Surface water quality assessment in Miyun reservoir watershed, Beijing in the period 1980-2003].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Single factor water quality identification index was adopted to assess the surface water quality of Miyun reservoir watershed in Beijing using nearly 20 years monitoring data of 4 sites, also the surface water quality pollution sources were analyzed. The results indicated TP had the largest temporal variation at every monitoring site, coefficients of variation were 93.86%, 86.08%, 50.56% and 139.47%, respectively. The following element was Hg, the coefficients of its variation were 86.08%, 25.75%, 56.52% and 47.01%, respectively. While TN, permanganate index, BOD5, Pb and Cr were relatively stable with small coefficient of temporal variation. The permanganate index, BOD5, Pb and Cr did not exceed to the Chinese surface drinking water standard limit in the study period, while Hg had high pollution risk in several years, such as monitoring sites S1 and S3 in 1992, monitoring sites S4 in 1996. The major pollutants of Miyun reservoir watershed in Beijing were TN and TP, and TN had larger pollution risk compared with TP in most years. Comparing to that before the 1990s, the decade average fertilizer, pesticide and agricultural plastic mulch inputs after the 1990s had increased by 46%, 173% and 359%, respectively. The husbandry proportion in agriculture rose from 24.4% to 39.8%, and the average gross industrial production by 424%. The upstream of Miyun reservoir had larger pollution risk than its downstream. In addition, Chaohe watershed contributed more TN and TP to the reservoir than Baihe watershed.Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 07/2010; 31(7):1483-91.