Mohamed Mhetli

Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer, Tunisia

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Publications (5)6.11 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of dietary phospholipids (PL) sources (fish gonad G-PL and soybean lecithin S-PL) and levels (50 and 90 g kg)1 dry matter) on the performances and fatty acid (FA) composition of pikeperch larvae. From day 10 to day 34 posthatching (p.h.), larvae were fed with three isoproteic and isolipidic microdiets. The best results of growth and skeletal development were related to a high phospholipid level regardless of their origin and FA profile. Jaw deformities seemed associated with high dietary highly unsaturated FA (HUFA) level. The optimal level of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (EPA + DHA) for pikeperch larvae appeared to be around 12 g kg)1 (dry matter) associated with a PL level around 90 g kg)1. FA composition of diets and larvae revealed a better incorporation of arachidonic acid, EPA and DHA into PL fraction especially in larvae fed with soybean PL. Moreover, 34-dayold pikeperch larvae may have capability of converting 18 carbon n-3 FA into the n-3 HUFA. Hence, for pikeperch larvae, PL from plant origin were as efficient as those from marine fish origin. key words: deformities, HUFA, larval development, nutrition, phospholipids, pikeperch
    Aquaculture Nutrition 01/2012; · 1.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A comparative proteomic approach was used to assess the protein expression profile in the liver of 34days old pikeperch larvae fed from day 10 post hatching, with three isoproteic and isolipidic formulated diets varying by their phospholipid (PL) contents (% dry diet weight): 1.4% (PL1), 4.7% (PL5) and 9.5% (PL9). Using 2D-DIGE minimal labelling of liver extracts, we were able to show 56 protein spots with a differential intensity (p<0.05) depending on the dietary PL content. Among these spots, 11 proteins were unambiguously identified using nanoLC-MS/MS tandem mass spectrometry. In the PL9 larvae, our results indicate that the glycolytic pathway could be down-regulated due to the under-expression of the fructose biphosphate aldolase B and the phosphoglucomutase 1. Meanwhile, propionyl coenzyme A carboxylase (a gluconeogenic enzyme) was under-expressed. In addition, another gluconeogenic and lipogenic enzyme, pyruvate carboxylase, was identified in 3 different spots as being under-expressed in fish fed with the intermediate PL level (PL5). A high PL content increased the expression of sarcosine dehydrogenase, an enzyme involved in methionine metabolism, along with vinculin, a structural protein. Moreover, several stress proteins (glutathione S-transferase M, glucose regulated protein 75 and peroxiredoxin-1) were modulated in response to the dietary PL level and fatty acid composition. In the larvae fed with the lowest dietary PL content (PL1), over-expression of both GSTM and GRP75 might indicate a cellular stress in this experimental treatment, while the under-expression of Prx1 might indicate a lower defence against oxidative stress. In conclusion, this nutriproteomic approach showed significant modifications of protein expression in the liver of pikeperch larvae fed different PL contents, highlighting the importance of these nutrients and their influence on metabolism processes and on stress response.
    Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part D Genomics and Proteomics 06/2010; 5(2):130-7. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    Proteomics. 07/2009;
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    ABSTRACT: This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of dietary phospholipid on the development and rearing performance of pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) larvae. From day 10 post-hatching, fish larvae were weaned onto three isoproteic and isolipidic formulated diets with different phospholipid (PL) levels: 1.4 (PL1), 4.7 (PL5) and 9.5% (PL9) of dry matter, as soybean lecithin. Neutral lipid (NL) with inversed gradient was incorporated in diets. Survival, growth and deformities were monitored until day 34 post-hatching, as well as intestinal enzyme activities, leucine alanine peptidase (leu-ala), aminopeptidase N (AN) and alkaline phosphatase (AP), which were used as indicators of digestive tract maturation. This study showed that PL supplementation significantly improved growth but not survival. The increase in dietary PL from 1.4 to 9.5% led to a 50% increase in larval final weight suggesting that high PL levels are needed during larval stages of pikeperch. The incidence of deformities was not affected by dietary phospholipid level. The specific activity of brush border membrane enzymes (AN and AP) increased with dietary phospholipid levels, indicating an earlier or more efficient maturation of digestive structures. A gut maturation index based on the ratio of segmental activity of the brush border membrane enzyme AP related to segmental activity of a cytosolic enzyme, leu-ala, was significantly higher in PL5 and PL9 groups compared to PL1 group indicating that 1% phospholipid incorporation in diet was not sufficient to induce good enterocyte maturation. Diet fatty acid composition was affected by phospholipid incorporation, dietary n − 3 HUFA concentration decreasing with the incorporation of PL. Fatty acid composition in larvae reflected that of corresponding diet. The best results in growth and development obtained in the PL9 group seemed related to the PL entity, independently of its fatty acid composition. The results of this study indicate that pikeperch larvae have a relatively high PL requirement (at least 9.5% of the diet, dry weight).
    Aquaculture. 01/2008;
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    Neila Hamza, Mohamed Mhetli, Patrick Kestemont
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    ABSTRACT: Growth and ontogeny of digestive function were studied in pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) larvae weaned on artificial food at different ages. Three weaning treatments initiated respectively on day 9 (W9), day 15 (W15) or day 21 (W21) post-hatching (p.h.) were compared with a control group, fed Artemia nauplii from first feeding until the end of the rearing trial on day36 p.h. The digestive enzyme activities and the ontogeny of digestive structures were investigated using enzymatic assays and histological methods. Growth of pikeperch larvae was significantly affected by precocious weaning. Pancreatic (trypsin and amylase) and intestinal (leucine-alanine peptidase, leucine aminopeptidase N and alkaline phosphatase) enzyme activities were detected from hatching onwards, increased at the moment of first feeding and then decreased. Pepsin secretion occurred at day29 p. h. only, concurrently with the stomach development and differentiation of gastric glands. In the early weaning group (W9) the maturation process of intestinal enterocytes seems to be impaired and/or delayed and several signs of malnutrition were recorded. Except for alkaline phosphatase activity, no differences in enzyme activities and development of digestive structures were observed among the control, W21, and W15 groups. Moreover, at the end of the experiment, no differences in proteolytic activities were observed among larvae from the different treatments, indicating that, in surviving individuals, the digestive structures were properly developed and the larvae had acquired an adult mode of digestion. Based on the artificial diet used, our results suggested that pikeperch larvae can be weaned from day 15 p.h. without significant adverse effect on digestive capacities (except for alkaline phosphatase) or development of digestive tract, while earlier weaning impaired the onset of the maturation processes of the digestive system, both in terms of morphological structures and enzymatic activities.
    Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 05/2007; 33(2):121-133. · 1.55 Impact Factor