Publications (2)2.59 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Japanese encephalitis (JE) is an endemic disease in Taiwan. A mass vaccination program of children against JE was first implemented in 1968. Along with general improvements in various aspects of living conditions over the years, the program has brought JE well under control. The main characteristics of JE epidemiology in Taiwan in the past 3 decades are as follows. The transmission mode remains unchanged-that is, the amplification stage of the virus in pigs is followed by a human epidemic each year. The frequency of JE incidence has dropped significantly. The incidence rate of confirmed cases was 2.05 per 100,000 in 1967, the highest in record, and merely 0.03 per 100,000 in 1997. Confirmed cases occur sporadically all over the island. The peak of the epidemic season has shifted from August in the 1960s to June since the 1980s. The age distribution of confirmed cases has shifted gradually from mainly children to adults. Vaccine efficacy for those having received more than 2 doses of the vaccine is estimated to be about 85%.The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 08/1999; 61(1):78-84. · 2.59 Impact Factor
Article: [Detection of neutralizing antibodies to Japanese encephalitis virus by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Competitive ELISA was used for the detection of neutralizing antibody to JE. Based on the principle that human serum JE antibody competed with JE monoclonal antibody (MAb) for JE antigen, it was found that 3 JE MAbs (E3-3, NPF-5 and NNN-5) were suitable for competitive ELISA for the detection of JE neutralizing antibody. The sensitivity of cometitive ELISA for 29 JE confirmed serum specimens with titer of plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT) was checked to be 82.1% (23/28). The specificity of E3-3 MAb to JE used in competitive ELISA was 100%. Correlation coefficient of JE confirmed cases of 57 hemagglutination inhibition (HI) titers in 1995 and 37 PRNT titers in 1994 compared with competitive ELISA were 0.744 and 0.732, respectively. Compared the competitive ELISA titers of 154 sera of healthy people with PRNT titers, the results showed that 70% of the sera could be detected by competitive ELISA which saved a lot of time and manpower.Zhonghua Minguo wei sheng wu ji mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of microbiology and immunology 12/1997; 30(4):255-64.