[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The authors provide an analysis of sex differences in National Institutes of Health (NIH) award programs to inform potential initiatives for promoting diversity in the research workforce.
In 2010, the authors retrieved data for NIH extramural grants in the electronic Research Administration Information for Management, Planning, and Coordination II database and used statistical analysis to determine any sex differences in securing NIH funding, as well as subsequent success of researchers who had already received independent NIH support.
Success and funding rates for men and women were not significantly different in most award programs. Furthermore, in programs where participation was lower for women than men, the disparity was primarily related to a lower percentage of women applicants compared with men, rather than decreased success rates or funding rates. However, for subsequent grants, both application and funding rates were generally higher for men than for women.
Cross-sectional analysis showed that women and men were generally equally successful at all career stages, but longitudinal analysis showed that men with previous experience as NIH grantees had higher application and funding rates than women at similar career points. On average, although women received larger R01 awards than men, men had more R01 awards than women at all points in their careers. Therefore, while greater participation of women in NIH programs is under way, further action will be required to eradicate remaining sex differences.
Academic medicine: journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 06/2011; 86(6):759-67. · 2.34 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Since the 1970s, many leaders in biomedical research have warned about a looming national shortage of new physician investigators
but evidence, especially for Women’s Health, has been largely indirect or anecdotal. This chapter discusses the number of
junior physician investigators, in either patient-oriented or basic science research, who are present in departments and who
are needed to maintain a research mission.
KeywordsBiomedical research careers-Interdisciplinary research-Physician scientists-Women’s health research-Sex differences research
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The statistics about common musculoskeletal disorders describe a few of the many health conditions that affect men and women. For such disorders and conditions, there are differences in incidence, predisposition, and therapeutic and preventive strategies for managing them. Although we have made progress in women's health research, many challenges remain, including those related to conditions and diseases of the musculoskeletal system that may affect women and men differentially. Research is needed to identify genetic, hormonal, environmental, and societal factors that contribute to these sex and gender differences and to understand when appropriate clinical applications should differ or be the same.
Orthopedic Clinics of North America 11/2006; 37(4):513-21. · 1.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To summarize the proceedings of the Advances in Uterine Leiomyoma Research: 2nd NIH International Congress, which was convened on February 24-25, 2005 by the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, Maryland.
Scientific information was presented at a 2-day conference, which was a collaborative effort of agencies across the DHHS and members of the academic, clinical, and medical communities involved in uterine leiomyoma research.
The conference brought together scientists in biomedicine, epidemiology, basic research, therapeutics, and translational medicine and fostered an exchange of scientific information among members of the uterine leiomyoma research and health care communities. This document summarizes this exchange and outlines research needs and recommendations for future research directions.
Fertility and sterility 11/2006; 86(4):800-6. · 3.97 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The concept of research on women’s health has evolved and expanded
during recent years in ways that have paralleled, and perhaps even anticipated,
some of the current challenges of biomedical and behavioral research. Fifteen
years ago, women’s health research primarily focused on reproductive
health. Although women were not always excluded from clinical studies of conditions
outside the reproductive system, clinical research involving conditions that
affect both women and men did not routinely seek to identify differences between
women and men. In attempts to broaden the concept of women’s health
and to recognize the increasing numbers of women of postmenopausal age, advocates
for research emphasized the need to address the health of women across the
entire life span, including the effects of normal aging. Research priorities
were addressed in terms of life stages; however, as the influence of early
life factors on the health of postmenopausal and elderly women became better
appreciated, women’s health has come to be addressed as a continuum
throughout life. This broad concept of what constitutes women’s health
has led to the recognition that research priorities in women’s health
must be comprehensive and interdisciplinary and should include not only clinical
studies but also the full spectrum of research, from molecular and genetic
studies to those of prevention, behavior, outcomes of interventions, and clinical
translation of newly proven hypotheses.
JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association 10/2005; 294(11):1407-10. · 29.98 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In addition, endorsed by: American Academy of Physician Assistants; American Association for Clinical Chemistry; American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation; American Diabetes Association; American Geriatrics Society; American Society for Preventive Cardiology; American Society of Echocardiography; American Society of Nuclear Cardiology; Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses; Canadian Women’s Health Network; Jacobs Institute for Women’s Health; Black Women’s Health Imperative; National Women’s Health Resource Center; The North American Menopause Society; Partnership for Gender-Specific Medicine; Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association; Sister to Sister: Everyone Has a Heart Foundation, Inc.; Society for Women’s Health Research; Society of Geriatric Cardiology; The Mended Hearts Inc; WomenHeart the National Coalition for Women With Heart Disease; and Women’s Health Research Center.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 04/2004; 43(5):900-21. · 14.09 Impact Factor