ABSTRACT: The influence of psychiatric symptoms, religious attendance, social network size, and sense of control on spiritual well-being were investigated in a cross-sectional study using the Spirituality Index of Well-being. Forty-seven participants with psychiatric disabilities from six consumer-run organizations participated. A factor analysis result revealed two domains of spiritual well-being for people with psychiatric disabilities: self-perceptions regarding making sense of life (developing life purpose) and self-efficacy in obtaining life goals. Based on our regression analyses, religious attendance, expanding social network size, and having a sense of control over important areas of life may enhance spiritual well-being in spite of severity of psychiatric symptoms. Supporting mental health consumers who hope to be fully integrated into social and spiritual communities is important. Given the increased attention to consumers' internal spiritual experiences in a recovery process, this study adds to knowledge about spirituality in the mental health field.
Community Mental Health Journal 01/2011; 48(2):202-11. · 1.03 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Self-management of psychiatric illness is a central tenet of consumer-directed mental health treatment. While several manualized self-management programs have been developed in recent years, the most widely disseminated is the Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP). This study examined the effects of WRAP participation on psychiatric symptoms, hope, and recovery outcomes for people with severe and persistent mental illness.
A quasi-experimental study, with an experimental (n=58) and a comparison (n=56) group was conducted. WRAP sessions (8-12 week) were facilitated by one staff person and one peer worker at five community mental health centers in a Midwestern state. The Modified Colorado Symptom Index, the State Hope Scale, and the Recovery Markers Questionnaire (RMQ) were employed at the first and last WRAP sessions, as well as six months following the intervention. Repeated measures analysis of covariance and planned comparisons before and after the intervention were conducted.
Findings revealed statistically significant group intervention effects for symptoms and hope, but not for RMQ. Planned comparisons showed statistically significant improvements for the experimental group in psychiatric symptoms and hope after the intervention, while non-significant changes occurred in the comparison group.
The study results offer promising evidence that WRAP participation has a positive effect on psychiatric symptoms and feelings of hopefulness. If recovery is the guiding vision for mental health system reform, the study results provide evidence that WRAP programming may warrant a place in the current array of services offered through the publicly funded mental health system.
Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal 01/2011; 34(3):214-22. · 0.75 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The aim of this preliminary study was to examine the impact of participation in an illness self-management recovery program (Wellness Recovery Action Planning-WRAP) on the ability of individuals with severe mental illnesses to achieve key recovery related outcomes.
A total of 30 participants from three mental health centers were followed immediately before and after engaging in a 12-week WRAP program.
Three paired sample t-tests were conducted to determine the effectiveness of WRAP on hope, recovery orientation, and level of symptoms. A significant positive time effect was found for hope and recovery orientation. Participants showed improvement in symptoms, but the change was slightly below statistical significance.
These preliminary results offer promising evidence that the use of WRAP has a positive effect on self-reported hope and recovery-related attitudes, thereby providing an effective complement to current mental health treatment.
Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal 01/2010; 34(1):57-60. · 0.75 Impact Factor