V. O. Garlea

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Florida, United States

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Publications (112)313.05 Total impact

  • P. Ari-Gur · V.O. Garlea · H. Cao · Y. Ge · I. Aaltio · S.P. Hannula · V. Koledov ·
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    ABSTRACT: Heusler alloys of Ni-Mn-Ga compositions demonstrate ferromagnetic shape memory effect in the martensitic state. The transformation temperature and the chemical order depend strongly on the composition. In the current work, the structure and chemical order of the martensitic phase of Ni1.91Mn1.29Ga0.8 were studied using neutron diffraction; the diffraction pattern was refined using the FullProf software. It was determined that the structural transition occurs around 330K. At room temperature, 300K, which is below the martensite transformation temperature, all the Bragg reflections can be described by a monoclinic lattice with a symmetry of space group P 1 2/m 1 and lattice constants of a = 4.23047(7) [Å], b = 5.58333(6) [Å], c = 21.0179(2) [Å], beta = 90.328(1). The chemical order is of critical importance in these alloys, and it was previously studied at 363K. Analysis of the neutron diffraction in the monoclinic phase shows that the chemical order is maintained during the martensitic transformation.
    12/2015; 2:S853-S857. DOI:10.1016/j.matpr.2015.07.416
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    ABSTRACT: The structural and the magnetic properties of CeCu$_{6-x}$Ag$_x$ (0 $\leq$ $x$ $\leq$ 0.85) and CeCu$_{6-x}$Pd$_x$ (0 $\leq$ $x$ $\leq$ 0.4) have been studied using neutron diffraction, resonant ultrasound spectroscopy (RUS), heat capacity, x-ray diffraction measurements and first principles calculations. The structural and magnetic phase diagrams of CeCu$_{6-x}$Ag$_x$ and CeCu$_{6-x}$Pd$_x$ as a function of Ag/Pd composition are reported. The end member, CeCu$_6$, undergoes a structural phase transition from an orthorhombic ($Pnma$) to a monoclinic ($P2_1/c$) phase at 240 K. In CeCu$_{6-x}$Ag$_x$, the structural phase transition temperature (${T_{s}}$) decreases linearly with Ag concentration and extrapolates to zero at $x_{S}$ $\approx$ 0.1. The structural transition in CeCu$_{6-x}$Pd$_x$ remains unperturbed with Pd substitution within the range of our study. The lattice constant $b$ slightly decreases with Ag/Pd doping, whereas, $a$ and $c$ increase with an overall increase in the unit cell volume. Both systems, CeCu$_{6-x}$Ag$_x$ and CeCu$_{6-x}$Pd$_x$, exhibit a magnetic quantum critical point (QCP), at $x$ $\approx$ 0.2 and $x$ $\approx$ 0.05 respectively. Near the QCP, long range antiferromagnetic ordering takes place at an incommensurate wave vector ($\delta_1$ 0 $\delta_2$) where $\delta_1 \sim 0.62$, $\delta_2 \sim 0.25$, $x$ = 0.125 for CeCu$_{6-x}$Pd$_x$ and $\delta_1 \sim 0.64$, $\delta_2 \sim 0.3$, $x$ = 0.3 for CeCu$_{6-x}$Ag$_x$. The magnetic structure consists of an amplitude modulation of the Ce-moments which are aligned along the $c$-axis of the orthorhombic unit cell.
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    ABSTRACT: Large single crystals of Ba2V(VO4)2(OH) (I) and Sr2V(VO4)2(OH) (II) are hydrothermally synthesized from mixtures of BaO or SrO, V2O3, V2O5, and aqueous NaOH as a mineralizer solution (Ag ampules, autoclave, 1.2 kbar, 650 °C, 10 d).
    ChemInform 09/2015; 46(39). DOI:10.1002/chin.201539018

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    ABSTRACT: Ternary intermetallics, A2Co12As7 (A=Ca, Y, Ce–Yb), have been synthesized by annealing mixtures of elements in molten Bi at 1223 K. The materials obtained crystallize in the P63/m variant of the Zr2Fe12P7 structure type. The unit cell volume shows a monotonic decrease with the increasing atomic number of the rare-earth metal, with the exception of Ce-, Eu-, and Yb-containing compounds. An examination of these outliers with X-ray absorption near edge structures (XANES) spectroscopy revealed mixed valence of Ce, Eu, and Yb, with the average oxidation states of +3.20(1), +2.47(5), and +2.91(1), respectively, at room temperature. Magnetic behavior of A2Co12As7 is generally characterized by ferromagnetic ordering of Co 3d moments at 100–140 K, followed by low-temperature ordering of rare-earth 4f moments. The 3d-4f magnetic coupling changes from antiferromagnetic for A=Pr–Sm to ferromagnetic for A=Ce and Eu–Yb. Polarized neutron scattering experiments were performed to support the postulated ferro- and ferrimagnetic ground states for Ce2Co12As7 and Nd2Co12As7, respectively.
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    ABSTRACT: We determine the low-field ordered magnetic phases of the S=1 dimerized antiferromagnet Ba3Mn2O8 using single-crystal neutron diffraction. We find that for magnetic fields between μ0H=8.80T and 10.56T applied along the [11¯0] direction the system exhibits spin density wave order with incommensurate wave vectors of type (η,η,ε). For μ0H>10.56T, the magnetic order changes to a spiral phase with incommensurate wave vectors only along the [hh0] direction. For both field-induced ordered phases, the magnetic moments are lying in the plane perpendicular to the field direction. The nature of these two transitions is fundamentally different: the low-field transition is a second-order transition to a spin density wave ground state, while the one at higher field, toward the spiral phase, is of first order. © 2015 American Physical Society.
    Physical Review B 07/2015; 92(2). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.92.020415 · 3.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ferrimagnetic spinel $CoV_2O_4$ has been a topic of intense recent interest, both as a frustrated insulator with unquenched orbital degeneracy and as a near-itinerant magnet which can be driven metallic with moderate applied pressure. Central outstanding questions include the number and form of magnetic transitions in this material, and the absence of any degeneracy breaking structural phase transition, contrary to all available models. To help address these questions, we have performed a series of neutron diffraction and inelastic scattering measurements on $CoV_2O_4$ powders with minimal cation site disorder. Our data indicate a near ideal cubic spinel structure at all temperatures, and a ferrimagnetic spin state below $T_N = 156 K$, consistent with previous reports. Significantly however, we also provide strong evidence for a weak ($\frac{\Delta a}{a} \sim 10^{-4}$), first order structural phase transition at $T^*$ = 90 K, the same temperature where spin canting is seen in recent single crystal measurements. This transition is characterized by a short-range distortion of oxygen octahedral positions, and a weak $\Delta\sim 1.25 meV$ spin gap is observed in low temperature inelastic data. Together, these findings provide strong support for the local orbital picture and the existence of an orbital glass state below $T^*$. We further rule out in our sample the presence of additional structural or magnetic transitions at lower temperatures, contrary to other studies.
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    ABSTRACT: A new series of transition metal vanadates, namely, Ba2M(VO4)2(OH) (M = V(3+), Mn(3+), and Fe(3+)), was synthesized as large single crystals hydrothermally in 5 M NaOH solution at 580 °C and 1 kbar. This new series of compounds is structurally reminiscent of the brackebuschite mineral type. The structure of Ba2V(VO4)2(OH) is monoclinic in space group P21/m, a = 7.8783(2) Å, b = 6.1369(1) Å, c = 9.1836(2) Å, β = 113.07(3)°, V = 408.51(2) Å(3). The other structures are similar and consist of one-dimensional trans edge-shared distorted octahedral chains running along the b-axis. The vanadate groups bridge across edges of their tetrahedra. Structural analysis of the Ba2Mn(VO4)2(OH) analogue yielded a new understanding of the Jahn-Teller effect in this structure type. Raman and infrared spectra were investigated to observe the fundamental vanadate and hydroxide vibrational modes. Single-crystal temperature-dependent magnetic studies on Ba2V(VO4)2(OH) reveal a broad feature over a wide temperature range with maximum at ∼100 K indicating that an energy gap could exist between the antiferromagnetic singlet ground state and excited triplet states, making it potentially of interest for quantum magnetism studies.
    Inorganic Chemistry 07/2015; 54(14). DOI:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b01037 · 4.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have investigated polycrystalline samples of the zigzag chain system BaTb$_2$O$_4$ with a combination of magnetic susceptibility, heat capacity, neutron powder diffraction, and muon spin relaxation measurements. Despite the onset of Tb$^{3+}$ short-range antiferromagnetic correlations at $|\theta_{CW}|$ $=$ 18.5 K and a very large effective moment, our combined measurements indicate that BaTb$_2$O$_4$ remains paramagnetic down to 0.095 K. The magnetic properties of this material show striking similarities to the pyrochlore antiferromagnet Tb$_2$Ti$_2$O$_7$, and therefore we propose that BaTb$_2$O$_4$ is a new large moment spin liquid candidate.
    Physical Review B 02/2015; 92(4). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.92.041110 · 3.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe why Ising spin chains with competing interactions in ${\mathrm{SrHo}}_{2}{\mathrm{O}}_{4}$ segregate into ordered and disordered ensembles at low temperatures $(T)$. Using elastic neutron scattering, magnetization, and specific heat measurements, the two distinct spin chains are inferred to have N\'eel $($\uparrow${}$\downarrow${}$\uparrow${}$\downarrow${})$ and double-N\'eel $($\uparrow${}$\uparrow${}$\downarrow${}$\downarrow${})$ ground states, respectively. Below ${T}_{\mathrm{N}}=0.68(2)\phantom{\rule{0.28em}{0ex}}\mathrm{K}$, the N\'eel chains develop three-dimensional long range order (LRO), which arrests further thermal equilibration of the double-N\'eel chains so they remain in a disordered incommensurate state for $T$ below ${T}_{\mathrm{S}}=0.52(2)\phantom{\rule{0.28em}{0ex}}\mathrm{K}$. ${\mathrm{SrHo}}_{2}{\mathrm{O}}_{4}$ distills an important feature of incommensurate low dimensional magnetism: kinetically trapped topological defects in a $\text{quasi}$-${}d$-${}\text{dimensional}$ spin system can preclude order in $d+1$ dimensions.
    Physical Review B 02/2015; 91(5). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.054424 · 3.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: HYSPEC is a high-intensity, direct-geometry time-of-flight spectrometer at the Spallation Neutron Source, optimized for measurement of excitations in small single-crystal specimens with optional polarization analysis capabilities. The incident neutron beam is monochromated using a Fermi chopper with short, straight blades, and is then vertically focused by Bragg scattering onto the sample position by either a highly oriented pyrolitic graphite (unpolarized) or a Heusler (polarized) crystal array. Neutrons are detected by a bank of 3He tubes that can be positioned over a wide range of scattering angles about the sample axis. HYSPEC entered the user program in February 2013 for unpolarized experiments, and is already experiencing a vibrant research program. Polarization analysis will be accomplished by using the Heusler crystal array to polarize the incident beam, and either a 3He spin filter or a supermirror wide-angle polarization analyser to analyse the scattered beam. The 3He spin filter employs the spin-exchange optical pumping technique. A 60- wide angle 3He cell that matches the detector coverage will be used for polarization analysis. The polarized gas in the post-sample wide angle cell is designed to be periodically and automatically refreshed with an adjustable pressure of polarized gas, optically pumped in a separate cell and then transferred to the wide angle cell. The supermirror analyser has 960 supermirror polarizers distributed over 60-, and has been characterized at the Swiss Spallation Neutron Source. The current status of the instrument and the development of its polarization analysis capabilities are presented.
    The European Physical Journal Conferences 01/2015; 83:03017. DOI:10.1051/epjconf/20158303017
  • M. R. Koehler · V. O. Garlea · M.A. McGuire · L. Jia · V. Keppens ·
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    ABSTRACT: Tb6FeBi2 adopts a noncentrosymmetric crystal structure and orders ferromagnetically at T-C1 = 250 K with an additional magnetic transition at T-C2 = 60 K. The low temperature magnetoelastic response in this material is strong, and is enhanced by cobalt substitution. Here, the temperature dependence of the atomic and magnetic structure of Tb6Fe1-xCoxBi2 (x = 0, 0.125, 0.25, and 0.375) is reported from powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and powder neutron diffraction (PND) measurements. Below the Neel temperature a ferrimagnetic ordering between the terbium and iron moments exists in all compounds studied. Related to the enhanced magnetostructural response, the Co-doped compounds undergo a crystallographic phase transition below about 60 K. This transition also involves a canting of the magnetic moments away from the c-axis. The structural transition is sluggish and not fully completed in the parent Tb6FeBi2 compound, where a mixture of monoclinic and hexagonal phases is identified below 60 K. The spin reorientation transition is discussed in terms of competing exchange interactions and magnetocrystalline anisotropies of the two Tb sites and Fe/Co sublattices.
    Journal of Alloys and Compounds 12/2014; 615:514-520. DOI:10.1016/j.jallcom.2014.06.183 · 3.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The $A{R}_{2}{\text{O}}_{4}$ family ($R=\text{rare}$ earth) has recently been attracting interest as a new series of frustrated magnets, with the magnetic $R$ atoms forming zigzag chains running along the $c$ axis. We have investigated polycrystalline ${\mathrm{BaNd}}_{2}{\mathrm{O}}_{4}$ with a combination of magnetization, heat-capacity, and neutron powder diffraction measurements. Magnetic Bragg peaks are observed below ${T}_{N}=1.7\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\mathrm{K}$, and they can be indexed with a propagation vector of $\stackrel{P\vec}{k}=(0,1/2,1/2)$. The signal from magnetic diffraction is well described by long-range ordering of only one of the two types of Nd zigzag chains, with collinear up-up-down-down intrachain spin configurations (double N\'eel state). Furthermore, low-temperature magnetization and heat-capacity measurements reveal two magnetic-field-induced spin transitions at 2.75 and 4 T for $T=0.46\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\mathrm{K}$. The high-field phase is paramagnetic, while the intermediate-field state may arise from a spin transition of the long-range ordered Nd chains. One possible candidate for the field-induced ordered state corresponds to an up-up-down intrachain spin configuration, as predicted for a classical ${J}_{1}$-${}{J}_{2}$ Ising chain with a double N\'eel ground state in zero field.
    Physical Review B 10/2014; 90(13). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.134403 · 3.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present a study of the crystal structure and physical properties of single crystals of a new Fe-based ternary compound, Zr2−xFe4Si16−y(x = 0.81, y = 6.06). Zr1.19Fe4Si9.94 is a layered compound, where stoichiometric β-FeSi2-derived slabs are separated by Zr-Si planes with substantial numbers of vacancies. High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) experiments show that these Zr-Si layers consist of 3.5 nm domains where the Zr and Si vacancies are ordered within a supercell sixteen times the volume of the stoichiometric cell. Within these domains, the occupancies of the Zr and Si sites obey symmetry rules that permit only certain compositions, none of which by themselves reproduce the average composition found in x-ray diffraction experiments. Magnetic susceptibility and magnetization measurements reveal a small but appreciable number of magnetic moments that remain freely fluctuating to 1.8 K, while neutron diffraction confirms the absence of bulk magnetic order with a moment of 0.2μB or larger down to 1.5 K. Electrical resistivity measurements find that Zr1.19Fe4Si9.94 is metallic, and the modest value of the Sommerfeld coefficient of the specific heat γ = C/T suggests that quasi-particle masses are not particularly strongly enhanced. The onset of superconductivity at Tc 6 K results in a partial resistive transition and a small Meissner signal, although a bulk-like transition is found in the specific heat. Sharp peaks in the ac susceptibility signal the interplay of the normal skin depth and the London penetration depth, typical of a system in which nano-sized superconducting grains are separated by a non-superconducting host. Ultra low field differential magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal the presence of a surprisingly large number of trace magnetic and superconducting phases, suggesting that the Zr-Fe-Si ternary system could be a potentially rich source of new bulk superconductors.
    Journal of Physics Condensed Matter 08/2014; 26(37):376002. DOI:10.1088/0953-8984/26/37/376002 · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Quaternary phases La1–xNdxCo2P2 (x = 0, 0.12, 0.25, 0.37, 0.50, 0.63, 0.75, 0.88, 1.0) have been synthesized from Sn flux to investigate the origins of drastic differences in properties between ferromagnetic LaCo2P2 and antiferromagnetic NdCo2P2. Powder and single-crystal X-ray diffraction indicate that all La1–xNdxCo2P2 samples are isostructural and crystallize in the ThCr2Si2 structure type. The unit cell parameters and volume change non-linearly with the Nd content (x), with the x < 0.50 samples being closer to LaCo2P2 and the ones with x > 0.50 being closer to NdCo2P2. These structural differences are also reflected in the magnetic behavior. The samples with lower Nd content are characterized by ferromagnetic ordering in the Co sublattice with the TC increasing from 132 K for x = 0 to 262 K for x = 0.50, while the samples with higher Nd content exhibit suppressed magnetization in the Co sublattice and canted antiferromagnetic ordering with TC ~ 270 K. Refinement of neutron powder diffraction patterns for x = 0.50 and 0.75 reveals a gradual ordering of the Nd 4f moments under the influence of Co 3d moments below 100 K. At low temperatures and zero field, these samples exhibit antiferromagnetic ordering of both Nd and Co magnetic moments, but under applied field they demonstrate the stabilization of a ferrimagnetic state with antiparallel alignment of the 4f and 3d moments, as indicated by isothermal magnetization measurements. The re-entrant ferrimagnetic transition is also observed in samples with x > 0.50 if the temperature is lowered below 5 K. The occurrence of this low-temperature magnetic transition was confirmed by alternating-current susceptibility measurements.
    07/2014; 2(36). DOI:10.1039/C4TC00564C
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    ABSTRACT: The AR$_2$O$_4$ family (R = rare earth) have recently been attracting interest as a new series of frustrated magnets, with the magnetic R atoms forming zigzag chains running along the $c$-axis. We have investigated polycrystalline BaNd$_2$O$_4$ with a combination of magnetization, heat capacity, and neutron powder diffraction (NPD) measurements. Magnetic Bragg peaks are observed below $T_N$ $=$ 1.7 K, and they can be indexed with a propagation vector of $\vec{k}$ $=$ (0 1/2 1/2). The signal from magnetic diffraction is well described by long-range ordering from only one of the two types of Nd zigzag chains, with collinear up-up-down-down intrachain spin configurations. Furthermore, low temperature magnetization and heat capacity measurements reveal two field-induced spin transitions at 2.5 T and 4 T for $T$ $=$ 0.46 K. The high field phase is paramagnetic, while the intermediate field state may arise from a spin transition of the long-range ordered Nd chains, resulting in an up-up-down intrachain spin configuration. The proposed intermediate field state is consistent with the magnetic structure determined in zero field for these chains by NPD, as both phases are predicted for the classical Ising chain model with nearest neighbor and next nearest neighbor interactions.
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of lithium absorption on the crystal structure and electronic properties of IrSi3, a binary silicide with a noncentrosymmetric crystal structure, were studied. X-ray and neutron diffraction experiments revealed that hexagonal IrSi3 (space group P6_3mc) transforms into trigonal Li2IrSi3 (space group P31c) upon lithium absorption. The structure of Li2IrSi3 is found to consist of a planar Kagome network of silicon atoms with Li and Ir spaced at unequal distances between the Kagome layers, resulting in a polar structure along the c-axis. Li2IrSi3 exhibited type-II superconductivity with a transition temperature of Tc = 3.8 K, displaying a structure type that no previous superconductors have been reported to have.
    Journal of the Physical Society of Japan 07/2014; 83(9). DOI:10.7566/JPSJ.83.093706 · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    Michael A. McGuire · V. Ovidiu Garlea · Andrew F. May · Brian C. Sales ·
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    ABSTRACT: Analysis of neutron diffraction, dc magnetization, ac magnetic susceptibility, heat capacity, and electrical resistivity for DyRuAsO in an applied magnetic field are presented at temperatures near and below those at which the structural distortion (T_S = 25 K) and subsequent magnetic ordering (T_N = 10.5 K) take place. Powder neutron diffraction is used to determine the antiferromagnetic order of Dy moments of magnitude 7.6(1) mu_B in the absence of a magnetic field, and demonstrate the reorientation of the moments into a ferromagnetic configuration upon application of a magnetic field. Dy magnetism is identified as the driving force for the structural distortion. The magnetic structure of analogous TbRuAsO is also reported. Competition between the two magnetically ordered states in DyRuAsO is found to produce unusual physical properties in applied magnetic fields at low temperature. An additional phase transition near T* = 3 K is observed in heat capacity and other properties in fields greater than about 3 T. Magnetic fields of this magnitude also induce spin-glass-like behavior including thermal and magnetic hysteresis, divergence of zero-field-cooled and field-cooled magnetization, frequency dependent anomalies in ac magnetic susceptibility, and slow relaxation of the magnetization. This is remarkable since DyRuAsO is a stoichiometric material with no disorder detected by neutron diffraction, and suggests analogies with spin-ice compounds and related materials with strong geometric frustration.
    Physical Review B 07/2014; 90(1). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.014425 · 3.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe why Ising spin chains with competing interactions in $\rm SrHo_2O_4$ segregate into ordered and disordered ensembles at low $T$. Using elastic neutron scattering, magnetization, and specific heat measurements, the two distinct spin chains are inferred to have N\'eel ($\uparrow\downarrow\uparrow\downarrow$) and double-N\'eel ($\uparrow\uparrow\downarrow\downarrow$) ground states respectively. Below $T_\mathrm{N}=0.68(2)$ K, the N\'eel chains develop three dimensional (3D) long range order (LRO), which causes the double-N\'eel chains to freeze into a disordered incommensurate state at $T_\mathrm{S}= 0.52(2)$ K. $\rm SrHo_2O_4$ distills an important feature of incommensurate low dimensional magnetism: kinetically trapped topological defects in a quasi$-d-$dimensional spin system can preclude order in $d+1$ dimensions.
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    Z L Dun · V O Garlea · C Yu · Y Ren · E S Choi · H M Zhang · S Dong · H D Zhou ·
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    ABSTRACT: A layered perovskite LaSrVO 4 was studied by neutron diffraction, pair distribution function measurement using synchrotron x-ray, susceptibility, and specific heat measurements, and first-principles calculation. The results show (i) a weak structural distortion around 100 K with the existence of orbital fluctuations both above and below it; (ii) the absence of the long range magnetic ordering down to 0.35 K but the appearance of a short range magnetic ordering around 11 K with a T 2 behavior of the specific heat below it. Meanwhile, the calculation based on the density functional theory predicts a magnetic ordered ground state. All facts indicate a melting of the magnetic ordering due to the orbital fluctuations in LaSrVO 4 , which makes it a rare candidate for the spin-orbital liquid state related to t 2g orbitals.
    Physical Review B 06/2014; 89(23). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.89.235131 · 3.74 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

665 Citations
313.05 Total Impact Points


  • 2007-2015
    • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
      • • Quantum Condensed Matter Division
      • • Neutron Scattering Science Division
      Oak Ridge, Florida, United States
  • 2010-2014
    • McMaster University
      • Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology
      Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
  • 2013
    • Princeton University
      • Department of Chemistry
      Princeton, New Jersey, United States
  • 2006-2013
    • University Joseph Fourier - Grenoble 1
      • Institut Néel
      Grenoble, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 2012
    • Los Alamos National Laboratory
      • Lujan Neutron Scattering Center
      Лос-Аламос, California, United States
  • 2005-2009
    • Iowa State University
      • • Ames Laboratory
      • • Department of Physics and Astronomy
      Ames, IA, United States