Fabry's disease is a recessive X-linked inborn error of metabolism due to deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme alpha-galactosidase. The large variety of symptoms may make the diagnosis difficult. A severely afflicted female patient is presented. For several years she had been treated under the diagnosis polyarteritis nodosa until the characteristic cutaneous lesions of Fabry's disease were recognized. Enzymatic studies and electronmicroscopic examinations confirmed the diagnosis. A symptomatic effect of corticosteroid treatment was proven. The grave prognosis, the recent attempts at enzyme substitution therapy and the possibility of preventing new cases by prenatal diagnosis should stimulate the efforts of the clinician to diagnose the disease.
Acta Dermato Venereologica 02/1975; 55(5):363-6. · 4.24 Impact Factor