Torahiko Yamaguchi

Hiroshima University, Hirosima, Hiroshima, Japan

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Publications (13)75.13 Total impact

  • Torahiko Yamaguchi, Yohsuke Yamamoto
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    ABSTRACT: In order to elucidate the electronic nature of our recently reported first hexacoordinated carbon (12-C-6), density functional theory (DFT) calculations of sulfide precursor, sulfone derivative, and S+-F derivative were carried out and compared with those of the reported S+-Me hexacoordinated carbon. Computations on the hexacoordinated carbon, indicating that four attractive C-O interactions with the central hexacoordinate carbon atom exist, also revealed that the interactions consist of two different types of three-center four-electron bonds, which can be regarded as electron donation by the lone pairs of the oxygen atoms to the empty low-lying pi*-orbitals of the allene. The optimized structures of the sulfide, sulfone, S+-F, and the original S+-Me suggested that the introduction of electron-withdrawing groups at the sulfur atoms would make the C-O attractive interactions stronger by a larger contribution of the carbon dication resonance structure. Thus, allene compounds (sulfide, sulfone, sulfonium) with two different thioxanthene ligands (one with 1,8-dimethoxy groups as in the S+-Me compound and the other with 1,8-diphenoxy groups) were synthesized to confirm the predicted substituent effects on the C(central)-O interactions. Electron-withdrawing substituents at the sulfur atoms were found to give rise to strong C(central)-O attractive interactions; the average values of the four C-O distances were smaller as the electron-withdrawing ability of the sulfur atoms rose. Additionally, C(central)center dot center dot center dot OMe distances were shorter than the corresponding C(central)center dot center dot center dot OPh distances, reflecting the higher electron-donating ability of the oxygen atoms at these 1,8-positions of the thioxanthene skeleton.
    ChemInform 11/2013; 44(45). DOI:10.1002/chin.201345210
  • Torahiko Yamaguchi, Matthew Asay, Akira Sekiguchi
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    ABSTRACT: Reaction of the disilyne-NHC complex 1 [RLSi═SiR: (R = Si(i)Pr[CH(SiMe(3))(2)](2), L = NHC)] with MeOTf gave the cation 2 [RLSi═SiRMe](+), which is the first example of a base-stabilized heavy group 14 element analogue with vinyl cation character. Cation 2 has been fully characterized by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. The molecular structure indicates that there are significant contributions from the NHC-stabilized cationic resonance structure 2A, the disilene-like structure 2B, and even some contribution from the silylene-like structure 2C.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 12/2011; 134(2):886-9. DOI:10.1021/ja210669n · 11.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Computational analysis on the dicationic species generated upon two-electron oxidation of the corresponding allenic compounds bearing two thioxanthene (7a) or two acridene (7b) moieties indicated that the ground-state multiplicity would be of the triplet state (ΔEST = ECS − ET = 12.6 and 14 kcal/mol, respectively). Under this premise, oxidation reactions of 7a and 7b were carried out. In the case of 7b, oxidation with (p-BrC6H4)3N•+SbCl6− gave a dimer (13), which could be presumed to have formed by dimerization of the corresponding carbene. Oxidation of 7b in the presence of tetramethylpiperidine N-oxide afforded the corresponding ketone derivative (14), thus implying the likelihood of a triplet carbene being the reactive intermediate. These results suggest that double oxidation of heterocyclic allene compounds is viable as a new approach for generating triplet carbenes. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry 10/2011; 24(10). DOI:10.1002/poc.1870 · 1.23 Impact Factor
  • Torahiko Yamaguchi, Akira Sekiguchi
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    ABSTRACT: Reaction of isolable 1,1,4,4-tetrakis[bis(trimethylsilyl)methyl]-1,4-diisopropyltetrasila-2-yne (1) with an equiv amount of 4-dimethylaminopyridine unexpectedly produced the intramolecularly N-coordinated silylene 2 as the primary product. However, 2 was not thermally stable at room temperature in solution and slowly isomerized to silyl anion 3 with a zwitterionic structure via 1,2-hydrogen migration followed by Si-N bond formation.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 05/2011; 133(19):7352-4. DOI:10.1021/ja202605x · 11.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: With the objective of preparing an isolable triplet carbene, we have carried out the oxidation of an allenic compound bearing two thioxanthene moieties (5). Relatively weak oxidants such as Ph3C+BF4– gave 8, which is the conjugate acid of 5, as a result of a one-electron oxidation followed by hydrogen abstraction, whereas relatively strong oxidants such as SbCl5 furnished a dicationic ketal (9) as a consequence of oxidation and demethylation. Computations on the supposed dicationic intermediate suggest that the singlet state is more stable than the triplet state by 6.7 kcal mol–1 and that the reason for this peculiarity is because the singlet state is essentially a vinyl cation stabilized by a coordinating methoxy group.
    Australian Journal of Chemistry 12/2010; 63(12):1638-1644. DOI:10.1071/CH10297 · 1.64 Impact Factor
  • Torahiko Yamaguchi, Akira Sekiguchi, Matthias Driess
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    ABSTRACT: The reaction of disilyne 1 with 1,3,4,5-tetramethylimidazol-2-ylidene (an N-heterocyclic carbene, NHC) produced the disilyne-NHC complex 2, RLSi═SiR: (R = Si(i)Pr[CH(SiMe(3))(2)](2), L = NHC), with a trans geometry of the Si═Si moiety and lone-pair electrons residing on one of the double-bonded Si atoms. Upon complexation of 2 with ZnCl(2), the disilyne-NHC-ZnCl(2) complex 3 was produced, in which the Si═Si bond adopted the cis geometry.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 10/2010; 132(40):14061-3. DOI:10.1021/ja107160g · 11.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The reaction of the doubly oxidized beta-octaisobutyl-meso-tetraphenylporphyrin (OiBTPP, 4), which has a 16 pi-electronic structure at the porphyrin core, with a variety of metal reagents was investigated. The reaction of 4 with SnCl(2) followed by ethanolysis afforded an 18 pi-electron tin complex, (OiBTPP)Sn(OEt)(2) (5), in a redox manner. No reactions were observed using zerovalent metals (Zn, Cu, and Pd). However, the reaction of 16pi [(OiBTPP)Li](+)[BF(4)](-) (6), which was easily derived from 4, with Zn, Cu, and Pd(2)(dba)(3) gave the corresponding 18pi metalloporphyrins (OiBTPP)M (7, M = Zn(EtOH); 8, M = Cu; and 9, M = Pd). One-electron oxidation of the copper complex 8 by AgSbF(6) afforded a 17 pi-electron cation radical complex, [(OiBTPP)Cu](*+)[SbF(6)](-) (10). The UV-visible and electron spin resonance spectra of 10 were quite similar to those of previously reported beta-octaethyl-meso-tetraphenylporphyrin (OETPP) derivatives, [(OETPP)Cu](*+)X(-) (X = ClO(4), I). In contrast to the reaction of 6 with Zn to give the 18pi complex 7, the reaction of 4 with divalent ZnCl(2) enabled us to isolate a new 16pi porphyrin-zinc(II) complex, [(OiBTPP)Zn(Cl)](+)[ZnCl(3)](-) (11), in 92% yield. The solid-state structures of 5 and 7-11 were unambiguously determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The porphyrin cores of 10 (17pi) and 11 (16pi) are much more distorted than those of the 18pi derivatives 5 and 7-9. Furthermore, the bond distances of 10 and 11 clearly showed the presence of bond alternation in contrast to aromatic 18pi species 8 and 7, respectively. Nucleus-independent chemical shift calculations of 4 and some metalated porphyrins indicated that the highly distorted 16pi porphyrins are essentially nonaromatic, with only weak antiaromaticity. Magnetic circular dichroism studies in conjunction with ZINDO/S calculations assisted in identifying the electronic transitions of the UV-vis spectra of key porphyrins. Electrochemical and thin-layer UV-vis spectroelectrochemical experiments on 4 (16pi) and 11 (16pi) indicated that both compounds can be electroreduced to give the 18pi species, with the 16pi/18pi transition being reversible in the case of [(OiBTPP)Zn(Cl)](+)[ZnCl(3)](-) (11).
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 09/2010; 132(36):12627-38. DOI:10.1021/ja102817a · 11.44 Impact Factor
  • Torahiko Yamaguchi, Masaaki Ichinohe, Akira Sekiguchi
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    ABSTRACT: The reaction of the isolable disilyne 1, RSiSiR (R = SiiPr[CH(SiMe3)2]), with MeLi produced the methyl-substituted disilenyllithium2 as the primary product. However, 2 is not thermally stable at room temperature in THF, and slowly isomerized to the unexpected disilacyclopropylsilyllithium, which was characterized by NMR spectroscopy as well as by X-ray crystallography.
    New Journal of Chemistry 01/2010; 34(8). DOI:10.1039/c0nj00027b · 3.16 Impact Factor
  • Tomoyuki Yano, Torahiko Yamaguchi, Yohsuke Yamamoto
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    ABSTRACT: Pentacoordinate hypervalent boron compounds 4a and 4b with a newly prepared 1,8-dimethoxy-10-methylacridinyl ligand were synthesized. X-ray crystallography revealed that the distances between the central boron and both oxygen atoms; of the tridentate ligand were in the range of 2.37-2.53 angstrom, showing the pentacoordinate structure. Cyclic voltammetry of 4b showed that the potential of the reduction (E-1/2 = -0.57 V in CH2Cl2, vs. SCE) is much lower than that of the corresponding Gabbai's system 5 (-0.28 V), probably due to the difference in coplanarity between the boryl group and the acridinyl skeleton in 4b and 5 (twist angle = 44.8 degrees in 5 and 88.2 degrees in 4b).
    Chemistry Letters 08/2009; 38(8):794-795. DOI:10.1246/cl.2009.794 · 1.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 1,3,4,4-Tetra-tert-butyl-2-(di-tert-butylmethyslilyl) cyclotetrasilenylium (3(+)), a silylium ion with an allylic cation character, was synthesized by the reaction of tetrakis(di-tertbutylmethylsilyl) disilene with [Et(3)Si(bezene)](+) center dot TPFPB(-) in toluene. The NMR spectral data and X-ray structure of 3(+) center dot TPFPB(-) show that it is a free silylium ion with an allylic cation structure.
    Organometallics 12/2008; 27(23):6056-6058. DOI:10.1021/om800912v · 4.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In an exploration of six coordination and hypervalence in carbon compounds, steric constraints have been employed to bring four ether O atoms in close proximity to an allenic carbon atom. The dimethylated dication 2 is confirmed to have hexacoordinate carbon by experimental charge density analysis and DFT calculations and is arguably hypervalent.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 07/2008; 130(22):6894-5. DOI:10.1021/ja710423d · 11.44 Impact Factor
  • Torahiko Yamaguchi, Yohsuke Yamamoto
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    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 200 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    ChemInform 12/2007; 36(12):1438-1439. DOI:10.1246/cl.2007.1438
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    ABSTRACT: [reaction: see text] To isolate a transition state model compound of an in-plane vinylic S(N)2 reaction, vinyl bromide 6 bearing a newly synthesized tridentate ligand derived from 1,8-dimethoxythioxanthen-9-one (5) was prepared as a precursor. Although irradiation of 6 gave demethylated benzofuran 12, a transient broad peak which indicates formation of the desired transition state model compound was observed in the laser flash photolytic study.
    Organic Letters 07/2005; 7(13):2739-42. DOI:10.1021/ol050961o · 6.32 Impact Factor