Taewoo Kang

University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, United States

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Publications (2)9.32 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Involvement of internal mammary (IM) lymph nodes is associated with a poor prognosis for patients with breast cancer. This study examined the effect of drainage to IM nodes identified by lymphoscintigraphy on oncologic outcomes. METHODS: A prospectively maintained breast cancer patient database at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center was used to identify patients with stage I to III breast cancer who underwent preoperative lymphoscintigraphy with peritumoral injection of colloid and intraoperative lymphatic mapping from 1996 to 2005. Medical records were reviewed of 1772 patients who had drainage to any lymph node basin on lymphoscintigraphy but who did not undergo IM nodal biopsy. Patients with IM drainage, with or without axillary drainage, were compared with patients without IM drainage. Local-regional recurrence, distant disease-free survival (DDFS), and overall survival were evaluated. RESULTS: We identified IM drainage in 334 patients (18.8%). Patients with IM drainage were significantly younger, less likely to have upper outer quadrant tumors, and more likely to have smaller and medial tumors than patients without IM drainage. Rates of IM irradiation did not differ between the 2 groups. The median follow-up time was 7.4 years. On multivariate analysis, IM drainage was significantly associated with a worse DDFS (hazard ratio, 1.6; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-2.6; P = .04) but not local-regional recurrence or overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: IM drainage on preoperative lymphoscintigraphy was found to be significantly associated with worse DDFS. Further study is needed to determine the role of lymphoscintigraphy in the personalization of breast cancer staging and therapy. Cancer 2012. © 2012 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer 05/2012; · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We sought to evaluate the utilization of blue dye in addition to radioisotope and its relative contribution to sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping at a high-volume institution. Using a prospectively maintained database, 3,402 breast cancer patients undergoing SLN mapping between 2002 and 2006 were identified. Trends in utilization of blue dye and results of SLN mapping were assessed through retrospective review. Statistical analysis was performed with Student t test and chi-square analysis. 2,049 (60.2%) patients underwent mapping with dual technique, and 1,353 (39.8%) with radioisotope only. Blue dye use decreased gradually over time (69.8% in 2002 to 48.3% in 2006, p < 0.0001). Blue dye was used significantly more frequently in patients with lower axillary counts, higher body mass index (BMI), African-American race, and higher T stage, and in patients not undergoing skin-sparing mastectomy. There was no difference in SLN identification rates between patients who had dual technique versus radiocolloid alone (both 98.4%). Four (0.8%) of 496 patients who had dual mapping and a positive SLN had a blue but not hot node as the only involved SLN. None of these four had significant counts detected in the axilla intraoperatively. Nine (0.4%) of 2,049 patients who had dual mapping had allergic reactions attributed to blue dye. Blue dye use has decreased with increasing institutional experience with SLN mapping. In patients with adequate radioactive counts in the axilla, blue dye is unlikely to improve the success of sentinel node mapping.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 10/2010; 17 Suppl 3:280-5. · 4.12 Impact Factor