Takashi Takata

Hiroshima University, Hirosima, Hiroshima, Japan

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Publications (221)562.17 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Control of periodontal tissue inflammation during orthodontic treatment is very important in achieving a favourable therapeutic goal. We previously demonstrated that orally applied bovine lactoferrin (bLF) inhibited LPS-induced bone resorption but not orthodontic force-induced tooth movement in vivo. This study is designed to examine the underlying mechanism of it. We examined the inhibitory effects of bLF on the expression of RANKL, OPG, TNF-α and COX-2 in osteoblasts loaded with compressive stress (CS) in comparison with LPS stimulated osteoblasts. Formation of osteoclasts was evaluated by co-culture system. Both CS- and LPS-applications upregulated COX-2 and RANKL but downregulated OPG. TNF-α was upregulated in LPS-stimulated osteoblasts but downregulated in CS-loaded osteoblasts. NS398 (a specific inhibitor of COX-2) significantly inhibited CS-induced RANKL-upregulation but not LPS-induced RANKL upregulation, indicating a critical role of COX-2/PGE2 pathway in CS-induced osteoclastogenesis. bLF significantly downregulated LPS-induced upregulation of RANKL and eliminated OPG suppression but not affected in CS-induced changes. Moreover, bLF significantly decreased LPS-induced osteoclast formation, whereas bLF had no effect on PGE2-induced osteoclast formation. bLF can effectively suppress harmful bone destruction associated with periodontitis without inhibiting bone remodelling by CS-loading. Therefore, oral administration of bLF may be highly beneficial for control of periodontitis in orthodontic patients.
    Archives of oral biology 02/2014; 59(2):226-32. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) activates its receptor TrkB, and promotes neuronal survival, differentiation, and synaptic functions. Furthermore, we have revealed that BDNF can also regulate cementoblast differentiation and cellular survival via TrkB–ERK/Akt signaling cascade, which, in turn, results in the induction of periodontal tissue regeneration. Recently, using in silico screening with a BDNF loop-domain pharmacophore, a small molecule BDNF mimetic, called LM22A-4 that can facilitate TrkB signaling in hippocampal neurons to prevent cell death, was identified. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of LM22A-4 on cementoblast differentiation and its molecular mechanism. LM22A-4 and BDNF stimulation was found to enhance OPN, ALPase, and OC mRNA expression in immortalized human cementoblast-like (HCEM) cells, indicating cementoblast differentiation. In addition, similar to this result, both LM22A-4 and BDNF treatment facilitated TrkB phosphorylation and TrkB binding to adaptor proteins, such as Shc, GRB2, and SOS1, indicating TrkB activation. Importantly, the downstream target ERK and Akt was also phosphorylated by LM22A-4 and BDNF stimulation. Moreover, BDNF mimetic stimulation transactivated ERK from the cytoplasm into the nuclei in HCEM cells. It is noteworthy that a tyrosine kinase receptor inhibitor, K252a, an MEK–ERK inhibitor (U0126), and a PI3Kinase–Akt inhibitor (LY294002) remarkably attenuated TrkB, ERK, and Akt phosphorylation as well as increase of OPN mRNA expression in the HCEM cells, respectively. These findings suggest that the small molecule BDNF mimetic LM22A-4 regulates cementoblast differentiation via the TrkB–ERK/Akt signaling cascade. Therefore, this small compound may lead to the development of a novel therapeutic approach for periodontal tissue regeneration.
    International immunopharmacology 01/2014; · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background:Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a crucial process in cancer progression that provides cancer cells with the ability to escape from the primary focus, invade stromal tissues and migrate to distant regions. Cell lines that lack E-cadherin show increased tumorigenesis and metastasis, and the expression levels of E-cadherin and Snail correlate inversely with the prognosis of patients suffering from breast cancer or oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Moreover, recent studies have shown that most EMT cases are regulated by soluble growth factors or cytokines. Among these factors, fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) execute diverse functions by binding to and activating members of the FGF receptor (FGFR) family, including FGFR1-4. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 is an oncoprotein that is involved in tumorigenesis, and PD173074 is known to be a selective inhibitor of FGFR1. However, the roles of FGFR1 and FGFR1 inhibitors have not yet been examined in detail.Methods:Here, we investigated the expression of FGFR1 in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and the role of the FGFR1 inhibitor PD173074 in carcinogenesis and the EMT process.Results:Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 was highly expressed in 54% of HNSCC cases and was significantly correlated with malignant behaviours. Nuclear FGFR1 expression was also observed and correlated well with histological differentiation, the pattern of invasion and abundant nuclear polymorphism. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 was also overexpressed in EMT cell lines compared with non-EMT cell lines. Furthermore, treatment of HOC313 cells with PD173074 suppressed cellular proliferation and invasion and reduced ERK1/2 and p38 activation. These cells also demonstrated morphological changes, transforming from spindle- to cobble stone-like in shape. In addition, the expression levels of certain matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), whose genes contain activator protein-1 (AP-1) promoter sites, as well as Snail1 and Snail2 were reduced following PD173074 treatment.Conclusion:Taken together, these data suggest that PD173074 inhibits the MAPK pathway, which regulates the activity of AP-1 and induces MET. Furthermore, this induction of MET likely suppresses cancer cell growth and invasion.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 17 September 2013; doi:10.1038/bjc.2013.550 www.bjcancer.com.
    British Journal of Cancer 09/2013; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ossifying fibromyxoid tumor (OFMT) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm that arises in subcutaneous tissue, with that in the oral cavity extremely rare. We present a case of malignant OFMT in the tongue. A 26-year-old male noticed a painless mass in the tongue, which was extracted at a general hospital. Four years later, the tumor recurred and was resected at our department. Histologically, the recurrent tumor was composed of the closely packed cells positive for vimentin and S-100 proliferating in a nodular fashion. It showed high cellularity and mitotic activity. In the primary tumor, some tumor cells were arranged in a diffuse or cord-like manner within an abundant fibromyxoid matrix, along with a small amount of metaplastic ossification, corresponding with the histopathological characteristic of OFMT. Accordingly, a diagnosis of malignant OFMT arising in typical OFMT was established. This is the first reported case of malignant OFMT in the tongue. Long-term follow-up is needed for confirmation of prognosis and biological behavior.
    Head & Face Medicine 06/2013; 9(1):16. · 0.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chemotherapy and radiation in addition to surgery has proven useful in a number of different cancer types, but the effectiveness in normal tissue cannot be avoided in these therapies. To improve the effectiveness of these therapies selectively in cancer tissue is important for avoiding side-effects. Early mitotic inhibitor 1 (Emi1) is known to have the function to inhibit anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) ubiquitin ligase complex, which ubiquitylates the cell cycle related proteins. It recently has been shown that Emi1 knockdown prevents transition from S to G2 phase by downregulating geminin via APC/C activation. At present anticancer drugs for targeting DNA synthesis to interfere with rapidly dividing cells commonly are used. As Emi1 depletion interferes with completion of DNA synthesis in cancer cells, we thought that Emi1 knockdown might enhance the sensitivity for anticancer agents. Here we confirmed that Emi1 siRNA induced polyploidy for preventing transition from S to G2 phase in several cancer cell lines. Then, we treated Emi1 depleted cells with doxorubicin. Interestingly, increased apoptotic cells were observed after doxorubicin treatment in Emi1 siRNA treated cancer cells. In addition, Emi1 depletion enhanced the sensitivity of X-rays irradiation in cancer cells. Importantly, synergistic effect of Emi1 knockdown in these combination therapies was not observed in normal cells. These results suggest that Emi1 siRNA can be a useful tool for enhancing of sensitivity of cancer cells to anticancer reagents and radiation.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 05/2013; · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fibro-osseous lesions of the jaw are poorly understood because of a significant overlap of clinical, radiological and histological features among the various types, though they present distinct patterns of disease progression. An ossifying fibroma is associated with significant cosmetic and functional disturbances, as it shows expansive proliferation. Thus, it is important to establish a specific marker, as well as clearly elucidate its etiology for diagnosis and proper treatment. We previously established immortalized cell lines from human ossifying fibromas of the jaw and found that they highly expressed the receptor for hyaluronan (HA)-mediated motility (RHAMM). In this study, we examined the expression of RHAMM mRNA in 65 fibro-osseous lesions, including ossifying fibroma, fibrous dysplasia and osseous dysplasia, as well as 5 normal jaws, using real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry assays. RHAMM mRNA and protein expression were significantly elevated in the ossifying fibroma specimens. These results suggest that detection of upregulated RHAMM expression in an ossifying fibroma assists with differential diagnosis and has a key role in elucidation of its pathophysiology.
    Histology and histopathology 02/2013; · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Root resorption is an adverse outcome of orthodontic tooth movement. However, there have been no available approaches for the protection and repair of root resorption. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on root resorption during experimental tooth movement and the effects of LIPUS in the RANKL/OPG mechanism in osteoblasts and cementoblasts in vitro. Twenty four Wistar strain male rats of 12-week-old were used in this study. The upper first molars were subjected to experimental movement in the mesial direction for 1-3 weeks. Through the experimental periods, the right upper first maxillary molar was exposed to LIPUS (LIPUS group) every day for 1, 2 or 3 weeks. The nature of root resorption was observed and then quantified by histomorphometric analysis. In the 2 weeks period, significantly greater amount of tooth movement was observed in the LIPUS group (P<0.05). In addition, LIPUS group showed less root resorption lacunae and lower number of odontoclasts. In the period of 3 weeks, LIPUS group presented significantly shorter length of root resorption lacunae and smaller amount of root resorption area (P<0.01). The number of odontoclasts and osteoclasts was also significantly lower in the LIPUS group (P<0.01 and P<0.05, respectively). However, no significant differences could be found regarding the amount of tooth movement. It is shown that LIPUS exposure significantly reduced the degree of root resorption during tooth movement without interrupting tooth movement. In vitro experiments showed that MC3T3-1 constitutively expressed higher levels of RANKL and RANTES mRNA comparing to OCCM-30. However, OPG mRNA expression was much higher in OCCM-30. LIPUS stimulation significantly increased the mRNA expression of RANKL in MC3T3-E1 at 4 (p<0.01) and 12 hours (p<0.05), although OPG mRNA expression was not affected by LIPUS. In contrast, the expression of RANKL and OPG mRNAs were both significantly increased by LIPUS in OCCM-30 at 12 hours (p<0.01). Moreover, LIPUS application suppressed the up-regulation of RANKL mRNA induced by compression force in OCCM-30, but no similar effect could be observed in MC3T3-E1. In conclusion, it is suggested that LIPUS exposure significantly reduces root resorption by the suppression of cementoclastogenesis by altering OPG/RANKL ratio during orthodontic tooth movement without interfering tooth movement. LIPUS may be an effective tool to prevent root resorption during tooth movement and is applicable to clinical use in near future.
    Bone 01/2013; · 3.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We investigated the effects of dental infection with Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g.), an important periodontal pathogen, on NASH progression, by feeding mice a high fat diet (HFD)and examining P.g. infection in the liver of NASH patients. METHODS: C57BL/6J mice were fed either chow-diet (CD) or HFD for 12 weeks, and then half of the mice in each group were infected with P.g. from the pulp chamber (HFD-P.g.(-), HFD-P.g.(+), CD-P.g.(-) and CD-P.g.(+)). Histological and immunohistochemical examinations, measurement of serum lipopolysaccharide (LPS) levels and ELISA for cytokines in the liver were performed. We then studied the effects of LPS from P.g. (P.g.-LPS) on palmitate-induced steatotic hepatocytes in vitro, and performed immunohistochemical detection of P.g. in liver biopsy specimens of NASH patients. RESULTS: Serum levels of LPS are upregulated in P.g.(+) groups. Steatosis of the liver developed in HFD groups, and foci of Mac2-positive macrophages were prominent in HFD-P.g.(+). P.g. was detected in Kupffer cells and hepatocytes. Interestingly, areas of fibrosis with proliferation of hepatic stellate cells and collagen formation were only observed in HFD-P.g.(+). In steatotic hepatocytes, expression of TLR2, one of the P.g.-LPS receptors, was upregulated. P.g.-LPS further increased mRNA levels of palmitate-induced inflammasome and proinflammatory cytokines in steatotic hepatocytes. We demonstrated for the first time that P.g. existed in the liver of NASH patients with advanced fibrosis. CONCLUSIONS: Dental infection of P.g. may play an important role in NASH progression through upregulation of the P.g.-LPS-TLR2 pathway and activation of inflammasomes. Therefore, preventing and/or eliminating P.g. infection by dental therapy may have a beneficial impact on management of NASH.
    Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2013; · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Geminin, an essential factor for DNA replication, directly binds to the licensing factor Cdt1 and inhibits pre-replicative complex formation to prevent re-replication. In G1, geminin levels are controlled by the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) ubiquitin ligase complex, which targets geminin for proteasomal degradation to allow pre-replicative complex formation. Conversely, from S to G2, geminin is stabilized due to APC/C ubiquitin ligase complex inhibition, ensuring the inhibition of pre-replicative complex formation. However, mitotic regulation of geminin has hitherto not been described. Here we show that Aurora-A phosphorylates geminin on Thr25 during M phase, and this event induces geminin stabilization by preventing its APC/C ubiquitin ligase complex-mediated degradation during mitosis. In turn, stabilized geminin inhibits SCF(Skp2)-mediated degradation of Cdt1 to ensure pre-replicative complex formation in the ensuing S phase. The Aurora-A-geminin-Cdt1 axis therefore represents a critical regulator of proper DNA replication.
    Nature Communications 01/2013; 4:1885. · 10.02 Impact Factor
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    The Annals of Dentistry of the University of Malaya. 01/2013; 20(2):1-3.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Bovine lactoferrin (bLF) modulates the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and inhibits alveolar bone destruction associated with periodontitis. This study was designed to examine the effects of orally administered liposomal bLF (LbLF) on orthodontic force (OF)-induced alveolar bone remodeling during experimental tooth movement. Methods: Two groups of Wistar strain male rats were treated with either LbLF or the vehicle in drinking water 7 days before OF-application. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was injected into the gingival sulcus in half the rats in each group. Thus, 4 groups named OF, OF+LbLF, OF+LPS and OF+LPS+LbLF were established. Results: Orally administered LbLF significantly reduced apical migration of junctional epithelium observed in OF and OF+LPS. In OF+LPS, osteoclast number in the alveolar crestal area was increased by LPS-treatment, whereas osteoclast number was significantly reduced in OF+LPS+LbLF through suppression of TNF-α production. Meanwhile, osteoclastic induction in the middle part, mainly from OF-application, was not affected by LbLF administration. Moreover, inhibition of tooth movement was not induced by LbLF. Conclusions: Orally administered LbLF significantly inhibits LPS-induced alveolar bone resorption but not OF-induced bone remodeling. It is suggested that LbLF could be a potent therapeutic and preventive agent to control periodontal inflammation in patients with orthodontic treatment.
    Journal of Periodontology 11/2012; · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are extracellular zinc-dependent endopeptidases involved in the degradation and remodeling of extracellular matrix (ECM) in physiological and pathological processes. MMPs also have a role in cell proliferation, migration, differentiation, angiogenesis and apoptosis. We previously identified cancer invasion-related factors by comparing the gene expression profiles between parent and highly invasive clone of cancer cells. Matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) was identified as a common upregulated gene by cancer invasion-related factors. Although MMP-13 slightly promoted tumor invasion, we found that MMP-13 was involved in tumor angiogenesis. Conditioned media from MMP-13-overexpressing cells promoted capillary formation of immortalized human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Furthermore, treatment with recombinant MMP-13 protein enhanced capillary tube formation both in vitro and in vivo. MMP-13-promoted capillary tube formation was mediated by activation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and ERK. Interestingly, MMP-13 promoted the secretion of VEGF-A from fibroblasts and endothelial cells. By immunohistochemical analysis, we found a possible correlation between MMP-13 expression and the number of blood vessels in human cancer cases. In summary, these findings suggest that MMP-13 may directly and indirectly promote tumor angiogenesis.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 09/2012; · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lactoferrin (LF) is an important modulator of the immune response and inflammation. It has also been implicated in the regulation of bone tissue. In our previous study we demonstrated that bovine LF (bLF) reduces LPS-induced bone resorption through a reduction of TNF-α production in vivo. However, it was not known how bLF inhibits LPS-mediated TNF-α and RANKL (receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand) production in osteoblasts. In this study we show that bLF impairs LPS-mediated TNF-α and RANKL production. bLF inhibited LPS-mediated osteoclastogenesis via osteoblasts in a co-culture system. Furthermore, bLF pretreatment inhibited LPS-induced NFκB DNA binding activity as well as IκBα and IKKβ (IκB kinase β) phosphorylation. MAP kinase activation was also inhibited by bLF pretreatment. However, bLF pretreatment failed to block the degradation of IRAK1 (interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 1), which is an essential event after its activation. Remarkably, we found that bLF pretreatment inhibited LPS-mediated Lys-63-linked polyubiquitination of TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6). We also found that bLF is mainly endocytosed through LRP1 (lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1) and intracellular distributed bLF binds to endogenous TRAF6. In addition, bLF inhibited IL-1β- and flagellin-induced TRAF6-dependent activation of the NFκB signaling pathway. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that bLF inhibits NFκB and MAP kinase activation, which play critical roles in chronic inflammatory disease by interfering with the TRAF6 polyubiquitination process. Thus, bLF could be a potent therapeutic agent for inflammatory diseases associated with bone destruction, such as periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 05/2012; 287(28):23527-36. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The chromosomal passenger complex (CPC) is a key regulator of chromosome segregation and cytokinesis, and consists of Aurora B kinase, INCENP, Survivin and Borealin. Aurora B is a member of a family of serine/threonine protein kinases, and Survivin belongs to the inhibitors of apoptosis (IAP) gene family, and is also a member of the CPC family. Aurora B and Survivin have also been reported to be overexpressed in various human cancers; however, as yet no studies have investigated the co-expression of Survivin and Aurora B in colorectal carcinoma. Therefore, in the present study, the correlation between Aurora B and Survivin expression was investigated using immunohistochemistry and the associated pathological features in colorectal carcinoma were analyzed. Our present findings showed that nuclear Aurora B and cytoplasmic Survivin expression are strongly associated with and involved in lymph node metastasis in colorectal cancer. Therefore, we suggest that nuclear Aurora B and cytoplasmic Survivin are useful diagnostic markers and therapeutic targets in colorectal carcinoma.
    Oncology letters 05/2012; 3(5):1109-1114. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oral Diseases (2012) 18, 756-762 Objectives:  An odontoma, which shows proliferating odontogenic epithelium and mesenchymal tissue, is one of the most common odontogenic tumors encountered. These are commonly found in tooth-bearing regions, although the etiology remains unknown. There are no previous reports of an established line of immortalized human odontoma cells. Methods:  Using odontoma fragments obtained from a girl treated at our department, we established an immortalized human odontoma cell line and investigated cell morphology, dynamic proliferation, the presence of contamination, and karyotype. Moreover, cell characterization was examined using osteogenic and odontogenic markers. Results:  We successfully established a mesenchymal odontoma cell (mOd cells). The cells were found to be fibroblastic and had a high level of telomerase activity. Cell growth was confirmed after more than 200 population doublings without significant growth retardation. mOd cells expressed mRNA for differentiation markers, including collagen type I (COLI), alkaline phosphatase, bone sialoprotein, osteopontin, osteocalcin, cementum-derived protein (CP-23), dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), and distal-less homeobox 3 (DLX3), as well as bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). In addition, they showed a high level of calcified nodule formation activity in vitro. Conclusions:  We successfully established a cell line that may be useful for investigating the mechanisms of normal odontogenesis as well as characteristics of odontoma tumors.
    Oral Diseases 04/2012; 18(8):756-762. · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The neurotrophic effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) on rat sensory neuronal cell line ND7/23 cells were investigated. PACAP caused a concentration-dependent increase in the number of neurite-bearing cells and the expression of the substance P precursor (PPT) mRNA in 24 h. The effects of PACAP were mimicked by vasoactive intestinal polypeptide with lower potency and dibutyryl-cyclic AMP, and inhibited by inhibitors of protein kinase A, ERK kinase or p38 kinase, KT5720, U0126, or SB203580, respectively. In a PPT promoter luciferase reporter assay, the increase of PPT mRNA was the result of an increase in PPT gene transcriptional activity by PACAP. The increasing effects of PACAP on PPT mRNA were similarly observed in primary cultured rat dorsal root ganglion cells. Thus, PACAP could induce differentiation-like phenomena in sensory neurons in a cAMP-, protein kinase A-, ERK kinase-, and p38 kinase-dependent manner. These results provide evidence of the neurotrophic action of PACAP, which may function to rescue damaged neurons or to switch the neuronal phenotype in injured or inflamed sensory neurons.
    Journal of Molecular Neuroscience 03/2012; 48(3):541-9. · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cementum plays an important role in the attachment of connective tissue to the root surface. However, the detailed mechanism of cementum formation has not yet been clarified. We previously established human cementoblast-like cell lines (HCEM) and human periodontal ligament cell lines (HPL) by infection of hTERT gene. Using those cell lines, we compared the gene expression of them and identified F-spondin as a cementoblast specific gene. In this study, to clarify the role of F-spondin in the differentiation of periodontal ligament cells to cementoblasts, we compared the gene expression of F-spondin-overexpressed HPL (HPL-spondin) cells with HPL parent cells. We found that several genes expressed higher level in HPL-spondin cells than in HPL cells, such as heparin sulfate 6-sulfotranferase, calcitonin-related polypeptide beta, bone morphogenetic proteins 7 (BMP7), BMP2 and BMP8B. Among those genes, we focused on BMP7 and examined the interaction between F-spondin and BMP7, because BMP7 was reported to enhance cementoblast function. Moreover, we further examined the effect of BMP7 peptide on the expression of mineralization-associated genes in HCEM cells. RT-PCR and real-time PCR analyses showed that HPL-spondin expressed BMP7, but not HPL cells. And BMP7 and phospho-Smad1/5/8 protein production were detected in HPL-spondin by Western blot. siSPON1 inhibited expression of type I collagen, runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) and bone sialoprotein (BSP) mRNA in HCEM cells. And the mineralization tended to be decreased in siSPON1 treated cells by ALZ staining and the quantification analysis. Moreover, we examined the effect of BMP7 peptide on the gene expressions of HCEM cells by RT-PCR. Increase of the osteopontin and BSP mRNA was observed in BMP7 treated HCEM cells. These findings indicate that F-spondin regulates the differentiation of HCEM cells via BMP7 expression.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 02/2012; 418(2):229-33. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The microenvironment plays a significant role in human cancer progression. However, the role of the tumor microenvironment in the epigenetic control of genes critical to cancer progression remains unclear. As transient E-cadherin expression is central to many stages of neoplasia and is sensitive to regulation by the microenvironment, we have studied if microenvironmental control of E-cadherin expression is linked to transient epigenetic regulation of its promoter, contributing to the unstable and reversible expression of E-cadherin seen during tumor progression. We used 3D, bioengineered human tissue constructs that mimic the complexity of their in vivo counterparts, to show that the tumor microenvironment can direct the re-expression of E-cadherin through the reversal of methylation-mediated silencing of its promoter. This loss of DNA methylation results from the induction of homotypic cell-cell interactions as cells undergo tissue organization. E-cadherin re-expression is associated with multiple epigenetic changes including altered methylation of a small number of CpGs, specific histone modifications, and control of miR-148a expression. These epigenetic changes may drive the plasticity of E-cadherin-mediated adhesion in different tissue microenvironments during tumor cell invasion and metastasis. Thus, we suggest that epigenetic regulation is a mechanism through which tumor cell colonization of metastatic sites occurs as E-cadherin-expressing cells arise from E-cadherin-deficient cells.
    Epigenetics: official journal of the DNA Methylation Society 01/2012; 7(1):34-46. · 4.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: [This corrects the article on p. e25438 in vol. 6.].
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 10(2). · 3.73 Impact Factor
  • Pathology International 01/2012; 62(1):75-6. · 1.72 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
562.17 Total Impact Points


  • 1989–2014
    • Hiroshima University
      • • Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathobiology
      • • Department of Orthodontics and Craniofacial Developmental Biology
      • • Department of Periodontal Medicine
      • • Faculty of Dentistry
      • • School of Dentistry
      Hirosima, Hiroshima, Japan
    • Al-Azhar University
      • Department of Oral Pathology
      Al Qāhirah, Al Qāhirah, Egypt
  • 2012
    • The University of Tokushima
      Tokusima, Tokushima, Japan
    • Istanbul University
      • Department of Family Medicine (Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine)
      İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
  • 2009–2011
    • Prefectural University of Hiroshima
      Hirosima, Hiroshima, Japan
  • 2007
    • Tokyo Medical and Dental University
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2004
    • Osaka University
      • Department of Mechanical Science and Bioengineering
      Suika, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2003
    • Nagasaki University
      • Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
      Nagasaki-shi, Nagasaki-ken, Japan
  • 1997–2003
    • University of Michigan
      • School of Dentistry
      Ann Arbor, MI, United States
  • 2002
    • Keio University
      • Department of Dermatology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2001
    • Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
      Berlín, Berlin, Germany
  • 1999
    • Peking University School of Stomatology
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Sichuan University
      • West China School of Stomatology
      Chengdu, Sichuan Sheng, China