Shumin Yu

Sichuan Agricultural University, Hua-yang, Sichuan, China

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Publications (8)19.27 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: While taxol yields of fungi from non-animal sources are still low, whether Pestalotiopsis hainanensis isolated from the scurf of a dermatitic giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, provides a greater taxol yield remains unknown. The objective of the study was to determine the corresponding taxol yield. The structure of the taxol produced by the fungus was evaluated by thin layer chromatography (TLC), ultraviolet (UV) spectroscopy, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-NMR and (13)C-NMR), and time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOF-MS), with standard taxol as a control. The results demonstrated that the P. hainanensis fungus produced taxol, which had the same structure as the standard taxol and yield of 1,466.87 μg/L. This fungal taxol yield from the dermatitic giant panda was significantly greater than those of fungus from non-animal sources. The taxol-producing fungus may be a potential candidate for the production of taxol on an industrial scale.
    Applied biochemistry and biotechnology. 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Yak (Bos grunniens) is an important natural resource in mountainous regions. To date, few studies have addressed the differences in the protein profiles of yak colostrum and milk. We used quantitative proteomics to compare the protein profiles of whey from yak colostrum and milk. Milk samples were collected from 21 yaks after calving (1 and 28 d). Whey protein profiles were generated through isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ)-labelled proteomics.
    Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 06/2014; · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chinese Kunming mice (Mus musculus Km), widely used as laboratory animals throughout China, remain very refractory for embryonic stem (ES) cell isolation. The present study was aimed to evaluate the effects of hybridization with 129/Sv mice, and culture media containing fetal bovine serum (FBS) or Knockout serum replacement (KSR) on ES cell isolation from Kunming mice. The results demonstrated that ES cells had been effectively isolated from the hybrid embryos of Kunming and 129/Sv mice using all three media containing 15% FBS, 15% KSR and their mixture of 14% KSR and 1% FBS, individually. These isolated ES cells had maintained in vitro undifferentiated for a long time, exhibiting all features specific for mouse ES cells. In addition, the rates of ES cell isolation in the medium containing 14% KSR and 1% FBS, was 46.67% and significantly higher than those in another two media containing only FBS or KSR (p < 0.05). Contrarily, no ES cell line had been established from Kunming mouse inbred embryos using the same protocols. These results suggested that ES cells with long-term self-renewal ability could be efficiently generated from hybrid embryos of Kunming and 129/Sv mice, and a small volume of FBS was necessary to isolate ES cells in the KSR medium when embryos and early ES cells cultured.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2014; 15(3):3389-402. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Parthenogenetic embryonic stem cells have pluripotent differentiation potentials, akin to fertilized embryo-derived embryonic stem cells. The aim of this study was to compare the neuronal differentiation potential of parthenogenetic and fertilized embryo-derived embryonic stem cells. Before differentiation, karyotype analysis was performed, with normal karyotypes detected in both parthenogenetic and fertilized embryo-derived embryonic stem cells. Sex chromosomes were identified as XX. Immunocytochemistry and quantitative real-time PCR detected high expression of the pluripotent gene, Oct4, at both the mRNA and protein levels, indicating pluripotent differentiation potential of the two embryonic stem cell subtypes. Embryonic stem cells were induced with retinoic acid to form embryoid bodies, and then dispersed into single cells. Single cells were differentiated in N2 differentiation medium for 9 days. Immunocytochemistry showed parthenogenetic and fertilized embryo-derived embryonic stem cells both express the neuronal cell markers nestin, βIII-tubulin and myelin basic protein. Quantitative real-time PCR found expression of neurogenesis related genes (Sox-1, Nestin, GABA, Pax6, Zic5 and Pitx1) in both types of embryonic stem cells, and Oct4 expression was significantly decreased. Nestin and Pax6 expression in parthenogenetic embryonic stem cells was significantly higher than that in fertilized embryo-derived embryonic stem cells. Thus, our experimental findings indicate that parthenogenetic embryonic stem cells have stronger neuronal differentiation potential than fertilized embryo-derived embryonic stem cells.
    Neural Regeneration Research 02/2013; 8(4):293-300. · 0.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Phylogenetic inference of mitochondrial control region (501 bp) of 167 individuals from 12 regional populations revealed that Chinese swamp eels fell into five genetic lineages, Lineage A, B, C, D and E. Lineage A was speculated to share the same mitochondrial ancestors with the populations from Taiwan Island. Lineage C harboured most of the haplotypes (39/60) of populations and may have experienced population expansion. The distribution pattern of Lineage C from east to west regions may have resulted from the occurrence of the major glaciation and inter‐regional introduction. Lineage A, B and E inhabiting coastline regions were immune from the expansion of Lineage C due to isolation from inland areas blocking gene flow between inland and coastal populations. On the other hand, Chinese swamp eels were revealed to be maintaining substantially differentiated population structures, while three populations from the Sichuan basin (MY, LC and YA) were genetically closely related. This was attributed to the geographical isolation of Sichuan populations from other populations, facilitating gene flow among the three populations from the Sichuan basin.
    Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 01/2013; 51(1). · 1.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The gram-negative bacterium Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (APP) is an inhabitant of the porcine upper respiratory tract and the causative agent of porcine pleuropneumonia (PP). In recent years, knowledge about the proinflammatory cytokine and chemokine gene expression that occurs in lung and lymph node of the APP-infected swine has been advanced. However, systematic gene expression profiles on hilar nodes from pigs after infection with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae have not yet been reported. The transcriptional responses were studied in hilar nodes (HN) from swine experimentally infected with APP and the control groupusing Agilent Porcine Genechip, including 43,603 probe sets. 9,517 transcripts were identified as differentially expressed (DE) at the p ≤ 0.01 level by comparing the log2 (normalized signal) of the two groups named treatment group (TG) and controls (CG). Eight hundred and fifteen of these DE transcripts were annotated as pig genes in the GenBank database (DB). Two hundred and seventy-two biological process categories (BP), 75 cellular components and 171 molecular functions were substantially altered in the TG compared to CG. Many BP were involved in host immune responses (i.e., signaling, signal transmission, signal transduction, response to stimulus, oxidation reduction, response to stress, immune system process, signaling pathway, immune response, cell surface receptor linked signaling pathway). Seven DE gene pathways (VEGF signaling pathway, Long-term potentiation, Ribosome, Asthma, Allograft rejection, Type I diabetes mellitus and Cardiac muscle contraction) and statistically significant associations with host responses were affected. Many cytokines (including NRAS, PI3K, MAPK14, CaM, HSP27, protein phosphatase 3, catalytic subunit and alpha isoform), mediating the proliferation and migration of endothelial cells and promoting survival and vascular permeability, were activated in TG, whilst many immunomodulatory cytokines were suppressed. The significant changes in the expression patterns of the genes, GO terms, and pathways, led to a decrease of antigenic peptides with antigen presenting cells presented to T lymphocytes via the major histocompatibility complex, and alleviated immune response induced APP of HN. The immune response ability of HN in the APP-infected pigs was weakened; however, cell proliferation and migration ability was enhanced.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2013; 14(12):23516-32. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The transcription factors (Oct4, Sox2, c-Myc, and Klf4) play an important role in the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells. These factors are expressed in metaphase II oocytes and embryonic stem cells (ESCs). The mechanisms responsible for the reprogramming of ooplasm during nuclear transfer are expected to be associated with the four factors. Here, we show that different paternal genetic backgrounds are able to influence the in vitro development of parthenogenetic and cloned embryos. Using real- time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) we found that the expression level of Oct4 in oocytes was less than that of ESCs, whereas oocytes from KM x C3H females showed the highest expression level of Sox2 than the other strains tested or in G1 ESCs. c-Myc mRNA levels in oocytes from KM mice were greater than those found in ESCs or oocytes of KM x C3H mice. These data demonstrate that the expression of the four transcription factors was different among the oocytes, which may be a contributing factor for the different efficiencies of parthenogenesis and the development of cloned embryos in vitro.
    Cellular reprogramming. 10/2010; 12(5):565-70.
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    ABSTRACT: embryonic stem cells, parthenogenesis, mouse, pluripotency
    Cell Research 07/2008; · 10.53 Impact Factor