Sayed Hossein Hashemi

University of Gothenburg, Goeteborg, Västra Götaland, Sweden

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Publications (6)21.27 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the importance of somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (SSTR2) expression for 111In-labelled diethylenetriamine-pentaacetic acid (DTPA)-D-Phe1-octreotide binding and uptake of 111In in neuroendocrine tumours. 111In activity concentrations in surgical biopsies from neuroendocrine tumours (midgut carcinoid and medullary thyroid carcinoma), breast carcinoma and blood were determined 1-8 days after intravenous injection of 111In-labelled DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide (140-350 MBq). The ratio of 111In activity concentrations between tumour tissue and blood (T/B value) was calculated. The expression of SSTR2 messenger RNA (mRNA) in tumour biopsies was quantitated by ribonuclease protection assay and SSTR2 protein was localized by immunocytochemistry. T/B values were highest for tumour biopsies from midgut carcinoids (mean 160 (range 4-1200); n = 65) followed by medullary thyroid carcinoma (mean 38 (range 2-350); n = 88) and breast carcinoma (mean 18 (range 4-41); n = 4). The expression of SSTR2 mRNA (relative to the NCI-H69 cell line) was highest in tumour biopsies from midgut carcinoids (mean 2.5 (range 0.83-6.0); n = 40) followed by medullary thyroid carcinoma (mean 1.3 (range 0.20-6.0); n = 7) and breast carcinoma (mean 0.66 (range 0.29-1.0); n = 9). In tumour biopsies SSTR2 protein was localized exclusively to tumour cells. Midgut carcinoid tumours showed a much higher level of SSTR2 expression than medullary thyroid carcinoma in accordance with superior tumour imaging by octreotide scintigraphy. The high SSTR2 mRNA values and T/B values observed in midgut carcinoid tumours were positively correlated.
    British Journal of Surgery 06/2003; 90(5):549-54. · 4.84 Impact Factor
  • Sayed Hossein Hashemi, Jia-Yi Li, Håkan Ahlman, Annica Dahlström
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    ABSTRACT: Somatostatin (SS) is an inhibitory regulator of secretory and proliferative responses that activates a group of receptors in the plasma membrane termed SSR1-5. SSR2 is one of the most abundant SSR, which also is expressed in high numbers in many neuroendocrine tumor types. Here, we describe a study of the presence and intracellular localization of the spliced variant SSR2(a) and its endogenous ligand SS in the cultured human neuroblastoma (NB) cell line, SH-SY5Y, by immunohistochemistry and confocal laser scanning. The integral neuronal synaptic vesicle membrane proteins synaptophysin (p38) and SV2 were studied, as well as the IR of catecholaminergic and cholinergic markers. RA treatment was used as an inducer of neuronal-like differentiation in our SH-SY5Y cell line. After the treatment, the presence of catecholaminergic markers (including NPY) decreased while the cholinergic markers (including VIP) increased. p38 and SV2 as well as VIP were shifted into the rather long neuritic processes, indicating efficient intracellular transport. The SSR2(a) protein was significantly increased by RA treatment, but only minor increases in mRNA for this receptor protein could be seen. No subcellular co-localization between p38/SV2 and the cytoplasmic granular receptor material was demonstrated. The SSR2(a) receptor ligand SS was found to be present not only in the cytoplasm but also in the nucleus, and more strongly so after RA treatment. The possible reason for this may be that this peptide, like other small peptides, may serve as transcription factor, or cofactor.
    Neurochemical Research 05/2003; 28(3-4):449-60. · 2.13 Impact Factor
  • Sayed Hossein Hashemi, Jia-Yi Li, Roland Faigle, Annica Dahlström
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    ABSTRACT: The CAD cell line originates from catecholaminergic neurons in the central nervous system (CNS) of a simian virus large T antigen transgenic mouse. In the present study, we have immunohistochemically characterized the cell line after differentiation in serum-free medium, using immunofluorescence in combination with confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), immunoblot, and ribonuclease protection assay (RPA). Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-, phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase (PNMT)-, neuropeptide Y (NPY)-, vesicular monoamine transporter subtype 2-, vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)-, somatostatin (SS)-, synaptophysin-, synaptic vesicle protein 2 (SV2)-, and growth-associated protein of 43 (GAP-43)-immunoreactivities (IRs) were present in the cells but not choline acetyltransferase and vesicular acetylcholine transporter. The immunoreactive substances were present in cell bodies in serum-containing medium (SCM), but after serum withdrawal (protein-free medium, PFM) these proteins and peptides were partially shifted into the long process and their varicosities. A few cells cultured in PFM were occasionally found with extremely high TH-immunoreactivity (IR) in cell bodies and processes. Growth-associated protein of 43-immunoreactivity was weak in SCM but was up-regulated (verified with immunoblot) in PFM and concentrated in varicosities along the processes and the distal tips of neurites. The somatostatin receptor subtype 2a (SSR(2(a))) was found in the cytoplasm and the plasma membrane of the CAD-cells. After serum deprivation, all three methods showed that SSR(2(a)) was up-regulated in the cells. Thus, the CAD cell line after differentiation may be suitable for studying dynamics of SSR(2(a)).
    Neurochemistry International 02/2003; 42(1):9-17. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 12 women with primary breast cancer underwent somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) with 111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide. The tumour sizes varied between 2 and 5 cm and were all, except one, palpable at clinical examination. Tumour biopsies were taken with additional sampling from normal breast tissue, fat, muscle, axillary lymph nodes and peripheral blood. Ratios between the 111In activity concentration in the tissue biopsies (Ti) and in peripheral blood (B) as well as in normal breast tissue (Br) were calculated. In 8/12 patients the scintillation detector was used intraoperatively for radioactivity measurements of the biopsies in situ and ex vivo. The sstr-subtype profiles were determined by northern blot analysis and the relative expression of sstr2 by ribonuclease protection assay (RPA) and immunocytochemistry. Preoperative SRS visualised all primary breast cancer tumours. The scintigraphic image showed no correlation with the histopathological type of the tumour or with the abundance of oestrogen/progesterone receptors on the tumour. Two patients with a massive tumour infiltration of the lymph nodes had a distinct positive SRS of the ipsilateral axilla. In one patient with three nodal metastases the scintigraphic image of the axilla was weak but visible. Four other patients with a negative axillary scintigraphy had 1-2 lymph node metastases. The Ti/B ratios for the breast tumours varied between four and 33 and were not different from Ti/Br ratios. In lymph node metastases the Ti/B ratios were higher (10-41). Intraoperative detector measurements showed a significant difference between the breast tumour and normal tissue in 2/8 patients in situ. Similar measurements on excised tissues (ex vivo) showed a significant difference in 6/8 patients. Two patients with lymph node metastases exhibited a significantly increased uptake ex vivo by detector measurements, but in only one of them in situ. All tumour biopsies expressed the presence of sstrl, 3, 4 and 5, but not of sstr2 at northern analysis. On the other hand, sstr2 was detected in all tumours by RPA and immunocytochemistry. Preoperative SRS visualised primary breast cancer lesions in all 12 patients. SRS could also demonstrate extensive axillary tumour infiltration. Intraoperative use of the scintillation detector could not exclude axillary metastases in situ. The low Ti/B values of both primary tumours and metastases indicate limitations of the radiopharmaceutical used.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 08/2002; 74(2):101-11. · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Somatostatin sst2(a) receptor was observed, by immunofluorescence, in ependymal cells and in tanycytes of the wall of the ventricle and the hypothalamic recess of the male rat median eminence. Strong immunoreactivity for the receptor protein was observed in lateral tanycytes (alpha-type) while a moderate signal was seen in medial tanycytes (beta-type). In high magnification the immunoreactive material, of moderate intensity, had a coarse granular appearance. Only few of the alpha-tanycytes also displayed immunoreactive GFAP. The apical portion of the ependymal cells as well as of tanycytes contained immunoreactive S-100 (alphabeta). Since rather high levels of somatostatin are demonstrated to occur in the cerebrospinal fluid of the third ventricle, it is suggested that somatostatin via the sst2(a) receptor may regulate the physiology of tanycytes.
    Neuroreport 08/2001; 12(9):1793-7. · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential for therapy of thyroid tumors using the radiolabeled somatostatin (SS) analog octreotide. Concentrations of 111In activity in human thyroid tumors and normal thyroid tissue and blood samples were determined 1-15 d after intravenous injection of 111In-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid-Phe1-octreotide. The results were compared with SS receptor (sstr subtype profile (by Northern blot analysis) and the relative expression of the second subtype, sstr2 (by ribonuclease protection assay, RPA). The true tumor volumes in lymph node metastases from 1 patient were estimated. In total, tissues from 68 patients were included in the study. The highest tumor-to-blood ratio (T/B) for medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) was 360; for follicular adenoma (FA), 190; for Hurthle cell adenoma (HCA), 140; and for Hurthle cell carcinoma (HCC) and papillary carcinoma (PC), 70. The corresponding value was 7-18 for normal thyroid tissue, with higher values for colloid goiter (8-48) and thyroiditis (7-120). A high T/B was related to a large fraction of tumor cells in lymph node metastases. T/Bs were higher for the tumor samples with expression of sstr2 at Northern blot analysis than for those without. All thyroid tumor types regularly expressed sstr1, sstr3, sstr4, and sstr5. sstr2 was expressed in most MTC tumors but was not detected in FA or PC and was irregularly expressed in HCA and HCC. However, RPA analysis detected sstr2 in all tumors studied. Despite the lack of sstr2 at Northern blot analysis in most of the thyroid tumors studied, high T/Bs were in general found when compared with corresponding values for normal thyroid tissue. The sometimes extremely high ratios are promising and indicate a possibility of using radiolabeled octreotide for radiation therapy of sstr-positive tumors in the future.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 05/2000; 41(4):636-42. · 5.77 Impact Factor