[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Injuries are the leading cause of death to young children in rural Australia, with drowning in farm dams being a major risk. This paper assesses the impact of an intervention to increase safe play areas on farms to prevent unsupervised access by young children to water bodies and other hazards.
Surveys of 1,117 adult farmers attending Ag Quip Agricultural Field Days in NSW between 2003 and 2007 were used to identify the child security level of fences and changes in the percentage of farms with fenced house yards. Over this four year period, the percentage of people who had a fenced yard on their farm ranged from 75% to 79% with no significant fluctuations. However, those with a safe play area who stated the safe play area was difficult/almost impossible for a child 0-5yrs to breach, ranged from 40% to 55% over the period, with a statistically significant positive trend (X2=13.46 df=4 p≤.01). Actions to improve child safety on farms and recall of child farm safety messages in the media in association with programs promoting securely fenced house yards are also discussed. In order to affect further reduction in child drowning incidents on Australian farms, there is an ongoing need to promote improved security of fenced house yards on farms.
Australian journal of early childhood 09/2009; 34(3):50. · 0.14 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Child injury on farms is a significant public health problem. This article describes the evidence and consultation base for development of a national strategy for child safety on farms in Australia.
A data profile describing farm child injury was compiled, with evidence for the effectiveness of solutions being defined and the strength of recommendations determined. Representative working groups played a key role in assessing the evidence and advising on the best ways to communicate prevention messages within the farming community.
The main risks identified were drowning; farm vehicle and machinery injury; and injury associated with motorbikes and horses. Prevention recommendations were: (1) creating effective safe play areas on farms; (2) use of seatbelts/restraints in farm vehicles, (3) prevention of children riding as passengers on tractors, ATVs or the back of utilities; and (4) use of helmets when riding horses and motorbikes.
Evidence on key injury risks and solutions has been a cornerstone to set the agenda for child safety on farms. An evidence-consultation base has achieved credibility with potential partners at all levels for adopting priority child safety messages.
Health promotion journal of Australia: official journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals 08/2008; 19(2):91-6. · 0.59 Impact Factor