Seyed Ali Keshavarz

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Teheran, Tehrān, Iran

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Publications (38)59.13 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The bioactive components of dietary phytochemicals are in the spotlight of research institutes, due to their significant antioxidant activities and health-promoting properties. Resveratrol is a polyphenol which is found abundantly in grapes and berries and has long been known as a chemo-preventive agent. The main purpose of this study was to provide a new mechanistic insight into the growth inhibition of acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells by resveratrol along with a DNA damage agent. It was found that the treatment of pre-B ALL cells by resveratrol in the presence or absence of doxorubicin resulted in decreased cell viability and a synergistic increase in cytotoxicity. Cell death was accompanied by a significant increase in phosphorylated p53 at serine 15 and accumulation of PTEN. In addition, resveratrol inhibited the over-expression of p-AKT and p-ERK1/2. These findings clearly demonstrated that resveratrol and doxorubicin synergistically increase the cytotoxicity of pre-B ALL cells via the hyper-activation of two important tumor suppressor proteins and two major signal transduction pathways.
    Journal of Natural Medicines 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11418-015-0915-7 · 1.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adiponectin is a unique anti-atherogenic adipocytokine. Regulation of adiponectin secretion is dysfunctional in cardiovascular diseases. The current trial study assessed the effects of omega-3 fatty acids with or without vitamin E on adiponectin gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and serum adiponectin and adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (A-FABP; also called ap2 and FABP4) levels in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial included 67 male patients with CAD. First of the four group of participants received 4 g/day omega-3 fatty acids plus 400 IU/day vitamin E (OE), second group 4 g/day omega-3 fatty acids plus vitamin E placebo (OP), or both omega-3 fatty acid and vitamin E placebos (PP) for 8 weeks. Adiponectin gene expression and serum adiponectin and FABP4 levels were evaluated. The combination of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E in patients with CAD affected their serum adiponectin and FABP4 levels and the adiponectin/FABP4 ratio significantly. In the OP group, serum adiponectin levels did not change significantly. Consumption of omega-3 fatty acids with and without vitamin E had no significant effect on adiponectin gene expression. Omega-3 fatty acids with or without vitamin E improve adiponectin levels in patients, without any significant changes in adiponectin gene expression. This nutritional intervention may prevent complications in patients with CAD because of increased adiponectin levels.
    04/2015; DOI:10.5152/akd.2015.5849
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    ABSTRACT: Reducing the levels of adiponectin receptors, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 can reduce the ability of adiponectin in preventing inflammatory processes. Therefore, researches need to find a way to increase the gene expression of adiponectin receptors for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. A randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial was conducted on 67 CAD male patients. Participants received 4g/day ω3 plus 400IU/day vitamin E (OE) or 4g/ day ω3 plus vitamin E placebo (OP) or both ω3 and vitamin E placebos (PP) for two months. The Gene expression of adiponectin receptors in PBMCs and serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in serum were measured. Consumption of omega-3 fatty acids significantly reduced the serum level of hsCRP as well as consumption of combined omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E supplements. Gene expression of AdipoR2 significantly increased in OP and OE groups. Consumption of combined omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E had a significant effect on the gene expression of AdipoR1. However, omega-3 fatty acids did not change the gene expression of AdipoR1 significantly. Administration of omega-3 fatty acids with or without vitamin E for two months results in significant increases in the gene expression of adiponectin receptors and hence improves serum levels of inflammatory process in CAD patients.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to use social cognitive theory to predict overweight and obesity behaviors in adolescent girls in Iran. Valid and reliable questionnaires about nutritional and physical activity regarding social cognitive theory constructs (self-efficacy, social support, outcome expectations, and outcome expectancies), dietary habits, and physical activity were filled by 172 overweight and obese girl adolescents. The mean age and body mass index were 13.4 ± 0.6 years and 28.2 ± 3.6 kg/m(2), respectively. Body mass index was significantly related to hours of television viewing (p = .003) and grams of junk food (p = .001). None of the social cognitive theory constructs were found to be significant predictors for servings of fruits and vegetables, grams of junk foods, minutes of physical activity, and hours of sedentary behaviors. In future, more culturally appropriate models need to be developed in Iran that can explain and predict prevention behaviors of obesity in Iranian adolescents. © The Author(s) 2015 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.
    International Quarterly of Community Health Education 01/2015; 35(2):133-47. DOI:10.1177/0272684X15569487
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Our goal was to assess the effects of weight loss on antioxidant enzymes of red blood cells and it’s relation with vitamins A, E and C intake in 30 obese women. Subjects and methods: General information, anthropometric measurements, 3-day food recall, and fasting blood samples were collected from 30 obese women at the beginning of the study and after 3 months intervention. Weight loss was set at about 10% of their weight before the intervention. Results: Glutathione reductase and catalase activities showed a significant increase (P < 0.01) after weight reduction, but no significant changes were seen in the superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities. There was a positive linear correlation between daily vitamin C intake with superoxide dismutase enzyme after intervention (P = 0.004, r = 0.507). There was a negative linear correlation between vitamin E intake and glutathione peroxidase activity before intervention (P = 0.005, r = -0.5). A negative correlation was found between daily vitamin A intake and glutathione reductase enzyme before and after intervention (r = -0.385, r = -0.397, P < 0.05) respectively. No significant correlation was observed between vitamins A, C, E amounts and catalase activity. Conclusions: Ten percent weight reduction can have a significant role in increasing antioxidant enzymes activities, especially glutathione reductase, and catalase enzymes in obese women. However, it is important to take into consideration a balanced amount of certain nutrients while administering a diet with limited energy.
    Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia 10/2014; 58(7):744-9. DOI:10.1590/0004-2730000003206 · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aims Nesfatin-1 identified neuroendocrine peptide is involved in regulation of homeostasis via modulation of metabolism, energy homeostasis and food intake. We aimed to investigate the associations of circulating nesfatin-1 level with food intake, body composition and resting metabolic rate (RMR) and also examine the correlation between circulating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) and nesfatin-1 levels in obese and morbid obese subjects. Methods A total of 96 obese subjects (including 18 morbid obese subjects) were participated in the current cross-sectional study. We assessed the body composition with the use of Body Composition Analyzer. RMR was measured by means of the MetaCheck™, an instrument designed to measure RMR using indirect calorimetry. All baseline blood samples were obtained following an overnight fasting. Plasma concentrations of nesfatin-1 and circulating PPARγ were measured with the use of an ELISA method. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS. Results We found significant associations between fat percent and circulating nesfatin-1 in obese and morbid obese subjects. There was main association between circulating nesfatin-1 and PPARγ concentration in obese subjects and it was more strong association in morbid obese participants. There was marginally significant differences between percent predicted RMR between different categorized nesfatin-1 levels. There were also higher intakes of calorie, carbohydrate and protein in obese group who had lower concentration of nesfatin-1. Conclusions Our data indicated the fat percent as main determinant factor in circulating nesfatin-1 level. It appears nesfatin-1 and PPARγ might be concurrently involved in adipogenesis pathway.
    Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome Clinical Research and Reviews 05/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.dsx.2014.04.010
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Obesity-induced chronic inflammation is a key component of the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. Mounting evidence has demonstrated anti-inflammatory characteristics for vitamin D. Although analogues of vitamin D3 have extensively been used in the treatment of various chronic inflammatory diseases, to our knowledge, no such research is conducted in regards with obesity. The aim of this double blind clinical trial study is to investigate whether alphacalcidol treatment in obese subjects can affect the cytokine profile and insulin resistance. Moreover, we evaluated the pathways of vitamin D receptor (VDR), PPARγ and PGC1α gene expressions which may lead to insulin resistance following treatment with either alphacalcidol or placebo. Methods: A total of 94 obese participants (BMI≥30) were recruited for the current double blind clinical trial study. Patients were divided into two intervention (N.=40) and control groups (N.=54) based on the stratified randomized method. One-Alpha® Capsules 1 microgram: alfacalcidol (1-α hydroxyvitamin D3) and placebo were given to subjects once a day for 8 weeks. Analysis of body composition was performed with use of Body Composition Analyzer. The circulating levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, IL-17, PTH, and 25-Hydroxy Vi-tamin D were measured with the use of EIA method. The PBMCs were separated from whole blood by Ficoll-hypaque technique. Total cellular RNA was extracted and the cDNA was synthesized. The real-time PCR using specific primer pairs for VDR, PGC1α, PPARγ, and β-actin was performed. Results: The FPG, fat percent and PTH levels were decreased and the levels of HDL-cholesterol and 25-hydroxy vitamin D were significantly increased after treatment with Alfacalcidol. Regarding to cytokines levels, the levels of IL6 were significantly decreased and IL10 were significantly increased in Alfacalcidol group in comparison with the control group. The relative expressions of VDR, PGC1α, and PPARγ genes significantly increased in Alfacalcidol group. We found also significant positive correlation between circulating 25-OH vitamin D and relative PGC1α gene expression in participants with insulin resistance. Conclusion: It seems that Alfacalcidol treatment may be effective in amelioration of the inflammatory state in obesity. This supplement might also improve resistance to insulin through enhancement of relative VDR and its downstream genes expression, which are demonstrated to be involved in glucose homeostasis pathways.
    Minerva medica 02/2014; 105(1):63-78. · 1.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) has direct and indirect function in adipokines production process. We aimed to assess the possible influence of circulating PPARgamma on relative risk of metabolic syndrome and also examine the association between circulating PPARgamma and adipokines levels among obese subjects. A total of 96 obese subjects (body mass index (BMI) >=30) were included in the current cross-sectional study. We assessed the body composition with the use of Body Composition Analyzer BC-418MA - Tanita. The MetS (metabolic syndrome) was defined based on the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. All baseline blood samples were obtained following an overnight fasting. Serum concentrations of adipokines including Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4), omentin-1, vaspin, progranulin, nesfatin-1 and circulating PPARgamma was measured with the use of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. Statistical analyses were performed using software package used for statistical analysis (SPSS). We found main association between circulating PPARgamma and body composition in obese population. The risk of metabolic syndrome in subjects with higher concentration of PPARgamma was 1.9 fold in compared with lower concentration of PPARgamma after adjustment for age, sex and BMI. There was significant association between PPARgamma and adipokines, specially nesfatin-1 and progranulin. Defined adipokines pattern among participants demonstrated the markedly higher concentration of vaspin, RBP4 and nesfatin-1 in participants with MetS compared to non-MetS subjects. It appears all of studied adipokines might have association with PPARgamma level and might simultaneously be involve in some common pathway to make susceptible obese subjects for MetS.
    Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome 12/2013; 5(1):79. DOI:10.1186/1758-5996-5-79 · 2.50 Impact Factor
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    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 10/2013; 62(18). DOI:10.1016/j.jacc.2013.08.163 · 15.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The underlying molecular mechanisms of the role obesity plays in increasing the risk of cancer are not well illuminated. Several mechanisms are proposed for vitamin D as an anti-cancer agent in various malignancies which may be attributed to both its both its anti-inflammatory characteristics as well as its mediatory role in cellular energy homeostasis. This study evaluates the expression of PBMCs' genes which are involved in cellular energy homeostasis such as VDR, PPARγ, PGC1a and UCP2. Moreover, considering the possible role of vitamin D in the inflammation mechanisms, we also aimed at measurement of some inflammatory mediators such as TNF-α, IL-1β, IL4, IL-6, IL10, IL13 and IL17 in inflammatory state in samples obtained from obese persons with and without positive family history of cancer. Moreover, to expand the study to a clinical context, we assessed the correlation of the resting metabolic rate with the evaluated gene. Methods: A total of 274 obese women were included in the current cross-sectional study. All of participants were class I obese. By constructing a pedigree that includes 3 generations, twenty-one subjects were at increased risk because of a positive family history of colorectal cancer. Accordingly, current study's analysis was based on positive and negative family history of colorectal cancer. Results: The concentration of Insulin and PTH were significantly high in group with positive history of cancer. 25 (OH) vitamin D, REE/kg and REE/FFM statuses in two groups; the level of mentioned terms were lower in group with positive history of cancer compared to group with negative history of cancer. We found significantly lower REE/kg in deficiency of vitamin D and higher REE/kg in sufficiency status. Our results demonstrated significant higher concentrations of IL1β, IL17, TNFα and IL6 in group with positive history of cancer compared to group with negative history of cancer. The concentrations of IL13, IL10 and IL4 were significantly lower in group with positive history of cancer compared to group with negative history of cancer. The relative expression of VDR, PGC1αand PPARγ gene was significantly lower in group with positive history of cancer. The relative expression of UCP2 was almost significantly lesser in group with positive history of cancer also. Conclusion: The observed mutual alteration in the levels of inflammatory markers and relative expression of important gene in energy homeostasis may be caused by vitamin D deficiency among the obese subjects with positive history of colorectal cancer.
    Minerva medica 06/2013; 104(3):295-307. · 1.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The aim of the current research was to investigate the association between depressed mood and resting energy expenditure (REE) in a representative sample of obese women. Methods: Fasting blood sample was collected from 254 obese women to determine biochemical indicators. Body composition was measured using body composition analyzer. REE was measured by means of indirect calorimetry. Results: Comparison between depressed group and healthy obese women demonstrated that the mean of body mass index, fat percent, fat mass, visceral fat and triglyceride were higher in women with depressed mood. Conclusion: The level of REE/kg was significantly low in depressed obese women compared to healthy subjects.
    Minerva medica 04/2013; 104(2):207-13. · 1.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Soy milk replacement in the diet might have beneficial effects on waist circumference and cardiovascular risk factors for overweight and obese subjects. Therefore, we are going to determine the effects of soy milk replacements on the waist circumference and cardiovascular risk factors among overweight and obese female adults. In this crossover randomized clinical trail, 24 over weight and obese female adults were on a diet with soy milk or the diet with cow's milk for four weeks. In the diet with soy milk only one glass of soy milk (240 cc) was replaced instead of one glass of cow's milk (240 cc). Measurements were done according to the standard protocol. WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE REDUCED SIGNIFICANTLY FOLLOWING SOY MILK PERIOD (MEAN PERCENT CHANGE IN SOY MILK PERIOD FOR WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE: -3.79 ± 0.51 vs. -1.78 ± 0.55 %; P = 0.02 in the cow's milk period). Blood pressure, weight, liver enzymes and glycemic control indices did not changed significantly after soy milk period compared to the cow's milk period. Among over weight and obese patients, soy milk can play an important role in reducing waist circumference. However, soy milk replacement had no significant effects on weight, glycemic control indices, liver enzymes, fibrinogen and blood pressure in a short term trial.
    International journal of preventive medicine 11/2012; 3(11):798-805.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to measure circulating PGRN levels and to investigate its potential correlation with resting metabolic rate and obesity related complications. Moreover, to investigate on the PGRN and some important gene expressions in energy expenditure in vitro in samples of PBMCs derived from all participants of our study in a cellular model. Of the 163 participants who were recruited for the current cross-sectional study, 37 (22.69%) were normal weight (18.5≤BMI<25), 53 (32.51%) were overweight (25≤BMI<30), 48 (29.44%) were categorized as class I obese (BMI 30 -34.9) and 25 (15.33%) were classified as class II and III obese (BMI≥35). All participants were assessed for the measurement of RMR by means of indirect calorimetry following an overnight fasting. Body composition was analyzed with the Bioelectrical Impedance technique by the BODY COMPOSITION ANALYZER BC-418M -Tanita. The PBMCs were separated from whole blood by Ficoll-hypaque technique. Total cellular RNA was extracted and the cDNA was synthesized. This process was followed by real-time PCR using specific primer pairs for PGRN, AKT, MAPK and mRNA, and beta actin mRNA was used as the internal control. Circulating PGRN was measured with the use of ELISA method. The circulating levels and gene expressions of PGRN rose in parallel with the increase of body weight. However, there was significant difference in the strength of association between circulating PGRN as well as PGRN gene expression and obesity-related variables. Moreover, PGRN gene expression had significant correlation with BMI, visceral fat, MAPK and AKT gene expression. The increased mass of visceral fat in correlation with the increased PGRN levels was more pronounced in high or normal resting metabolic rate group compared with the group with low resting metabolic rate. After adjusting for BMI and gender, we found that circulating PGRN can predict the RMR/kg independent of other variables such as TG, HDL, and hs-CRP (P=0.03). PGRN associated with obesity and glucose homeostasis and may predict the resting metabolic rate levels independent of confounder factors. Experimental study may clarify the PGRN role in obesity etiology through metabolism regulation.
    Minerva endocrinologica 09/2012; 37(3):255-66. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the arterial wall. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) seems to have an important role in atherosclerotic plaque formation.This study was performed to investigate the effects of ox-LDL as well as PHA on proliferation and gene expression of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in patients with atherosclerosis compared to healthy controls. Proliferation of PBMCs was assessed by BrdU assay, while gene expression was assessed by real-time PCR.Both PHA and ox-LDL significantly induced proliferation of PBMCs of patients and controls. PBMCs from controls showed significantly higher proliferation when stimulated with ox-LDL compared to patients. Expression of TGF-β was significantly lower in PBMCs from patients compared to healthy controls (p<0.001). Following simulation with PHA, TGF-β and Foxp3 gene expression levels in patients and controls were significantly decreased (p<0.001). Expression of Foxp3 in PBMCs treated with ox-LDL was significantly decreased in patients and controls.Decreased expression of TGF-β and Foxp3 genes after ox-LDL stimulation may be due to more sensitivity of Treg cells than effector T cells to ox-LDL. Presence of ox-LDL within atheroma could be associated with the diminished population of Treg cells in the atherosclerotic patients.
    Iranian journal of allergy, asthma, and immunology 09/2012; 11(3):217-23. · 1.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Axonal sensory peripheral neuropathy is the major dose-limiting side effect of paclitaxel.Omega-3 fatty acids have beneficial effects on neurological disorders from their effects on neurons cells and inhibition of the formation of proinflammatory cytokines involved in peripheral neuropathy. This study was a randomized double blind placebo controlled trial to investigate the efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids in reducing incidence and severity of paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy (PIPN). Eligible patients with breast cancer randomly assigned to take omega-3 fatty acid pearls, 640 mg t.i.d during chemotherapy with paclitaxel and one month after the end of the treatment or placebo. Clinical and electrophysiological studies were performed before the onset of chemotherapy and one month after cessation of therapy to evaluate PIPN based on "reduced Total Neuropathy Score". Twenty one patients (70%) of the group taking omega-3 fatty acid supplement (n = 30) did not develop PN while it was 40.7%( 11 patients) in the placebo group(n = 27). A significant difference was seen in PN incidence (OR = 0.3, .95% CI = (0.10-0.88), p = 0.029). There was a non-significant trend for differences of PIPN severity between the two study groups but the frequencies of PN in all scoring categories were higher in the placebo group (0.95% CI = (-2.06 -0.02), p = 0.054). Omega-3 fatty acids may be an efficient neuroprotective agent for prophylaxis against PIPN. Patients with breast cancer have a longer disease free survival rate with the aid of therapeutical agents. Finding a way to solve the disabling effects of PIPN would significantly improve the patients' quality of life. This trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01049295).
    BMC Cancer 08/2012; 12:355. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-12-355 · 3.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Obesity is associated with low-grade systemic inflammation which has been linked to the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and type II diabetes in obese patients. Aim. To evaluate changes in pro/anti-inflammatory adipocytokines and metabolic profile after moderate dietinduced weight loss. Subjects and Methods. Twenty nine premenopausal obese women (body mass index ≥ 30) aged 21 to 54 years without diabetes, hypertension, or hyperlipidemia, were enrolled in this study. We measured anthropometric parameters, lipid and glucose profiles, IL-6, IL-10 and IL-18 in obese women and then they entered into a medically supervised program aimed at reducing body weight by 10% or more. Obese women restricted their caloric intake to less than their usual intake (by 500-1000 kcal/d) and consumed 50 grams of a fiber supplement (Slim last powder) per day for 12 weeks. Results; By completing the dietary intervention program, weight ( = -10.0%, p < 0.0001), body mass index, waist circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, total cholesterol, triglyceride and fasting plasma glucose had significantly decreased, while HDL-cholesterol had significantly increased. While plasma levels of IL-6 and IL-18 decreased by 27% after 12 weeks no significant change was observed in circulating levels of IL-10. Conclusion; Our study suggests that an improved body composition induced by restriction of energy intake is associated with favorable serum concentrations of IL-6 and IL-18 in obese women. However, the anti-inflammatory IL-10 is not affected by a moderate weight decrease.
    Journal of endocrinological investigation 06/2012; 36(4). DOI:10.3275/8465 · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate the concentration of PGRN and other inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13 and IL-17 in osteopenic and non-osteopenic obese subjects. Bone mineral density in subjects with different PGRN levels were compared to the appraisal of our hypothesis. A total of 171 obese participants (BMI ≥30) were included in the study. Analysis of body composition was performed with use of Body Composition Analyzer. All blood samples were collected between 8:00 and 10:00 a.m. following an overnight fasting. The circulating levels of TNF-α, PGRN, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, IL-17, PTH, 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D and crosslaps were measured with the EIA method. BMD was measured by use of dual energy X-ray absorptiometery (DXA) at lumbar spine (vertebrae L2-L4) and hip level. Participants were categorized into osteopenic and healthy group according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Of 171 participants, 51 (29.82 %) were osteopenic and 120 (70.17%) were healthy. We found significantly higher concentrations of crosslaps, IL-17, IL-6, TNFα and IL-4 and lower concentrations of IL-13, IL-10, PGRN and free fat mass in osteopenic group. With raising the PGRN level, the concentrations of IL-13, IL-10 and 25-(OH) vitamin D were increased and the concentration of TNFα and IL-17 were decreased. Our results demonstrated that the density of bone at both sites of lumbar spine (L2-L4) and hip region was highest in 4th quartile and lowest in first quartile of categorized PGRN concentration. The bone status was gradually improved with raising the PGRN level in parallel at lumbar spine (L2-L4) and hip regions. Based on the pathway of effect of TNFα on bone metabolism, it appears that PGRN acts on the bone with mechanisms involving TNFR signaling, disturbance and TNFα performance, similar to the results that have been found in animal model study.
    Minerva medica 06/2012; 103(3):165-75. · 1.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Today, early diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract malignancies and their surgical resection is becoming more feasible. One of the important side effects in upper GI tract malignancies is malnutrition which has direct relationship with postoperative complications. Nonetheless, there is no easy regimen of nutrition for these patients especially for the first week after operation. Accordingly we present a simple method for improving feeding such patients via tube jejunostomy. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of early enteral feeding (EEF) on postoperative course after complete resection of upper gastrointestinal tract malignancy and reconstruction. Between September 2005 to September 2008, 60 consecutive patients (22 female, 38 male) with upper GI tract malignancies who had undergone complete resection and reconstruction enrolled in this study. The patients randomly divided equally in two groups of control and EEF. Control group was treated with traditional management of nil by mouth and intravenous fluids for the first five postoperative days and then with liquids and enteral regular diet when tolerated. In EEF group the patients were fed by tube jejunostomy from 1st postoperative day and assessed for nutritional status before surgery and 5 days after surgery. Both groups were monitored on the basis of weight gain, clinical and paraclinical parameters and postoperative complications. Sixty patients were randomly divided to two equal groups. Surgical procedures were similar in two groups and no significant difference in demographic and basic nutritional status were found. On 5th postoperative day serum albumin was 4.2±0.4 g/dl in EEF and 3.6±0.3 g/dl in control group (p= 0.041). Also serum transferrin was 260.8±2.5 mg/dl and 208±1.8 mg/dl in EEF and control group respectively (p < 0.001). Moreover, hospital stay was shorter in EEF group (7.7±3.1 vs. 14±2.5 days, p = 0.009).There were four (13.3%) anasatomotic leakages in control group and one (3.3%) in EEF group (p = 0.353). Also there was six (20%) wound infection in control group and three (10%) in EEF group (p = 0.472). The EEF by tube jejunostomy can be an effective method of feeding patients in postoperative days of resection of GI malignancies. Postoperative hospital stay would be shorter and the level of laboratory parameters especially serum transferrin is higher in EEF in comparison with control group. It also may reduce postoperative complications such as wound infection and enterocutaneous fistula.
    Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran 02/2012; 26(1):7-11.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine melatonin effects on sleep patterns, symptoms of hyperactivity and attention deficiency in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Children with age range of 7-12 years who had a combined form of ADHD were randomly divided in to 2 groups according to gender blocks. One group took melatonin (3 or 6mg) combined with methylphenidate (Ritalin) (1mg/kg), and the other group took placebo combined with methylphenidate (1mg/kg). ADHD rating scale and sleep patterns questionnaires were completed. Research hypotheses were assessed at the baseline, the second, fourth and eighth weeks after the treatment. The mean sleep latency and total sleep disturbance scores were reduced in melatonin group, while the scores increased in the placebo group (p≥0.05). Data analysis, using ANOVA with repeated measures, did not show any statistically significant differences between the two groups in ADHD scores. Administration of melatonin along with methylphenidate can partially improve symptoms of sleep disturbance. However, it does not seem to reduce attention deficiency and hyperactivity behavior of children with ADHD.
    01/2012; 7(2):87-92.
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    ABSTRACT: Cited By (since 1996):1, Export Date: 18 October 2014

Publication Stats

207 Citations
59.13 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2015
    • Tehran University of Medical Sciences
      • • Department of Nutrition and Biochemistry
      • • School of Public Health (SPH)
      Teheran, Tehrān, Iran
    • University of Tehran
      Teheran, Tehrān, Iran
  • 2012
    • Iran University of Medical Science
      Teheran, Tehrān, Iran
  • 2011
    • Milad Hospital (Tehran)
      Teheran, Tehrān, Iran