[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: Our goal was to assess the effects of weight loss on antioxidant enzymes of red blood cells and it’s relation with vitamins A, E and C intake in 30 obese women. Subjects and methods: General information, anthropometric measurements, 3-day food recall, and fasting blood samples were collected from 30 obese women at the beginning of the study and after 3 months intervention. Weight loss was set at about 10% of their weight before the intervention. Results: Glutathione reductase and catalase activities showed a significant increase (P < 0.01) after weight reduction, but no significant changes were seen in the superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities. There was a positive linear correlation between daily vitamin C intake with superoxide dismutase enzyme after intervention (P = 0.004, r = 0.507). There was a negative linear correlation between vitamin E intake and glutathione peroxidase activity before intervention (P = 0.005, r = -0.5). A negative correlation was found between daily vitamin A intake and glutathione reductase enzyme before and after intervention (r = -0.385, r = -0.397, P < 0.05) respectively. No significant correlation was observed between vitamins A, C, E amounts and catalase activity. Conclusions: Ten percent weight reduction can have a significant role in increasing antioxidant enzymes activities, especially glutathione reductase, and catalase enzymes in obese women. However, it is important to take into consideration a balanced amount of certain nutrients while administering a diet with limited energy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aims
Nesfatin-1 identified neuroendocrine peptide is involved in regulation of homeostasis via modulation of metabolism, energy homeostasis and food intake. We aimed to investigate the associations of circulating nesfatin-1 level with food intake, body composition and resting metabolic rate (RMR) and also examine the correlation between circulating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) and nesfatin-1 levels in obese and morbid obese subjects.
A total of 96 obese subjects (including 18 morbid obese subjects) were participated in the current cross-sectional study. We assessed the body composition with the use of Body Composition Analyzer. RMR was measured by means of the MetaCheck™, an instrument designed to measure RMR using indirect calorimetry. All baseline blood samples were obtained following an overnight fasting. Plasma concentrations of nesfatin-1 and circulating PPARγ were measured with the use of an ELISA method. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS.
We found significant associations between fat percent and circulating nesfatin-1 in obese and morbid obese subjects. There was main association between circulating nesfatin-1 and PPARγ concentration in obese subjects and it was more strong association in morbid obese participants. There was marginally significant differences between percent predicted RMR between different categorized nesfatin-1 levels. There were also higher intakes of calorie, carbohydrate and protein in obese group who had lower concentration of nesfatin-1.
Our data indicated the fat percent as main determinant factor in circulating nesfatin-1 level. It appears nesfatin-1 and PPARγ might be concurrently involved in adipogenesis pathway.
Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome Clinical Research and Reviews 05/2014;
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim: Obesity-induced chronic inflammation is a key component of the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. Mounting evidence has demonstrated anti-inflammatory characteristics for vitamin D. Although analogues of vitamin D3 have extensively been used in the treatment of various chronic inflammatory diseases, to our knowledge, no such research is conducted in regards with obesity. The aim of this double blind clinical trial study is to investigate whether alphacalcidol treatment in obese subjects can affect the cytokine profile and insulin resistance. Moreover, we evaluated the pathways of vitamin D receptor (VDR), PPARγ and PGC1α gene expressions which may lead to insulin resistance following treatment with either alphacalcidol or placebo. Methods: A total of 94 obese participants (BMI≥30) were recruited for the current double blind clinical trial study. Patients were divided into two intervention (N.=40) and control groups (N.=54) based on the stratified randomized method. One-Alpha® Capsules 1 microgram: alfacalcidol (1-α hydroxyvitamin D3) and placebo were given to subjects once a day for 8 weeks. Analysis of body composition was performed with use of Body Composition Analyzer. The circulating levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, IL-17, PTH, and 25-Hydroxy Vi-tamin D were measured with the use of EIA method. The PBMCs were separated from whole blood by Ficoll-hypaque technique. Total cellular RNA was extracted and the cDNA was synthesized. The real-time PCR using specific primer pairs for VDR, PGC1α, PPARγ, and β-actin was performed. Results: The FPG, fat percent and PTH levels were decreased and the levels of HDL-cholesterol and 25-hydroxy vitamin D were significantly increased after treatment with Alfacalcidol. Regarding to cytokines levels, the levels of IL6 were significantly decreased and IL10 were significantly increased in Alfacalcidol group in comparison with the control group. The relative expressions of VDR, PGC1α, and PPARγ genes significantly increased in Alfacalcidol group. We found also significant positive correlation between circulating 25-OH vitamin D and relative PGC1α gene expression in participants with insulin resistance. Conclusion: It seems that Alfacalcidol treatment may be effective in amelioration of the inflammatory state in obesity. This supplement might also improve resistance to insulin through enhancement of relative VDR and its downstream genes expression, which are demonstrated to be involved in glucose homeostasis pathways.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) has direct and indirect function in adipokines production process. We aimed to assess the possible influence of circulating PPARgamma on relative risk of metabolic syndrome and also examine the association between circulating PPARgamma and adipokines levels among obese subjects.
A total of 96 obese subjects (body mass index (BMI) >=30) were included in the current cross-sectional study. We assessed the body composition with the use of Body Composition Analyzer BC-418MA - Tanita. The MetS (metabolic syndrome) was defined based on the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. All baseline blood samples were obtained following an overnight fasting. Serum concentrations of adipokines including Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4), omentin-1, vaspin, progranulin, nesfatin-1 and circulating PPARgamma was measured with the use of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. Statistical analyses were performed using software package used for statistical analysis (SPSS).
We found main association between circulating PPARgamma and body composition in obese population. The risk of metabolic syndrome in subjects with higher concentration of PPARgamma was 1.9 fold in compared with lower concentration of PPARgamma after adjustment for age, sex and BMI. There was significant association between PPARgamma and adipokines, specially nesfatin-1 and progranulin. Defined adipokines pattern among participants demonstrated the markedly higher concentration of vaspin, RBP4 and nesfatin-1 in participants with MetS compared to non-MetS subjects.
It appears all of studied adipokines might have association with PPARgamma level and might simultaneously be involve in some common pathway to make susceptible obese subjects for MetS.
Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome 12/2013; 5(1):79. · 1.92 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim: The underlying molecular mechanisms of the role obesity plays in increasing the risk of cancer are not well illuminated. Several mechanisms are proposed for vitamin D as an anti-cancer agent in various malignancies which may be attributed to both its both its anti-inflammatory characteristics as well as its mediatory role in cellular energy homeostasis. This study evaluates the expression of PBMCs' genes which are involved in cellular energy homeostasis such as VDR, PPARγ, PGC1a and UCP2. Moreover, considering the possible role of vitamin D in the inflammation mechanisms, we also aimed at measurement of some inflammatory mediators such as TNF-α, IL-1β, IL4, IL-6, IL10, IL13 and IL17 in inflammatory state in samples obtained from obese persons with and without positive family history of cancer. Moreover, to expand the study to a clinical context, we assessed the correlation of the resting metabolic rate with the evaluated gene. Methods: A total of 274 obese women were included in the current cross-sectional study. All of participants were class I obese. By constructing a pedigree that includes 3 generations, twenty-one subjects were at increased risk because of a positive family history of colorectal cancer. Accordingly, current study's analysis was based on positive and negative family history of colorectal cancer. Results: The concentration of Insulin and PTH were significantly high in group with positive history of cancer. 25 (OH) vitamin D, REE/kg and REE/FFM statuses in two groups; the level of mentioned terms were lower in group with positive history of cancer compared to group with negative history of cancer. We found significantly lower REE/kg in deficiency of vitamin D and higher REE/kg in sufficiency status. Our results demonstrated significant higher concentrations of IL1β, IL17, TNFα and IL6 in group with positive history of cancer compared to group with negative history of cancer. The concentrations of IL13, IL10 and IL4 were significantly lower in group with positive history of cancer compared to group with negative history of cancer. The relative expression of VDR, PGC1αand PPARγ gene was significantly lower in group with positive history of cancer. The relative expression of UCP2 was almost significantly lesser in group with positive history of cancer also. Conclusion: The observed mutual alteration in the levels of inflammatory markers and relative expression of important gene in energy homeostasis may be caused by vitamin D deficiency among the obese subjects with positive history of colorectal cancer.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim: The aim of the current research was to investigate the association between depressed mood and resting energy expenditure (REE) in a representative sample of obese women. Methods: Fasting blood sample was collected from 254 obese women to determine biochemical indicators. Body composition was measured using body composition analyzer. REE was measured by means of indirect calorimetry. Results: Comparison between depressed group and healthy obese women demonstrated that the mean of body mass index, fat percent, fat mass, visceral fat and triglyceride were higher in women with depressed mood. Conclusion: The level of REE/kg was significantly low in depressed obese women compared to healthy subjects.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Soy milk replacement in the diet might have beneficial effects on waist circumference and cardiovascular risk factors for overweight and obese subjects. Therefore, we are going to determine the effects of soy milk replacements on the waist circumference and cardiovascular risk factors among overweight and obese female adults.
In this crossover randomized clinical trail, 24 over weight and obese female adults were on a diet with soy milk or the diet with cow's milk for four weeks. In the diet with soy milk only one glass of soy milk (240 cc) was replaced instead of one glass of cow's milk (240 cc). Measurements were done according to the standard protocol.
WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE REDUCED SIGNIFICANTLY FOLLOWING SOY MILK PERIOD (MEAN PERCENT CHANGE IN SOY MILK PERIOD FOR WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE: -3.79 ± 0.51 vs. -1.78 ± 0.55 %; P = 0.02 in the cow's milk period). Blood pressure, weight, liver enzymes and glycemic control indices did not changed significantly after soy milk period compared to the cow's milk period.
Among over weight and obese patients, soy milk can play an important role in reducing waist circumference. However, soy milk replacement had no significant effects on weight, glycemic control indices, liver enzymes, fibrinogen and blood pressure in a short term trial.
International journal of preventive medicine 11/2012; 3(11):798-805.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the arterial wall. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) seems to have an important role in atherosclerotic plaque formation.This study was performed to investigate the effects of ox-LDL as well as PHA on proliferation and gene expression of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in patients with atherosclerosis compared to healthy controls. Proliferation of PBMCs was assessed by BrdU assay, while gene expression was assessed by real-time PCR.Both PHA and ox-LDL significantly induced proliferation of PBMCs of patients and controls. PBMCs from controls showed significantly higher proliferation when stimulated with ox-LDL compared to patients. Expression of TGF-β was significantly lower in PBMCs from patients compared to healthy controls (p<0.001). Following simulation with PHA, TGF-β and Foxp3 gene expression levels in patients and controls were significantly decreased (p<0.001). Expression of Foxp3 in PBMCs treated with ox-LDL was significantly decreased in patients and controls.Decreased expression of TGF-β and Foxp3 genes after ox-LDL stimulation may be due to more sensitivity of Treg cells than effector T cells to ox-LDL. Presence of ox-LDL within atheroma could be associated with the diminished population of Treg cells in the atherosclerotic patients.
Iranian journal of allergy, asthma, and immunology 09/2012; 11(3):217-23. · 0.65 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to measure circulating PGRN levels and to investigate its potential correlation with resting metabolic rate and obesity related complications. Moreover, to investigate on the PGRN and some important gene expressions in energy expenditure in vitro in samples of PBMCs derived from all participants of our study in a cellular model.
Of the 163 participants who were recruited for the current cross-sectional study, 37 (22.69%) were normal weight (18.5≤BMI<25), 53 (32.51%) were overweight (25≤BMI<30), 48 (29.44%) were categorized as class I obese (BMI 30 -34.9) and 25 (15.33%) were classified as class II and III obese (BMI≥35). All participants were assessed for the measurement of RMR by means of indirect calorimetry following an overnight fasting. Body composition was analyzed with the Bioelectrical Impedance technique by the BODY COMPOSITION ANALYZER BC-418M -Tanita. The PBMCs were separated from whole blood by Ficoll-hypaque technique. Total cellular RNA was extracted and the cDNA was synthesized. This process was followed by real-time PCR using specific primer pairs for PGRN, AKT, MAPK and mRNA, and beta actin mRNA was used as the internal control. Circulating PGRN was measured with the use of ELISA method.
The circulating levels and gene expressions of PGRN rose in parallel with the increase of body weight. However, there was significant difference in the strength of association between circulating PGRN as well as PGRN gene expression and obesity-related variables. Moreover, PGRN gene expression had significant correlation with BMI, visceral fat, MAPK and AKT gene expression. The increased mass of visceral fat in correlation with the increased PGRN levels was more pronounced in high or normal resting metabolic rate group compared with the group with low resting metabolic rate. After adjusting for BMI and gender, we found that circulating PGRN can predict the RMR/kg independent of other variables such as TG, HDL, and hs-CRP (P=0.03).
PGRN associated with obesity and glucose homeostasis and may predict the resting metabolic rate levels independent of confounder factors. Experimental study may clarify the PGRN role in obesity etiology through metabolism regulation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Axonal sensory peripheral neuropathy is the major dose-limiting side effect of paclitaxel.Omega-3 fatty acids have beneficial effects on neurological disorders from their effects on neurons cells and inhibition of the formation of proinflammatory cytokines involved in peripheral neuropathy.
This study was a randomized double blind placebo controlled trial to investigate the efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids in reducing incidence and severity of paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy (PIPN). Eligible patients with breast cancer randomly assigned to take omega-3 fatty acid pearls, 640 mg t.i.d during chemotherapy with paclitaxel and one month after the end of the treatment or placebo. Clinical and electrophysiological studies were performed before the onset of chemotherapy and one month after cessation of therapy to evaluate PIPN based on "reduced Total Neuropathy Score".
Twenty one patients (70%) of the group taking omega-3 fatty acid supplement (n = 30) did not develop PN while it was 40.7%( 11 patients) in the placebo group(n = 27). A significant difference was seen in PN incidence (OR = 0.3, .95% CI = (0.10-0.88), p = 0.029). There was a non-significant trend for differences of PIPN severity between the two study groups but the frequencies of PN in all scoring categories were higher in the placebo group (0.95% CI = (-2.06 -0.02), p = 0.054).
Omega-3 fatty acids may be an efficient neuroprotective agent for prophylaxis against PIPN. Patients with breast cancer have a longer disease free survival rate with the aid of therapeutical agents. Finding a way to solve the disabling effects of PIPN would significantly improve the patients' quality of life.
This trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01049295).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background. Obesity is associated with low-grade systemic inflammation which has been linked to the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and type II diabetes in obese patients. Aim. To evaluate changes in pro/anti-inflammatory adipocytokines and metabolic profile after moderate dietinduced weight loss. Subjects and Methods. Twenty nine premenopausal obese women (body mass index ≥ 30) aged 21 to 54 years without diabetes, hypertension, or hyperlipidemia, were enrolled in this study. We measured anthropometric parameters, lipid and glucose profiles, IL-6, IL-10 and IL-18 in obese women and then they entered into a medically supervised program aimed at reducing body weight by 10% or more. Obese women restricted their caloric intake to less than their usual intake (by 500-1000 kcal/d) and consumed 50 grams of a fiber supplement (Slim last powder) per day for 12 weeks. Results; By completing the dietary intervention program, weight ( = -10.0%, p < 0.0001), body mass index, waist circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, total cholesterol, triglyceride and fasting plasma glucose had significantly decreased, while HDL-cholesterol had significantly increased. While plasma levels of IL-6 and IL-18 decreased by 27% after 12 weeks no significant change was observed in circulating levels of IL-10. Conclusion; Our study suggests that an improved body composition induced by restriction of energy intake is associated with favorable serum concentrations of IL-6 and IL-18 in obese women. However, the anti-inflammatory IL-10 is not affected by a moderate weight decrease.
Journal of endocrinological investigation 06/2012; · 1.65 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate the concentration of PGRN and other inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13 and IL-17 in osteopenic and non-osteopenic obese subjects. Bone mineral density in subjects with different PGRN levels were compared to the appraisal of our hypothesis.
A total of 171 obese participants (BMI ≥30) were included in the study. Analysis of body composition was performed with use of Body Composition Analyzer. All blood samples were collected between 8:00 and 10:00 a.m. following an overnight fasting. The circulating levels of TNF-α, PGRN, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, IL-17, PTH, 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D and crosslaps were measured with the EIA method. BMD was measured by use of dual energy X-ray absorptiometery (DXA) at lumbar spine (vertebrae L2-L4) and hip level. Participants were categorized into osteopenic and healthy group according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Of 171 participants, 51 (29.82 %) were osteopenic and 120 (70.17%) were healthy.
We found significantly higher concentrations of crosslaps, IL-17, IL-6, TNFα and IL-4 and lower concentrations of IL-13, IL-10, PGRN and free fat mass in osteopenic group. With raising the PGRN level, the concentrations of IL-13, IL-10 and 25-(OH) vitamin D were increased and the concentration of TNFα and IL-17 were decreased. Our results demonstrated that the density of bone at both sites of lumbar spine (L2-L4) and hip region was highest in 4th quartile and lowest in first quartile of categorized PGRN concentration. The bone status was gradually improved with raising the PGRN level in parallel at lumbar spine (L2-L4) and hip regions.
Based on the pathway of effect of TNFα on bone metabolism, it appears that PGRN acts on the bone with mechanisms involving TNFR signaling, disturbance and TNFα performance, similar to the results that have been found in animal model study.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Today, early diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract malignancies and their surgical resection is becoming more feasible. One of the important side effects in upper GI tract malignancies is malnutrition which has direct relationship with postoperative complications. Nonetheless, there is no easy regimen of nutrition for these patients especially for the first week after operation. Accordingly we present a simple method for improving feeding such patients via tube jejunostomy. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of early enteral feeding (EEF) on postoperative course after complete resection of upper gastrointestinal tract malignancy and reconstruction.
Between September 2005 to September 2008, 60 consecutive patients (22 female, 38 male) with upper GI tract malignancies who had undergone complete resection and reconstruction enrolled in this study. The patients randomly divided equally in two groups of control and EEF. Control group was treated with traditional management of nil by mouth and intravenous fluids for the first five postoperative days and then with liquids and enteral regular diet when tolerated. In EEF group the patients were fed by tube jejunostomy from 1st postoperative day and assessed for nutritional status before surgery and 5 days after surgery. Both groups were monitored on the basis of weight gain, clinical and paraclinical parameters and postoperative complications.
Sixty patients were randomly divided to two equal groups. Surgical procedures were similar in two groups and no significant difference in demographic and basic nutritional status were found. On 5th postoperative day serum albumin was 4.2±0.4 g/dl in EEF and 3.6±0.3 g/dl in control group (p= 0.041). Also serum transferrin was 260.8±2.5 mg/dl and 208±1.8 mg/dl in EEF and control group respectively (p < 0.001). Moreover, hospital stay was shorter in EEF group (7.7±3.1 vs. 14±2.5 days, p = 0.009).There were four (13.3%) anasatomotic leakages in control group and one (3.3%) in EEF group (p = 0.353). Also there was six (20%) wound infection in control group and three (10%) in EEF group (p = 0.472).
The EEF by tube jejunostomy can be an effective method of feeding patients in postoperative days of resection of GI malignancies. Postoperative hospital stay would be shorter and the level of laboratory parameters especially serum transferrin is higher in EEF in comparison with control group. It also may reduce postoperative complications such as wound infection and enterocutaneous fistula.
Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran 02/2012; 26(1):7-11.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine melatonin effects on sleep patterns, symptoms of hyperactivity and attention deficiency in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Children with age range of 7-12 years who had a combined form of ADHD were randomly divided in to 2 groups according to gender blocks. One group took melatonin (3 or 6mg) combined with methylphenidate (Ritalin) (1mg/kg), and the other group took placebo combined with methylphenidate (1mg/kg). ADHD rating scale and sleep patterns questionnaires were completed. Research hypotheses were assessed at the baseline, the second, fourth and eighth weeks after the treatment.
The mean sleep latency and total sleep disturbance scores were reduced in melatonin group, while the scores increased in the placebo group (p≥0.05). Data analysis, using ANOVA with repeated measures, did not show any statistically significant differences between the two groups in ADHD scores.
Administration of melatonin along with methylphenidate can partially improve symptoms of sleep disturbance. However, it does not seem to reduce attention deficiency and hyperactivity behavior of children with ADHD.
Iranian journal of psychiatry. 01/2012; 7(2):87-92.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare the resting energy expenditure in different macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) genotypes and to identify the in vitro effects of Alpinia officinarum Hance extract (AOHE) on MIF expression in obese and nonobese persons.
In the fasting state, obese and nonobese persons were assessed for the measurement of resting energy expenditure rate (REE) by indirect calorimetry. We compared it with the expected amount ([REE measured by indirect calorimetry / predicted REE according to Harris Benedict equations] x 100). Participants were classified into those with normal REE (≥100) vs those with impaired REE (<100). Body composition was analyzed. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed using specific primer pairs for MIF messenger RNA, and β-actin was used as the internal control.
The study included 69 obese and 103 non-obese participants. The proportions of MIF genotypes were slightly different in obese and nonobese participants. However, the proportions of MIF genotypes were significantly different in participants with normal REE and those with low REE. The MIF gene was highly expressed in the obese group compared with MIF expression in the nonobese group. Body fat mass and MIF expression were higher in participants with the GG genotype than in the other genotype groups. MIF expression was inversely associated with REE in both groups (r = -0.36, P = .04). After treatment of peripheral blood mononuclear cells with AOHE, MIF expression differed according to MIF genotype.
Our results indicate that AOHE is a major modulator of MIF-dependent pathologic conditions in obesity and are consistent with mounting evidence that defines a regulating role for MIF in cytokine production in an inflammatory state in in vitro studies.
Endocrine Practice 07/2011; 18(1):39-48. · 2.49 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Plasma ceruloplasmin (Cp) has been shown to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and also to be associated with obesity. However, it is not known whether weight loss could decrease the plasma Cp levels.
To investigate the effect of diet-induced weight loss on plasma Cp in obese women.
Sixty-seven healthy obese women [age =33.4±8.7 yr, body mass index (BMI) =36.0±4.8 kg/m2] were entered into a medically supervised program aimed at reducing body weight by 10% or more. Weight loss was achieved through a diet providing a daily energy deficit of 500-1000 kcal/day. In addition, all patients were prescribed to use 50 g of a fiber supplement per day. For all subjects, assessment of dietary intake, anthropometric indices, and plasma levels of C-reactive protein and Cp was performed at the first visit and repeated at 12th week of follow-up.
By completing the program, weight (Δ=-9.5%, p<0.0001), BMI (Δ=-9.7%, p<0.0001), waist-circumference (Δ=-6.1%, p<0.0001), and triceps skinfold thickness (Δ=-14.9%, p<0.0001) significantly decreased. Plasma Cp significantly decreased after 12 weeks of dietary intervention (33.6±5.6 mg/dl vs 25.2±5.8 mg/dl, p<0.0001). Percent change in Cp was correlated with percent change in waist-circumference (r=446, p=0.015).
Our study suggests that an improved body composition induced by restriction of energy intake is associated with decreased serum concentrations of Cp in obese women which in turn might have reduced the subjects' risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
Journal of endocrinological investigation 07/2011; 35(6):566-9. · 1.65 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Atopic dermatitis is a chronically relapsing, highly pruritic and inflammatory skin disease. This study was done to assess the effects of vitamins D and E supplementation on the clinical manifestation of atopic dermatitis.
Forty-five atopic dermatitis patients were included in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. They were randomly divided into four groups and treated for 60 days: group P (n = 11), vitamins D and E placebos; group D (n = 12), 1600 IU vitamin D(3) plus vitamin E placebo; group E (n = 11), 600 IU synthetic all-rac-α-tocopherol plus vitamin D placebo; and group DE (n = 11), 1600 IU vitamin D(3) plus 600 IU synthetic all-rac-α-tocopherol. Serum 25(OH) vitamin D and plasma α-tocopherol were determined before and after the trial. The clinical improvement was evaluated with SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD). Data were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Kruskal-Wallis tests.
SCORAD was reduced after 60 days in groups D, E and DE by 34.8%, 35.7% and 64.3%, respectively (p = 0.004). Objective SCORAD also showed significant improvement. There was a positive correlation between SCORAD and intensity, objective, subjective and extent (p < 0.001). We found a significant negative association between plasma α-tocopherol and SCORAD, intensity, objective and extent (p = 0.02).
This study supports the contributing and beneficial effects of vitamins D and E in the treatment of atopic dermatitis.
Journal of Dermatological Treatment 06/2011; 22(3):144-50. · 1.50 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is the principal ω-3 fatty acids in marine oils. Fasting blood sugar (FBS), HbA1c and some of the plasma lipids and lipoproteins has been negatively related to the intake of ω-3 fatty acids and ascorbic acid, in some studies. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the effects of EPA and/or vitamin C on glycemic indices, blood pressure, and plasma lipids in type 2 diabetic Iranian males.
Sixty five men with type 2 diabetes were enrolled into the study between April 2 and June 27, 2008. Venous blood samples were obtained from all participants after 10 hours of fasting, at the baseline and after the intervention. Subjects received 500 mg EPA and/or 200 mg vitamin C and/or placebo depending on their groups. For eight weeks, 15 participants received EPA supplements with vitamin C (group 1), 16 took EPA supplements and vitamin C placebo (group 2), 17 took EPA placebo and vitamin C (group 3), and 17 received EPA placebo and vitamin C placebo (group 4), daily.
There were significant decreases in FBS, HbA1C, LDL-C and TG in groups 1, 2, 3 and 4 (p < 0.01), but significant decreases in TC were shown only in groups 1, 2 and 3 (p < 0.01). There was a significant increase in HDL-C in all groups (p < 0.01).
In summary, it is concluded that, eight weeks of taking EPA + vitamin C supplementation improved the plasma levels of cardiovascular markers but didn't reduce BP.
Journal of research in medical sciences 03/2011; 16 Suppl 1:S361-7. · 0.68 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Treatment studies have suggested that omega-3 fatty acids (omega-3 FAs) as monotherapy or adjunctive treatment have therapeutic effects in depression. The authors recently reported a study in which fluoxetine and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which is an omega-3 fatty acid, appeared to be equally effective in controlling depressive symptoms and their combination was superior to either of them alone. Regulation of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity and reduction of inflammatory cytokines are among several biological mechanisms which potentially explain the impact of omega-3 FAs on depression. In the present study, plasma cortisol and serum interleukin-1beta (IL-1 beta) and interleukin-6 (Il-6) were measured in patients with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD) participating in aforementioned trial to determine the effects of 8 weeks of treatment of depression with 1000 mg EPA alone or in combination with 20 mg fluoxetine on HPA axis activity and inflammatory cytokine production and compare the changes in these variables with those of treating with 20 mg fluoxetine alone. Forty-two patients were included in analysis. Two-way repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that plasma cortisol decreased significantly after 8 weeks of intervention without significant difference among the groups. There was no interaction between group and response to treatment over time in the cortisol response based on three-way ANOVA. Serum concentrations of IL-1beta and IL-6 did not change significantly after intervention. In conclusion, EPA alone or in combination with fluoxetine, as well as fluoxetine alone decreased serum cortisol after 8 weeks of treatment in patients with major depression disorder (MDD) without any significant effect of response to treatment. Serum IL-1beta and IL-6 did not change significantly after intervention. These findings suggest that EPA may exert its therapeutic effects through reduction of cortisol.
Psychiatry Research 05/2010; 178(1):112-5. · 2.68 Impact Factor