Rusty Kelley

Winston-Salem State University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States

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Publications (6)15.86 Total impact

  • Andrew T Bruce · Kelly I Guthrie · Rusty Kelley ·
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    ABSTRACT: The following methods outline the procedures for isolating primary renal cells from kidney tissue via enzymatic digestion, followed by their culture, harvest, and then fractionation of renal subpopulations from primary culture. The current methods describe procedures to sub-fractionate biologically active cells that have been used to treat and stabilize renal function in models of chronic kidney disease (Kelley et al. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 299(5):F1026-F1039, 2010).
    Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) 03/2013; 1001:53-64. DOI:10.1007/978-1-62703-363-3_6 · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: New treatment paradigms that slow or reverse progression of chronic kidney disease(CKD) are needed to relieve significant patient and healthcare burdens. We have shown that a population of selected renal cells (SRCs) stabilized disease progression in a mass reduction model of CKD. Here, we further define the cellular composition of SRCs and apply this novel therapeutic approach to the ZSF1 rat, a model of severe progressive nephropathy secondary to diabetes, obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. Injection of syngeneic SRCs into the ZSF1 renal cortex elicited a regenerative response that significantly improved survival and stabilized disease progression to renal structure and function beyond 1 year post-treatment. Functional improvements included normalization of multiple nephron structures and functions including, glomerular filtration, tubular protein handling, electrolyte balance and the ability to concentrate urine. Improvement to blood pressure, including reduced levels of circulating renin were also observed. These functional improvements following SRC treatment were accompanied by significant reductions in glomerular sclerosis, tubular degeneration and interstitial inflammation and fibrosis. Collectively, these data support the utility of a novel renal cell-based approach for slowing renal disease progression associated with diabetic nephropathy in the setting of metabolic syndrome, one of the most common causes of end stage renal disease.
    Cell Transplantation 08/2012; 22(6). DOI:10.3727/096368912X653237 · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dedifferentiation and proliferation of resident tubular epithelial cells is a mechanism of action potentially contributing to repair and regeneration in kidneys presenting with ischemic or chronic disease. To more efficiently develop cell and tissue engineering technologies for the kidney, we have developed molecular assays to evaluate the acquisition of a pluripotent state associated with stem/progenitor cell phenotype during induction of a regenerative response within the kidneys of rats with chronic kidney disease (CKD) following therapeutic intervention. Intrarenal delivery of selected bioactive renal cells leads to significant upregulation of pluripotency-associated SOX2 mRNA within the diseased kidney tissue from 1 to 24 weeks after treatment. The overall regenerative response index was assessed by quantitative composite expression of CD24, NODAL and LEFTY1 proteins, which were induced within 1 week of cell treatment and peaked at 12 weeks after treatment, reaching statistical significance (p < 0.05) compared to untreated CKD controls. Molecular assays that incorporate the assessment of SOX2 and the regenerative response index may prove to be valuable tools for the detection and monitoring of the tissue response after the delivery of regenerative treatments for CKD, thereby significantly shortening the developmental timelines associated with such therapies.
    Cells Tissues Organs 05/2012; 196(4):374-84. DOI:10.1159/000336028 · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myocardin (MYOCD) is a smooth and cardiac muscle-specific transcriptional coactivator that is required for the proper expression of contraction-related genes. Through its function to transactivate effector genes, MYOCD plays an essential role in mediating the switch between contractile and non-contractile phenotypes, particularly in smooth muscle cells (SMC). There are at least two known transcript variants of MYOCD that are expressed in SMC, differing only by the presence (+) or absence (Δ) of Exon 11. To date, no functional role has been assigned to the domain encoded by Exon 11, nor have any notable differences between the ability of each isoform to activate contraction-related genes been observed. In this study we compared sequences for Exon 11 among several mammalian species and identified a highly conserved, putative target sequence for glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) phosphorylation, suggesting a regulatory role for Exon 11 that can be modulated by alternative splicing. The function of Exon 11 was investigated by altering MYOCD splice selection in cultured porcine SMC with small interfering RNAs (siRNA) and specific chemical inhibitors, resulting in a relative increase in expression of ΔExon 11 variants in the endogenous pool of MYOCD mRNA. The relative increase in ΔExon 11 mRNAs correlated with a reduction of contractile phenotype in the porcine SMC as evidenced by morphological assessment and molecular analysis of effector genes. Together, these data suggest that MYOCD ΔExon 11 may participate in modulating SMC phenotype, potentially acting as a dominant-negative repressor of contraction-related genes.
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 10/2011; 226(10):2702-11. DOI:10.1002/jcp.22622 · 3.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Therapeutically bioactive cell populations are currently understood to promote regenerative outcomes in vivo by leveraging mechanisms of action including secretion of growth factors, site specific engraftment and directed differentiation. Constitutive cellular populations undoubtedly participate in the regenerative process. Adipose tissue represents a source of therapeutically bioactive cell populations. The potential of these cells to participate in various aspects of the regenerative process has been demonstrated broadly. However, organ association of secretory and developmental markers to specific peri-organ adipose depots has not been investigated. To characterize this topographical association, we explored the potential of cells isolated from the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of kidney sourced adipose to express key renal associated factors. We report that renal adipose tissue is a novel reservoir for EPO expressing cells. Kidney sourced adipose stromal cells demonstrate hypoxia regulated expression of EPO and VEGF transcripts. Using iso-electric focusing, we demonstrate that kidney and non-kidney sourced adipose stromal cells present unique patterns of EPO post-translational modification, consistent with the idea that renal and non-renal sources are functionally distinct adipose depots. In addition, kidney sourced adipose stromal cells specifically express the key renal developmental transcription factor WT1. Taken together, these data are consistent with the notion that kidney sourced adipose stromal (KiSAS) cells may be primed to recreate a regenerative micro-environment within the kidney. These findings open the possibility of isolating solid-organ associated adipose derived cell populations for therapeutic applications in organ-specific regenerative medicine products.
    Lipids in Health and Disease 09/2011; 10:171. DOI:10.1186/1476-511X-10-171 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Established chronic kidney disease (CKD) may be identified by severely impaired renal filtration that ultimately leads to the need for dialysis or kidney transplant. Dialysis addresses only some of the sequelae of CKD, and a significant gap persists between patients needing transplant and available organs, providing impetus for development of new CKD treatment modalities. Some postulate that CKD develops from a progressive imbalance between tissue damage and the kidney's intrinsic repair and regeneration processes. In this study we evaluated the effect of kidney cells, delivered orthotopically by intraparenchymal injection to rodents 4-7 wk after CKD was established by two-step 5/6 renal mass reduction (NX), on the regeneration of kidney function and architecture as assessed by physiological, tissue, and molecular markers. A proof of concept for the model, cell delivery, and systemic effect was demonstrated with a heterogeneous population of renal cells (UNFX) that contained cells from all major compartments of the kidney. Tubular cells are known contributors to kidney regeneration in situ following acute injury. Initially tested as a control, a tubular cell-enriched subpopulation of UNFX (B2) surprisingly outperformed UNFX. Two independent studies (3 and 6 mo in duration) with B2 confirmed that B2 significantly extended survival and improved renal filtration (serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen). The specificity of B2 effects was verified by direct comparison to cell-free vehicle controls and an equivalent dose of non-B2 cells. Quantitative histological evaluation of kidneys at 6 mo after treatment confirmed that B2 treatment reduced severity of kidney tissue pathology. Treatment-associated reduction of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1, and fibronectin (FN) provided evidence that B2 cells attenuated canonical pathways of profibrotic extracellular matrix production.
    AJP Renal Physiology 11/2010; 299(5):F1026-39. DOI:10.1152/ajprenal.00221.2010 · 3.25 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

45 Citations
15.86 Total Impact Points


  • 2013
    • Winston-Salem State University
      Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States
  • 2012
    • Brigham and Women's Hospital
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States

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