ABSTRACT: An oncolytic virus is considered a targeted cancer therapy due to its ability to specifically target, replicate in and lyse cancer cells while leaving normal cells unharmed. Over the last few years several tumor selective oncolytic viruses have been developed. These include certain DNA viruses such as adenovirus that have been genetically manipulated to target specific cancer cells by exerting restrictions on the virus at the level of cell entry, viral gene transcription and viral protein translation. There are a variety of RNA viruses being studied as possible cancer therapies including reovirus. Reovirus is intrinsically oncolytic without the need for any genetic manipulation. The inherent oncolytic properties of this virus are derived from the fact that it specifically targets cells with an activated Ras pathway found in many cancer cells. REOLYSIN® is a proprietary formulation of human reovirus type 3 Dearing developed by Oncolytics Biotech Inc. and is the only therapeutic reovirus in clinical development. This review provides an overview of the development of REOLYSIN as a potential cancer therapeutic and the growing role of in situ based molecular pathology methods in providing clinical proof of concept and in guiding clinical development.
Methods 12/2010; 52(4):301-6. · 4.01 Impact Factor