[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives: To evaluate the association between inflammation, oxidative stress, and circulating progenitor cell (CPC) number and redox equilibrium, vascular lesions and accelerated atherosclerosis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Method: Circulating CD34+ cells were isolated from 33 RA patients and 33 controls. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and mRNA expression of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase type 1 (GPx-1) antioxidant enzymes, and the gp91phox-containing nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase NOX2 were measured in CD34+ cells. C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), and arterial stiffness (AS) were also evaluated. We investigated the relationships between inflammatory markers, vascular parameters, cell number, and antioxidant enzymes. Results: CD34+ cell number was lower in RA patients than in controls. In CD34+ cells from RA patients, ROS levels, MnSOD mRNA, and NOX2 mRNA were higher, while mRNA expression of GPx-1 and CAT was significantly lower. The AS, pulse wave velocity (PWV), and augmentation index (AIx) were higher, as was cIMT. CD34+ cell number was inversely correlated with CRP, ROS, PWV, and AIx, and with the CAT/MnSOD and GPx-1/MnSOD ratios. CRP was correlated with MnSOD mRNA, PWV, and AIx but not with CAT and GPx-1 mRNA. Conclusions: Our data show a link between inflammation, oxidative stress, and the impairment of the antioxidant system of CPCs and their number, and with arterial stiffness in RA subjects. This could suggest a perspective on the accelerated development of vascular damage and atherosclerosis in RA.
Scandinavian journal of rheumatology 12/2013; · 2.51 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We describe a case of mycetoma caused by Actinomadura pelletieri with simultaneous involvement of the spine, abdominal wall and retroperitoneal space in a man who had suffered from 'Madura foot' 10 years earlier. The characteristics of this case were analysed and contextualized among those of other cases of mycetoma caused by other micro-organisms found through a review of the international literature. The rarity of the disease in industrialized countries and its possible atypical presentations may hinder a prompt diagnosis. Culture techniques that allow detection of slow-growing fungi and actinomycetes should be routinely used when dealing with tissue samples from patients from tropical and subtropical regions with chronic granulomatous infections.
Journal of Medical Microbiology 04/2011; 60(Pt 5):673-6. · 2.27 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cigarette smoking is involved in vascular inflammation and impairment of circulating progenitor cells (CPCs), including endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). The study aim was to evaluate the redox balance of these cells in relation to smoking exposure.
Circulating cells from 36 healthy smokers and 26 controls were isolated and identified by flow cytometry. ROS generation, mRNA and protein cell expression, and enzymatic activity of MnSOD, catalase, and GPx-1 were evaluated.
Smokers showed higher levels of CRP and fibrinogen and lower levels of HDL-C. ROS and MnSOD were higher (p<0.001), while catalase and GPx-1 were lower (p<0.001) as was EPC number (p<0.001) in smokers. CPC and EPC correlated with HDL-C, CRP, ROS and enzyme expression and activity.
Our data suggest that smoking exposure involves antioxidant enzymes in CPCs and EPCs and that the inflammatory response in smokers plays an important role in impairing cells and their antioxidant functions.