Robério Rodrigues Silva

Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, Conquista, Estado de Bahía, Brazil

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Publications (38)14.54 Total impact

  • Chilean journal of agricultural research 09/2014; 74(3):286-292. · 0.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to assess the effect of substituting corn with soybean hulls on the ingestive behavior and nitrogen balance of Santa Ines lambs. A total of 25 lambs with an initial body weight of 20±2 kg at approximately six months of age, sheltered individually in stalls (1.10 m×1.0 m), considering an entirely casual experimental delineation. Soybean hulls were substituted for corn at 0, 250, 500, 750, and 1,000 g/kg of dry matter (DM). The time spent feeding, ruminating, masticating, and resting was not affected by the substitution of corn with soybean hulls. In fact, the feeding efficiency in g DM/h and the rumination efficiency in g DM/bolus increased linearly with soybean hull substitution in the feed. Although the nitrogen balance was not altered by the use of soybean hulls as a substitute for corn in the diets of Santa Ines lambs, the N ingested and N digested expressed in g/d, N retained as a percentage of that ingested, and N retained as a percentage of that digested displayed quadratic behavior. In conclusion, corn can be substituted with soybean hulls up to 1,000 g/kg of dry matter in the concentrate, without changing the ingestive behavior and nitrogen balance.
    Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 01/2014; 27(1):24-9. · 0.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two digestion trials, one with sheep and another with goats, were conducted to evaluate the long-term bias (LTB) of the indigestible dry matter (iDM), indigestible neutral detergent fiber (iNDF) and indigestible acid detergent fiber (iADF) internal markers. The study used eight Santa Inês castrated male sheep (average body weight of 16.6 kg) distributed in two 4×4 Latin squares and eight Saanen castrated male goats (average body weight of 22.6 kg) distributed in two 4×4 Latin squares. The experiments were conducted simultaneously, and the animals were housed in 1.2 m(2) individual pens with wood-battened floors equipped with individual feeders and drinkers. The animals received isonitrogenous diets that were offered ad libitum and contained 14% crude protein and 70% sugar cane (with 0, 0.75, 1.5 or 2.25% CaO, in natural matter percentage), corrected with 1% urea and 30% concentrate. The experiment consisted of four experimental periods of 14 d each, with the feed, leftovers and feces sampled on the last four days of each period. The marker concentrations in the feed, leftovers and fecal samples were estimated by an in situ ruminal incubation procedure with a duration 240 h. The relationship between the intake and excretion of the markers was obtained by adjusting a simple linear regression model, independently from the treatment (diets) fixed effects and Latin squares. For both the sheep and goats, a complete recovery of the iDM and iNDF markers was observed (p>0.05), indicating the absence of LTB for these markers. However, the iADF was not completely recovered, exhibiting an LTB of -9.12% (p<0.05) in the sheep evaluation and -3.02% (p<0.05) in the goat evaluation.
    Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 01/2013; 26(1):65-71. · 0.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to estimate and evaluate the contents of apparently digestible fractions of crude protein, ether extract and non-fibrous carbohydrates, the digestible fraction of the neutral detergent fiber and the content of total digestible nutrients (TDN) from the chemical composition of feeds in growing cattle fed different diets. Fourteen F1 Red Angus × Nellore young bulls with average age and weight of 12 months and 287±36 kg were used. Animals were fed elephant grass silage, corn silage or signal grass hay, with or without supplementation of 200 g concentrate per kg of the total diet. The experiment consisted of two 13-days periods, in which the concentrate supplementation was crossed over animals. The values of digestible fractions and the TDN content observed were obtained based on total collection of feces. Several sub-models applied to the different digestible fractions were assessed and discussed. Estimates of the TDN content in the diet were produced from the combination of sub-models applied to the individual digestible fractions. The TDN content was more efficiently predicted from the sub-models proposed by Detmann et al. (2010) when biological procedures for the estimation of the undegradable fraction of the protein and the potentially degradable fraction of the neutral detergent fiber were considered.
    Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 09/2012; 41(9):2110-2123. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate the centesimal composition and fatty acids in meat from animals fed diets containing levels of soybean hulls. The experiment was conducted at UESB in Itapetinga-BA, Brazil. Twenty-five confined Santa Inês rams were used. Treatments consisted of different levels of substitution of corn by soybean hulls (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%) and elephant grass silage as forage. The design was completely randomized. Samples of concentrate and silage were collected to evaluate the fatty acid composition. The experimental period lasted 110 days. After this period, the animals were slaughtered and samples of the longissimus muscle were collected and vacuum-packed for further analysis. The levels of total lipid and protein showed quadratic effect with the increase of soybean hulls in the diet, as the moisture increased linearly with inclusion. There was no effect of treatments on the percentage of ash. The composition of saturated fatty acids (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), PUFA/SFA and omega 6 (n-6) did not change, but increases in n-3 and reduction in the n-6:n-3 ratio were observed when the the amount of soybean hulls in the diet increased. The content of fatty acid conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) ranged from 3.0 to 4.0 g/kg at levels of substitution. The inclusion of soybean hulls in the diet increased CLA, the n-3 and decreased the n-6:n-3 ratio.
    Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 07/2012; 41(7):1720-1726. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of different intervals between observations on the estimation of the eating behavior of dairy heifers and lactating cows was evaluated. Twenty Holstein-zebu crossbred dairy heifers were distributed in a completely randomized design, with four levels and five repetitions, fed isonitrogenous diets containing 71% sugar cane and 29% concentrate. Also, 16 dairy crossbred cows were distributed in a completely randomized design, with four levels and four repetitions. They received isonitrogenous diets, containing 85% sugar cane and 1% concentrate. For both heifers and lactating cows, the sugar cane used was treated with doses of 0, 0.75, 1.5 and 2.25% CaO, and corrected with 1% of urea and ammonium sulfate mixture (9:1), at the moment of offering the diets. The experimental period was 21 days long, with observations done on the 19th and 20th days, during 24 hours, at intervals of 5, 10, 15 and 20 minutes. For both heifers and cows, lower values were verified for number of periods (nº/day) and higher values were obtained for average time spent per period of eating, rumination and idle activities, for 10-, 15- and 20-minute intervals. The mean dry matter and neutral detergent fiber with corrections for ash and protein intake per period of eating was also lower for 10-, 15- and 20-minute intervals. The intervals between observations of 10, 15 and 20 minutes lead to underestimation of the number of periods (nº/day) and to overestimation of the average time spent per period of eating, rumination and idle (min) on dairy heifers and cows, resulting in fallacy estimations. The use of 5-minute intervals for studying cattle eating behavior is recommended.
    Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 11/2011; 40(11):2502-2509. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of sugar cane treated with calcium oxide (CaO) on ingestive behavior in goats. It was used eight castrated male Saanen goats, with 22.6 kg average body weight and at four months of age, distributed in two 4 × 4 Latin squares, with four 14-day experimental periods. The animals were kept in individual 1.2-m2 stalls, with wood battened floor, provided with individual feeders and drinkers. The diets were formulated to be isoproteic, with 14% crude protein (CP) and presented 70% sugar cane treated with 0; 0.75; 1.5 or 2.25% of calcium oxide (on natural matter basis) corrected with 1% urea and 30% of concentrate fed ad libitum. Sugar cane added with doses of calcium oxide was crushed in stationary chopper, weighed and stored in 50-L plastic buckets and treated with calcium oxide, given to the animals after 24 hours of storage. Times spent in feeding, ruminating (min/day; min/kg DM and min/kg NDF) and idle (min/day) were not affected by addition of calcium oxide to sugar cane. Addition of calcium oxide to sugar cane did not influence effciency of feeding and rumination mad it reduced average time spent per feeding period. Ingestive behavior of growing goats is not affected by utilization of diets with sugar cane treated with up to 2.25% of calcium oxide.
    Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 08/2011; 40(8):1767-1773. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was carried out to evaluate the nitrogen balance, the urea concentrations in urine and plasma and the microbial protein synthesis in heifers fed diets containing sugar cane treated with calcium oxide. Twenty Holstein-zebu crossbred heifers, with average initial body weight of 200 kg were used, distributed in a completely randomized design, with four treatments and five repetitions. The animals were housed in covered individual stalls, with concrete floor, provided with individual concrete trough for feeding and automatic drinkers common for every two stalls. The experimental period was of 21 days, and data collection was performed on the last seven days. The diets were formulated to be isoprotein, with14% crude protein and they contained 71% sugar cane (with 0; 0.75; 1.5 or 2.25% CaO, in natural matter) corrected with 1% of urea and ammonium sulfate (9:1) and 29% of concentrate. Sugar cane was offered to the animals after 24 hours of treatment with chromium oxide. Treatment of sugar cane with calcium oxide affected nitrogen balance by reducing intake and quantity of retained and digested nitrogen. The retained nitrogen (in % of ingested N and digested N) was also linerarly reduced according to increases in levels of calcium oxide in the sugar cane. Use of calcium oxide at levels up to 2.25% in sugar cane treatment does not affect concentrations of urea in the urine and in the plasma neither the urine urea excretion and the microbial protein synthesis in dairy heifers.
    Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 03/2011; 40(3):622-629. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This work was developed to evaluate intake, apparent digestibility of nutrients and the effect of time (days) of total collection (two and four days) in apparent digestibility estimate in goats fed diets containing sugar cane treated with calcium oxide (CaO). Eight castrated male Saanen breed goats, at 22.6 kg average body weight and at four months of age were used, distributed in two 4 × 4 Latin squares, with four 14-day experimental periods. The diets were formulated to be isoprotein with 14% crude protein (CP) and they were composed of 70% sugar cane treated with 0; 0.75; 1.5 or 2.25% CaO (in natural matter basis) corrected with 1% urea and 30% concentrate. The variables related with the intake in animals fed sugar cane treated with calcium oxide were higher than those fed in natura sugar cane. Overall, nutrient intake increased with doses of calcium oxide added to sugar cane. Coefficients of digestibility of dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP) and non-fibrous carbohydrate corrected for ash and protein (NFCap) were lower in the groups fed sugar cane treated with calcium oxide in relation to in natura sugar cane. It was verified linear reduction of coefficient of digestibility of NDF and quadratic effect of hydrolyses of sugar cane with calcium oxide on digestibility of ether extract (EE) and NFCap. Use of calcium oxide in sugar cane treatment increase intake but it does not improve nutrient digestibility. Two days of total fecal collection are sufficient to estimate the total apparent digestibility in goats.
    Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 12/2010; 39(12):2714-2723. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of sugar cane hydrolysis with calcium oxide (CaO) on nitrogen balance, concetrations of urea in the urine and in the plasma and synthesis in microbial protein in goats. Eight castrated male Saanen breed goats, with 22.6 kg average body weight and at four months of age were used distributed in two 4 × 4 Latin squares, during four 14-day experimental periods. The rations which were formulated to be isoprotein, with 14% crude protein (CP) were composed of 70% sugar cane (treated with 0; 0.75; 1.5 or 2.25% of calcium oxide in natural matter basis and corrected with 1% urea) and 30% of concentrate given ad libitum to animals. Sugar cane with calcium oxide was chopped in a stationary chopper, weighted and stored in 50-L plastic buckets and treated with calcium oxide to be given to the animals after 24 hours of storage. Nitrogen balance, urine and plasma urea concentrations and urine urea excretion were not affected by sugar cane +calcium oxide treatment. Concetration of allantoin (% total purine) was higher and the uric acid concentration was lower in diets with sugar cane hidrolised with calcium oxide in relation to in natura sugar cane. The microbial production and efficiency are not affected by addition of calcium oxide to sugar cane in diets for growing goats.
    Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 10/2010; 39(10):2253-2261. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective this study was to evaluate the diurnal ingestive behavior of Nellore steers on Brachiaria grass pasture submitted to protein and energy supplementation. It was used 40 Nellore steers, at initial weight of 373.7 ± 14.9 kg, and at 26 months of age, distributed in four levels of supplementation:mineral mixture, 0.3, 0.6 and 0.9% of body weight of energy and protein supplementation. The animals were visually observed by two 12-hour periods from 6:00 a.m. to 06:00 p.m. Grazing, ruminating and idle times had a quadratic effect and the trough time had a linear increase effect. The total dry matter intakes were not affected by the supplementation levels. Total consumption of dry matter from pasture and all the variables related to neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber decreased linearly. The number of chews per bolus linearly decreased. The number of grazing periods and time for feed period increased linearly. The time for grazing period decreased linearly. The number of ruminating periods, number of idle periods and time for rumination period suffered a quadratic effect. The number of trough periods suffered a cubical effect. Supplementation compromises the variables related to diurnal ingestive behavior, not only because of the quantity of ingested food but also because of its composition and because of the roughage:concentrate ratio, therefore, attention on meal balance is required.
    Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 09/2010; 39(9):2073-2080. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 09/2010; 39(9):2091-2097. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This work was carried out to study the effects of replacing corn by different levels of cassava starch (0; 12.5; 22.8 and 32.7%) on performance and carcass characteristics of bulls finished in feedlot. Thirty-two crossbred bulls (½ Aberdeen Angus vs. ½ Nellore) with 18 months old and 380 + 24 kg live weight were used in a completely randomized experimental design with four treatments and eight replications. The experiment was realized during 56 days with 14 days for adaptation. The complete diets [roughage (cottonseed hulls) + concentrate (corn, soybean meal and cassava starch)] were given at 8 am and at 4 pm to bulls. It was analyzed the initial weight (IW), final weight (FW), average daily gain (ADG), dry matter intake (DMI), feed conversion (FC), hot carcass dressing (HCD), fat thickness (FAT), Longissimus muscle area (LMA), leg length (LL) and cushion thickness (CT). The IW, FW, ADG, FC, HCW, HCD, FT, LMA, LL and CT did not present difference (P > 0.05) among levels of replacing corn by cassava starch. The results obtained on performance and carcass traits using cassava starch by-products as a replacement for corn can be considered satisfactory. Objetivou-se com este trabalho avaliar o efeito do nível de substituição (0; 12,5; 22,8 e 32,7%) do milho pelo resíduo de fecularia de mandioca sobre o desempenho e características de carcaça de bovinos em confinamento. Trinta e dois machos inteiros mestiços (½ Aberdeen Angus vs. ½ Nelore) com 18 meses de idade e 380 + 24 kg de peso vivo foram utilizados em delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado, com quatro tratamentos e oito repetições. O experimento foi desenvolvido durante 56 dias com 14 dias de adaptação. As rações completas [volumoso (casca de algodão) + concentrado (milho, farelo de soja e resíduo desidratado de fecularia de mandioca)] foram fornecidas às 8 h e 16 h aos animais. Foi analisado o peso inicial (PI), peso final (PF) ganho médio diário (GMD), ingestão de matéria seca (IMS), conversão alimentar da matéria seca (CAMS), peso de carcaça quente (PCQ), rendimento de carcaça quente (RCQ), espessura de gordura de cobertura (EGC), área de olho de lombo (AOL), comprimento de perna (CP) e espessura de coxão (EC). Os resultados observados para PI, PF, GMD, CAMS, RCQ, EGC, AOL, CP e EC não apresentaram diferenças (P > 0,05) entre os tratamentos. Os resultados obtidos para desempenho e características de carcaça foram satisfatórios.
    Semina : Ciências Agrárias. 01/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: ResumoO sistema de criação de bovinos a pasto é caracterizado por uma série de fatores e suas interações podem afetar o comportamento ingestivo dos animais, comprometendo o seu desempenho e, conseqüentemente, aviabilidade da propriedade. Existe uma alta correlação entre o consumo de forragem e o desempenho animal, uma vez que esta é a principal fonte de nutrientes para ruminantes, principalmente nos trópicos, onde a pecuária se sustenta à base das pastagens. Estudando o comportamento ingestivo dos ruminantes, poderemos adequar práticas de manejo que venham a aumentar a produtividade, garantindo também um melhor estado sanitário e maior longevidade aos animais. A altura do dossel, a densidade, a disponibilidade, a morfologia, o valor nutritivo, e a preferência da forragem, a categoria, estado fisiológico, sanitário e seletividade do animal, topografia e temperatura do ambiente, entre outros, são fatores que afetam a ingestão e digestão de plantas forrageiras, interferindo diretamente no comportamento ingestivo de bovinos a pasto. Os animaistendem a ser mais seletivos em pastagens que apresentam uma menorrelação lâmina: colmo, bem como uma menor disponibilidade de forragem.O animal em pastejo está sob o efeito de muitos fatores, que podeminfluenciar a ingestão de forragem; entre eles, sobressai a oportunidade de selecionar a dieta, pois o pastejo seletivo permite compensar a baixa qualidade da forragem, permitindo a ingestão de partes mais nutritivas das plantas. SummaryThe system of breeding cattle to pasture is characterized by a number of factors and their interactions can affect the ingestive behavior of animals, affecting their performance and, consequently, the viability of the property. There is a high correlation between the consumption of forage and animal performance, since this is the main source of nutrients for ruminants, especially in the tropics, where the livestock is sustained on the basis of the pastures. Studying the ingestive behavior of ruminants, we can tailor management practices that will increase productivity, ensuring also a better health status and greater longevity of animals. The height of the canopy, density, availability, morphology, nutritional value and palatabilityof forage, category, physiological status, health and selectivity of the animal, topography and temperature of the environment, among others, are factors that affect the intake and digestion of forage, interfering directly in the ingestive behavior of cattle grazing. The animals tend to be more selective in pastures that have the lowest blade: stem and lower availability of fodder. The animal in grazing is under the influence of many factors that may influence the intake of forage, among them, stands the chance to select the diet, because the selective grazing can compensate for low quality forage, allowing the intake of most nutrients plant.
    REDVET. 01/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: Este experimento foi realizado para estudar o óleo de soja e grãos de linhaça como alimentos alternativos na alimentação animal para melhorar o desempenho e as características de carcaça de animais inteiros cruzados e terminados em confinamento por 105 dias. Foram utilizados 21 animais inteiros com 18 meses de idade distribuídos em três tratamentos (n=7): controle (CON), onde foi oferecido concentrado a base de milho; óleo de soja + grãos de linhaça (LS1) e óleo de soja + grãos de linhaça (LS2), onde o período experimental foi dividido em duas etapas: 60 dias com óleo de soja e 45 dias com óleo de soja e grãos de linhaça. Não houve diferença (P > 0,05) entre os tratamentos para peso inicial (343 kg), peso final (501 kg), ganho médio diário (1,50 kg), peso da carcaça quente (262 kg), rendimento de carcaça (52,4%), gordura de cobertura (5,40 mm), área de olho de lombo do Longissimus (88,0 cm2), área de olho de lombo do Longissimus/100 kg (33,7cm2), conversão de matéria seca (MS) (8,00 kg MS/1 kg peso vivo), ingestão de matéria seca (11,8 kg), ingestão de matéria seca/peso vivo (2,80%), ingestão de proteína bruta (1,20 kg), ingestão de energia (52,9 Mcal/dia), ingestão de fibra em detergente ácido/100 kg de peso vivo (0,50%), ingestão de fibra em detergente neutro (2,38 kg) e ingestão de fibra em detergente neutro/100 kg de peso vivo (0,90%). Dessa forma, óleo de soja e grãos de linhaça podem ser utilizados para substituir o milho em dietas para bovinos inteiros sem que haja alteração no desempenho animal e nas características de carcaça. This experiment was carried out to study soybean oil and linseed as feeding alternatives to improve the animal performance and the carcass characteristics of crossbred bulls finished in feedlot for 105 days. There were used 21 bulls with 18 months old randomized in three treatments (n=7): control (CON) which offered concentrate based on corn; soybean oil + linseed grains (LS1); soybean oil + linseed grains (LS2) that had an experimental time divided in two periods: 60 days with soybean oil and the remaining 45 days with soybean oil + linseed grains. No differences (P > 0.05) were observed among treatments on the initial body weight (343 kg), final body weight (501 kg), average daily gain (1.50 kg), hot carcass weight (262 kg), carcass dressing (52.4%), fat thickness (5.40 mm), Longissimus area (88.0 cm2), Longissimus area/100 kg (33.7 cm2) dry matter conversion (8.00 kg DM/1 kg of body weight), dry matter intake (11.8 kg), dry matter intake/live body weight (2.80%), crude protein intake (1.20 kg), gross energy intake (52.9 Mcal/day), acid detergent fiber intake (2.30 kg), acid detergent fiber intake/100 kg of live body weight (0.50%), neutral detergent fiber intake (2.38 kg) and neutral detergent fiber intake/100 kg of live body weight (0.90%). Therefore, soybean oil and linseed can be used to replace corn in beef cattle diets without reducing the animal performance and the carcass characteristics.
    Semina : Ciências Agrárias. 01/2010;
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    Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 07/2009; 38(SPE):371-389. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 01/2009; 38(6). · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This work was carried out to study the carcass characteristics, the chemical composition and the fatty acid profile in Longissimus muscle (LM) of bull breeds Nellore, NEL (11), Caracu, CAR (12) and Holstein-Friesian, HFR (12) finished in a feedlot. The bulls were fed twice a day with corn silage, cotton meal, cracked corn, urea, limestone and mineral salt. NEL and CAR bulls had similar (p>0.05) final weight and hot carcass weight. However, NEL and CAR bulls had higher (p0.05) among NEL, CAR and HFR bulls. NEL and HFR bulls had higher (p
    Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 01/2009; 22(4). · 0.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this review is to address some characteristics that influence meat quality. Genetic groups, nutrition, finishing systems and gender are the major factors that change carcass characteristics, chemical composition and fatty acid profile. Genetic groups that have zebu genes in their composition show higher hot carcass dressing than genetic groups without zebu genes. Genetic groups that have European breeds in their composition have higher marbling scores. On the other hand, genetic groups that have zebu breeds show low marbling scores. Bulls finished in feedlots present higher final weight than steers, cull cows and heifers. Fat thickness is one of the principal parameters that are affected by different gender. Cull cows (4.72 mm) and heifers (4.00 mm) present higher values than bulls (1.75 mm) and steers (2.81 mm). The major effects observed by different systems of termination are fat thickness and marbling. Crude protein presents variation due to nutrition. Nutrition influences variation of fatty acid profile. Genetic groups also influence fatty acid profile. Genetic groups that have zebu genes in their composition show high percentage of PUFA. The major class of fatty acids that is changed with nutrition is PUFA. The better ratios of PUFA/SFA and n-6/n-3 are found in Longissimus muscle of animals finished in pasture systems.
    Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 01/2009; 22(12). · 0.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This experiment was carried out to evaluate performance and carcass characteristics of 40 crossbred young bulls (Zebu×European) finished in a feedlot under two roughage sources (Bermuda grass hay or sorghum silage) with or without the addition of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisae). The bulls were 20 months old, their initial average weight was 356 kg and they were allocated into four groups of ten animals. The experimental diets were Bermuda grass, Bermuda grass+yeast, sorghum silage and sorghum silage +yeast. Animal performance and carcass characteristics were not influenced by roughage source or yeast addition. The average daily weight gain was 1.50 kg, dry matter intake (DMI) was 11.1 kg/d, DMI as percentage of liveweight was 2.60% and feed dry matter conversion was 7.70. The mean dressing percentage was 52.0% and hot carcass weight was 268 kg. Carcass conformation was classified between good-minus to good. Carcass length (137 cm), leg length (72.9 cm) and cushion thickness (26.6 cm) were not influenced by treatments. The average fat thickness was 3.80 mm and the Longissimus muscle area was 66.9 . The classification of color, texture and marbling were slightly dark red to red, fine and slight-minus to light-typical, respectively. The mean percentage of bone, muscle and fat in the carcass was 15.5%, 62.3% and 22.5%, respectively. Yeast addition increased -linolenic fatty acid (0.15 vs. 0.11%) deposition. Bermuda grass hay increased deposition of -linolenic (0.49 vs. 0.41%), arachidonic (2.30 vs. 1.57%), eicosapentaenoic (0.41 vs. 0.29%), docosapentaenoic (0.80 vs. 0.62%), docosahexaenoic (0.11 vs. 0.06%) and n-3 fatty acids, and reduced n-6: n-3 ratio in meat, when compared to sorghum silage treatments. The treatments had no effect on saturated fatty acids (49.5%), polyunsaturated fatty acids (11.8%), n-6 fatty acids (9.87%), n-3 (1.61%) and PUFA:SFA ratio (0.24). Monounsaturated fatty acid levels were higher on sorghum silage (40.7 vs. 37.7%). The addition of yeast caused higher n-6: n-3 ratio (7.28 vs. 5.70) than treatments without yeast.
    Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 01/2009; 22(2). · 0.64 Impact Factor