ABSTRACT: We determined the subtype of HIV-1 in 89 infected individuals attending three reference hospitals located in the Tokyo metropolitan area of Japan. Subtyping was performed with subtype-specific polymerase chain re-action (PCR) distinguishing subtype A, B, C, and CRF01_AE and/or phylogenetic analysis of HIV-1 env C2V3C3 sequences. Subtype-specific PCR provided unequivocal results in 97% of samples. Sixty-five subjects were infected with subtype B, 16 with CRFO1_AE, 4 with subtype A, 1 with CRF02_AG, and 3 with subtype C. Among 31 Japanese individuals infected through heterosexual contact, 13 were infected with subtype Band 12 with CRFO1_AE. All of the 41 Japanese men infected through homosexual contact harbored subtype B. These results indicate that subtype B is exclusively predominant in a homosexually transmitted group, whereas subtype B and CRFO1_AE are evenly predominant in a heterosexually transmitted group.
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 12/2003; 19(11):1057-63. · 2.25 Impact Factor