Publications (3)6.45 Total impact
Article: Diisononyl 1,2-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid (DINCH) and Di(2-ethylhexyl) terephthalate (DEHT) in indoor dust samples: concentration and analytical problems.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Possible human health effects of phthalate plasticizers have been intensely discussed during the last decade. Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), the phthalate acid ester with the largest production volume worldwide, has been substituted by new compounds like Diisononyl 1,2-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid (DINCH) or Di(2-ethylhexyl) terephthalate (DEHT) in many applications. There are numerous reports about concentration levels of phthalates in indoor environments, but data on concentrations of these alternative plasticizers are not available yet. Also, the methods for the determination of phthalate substitutes are not yet established. This study presents the results achieved by quantification using different analytical methods. Data on the concentration of DEHT and DINCH in 953 dust samples from German households are presented. These samples were obtained in four different studies conducted from 1997 to 2009. Maximum concentrations of 110 mg DINCH/kg dust and 440 mg DEHT/kg dust were found. Especially the amount of DINCH has increased significantly after the market introduction of this plasticizer in 2002. Up to the beginning of 2006, DINCH was found in 44% of the dust samples. Dust samples collected in 2009 indicate an increased concentration for both softeners.International journal of hygiene and environmental health 01/2011; 214(1):26-35. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Urine samples from the 2001/2002 pilot study for the German Environmental Survey on children (GerES IV) were analysed for concentrations of the primary DEHP metabolite MEHP (mono(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate) and two secondary DEHP metabolites SOH-MEHP (2-ethyl-5-hydroxy-hexylphthalate) and 5oxo-MEHP (2-ethyl-5-oxo-hexylphthalate). Urine samples had been taken from 254 children aged 3 to 14. In addition, DEHP was analysed in house dust samples. These samples had been collected with vacuum cleaners in the homes of the children. The geometric mean (GM) was 7.9 microg/l for MEHP in urine, and the GMs for the secondary metabolites 5OH-MEHP and 5oxo-MEHP were 52.1 microg/l and 39.9 microg/l. 5OH-MEHP and 5oxo-MEHP concentrations were highly correlated (r = 0.98). The correlations of 5OH-MEHP and 5oxo-MEHP with MEHP were also high (r = 0.72 and r = 0.70). The concentrations of 5OH-MEHP and 5oxo-MEHP were 8.0-fold and 6.2-fold higher than the concentrations of MEHP. The ratios 5OH-MEHP/Soxo-MEHP and 5oxo-MEHP/MEHP decreased with increasing age. Boys showed higher concentrations than girls for all three metabolites of DEHP in urine. Children aged 13-14 had the lowest mean concentrations of the secondary metabolites in urine. The house dust analyses revealed DEHP contamination of all samples. The GM was 508 mg/kg dust. No correlation could be observed between the levels of any of the urinary DEHP metabolites and those of DEHP in house dust.International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 11/2004; 207(5):409-17. · 3.81 Impact Factor
Article: The German Environmental Survey for Children (GerES IV): Plasticizers in House Dust of German Homes With ChildrenEpidemiology. 22:S37-S38-S37-S38.