ABSTRACT: Endoscopic endonasal approaches to the pterygopalatine and infratemporal fossae are technically challenging due to the complex anatomy of these areas. This project attempts to develop an anatomic and surgical model to enhance the understanding of these spaces from the endonasal endoscopic perspective.
Eight pterygopalatine and infratemporal fossae were dissected in four adult human specimens in accordance with institutional protocols. All specimens were prepared with vascular injections using colored latex. Both the pterygopalatine and infratemporal fossae were accessed using a transpterygoid approach, which included a medial maxillectomy. Rod lens endoscopes (with 0°, 30°, and 45° lenses), surgical microscope, microsurgical and endoscopic instruments were used to complete the dissections.
Endoscopic endonasal approaches provided adequate access to the pterygopalatine and infratemporal fossae. Dissection of the internal maxillary artery and its terminal branches, and detachment of the medial and lateral pterygoid muscles were critical steps to access deeper structures of the infratemporal fossa. The lateral pterygoid plate was the most useful landmark to locate foramen ovale, and the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve. The Eustachian tube, medial pterygoid plate, and styloid process were the most useful landmarks to locate parapharyngeal poststyloid structures (parapharyngeal segment of the internal carotid artery, internal jugular vein, cranial nerves IX and X).
A medial maxillectomy coupled with a transpterygoid endoscopic approach, provides adequate access to the pterygopalatine and infratemporal fossae. The complex anatomy of the infratemporal fossa requires precise identification of surgical landmarks to assure preservation of neurovascular structures.
The Laryngoscope 01/2011; 121(1):31-41. · 1.75 Impact Factor
The Laryngoscope 01/2010; 120 Suppl 4:S178. · 1.75 Impact Factor
The Laryngoscope 01/2010; 120 Suppl 4:S244. · 1.75 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Currently described endoscopic techniques for subtotal resections of the maxilla include endoscopic medial maxillectomy and extended endoscopic medial maxillectomy; however, a complete resection of the maxilla is sometimes warranted. We describe a combined transoral and endoscopic technique for total and subtotal maxillectomy in an attempt to decrease the morbidity of traditional approaches.
Technical note, Feasibility, Human cadaveric dissection.
Ten total and subtotal maxillectomies were performed in human specimens without the need of facial incisions or transfixion of the nasal septum. The pterygopalatine and infratemporal fossas were accessed and dissected in all cases.
A combined transoral and endoscopic approach is feasible and can be used in selected patients when other minimally endoscopic techniques are not indicated. The benefits of no facial incisions and/or transfixion of the nasal septum, potential improvement in hemostasis, and visual magnification may help to decrease the morbidity of traditional open approaches.
American journal of otolaryngology 32(5):417-21. · 0.77 Impact Factor