Ryoko Murayama

Tokyo Medical University, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (19)29.18 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The association between depression and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, including eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid, continues to gain focus. In this study, we examined whether dietary intakes and plasma concentrations of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid were associated with depressive symptoms during pregnancy. Healthy Japanese women with singleton pregnancies were recruited at a university hospital in Tokyo between 2010 and 2012. The depressive-symptom group included participants with Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale scores greater than eight. Of the 329 participants, 19 (5.8%) had depressive symptoms. Lower plasma docosahexaenoic acid concentration was significantly associated with prenatal depressive symptoms. Women with depressive symptoms had a higher rate of pregnancy-associated nausea than those with non-depressive symptoms (52.6% vs 28.7%, respectively). Although we adjusted for the presence of pregnancy-associated nausea, dietary fatty acid intake was not associated with depressive symptoms in the multiple logistic regression analyses. Further large studies would be required to examine any preventive effect of dietary fatty acid intake on depressive symptoms among pregnant women.
    Nursing and Health Sciences 01/2015; · 0.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the psychometric properties of the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ) for women who read and speak Japanese. This longitudinal study used a self-report questionnaire and quantitative biometric and instrumental measurements (actigraph) to assess the reliability and criterion validity. A university hospital in Tokyo, Japan. Sixty-nine pregnant women living in Tokyo and its suburbs were recruited. The test-retest reliability of the Japanese version of the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ-J) was evaluated through intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) between PPAQ-J results administered three times (at recruitment, 7 and 14 days later). Criterion validity was assessed by comparing results to actigraph measures using Spearman's correlation coefficients. Participants wore the actigraph over the 2-week research period. Data from 58 participants were analyzed for test-retest reliability. The data of 54 participants were used to analyze criterion validity. The ICCs for the first and second and for the first and third PPAQ-J questionnaires were ≥0.56 for total activity and activities broken down by intensity and type (in metabolic equivalents [METs] × hours/day). To evaluate criterion validity, Spearman's correlation coefficients were calculated between the first measurement of the PPAQ-J and three published cut-points used to classify actigraph data (minutes/day); correlations ranged from .02 to .35 for total activity, -.21 to -.25 for vigorous activity, -.09 to .38 for moderate activity, and .01 to .28 for light activity. The PPAQ-J is a psychometrically sound and comprehensive measure of physical activity in pregnant Japanese women.
    Journal of Obstetric Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing 01/2014; 43(1):107-16. · 1.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress plays a major pathological role in pregnancy-related complications. Although oxidative stress is induced by exogenous toxins in association with a poor lifestyle in normal subjects, there is little information on the factors altering oxidative stress and antioxidant levels during pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between lifestyle factors and oxidative stress/antioxidant levels during each trimester and 1-month postpartum. This prospective cohort study followed 54 healthy women through pregnancy; first, second, and third trimester and 1-month postpartum. Participants were administered a questionnaire on characteristics and lifestyle factors. Morning blood and urine samples were obtained to measure urinary biopyrrins and serum coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) levels. The levels of urinary biopyrrins and serum CoQ10 increased significantly throughout pregnancy, with peak values registered during the third trimester. Higher biopyrrin levels were significantly associated with non-consumption of morning meal during the first trimester, smoking during the third trimester and 1-month postpartum, alcohol consumption during the third trimester, high food-based polyunsaturated fatty acid intake during the third trimester, and poor mental health scores during the first and third trimesters. Higher CoQ10 levels were significantly associated with no smoking during pregnancy and at 1-month postpartum, and with a high frequency of exercise during the third trimester and 1-month postpartum. Thus, pregnancy represents a state of oxidative stress, which can be counterbalanced by increased levels of antioxidants, such as CoQ10. We speculate that certain lifestyle choices such as avoiding smoking can reduce oxidative stress and increase antioxidant levels during pregnancy.
    Bioscience trends 01/2014; 8(3):176-84. · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Maternal vitamin D status is important for fetal development and the prevention of pregnancy complications. Mothers require both sufficient intakes and skin production of this vitamin. We investigated the validity and test-retest reliability of a self-administered diet history questionnaire (DHQ) to establish a method of assessing vitamin D intakes of Japanese pregnant women, using a serum marker. A total of 245 healthy pregnant women in the second trimester, who were not taking vitamin D supplements, were recruited at a university hospital in Tokyo between June 2010 and July 2011. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations were measured as an indicator of vitamin D status. To assess the test-retest reliability of the DHQ, 58 pregnant women completed it twice within a 4-5-week interval. Significant positive correlations between intakes and serum concentrations of vitamin D were found (r = 0.266 for daily intakes and r = 0.249 for energy-adjusted intakes). In the winter investigation in which the serum 25(OH)D concentrations were less likely to be affected by sunlight exposure, the correlation coefficients were 0.304 for both daily and energy-adjusted intakes. After excluding participants with pregnancy-associated nausea, the coefficients increased. The intraclass correlation coefficient between vitamin D intakes estimated from the two-time DHQ was 0.638. The DHQ provides an acceptable validity and reliability of the vitamin D intake of Japanese pregnant women. However, the data of women with nausea should be interpreted with caution. We believe that the DHQ is a useful questionnaire to grasp and improve vitamin D intakes during pregnancy.
    Maternal and Child Nutrition 10/2013; · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A high total homocysteine (tHcy) level during pregnancy is a risk factor for adverse perinatal outcomes, such as fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia. Caffeine is assumed to increase tHcy levels by acting as a vitamin B6 antagonist. The objective of this study was to examine a relationship between circulating tHcy levels and dietary caffeine and vitamin B6 intakes in pregnant Japanese women. A total of 321 healthy women with singleton pregnancies were recruited in metropolitan Tokyo, from June to December 2008, resulting in the final number included in the study as 254. Dietary caffeine intakes did not correlate with plasma tHcy levels. When we analyzed the data according to caffeinated beverages, caffeinated tea consumption was positively associated with plasma tHcy levels only among the women with a high intake of vitamin B6 , after controlling for confounding factors (P = 0.029). No correlation between coffee consumption and plasma tHcy levels was found. Pregnant Japanese women might need to cut down the consumption of caffeinated tea as well as take sufficient vitamin B6 in order to prevent the tHcy levels from increasing.
    Nursing and Health Sciences 07/2013; · 0.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intakes during pregnancy affect fetal development and maternal mental health; therefore, an accurate assessment of EPA and DHA intakes is required. We hypothesized that a self-administered diet history questionnaire (DHQ) that was developed for non-pregnant adults could be used for estimating EPA and DHA intakes in pregnant Japanese women; thus, we evaluated the validity and reproducibility of the DHQ during pregnancy. We recruited 262 healthy participants with singleton pregnancies during their second trimester at a university hospital in Tokyo between June 2010 and July 2011. Plasma concentrations of EPA and DHA were measured as reference values. Fifty-eight women completed the DHQ twice, within a 4- to 5-week period to assess the reproducibility of the results. Among the participants without pregnancy-associated nausea (n = 180), significantly positive correlations were observed between energy-adjusted intakes and plasma concentrations of EPA (rs = 0.388), DHA (rs = 0.264), and EPA + DHA (rs = 0.328). More than 60% of the participants without nausea fell into the same or adjacent quintiles according to energy-adjusted intakes and plasma concentrations of EPA, DHA, and EPA + DHA. Meanwhile, among the participants with nausea, a low correlation for EPA and no correlation for DHA and EPA + DHA were found. Intraclass correlation coefficients for the 2-time DHQ measurements were 0.691 (EPA) and 0.663 (DHA). The results indicate that the DHQ has an acceptable level of validity and reproducibility for assessing EPA, DHA, and EPA + DHA intakes in pregnant Japanese women without nausea.
    Nutrition research 06/2013; 33(6):473-8. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract We investigated the validity and reproducibility of a self-administered diet history questionnaire (DHQ) that estimates the intakes of β-carotene, vitamin C and α-tocopherol. Ninety-five healthy women with singleton pregnancies in the second trimester were examined at a university hospital in Tokyo. The intakes of β-carotene, vitamin C and α-tocopherol assessed by the DHQ were compared to the corresponding serum concentrations. To assess the reproducibility, 58 pregnant women completed it in two sessions within a 4-5 week interval. We found significantly positive correlations between the energy-adjusted intakes and serum concentrations of β-carotene and vitamin C (r = 0.254 and r = 0.323, respectively). However, α-tocopherol intake was not associated with the corresponding serum concentration. The intraclass correlation coefficients of the two-time DHQ were 0.743 (β-carotene), 0.665 (vitamin C) and 0.718 (α-tocopherol). DHQ has acceptable validity and reproducibility for β-carotene and vitamin C intakes in Japanese pregnant women.
    International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 03/2013; · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and Objective: There is controversy on the psychological effects of postpartum exer-cise. The study aimed to evaluate the effective-ness of a postpartum exercise program on health-related quality of life and psychological well-being. Methods: We conducted a randomized controlled trial in Tokyo, Japan. The intervention groups participated in ball-exercise classes (week-ly exercise of 90 minutes for four weeks) at three months postpartum. The exercise class included the following: 1) greeting and warm-up; 2) aero-bic exercise involving bouncing on an exercise ball 55 or 65 cm in diameter; 3) rest and self-introduction; 4) stretching and cooling down. The primary outcome measure was health-relat-ed Quality of Life (QOL) assessed using the MOS Short-Form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36v2). The secondary outcome measures were Rosen-berg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) scores. The intervention group was compared to the control group at four months postpartum. Results: Of the 120 women screened, 110 women met the study criteria. Nine could not be included and the remaining 101 were allocated randomly into intervention and control groups (50 and 51 par-ticipants respectively). Analysis of covariance adjusting for baseline values indicated that the SF36 subscales of physical functioning (p = 0.018) and vitality (p = 0.016) significantly im-proved in the intervention group compared to the control group, although there were no signi-ficant differences between the groups in the SF36 Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) scores. The RSES increased in the intervention group (p = 0.020) compared to the control group. No signi-ficant group differences were observed in EPDS scores. Conclusions: The postpartum exercise class program provided to healthy postpartum women appears to have contributed to promo-ting health-related QOL and self-esteem.
    Health 03/2013; 5:432-43953058. · 2.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Severe antenatal fear of childbirth causes adverse effects on emotional well-being during the postpartum period. The Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire is widely used to measure fear of childbirth among women before (version A) and after (version B) delivery. In this study, the original Swedish version was translated into Japanese, and its validity and reliability were examined among healthy, pregnant Japanese women. The Japanese-translated version presented a multidimensional structure with four factors: fear, lack of positive anticipation, isolation, and riskiness. Exhibiting concurrent/convergent validity, the Japanese version correlated with other psychological measures at expected levels. The Cronbach's α (0.90) and the intraclass correlation coefficient (0.86, P < 0.001) were high. In conclusion, the results provide support for the Japanese version to be considered a valid and reliable measure of prenatal fear of childbirth among pregnant Japanese women.
    Nursing and Health Sciences 02/2013; · 0.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to translate the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-Short Form 20 (PFDI-20) into Japanese and test its reliability and validity among Japanese women. METHODS: Fifty-nine women with and without pelvic floor disorders (age 55.8 ± 16.8 years, mean ± SD) completed the Japanese PFDI-20 (J-PFDI-20) questionnaire at baseline and 2 weeks later. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and the Bland and Altman method for test-retest reliability and Cronbach's alpha for internal consistency of the J-PFDI-20 were used. Scores of total and subscales were compared between women with and without pelvic floor disorders for known-groups validity. Spearman's correlation coefficients between the J-PFDI-20 and the severity of pelvic floor disorders and Urinary Incontinence Quality of Life Scale (I-QOL) were used for construct validity. RESULTS: The PFDI-20 was successfully translated from English into Japanese with face validity through rigorous cross-cultural validation. Test-retest reliability of the J-PFDI-20 and three subscales was good to excellent (ICC = 0.77-0.90). The Bland and Altman analysis showed that differences between the first and second scores of total J-PFDI-20 and its subscales were not significantly different from 0 and largely fell within the range of 0 ± 1.96 SD. Cronbach's alpha values were 0.52-0.83. Analysis of known-groups validity showed differences in scores of the J-PFDI-20 between women with and without pelvic floor disorders. Acceptable construct validity was found in J-PFDI-20 total and subscale scores with positive correlations to severity of pelvic floor disorders (ρ > 0.35) and negative correlations to I-QOL (ρ < -0.39). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the J-PFDI-20 is a reliable and valid condition-specific quality of life instrument for women with pelvic floor disorders.
    International Urogynecology Journal 10/2012; · 2.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: No validated dietary questionnaire for assessing folate and vitamin B(12) intakes during pregnancy is available in Japan. We evaluated the validity and reproducibility of intakes of folate and vitamin B(12) estimated from a self-administered diet history questionnaire (DHQ) in Japanese pregnant women. A sample of 167 healthy subjects with singleton pregnancies in the second trimester was recruited at a private obstetric hospital in metropolitan Tokyo from June to October 2008 (n = 76), and at a university hospital in Tokyo from June 2010 to June 2011 (n = 91). The dietary intakes of folate and vitamin B(12) were assessed using the DHQ. The serum concentrations of folate and vitamin B(12) were measured as reference values in the validation study. To assess the reproducibility of the results, 58 pregnant women completed the DHQ twice within 4-5 week interval. Significantly positive correlations were found between energy-adjusted intakes and serum concentrations of folate and vitamin B(12) (r = 0.286, p < 0.001 and r = 0.222, p = 0.004, respectively). After excluding the participants with nausea (n = 121), the correlation coefficient for vitamin B(12) increased to 0.313 (p = 0.001). When participants were classified into quintiles based on intakes and serum concentrations of folate and vitamin B(12), approximately 60% were classified in the same or adjacent quintile. The intraclass correlation coefficients of the two-time DHQ were 0.725 for folate and 0.512 for vitamin B(12). The present study indicated that the DHQ had acceptable validity and reproducibility for assessing folate and vitamin B(12) intakes in Japanese pregnant women.
    Nutrition Journal 03/2012; 11:15. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High levels of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) during pregnancy are a risk factor for preeclampsia. Ox-LDL levels might be affected by folate and total homocysteine (tHcy) levels because of their effects on oxygen free radicals. The relationships between ox-LDL and folate and tHcy during pregnancy, however, remain unclear. The present study investigated whether serum folate levels and plasma tHcy levels were associated with plasma ox-LDL levels in pregnant women. A sample of 137 healthy subjects with singleton pregnancies (age 30.3 ± 4.5 years) was recruited from a prenatal clinic in metropolitan Tokyo between June and October 2008. Their levels of plasma ox-LDL, plasma tHcy, and serum folate were measured, and lifestyle variables were obtained using a questionnaire. Dietary intake was assessed by means of a validated self-administered diet history questionnaire. A negative correlation between plasma ox-LDL levels and serum folate levels was found (r(s) = -.218, p =.011). However, there was no association between plasma ox-LDL levels and plasma tHcy levels (r(s) = .055, p = .525). The mean of the logarithmic ox-LDL levels was significantly lower among the participants taking folic acid-containing supplements regularly than among those who were not, after adjusting for confounding factors (p = .024). Serum folate levels and folic acid supplementation might be associated with plasma ox-LDL levels, independent of tHcy levels. The association observed between ox-LDL and folate can be used as evidence for dietary instruction by prenatal care providers.
    Biological Research for Nursing 12/2011; · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the relationship between the working situation (full-time housewife, stopped working during pregnancy, or currently employed) and the lifestyle factors, reasons for stopping work during pregnancy, and effects of working conditions in order to identify the factors that are related to the continuation of employment among pregnant Japanese women. In a cross-sectional study, a questionnaire was administered to pregnant women who visited an obstetrics clinic in a Tokyo suburb for an outpatient medical check-up during July and August 2004. The data of 530 healthy pregnant women were analyzed. The pregnant women who stopped working during their pregnancy had lower mental health scores than the full-time housewives and employed pregnant women. In each trimester, the employed pregnant women reported a shorter daytime sleep duration than the pregnant women who stopped working during their pregnancy and the full-time housewives. The reasons for stopping work during pregnancy were categorized as somatic symptoms due to pregnancy, working conditions, and a sense of values or social reasons. The employed women in the third trimester more often reported the availability of, and access to, a rest area in their company, compared to those in the first and second trimesters. The lifestyle factors of the pregnant women were different, based on their work situation. In particular, the employed pregnant women had a shorter daytime sleep duration. The pregnant women who stopped working during their pregnancy could have benefited from mental health support. In addition, the reasons for stopping work during pregnancy were different in the three trimesters. A flexible system is needed for working women that adapts to the physical changes that occur during pregnancy.
    Japan Journal of Nursing Science 12/2011; 8(2):153-62. · 0.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Despite the fact that more than 90% of mothers in Japan prefer breastfeeding, the breastfeeding rate at 6 months postpartum is as low as approximately 35%. Postpartum depression and bonding disorder are recognized as factors associated with discontinuation of breastfeeding. However, these factors remain controversial. The purpose of the present study was to clarify the effect of postpartum depressive symptoms and bonding on the feeding pattern from 1- to 5-month postpartum. A longitudinal study was conducted at 1- and at 5-month postpartum, in 405 mothers who attended health check at three hospitals in the Tokyo metropolitan area at 1-month postpartum, and completed longitudinal questionnaires. A high proportion of breastfeeding mothers at 1 month postpartum had Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) score of ≥ 9 at 5 months postpartum (p=0.01), and these mothers changed to formula milk-based feeding at 5-month postpartum, when compared with those of the breastfeeding-based group at both 1- and 5-month postpartum,. The appearance of depressive symptoms seems to promote discontinuation of breastfeeding at 5-month postpartum.
    Journal of affective disorders 06/2011; 133(3):553-9. · 3.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine whether instruction to sleep in a lateral posture prior to falling asleep could increase the frequency of instructed posture and sleep quality, as evaluated by sleep parameters and a questionnaire for subjective assessment of sleep. The participants were comprised of 8 middle-aged and elderly men who had an awareness of their habitual snoring during sleep. Data were gathered from observations of sleep posture, sleep polysomnography and a subjective sleep quality questionnaire. As a result of the instruction, the frequency of the instructed posture was significantly increased, and there were no significant effects on sleep parameters or the frequency of postural changes. The subjective sleep quality during the instructed sleep showed worse scores than free postural-sleep for all factors. Our findings suggest that the instructed sleep posture could be increased during sleep without substantially worsening the sleep parameters and the frequency of postural changes. Future studies will therefore be required to clarify the mechanism and the long-term effects of such instruction on sleep posture, including the influence on subjective sleep quality.
    Bioscience trends 06/2011; 5(3):111-9. · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Folate is a vital nutrient during pregnancy for the prevention of neural tube defects, intrauterine fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia. Circulating folate levels might be negatively affected by ()-epigallocatechin gallate, which is a tea catechin found in green tea and oolong tea. The aim of this study was to determine whether consumption of green tea or oolong tea was associated with circulating folate levels among pregnant women in Japan. Two hundred and fifty-four healthy women with a singleton pregnancy (age: 30.4 ± 4.7, gestational age: 27.5 ± 9.6 weeks) were recruited from a prenatal clinic in metropolitan Tokyo, Japan. The serum folate levels were measured. Nutrient intake was assessed using a self-administered diet history questionnaire. Information on lifestyle variables was obtained from the questionnaire. The high consumption of green tea or oolong tea was defined as consumption more than 57.3 mL per 1,000 kcal, which is the 75th percentile of participants. The serum folate levels of the participants with high consumption of green tea or oolong tea was significantly lower than those of others (p = 0.027). A multiple regression analysis revealed the high consumption of green tea or oolong tea to be associated with a low serum folate level during pregnancy, after adjusting for confounding variables including dietary folate intake and use of folic acid supplements or multivitamins (β = -0.131, p = 0.016). The association between folate and the consumption of green tea or oolong tea may be useful to clarify the mechanism which links adverse perinatal outcomes and tea consumption.
    Bioscience trends 10/2010; 4(5):225-30. · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to conduct a translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Japanese version of the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ) that consisted of 36 items. We translated and adapted the PPAQ to the Japanese culture. This procedure included a forward step (stages I and II, translations and synthesis), quality control (stage III, back translation, and stage IV, expert committee review), and pre-testing (stage V). In the pre-test, the preliminary Japanese version was tested on ten Japanese pregnant subjects. The content, semantic, technical, conceptual, and experiential equivalents of cultural adaptation were discussed by the research members at each step. In the results section, one new item was added to address "riding a bicycle in order to go to a certain place other than for recreation or exercise", because many Japanese women often use a bicycle. The average age of the pregnant subjects in the pre-test was 32.7 years of age. The response time ranged from 5 to 15 min. Two subjects responded that they rode a bicycle under the new item. The preliminary Japanese version of the questionnaire was revised to reflect the opinions of pregnant subjects for cross-cultural adaptation, including the semantic, experiential, and technical equivalents. The consensus of content and conceptual equivalents of the pre-final version of PPAQ by discussion among the research members was obtained throughout these processes. The original developer approved all revisions. In conclusion, the pre-finalized Japanese version of the PPAQ was indicated to have cross-cultural equivalency with the original English version.
    Bioscience trends 08/2010; 4(4):170-7. · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PurposeTo investigate the relationship between displacement of the bladder base and genitohiatal distance during voluntary contractions of pelvic floor muscles in postpartum women. MethodsTwenty women (age 34.7±4.4years, BMI 21.1±3.2kg/m2) at about 6weeks after a vaginal delivery were studied. Displacement of the bladder base and genitohiatal distance were measured by transabdominal and transperineal ultrasound, respectively. ResultsDisplacement of the bladder base was significantly correlated with shortening of genitohiatal distance (r=0.772, p<0.001). The intraclass correlation coefficient of the three measurements in each woman was 0.796 for displacement of the bladder base. There was no significant difference in terms of displacement of the bladder base between continent women and incontinent women. ConclusionThis study suggests a strong positive correlation between displacement of the bladder base and shortening of genitohiatal distance during voluntary contractions of pelvic floor muscles in postpartum women. Measurement of displacement of the bladder base by transabdominal ultrasound can be helpful for evaluating pelvic floor function in postpartum women. KeywordsBladder base-Pelvic floor function-Postpartum-Transabdominal ultrasound-Transperineal ultrasound
    Journal of Medical Ultrasonics 01/2010; 37(4):187-193. · 0.64 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Japan Academy of Midwifery 01/2006; 20(2):40-49.