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Publications (13)3.06 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of FLK1, CD146 and microvessel density of angiogenesis at the first week of reperfused acute myocardial infarction (AMI). 16 of mini-swines (20 to 30 Kg) were randomly assigned to the sham-operated group and the AMI group. Pathologic myocardial tissue was collected at day 7 following reperfusion and detected by dual immunochemistry, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot. The infarcted area had higher FLK1 mRNA expression than the sham-operated area and the normal area (all P < 0.05), and the infarcted and marginal areas showed higher CD146 protein expression than the sham-operated area (all P < 0.05), but the microvessel density (CD31 positive expression of microvessels/HP) was not significantly different between the infarcted area and the sham-operated area (8.92 ± 3.05 vs 6.43 ± 1.54)(P > 0.05). FLK1 and CD146 expression significantly increase in the infarcted and marginal areas, and the microvessel density of angiogenesis in the infarcted area is similar to normal microvessel density of healthy heart tissue, suggesting that FLK1 and CD146 are possible associated with angiogenesis at day 7 following reperfused acute myocardial infarction.
    Cytotherapy 03/2011; 13(3):304-7. · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Assess the clinical implication of microvasculopathy detected by endomyocardial biopsy samples in patients post heart transplantation. Light microscopic evaluations were performed in 278 endomyocardial biopsies harvested from 64 patients post heart transplantation for more than one year, microvasculopathy was defined as stenotic endothelial and/or medial disease. The patients with stenotic microvasculopathy were younger than those without microvasculopathy (40.7 ± 15.9 vs. 49.4 ± 8.7, P < 0.05). The mean score of acute cellular rejection (0.83 ± 0.39 vs. 0.37 ± 0.32, P < 0.01) and the numbers of ≥ grade II acute rejection (0.84 ± 0.16 vs. 0.23 ± 0.10, P < 0.01) were significantly greater in stenotic microvasculopathy group compared to those of non-stenotic group. Multivariate regression analysis confirmed that stenotic microvasculopathy is the independent risk factor for the mean acute rejection score (OR = 3.40, 95%CI, 4.62 - 193.07, P < 0.01), but not for the Quilty lesion, coronary heart disease of donor, diabetes mellitus. Angiographically confirmed coronary vasculopathy and cardiac dysfunction (χ(2) = 0.94, P > 0.05 and χ(2) = 2.90, P > 0.05) were similar between microvasculopathy group and non-microvasculopathy group. Post heart transplantation microvasculopathy is an immune-mediated phenomenon and associated with higher mean score of acute cellular rejection and higher numbers of ≥ grade II acute rejection but was not the prognostic risk factor for coronary vasculopathy and function reduction after heart transplantation.
    Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 02/2011; 39(2):156-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the expressions of eNOS3 and Ve-cadherin at the first week of reperfused acute myocardial infarction (AMI). 16 of mini-swines (20 to 30 Kg) were randomly assigned to the sham-operated group and the AMI group. Pathologic myocardial tissue was collected at 7-day of LAD reperfusion and assessed by immunofluorescence and laser co-focus microscope scan, in-situ hybridization, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot. At 7-day of reperfusion, the eNOS3 mRNA and protein expressions in the infarcted and marginal areas were lower than those in the normal area and sham-operated area (all P<0.05), similarly the infarcted and marginal areas had lower Ve-cadherin mRNA expression than the normal area and the sham-operated area (all P<0.05), and Ve-cadherin protein expression was lower in the infarcted area compared with the marginal area, the normal area and the sham-operated area (all P<0.05). Low expressions of eNOS3 and Ve-cadherin in the salvaged sub-healthy microvascular endothelium of infarcted and marginal areas suggest that endothelial system is impaired at 7-day of reperfused acute myocardial infarction.
    Cardiovascular & hematological disorders drug targets. 06/2009; 9(2):107-17.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the pathologic features of dilated heart in cardiac transplant recipients, with clinicoradiologic correlation. Sixty recipient hearts from cardiac transplantation performed in Fuwai Hospital were analyzed by gross examination, histologic observation and electron microscopy. Clinicoradiologic correlation was available in 40 cases. Amongst the 40 cases of dilated heart, 52.5% (21/40) were due to dilated cardiomyopathy, 22.5% (9/40) due to arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, 15.0% (6/40) due to ischemic cardiomyopathy, and the remaining 10.0% (4/40) due to miscellaneous causes, including local noncompaction of ventricular myocardium, giant cell myocarditis, alcoholic cardiomyopathy and hypertensive cardiomyopathy. The discrepancy rate between clinical and pathologic diagnosis was 37.5% (15/40). The erroneous categories included arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (7 cases), ischemic cardiomyopathy (5 cases), and giant cell myocarditis (1 case), which were all mistaken clinically as dilated cardiomyopathy. While ischemic cardiomyopathy, arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, noncompaction of ventricular myocardium and giant cell myocarditis have distinctive pathologic features, the diagnosis of alcoholic and hypertensive cardiomyopathies required clinicopathologic correlation. Dilated cardiomyopathy due to viral myocarditis was not identified in the cases studied. Pathologic examination is essential in analysis of transplant recipient heart and helps to rectify clinical diagnostic discrepancy.
    Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi Chinese journal of pathology 01/2008; 36(12):796-800.
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    ABSTRACT: Endomyocardial biopsies from 42 (35 males and 7 females, aged 43.3 years) heart transplant recipients due to end-stage heart failure between June 2004 and January 2006 in our institute were obtained for pathological studies. Sixteen patients underwent 1 endomyocardial biopsy (right ventricular septum) between 13 days to 5 months, 13 patients underwent second biopsy between 1.5 to 8 months and 10 patients underwent third biopsy between 3 to 8.5 months post transplantation. Specimen were stained by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Phosphotungstic Acid Hematoxylin (PTAH) and observed under light microscope and cardiac allograft rejection were evaluated according to the Revision of the 1990 working formulation for the standardization of nomenclature in the diagnosis of heart rejection in 2004. The rejection grades were as follows: Grade 0 R in 31 biopsies; Grade 1 R (mild rejection 1990 grade 1A, 1B and 2.) in 30 biopsies; Grade 2 R (moderate rejection, 1990 grade 3A) in 3 biopsies; Grade 1 R cellular rejection companies with humoral rejection in 1 biopsy. Cellular rejection with Quilty effect was found in 2 biopsies. Ischemic myocardial injury presented in 4 biopsies. Quilty effect was observed in 1 biopsy. Cytomegalovirus or toxoplasmic myocarditis was not observed. Endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) is a valuable diagnostic procedure for rejection surveillance in heart allograft recipients. The observed low rejection incidence and mild rejection from specimens of our heart recipients were comparable to the results of developed countries.
    Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 10/2006; 34(9):819-21.
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the beneficial effects of Atenolol and Metoprolol on cardiomyocyte apoptosis and related gene expressions after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in rats. AMI model was established with the ligation of anterior descending coronary artery in 251 randomly selected female SD rats. Twenty-four hours after operation, the 124 survivors were randomly assigned to AMI control group (MI group, n = 43), Atenolol group (group A, 10 mg x kg(-1) d(-1), n = 39), and Metoprolol group (group B, 20 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1), n = 42). Sham operation group (group S, n = 27) was also established. Two subgroup (48 h subgroup and 4 weeks subgroup) was randomly divided in each group according to the time points. Drugs were given to each treatment group by gastric gavage 24 h after ligation. Cardiomyocyte apoptosis was detected with terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase biotin-dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) and DNA ladder. Bcl-2, bax and caspase-3 genes were detected with immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. Compared with AMI control group, myocyte apoptosis rate (MAR) significantly decreased only in infarction area (P < 0.01) in group B. Bcl-2 expression was found to increase in myocytes of infarction, border and non-infarcted areas except for non-infarcted area of group A. Changes of the expressions of bax and caspase-3 was not significant. Four weeks after AMI, MAR was found to decrease significantly in scar, border and non-infarcted areas (P < 0.05, P < 0.01) in both group A and group B. No significant changes of bcl-2, bax and caspase-3 expressions was found except for a significant decrease of bax expression in non-infarcted area of group A. As indicated by Western blot, no significant change of the expressions of caspase-3, bcl-2 and bax were found in myocytes of group A and group B compared with AMI control group; however, bcl-2/bax ratio significantly increased to the same level of sham-operated group (P < 0.05). Both Atenolol and Metoprolol treatment can reduce cardiomyocyte apoptosis in infarction/scar, border and non-infarcted areas after AMI, mainly through the increase of bcl-2 expression and bcl-2/bax ratio.
    Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 08/2006; 28(4):538-43.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the beneficial effects of carvedilol on cardiomyocyte apoptosis and related gene expression after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Eighty-three female SD rats underwent ligation of left anterior descending coronary artery, and were randomly assigned to 2 groups 24 hours later: carvedilol (n = 40, 10 mg.kg(-1).d(-1)was administered via direct gastric gavage 24 hs after the ligation, Group C) and AMI control group (n = 43, normal saline of the same volume was given by gastric gavage, Group MI). Another 27 rats were used as sham operation group (Group S, administered with normal saline too). The rats of each group were killed and their hearts were taken out 48 hours and 4 weeks after observation respectively (MI-48 h, MI-4 week, C-48 h, C-4 week, S-48 h, and S-4 week subgroups). TUNEL and DNA gel electrophoresis were used to detect the cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were used to detect the expression of bcl-2 and bax. The apoptotic indices of the infracted/scar, border and non-infarcted areas at any time-point of Group MI were all significantly higher than those of Group S (all P < 0.05). Only the apoptotic indices of the infracted/scar and border areas of the C-4 week subgroup were significantly lower than those of the MI-4 week subgroup (both P < 0.05), and were close to those of the non-infarcted area. DNA gel electrophoresis showed that the positive rate of Group S at any time-point were both 0, the positive rate of MI-48 h subgroup and C-48 h subgroup were both significantly higher than that of Group S (both P < 0.05) without significant difference between these 2 groups, and the positive rates of the MI-4 week subgroup and C-4 week subgroup were both 0. Immunohistochemistry showed that the bax gene expression was slightly to significantly increased in the infarcted/scar, border, and non-infarcted areas of the MI-48 h and MI-4 week subgroups. The bcl-2 expression was significantly increased only in the infracted area of the MI-48 h subgroup. The bcl-2 expression was slightly increased in the infracted and border areas of the C-48 h subgroup and the bax expression was significantly decreased in the infracted/scar area of the C-4 week subgroup. Western blotting showed that (1) the bcl-2 expression of the S-4 week subgroup was significantly higher than that of the S-48 h subgroup (P < 0.05), (2) the bcl-2 expression and bax expression of the MI-48 h subgroup were significantly higher than that of the S-48 h subgroup (P < 0.05 - 0.01), the bcl-2/bax ratio of the MI-48 h subgroup was significantly lower that that of the S-48 h subgroup, however, there were no significant differences in the bcl-2 and bax expression and bcl-2/bax ratio between the MI-4 week subgroup and S-48 h subgroup (all P > 0.05), and (3) There were no significant difference in the bcl-2 and bax expression between Group A and Group S (all P > 0.05), however, the bcl-2/bax ratios at the 2 time-points of Group C were both significantly higher than those of Group MI. Cardiomyocyte apoptosis occurs in the infarction/scar, border and non-infarcted areas after AMI. Prolonged treatment with carvedilol reduces cardiomyocyte apoptosis in the scar and border areas and increases the expression ratio of bcl-2/bax.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 05/2006; 86(13):919-22.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the clinicopathologic features of primary cardiac valve tumors. Eleven cases of primary valve tumors collected from Fuwai Hospital during the period from 1983 to 2005 were enrolled into the study. The tumors were stained with hematoxylin and eosin and Weigert-Van Gieson stain. Immunohistochemistry was also carried out in selected examples. Primary cardiac valve tumors were uncommon and accounted for only 3% (11/426) of all primary cardiac tumors. Most of them (10/11) were benign and malignancy was rarely encountered (1/11). The tumor subtypes included papillary fibroelastoma (4/11), cavernous hemangioma (4/11), glomus tumor (1/11), angiosarcoma (1/11) and hamartoma (1/11). Of the 11 tumors studied, 4 involved the tricuspid valve, 4 involved the mitral valve, 2 involved the pulmonary valve and 1 involved the aortic valve. The diagnosis was established by preoperative echocardiography in 7 patients. The remaining 4 cases were either misdiagnosed or undiagnosed. Preoperative diagnosis of primary cardiac valve tumors can be difficult due to lack of detailed information related to this group of lesions. Although benign cardiac valve tumors carry a good prognosis, the clinical outcome may be disastrous as a result of hemodynamic disturbances. Intraoperative frozen section examination is advisable for guiding proper surgical management.
    Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi Chinese journal of pathology 04/2006; 35(3):142-4.
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the degree of intimal hyperplasia and the prevalence of atherosclerosis in radial arteries taken from the patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and to analyze the risk factors to obtain some helpful information for choosing arterial conduits. Forty-one radial arteries and 11 internal mammary arteries samples were collected. The average age of patients was 48.5 years, and they all were male. Intimal hyperplasia, atherosclerosis, medial calcification were evaluated by routine histological methods, and the severity of diseases was measured on the percentage of luminal narrowing and the intima-to-media ratio (the intima area/media area). The risk factors for coronary heart disease were also analyzed. Ninety-three percent (38 of 41) of radial arteries showed mild intimal hyperplasia, which was not regarded to influence blood flowing after CABG. As a part of them, 54% (22/41) of radial arteries had a lower than 25% of luminal narrowing, meanwhile 39% (16/41) of radial arteries had the percentage of luminal narrowing between 25% and 50%. Only 7% (3 of 41) of radial arteries were found to have occlusive lesions, which made arterial lumen decreased more than 75%. The 3 patients including 2 with severe atherosclerosis and another 1 aged 17 years was involved by fibromuscular dysplasia. The later vessel was discarded after harvesting. The percentage of luminal narrowing and the intima-to-media ratio were higher in radial artery than that in internal mammary artery (t = 3.00, 2.49, P < 0.05). The two parameters were positively correlated with age (r = 0.398, 0.310, P < 0.05), but this study failed to show any relationship between intimal hyperplasia of radial artery and coronary lesions and other risk factors. Medial calcification was not found by routine histological method in all cases. Only mild intimal hyperplasia and no medial calcification are found in radial arteries used for CABG in the patients. Because the risk factors could not yet predict the severity of radial arterial lesions, this study strongly suggests that the Doppler ultrasonography and pre-operation clinical consideration should be emphasized to screen out some arteries with occlusive lesions.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 02/2006; 44(2):83-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Seven cases of autopsy from SARS patients are studied to investigate the pathogenesis and the pathologic changes of the major organs. Detailed gross and microscopic examination of the autopsy specimen is performed, including lung, heart, liver, kidney, spleen and lymph nodes. All of the lungs are markedly enlarged and consolidated. Microscopically, pulmonary edema is a prominent finding, especially at the early stage of the disease (5 days after the onset). The alveolar spaces are filled with fibrinous exudates and lined with hyaline membrane. In 5 cases that undergo over 3 weeks of the course, the main pattern is organization of intra-alveolar deposit, along with fibroblastic proliferation in the alveolar septa, which leads to obliteration of alveolar space and pulmonary fibrosis. All of the lungs show bronchopneumonia, scattered hemorrhage, and proliferation of alveolar epithelial cells with desquamation. Microthrombi are seen in 6 cases. Fungal infection is noted in 2 cases. One of them is disseminative, involving bilateral lungs, heart, and kidney; the other one is diagnosed in hilar lymph nodes. In immune system, hilar and abdominal lymph nodes are usually congested and hemorrhagic, with depletion of lymphocytes, and accompanied with subcapsular sinus histiocytosis. One of the cases shows enlargement of abdominal lymph nodes, which have reduced number of germinal centers. Spleen exhibits atrophy of white pulps, and even lost of white pulps in some areas. The red pulp is markedly congested and hemorrhagic. In 5 cases, cardiomegale is prominent. Thrombosis (2 cases), focal myocarditis (1 case), and fungal myocarditis (1 case) are observed. In addition, liver shows massive necrosis (1 case) and nodular cirrhosis (1 case). Lung is the major organ affected by SARS, demonstrated as diffuse alveolar damage. It is postulated that viral infection induces severe damage of alveolar epithelial and capillary endothelial cells, leads to pulmonary edema, intra-alveolar fibrin deposit, and hyaline membrane formation. Consequently, intra-alveolar organization and alveolar septal fibrosis causes loss of alveolar spaces, eventually, pulmonary fibrosis and atelectasis. The immune system is often affected, and presented as depletion of lymphoid tissue in lymph nodes and spleen. Secondary infection is a common complication, which should be paid close attention in the management of SARS patients.
    Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi Chinese journal of pathology 01/2004; 32(6):516-20.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the morphological features of the lungs obtained from autopsies of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) patients. Bilateral lungs from 7 patients died from SARS were carefully studied grossly and microscopically. All tissues from these cases were routinely processed and carefully studied. All lungs from these cases were extremely expanded and became solid. Microscopically, the edema and fibrin exudates in the alveoli was the most common findings, especially in the early phase of the disease. The hyaline membrane was almost always present in the lungs of these cases. The organization of intra-alveolar fibrin exudates along with the interstitial fibrosis led to obliteration of alveoli and consolidation of lungs. The desquamation and hyperplasia of alveolar lining cells was also apparent. Foci of haemorrhage and lobular pneumonia, even diffuse fungal infection were frequently seen in these specimens. Micro-thrombus were easily found in these lungs. The lung of SARS from autopsy is characterized by edema, intra-alveolar fibrin exudates, hyaline membrane formation, organization of intra-alveolar exudates and fibrosis, which lead to the obliteration of alveoli and consolidation of lungs.
    Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 07/2003; 25(3):360-2.
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    ABSTRACT: To improve the diagnosis of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) by a clinical-pathological analysis of 10 cases of PTE. Eight cases of massive and submassive (in the segmental and larger pulmonary arteries) PTE confirmed by autopsy and 2 cases of PTE who underwent surgical treatment in the past 10 years (1991 - 2001) were studied. The specimens were fixed in 10% buffered formalin, and paraffin sections cut, and stained with HE and ET + VG. The pathological features were analyzed. There were 8 males and 2 females, aged 3.5 to 72 years (mean 33.3). The underlining diseases included congenital heart diseases (3 cases of ventricular septal defect complicated with pulmonary hypertension, and 1 case of tetralogy of Fallot), malignant lymphoma in the heart (n = 1), rheumatic heart disease (n = 1), lung metastatic cancer from stomach (n = 1), and phlebitis of the legs (n = 1). The sources of PE remained unknown in 2 cases. Among these cases, only 2 were diagnosed clinically. The research showed that PTE in patients who had underlining cardiovascular diseases, malignant tumors in the heart or lungs and pneumonia (pulmonary abscess) were hard to diagnose clinically. Pathological study is helpful in improving the clinical diagnosis of PTE.
    Zhonghua jie he he hu xi za zhi = Zhonghua jiehe he huxi zazhi = Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases 03/2003; 26(2):81-3.
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives This study is to investigate the angiogenesis and vasculogenesis at the first week of reperfused acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods 16 of mini-swines (20 to 30 Kg) were randomly assigned to the sham-operated group and the AMI group. The acute myocardial infarction and reperfusion model was created and the pig tail catheter was performed to monitor hemodynamics before left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) occlusion, 90 min of LAD occlusion and 120 min of LAD reperfusion. Pathologic myocardial tissue was collected at 7-day of LAD reperfusion and further assessed by immunochemistry, dual immunochemistry, in-situ hybridization, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot. Results The infarcted area had higher FLK1 mRNA expression than sham-operated area and the normal area (all P<0.05), and the infarcted and marginal areas showed higher CD146 protein expression than the sham-operated area (all P<0.05), but the microvessel density (CD31 positive expression of microvessels/HP) was not significantly different between the infarcted area and the sham-operated area (8.92±3.05 vs 6.43±1.54) at 7-day of reperfused acute myocardial infarction (P>0.05). Conclusions FLK1 and CD146 expression significantly increase in the infarcted and marginal areas, and the microvessel density is not significantly different between the infarcted area and the sham-operated area, suggesting that angiogenesis and vasculogenesis in the infarcted area appear to high frequency of increase in 7-day of reperfused myocardial infarction.
    Nature Precedings.