[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Undertaking transplantation in highly sensitized African American (AA) patients as transplant recipients represents a unique challenge. We retrospectively compared the outcomes of AA with non-African American (NAA) patients who had panel reactive antibody >80% and received deceased donor (DD) kidneys by virtual crossmatch. Immunosuppressive regimen included basiliximab induction and tacrolimus, mycophenolate acid and steroids maintenance. Among 835 consecutive transplants from 1998 to 2007, 142 (17%) were sensitized patients including 89 (16.6%) AA and 53 (17.7%) NAA patients. The AA group had similar 5-year incidence of acute rejection as NAA group (21.4% vs. 26.4%, P = 0.25). Kaplan-Meier estimated graft survival at 1, 3 and 5 years were 91%, 85% and 82% in AA group, and 94%, 79% and 71% in NAA group (P = 0.08). The death-censored graft survival at 1, 3, and 5 years were 93%, 86% and 84% in AA group, and 96%, 83% and 78% in NAA group (P = 0.11). The 1, 3, and 5 years patient survivals were 93%, 88% and 85% in AA group, and 96%, 96% and 94% in NAA group (P = 0.17). Highly sensitized AA patients could be transplanted with DD kidneys at a similar rate as NAA patients, and they may not have a higher incidence of rejection or an inferior graft survival than NAA patients.
Transplant International 03/2011; 24(3):259-65. DOI:10.1111/j.1432-2277.2010.01188.x · 2.60 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We examined the effects of increasing human leukocyte antigen (HLA) mismatches (MM) on long-term graft outcomes in patients transplanted with a panel reactive antibody (PRA) >80% over a 10-yr period.
A total of 142 recipients were divided into three groups based on the number of HLA MM with their allograft (0-2, 3-4 and 5-6 MM; Groups I, II and III). All patients received the same immunosuppression protocol.
The higher MM groups had a higher incidence of rejection (4.4% vs. 11.4% vs. 31.3%, p < 0.01). A multivariate analysis showed that rejection was the only significant variable affecting graft loss (OR = 7.45, p = 0.01). There was a trend toward more CMV infection and worse graft function with higher MM. Kaplan-Meier five-yr graft survival estimates were 100% vs. 81% vs. 74% for Groups I, II and III, respectively (p = 0.14).
In patients with PRA levels >80%, a higher HLA MM is associated with higher incidence of acute rejection. Acute rejection was the only significant variable affecting graft loss. We found a trend toward more CMV infections and worse graft outcomes with higher MM. Closer HLA matching and immunologic monitoring needs to be considered to improve graft outcomes among sensitized recipients.