ABSTRACT: Stent design, metal alloy composition, and strut thickness may influence late lumen loss and clinical outcomes after bare metal stent deployment; however, their impact on outcomes after drug-eluting stent deployment is unknown. Although the TAXUS Liberté and ION paclitaxel-eluting stents use similar polymer and drug, the ION stent incorporates a novel thin-strut platinum chromium metal alloy and cell design. We therefore compared patient-level data from 2,298 subjects enrolled into the TAXUS ATLAS (TAXUS Liberté) and PERSEUS (ION) clinical trials. Propensity-score (1:1) matching was performed to adjust for covariate imbalance between stent types. Twelve-month major adverse cardiac events were less frequent after use of the ION compared to the TAXUS Liberté (12.7% vs 8.3%, p <0.001, unadjusted; 12.0% vs 7.5%, p = 0.007, propensity matched) largely because of decreased non-Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI; 2.9% vs 1.4%, p = 0.01, unadjusted; 3.2% vs 0.9%, p = 0.004, propensity matched). The MI difference was predominantly periprocedural and in patients treated with a single stent. In conclusion, this exploratory post hoc analysis demonstrated that the ION was associated with fewer adverse clinical events than the TAXUS Liberté because of decreased non-Q-wave MI. Stent platform-related variables may influence clinical outcomes after drug-eluting stent use despite similar polymer and drug elution. Differences in adjunctive pharmacotherapy and/or stenting technique may also be contributory.
The American journal of cardiology 07/2011; 108(6):828-37. · 3.58 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Small reference vessel diameter predicts adverse outcomes following coronary stenting. TAXUS Express and TAXUS Liberté paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) reduce restenosis compared to bare metal stents (BMS) in small diameter vessels. TAXUS Element is a novel thin-strut, platinum chromium stent designed to enhance visibility, conformability, and drug delivery in small diameter vessels.
The PERSEUS Small Vessel (SV) prospective, single-arm, superiority trial evaluates the TAXUS Element PES in 224 subjects with target lesion length≤20 mm and vessel diameter≥2.25 to <2.75 mm, compared to 125 lesion-matched historical Express BMS control subjects from the TAXUS V trial. The primary endpoint was nine-month in-stent late loss. The secondary endpoint was 12-month target lesion failure (TLF) compared to a pre-specified performance goal (PG). Outcomes were analysed with and without propensity-score adjustment. TAXUS Element was superior to the Express BMS for late loss (0.38±0.51 versus 0.80±0.53 mm respectively; P<0.001), and TLF (7.3%) was significantly less than the 19.5% PG (P<0.001). No differences in mortality, myocardial infarction, or stent thrombosis were observed through 12 months. Results were similar after adjustment.
PERSEUS SV supports the efficacy and safety of the platinum chromium, thin-strut TAXUS Element stent in small coronary vessels.
EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 03/2011; 6(8):920-7, 1-2. · 3.29 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the novel platinum chromium TAXUS Element paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) compared with the TAXUS Express PES (Boston Scientific, Natick, Massachusetts) in treating coronary artery stenoses.
The TAXUS Element is a novel thin-strut (81 microm), platinum chromium alloy PES designed to improve radial strength, radiopacity, and deliverability, while safely providing comparable restenosis benefit compared with a previous-generation PES.
The PERSEUS (Prospective Evaluation in a Randomized Trial of the Safety and Efficacy of the Use of the TAXUS Element Paclitaxel-Eluting Coronary Stent System) Workhorse (WH) trial is a prospective, randomized (3:1), controlled, multicenter study of the TAXUS Element (vs. TAXUS Express) PES for the treatment of de novo coronary atherosclerotic lesions<or=28 mm in length in reference vessels>or=2.75 to <or=4.0 mm in diameter. The primary end point was the 12-month rate of target lesion failure, and the secondary end point was 9-month angiographic in-segment percentage diameter stenosis. The study was powered to demonstrate noninferiority to TAXUS Express for both end points.
The intent-to-treat analysis included 1,262 patients (320 TAXUS Express, 942 TAXUS Element). The TAXUS Element was noninferior to TAXUS Express with respect to both the incidence of target lesion failure (5.57% vs. 6.14%, respectively; difference: 0.57%; 95% credible interval: 1.85%; Bayesian posterior probability of noninferiority=0.9996) and percentage diameter stenosis (ln[%DS] 3.09 vs. 3.12, respectively; difference: 0.03; 95% credible interval: 0.11; Bayesian posterior probability of noninferiority=0.9970). No differences in clinical outcomes to 12 months were observed between stent treatments, and stent thrombosis was infrequent (0.3% Express, 0.4% Element).
At 1 year, the TAXUS Element is comparable in efficacy to the TAXUS Express PES. Furthermore, no safety concerns related to the novel platinum chromium alloy or stent design were observed. (A Prospective Evaluation in a Randomized Trial of the Safety and Efficacy of the Use of the TAXUS Element Paclitaxel-Eluting Coronary Stent System for the Treatment of De Novo Coronary Artery Lesions; NCT00484315).
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 07/2010; 56(4):264-71. · 14.16 Impact Factor