[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives:
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the functional mobility and its relationship to cognitive ability in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), age between 50 and 65 years and under 10 years of diagnosis.
Materials and methods:
An observational, analytical and cross-sectional study, involving no diabetic and type 2 diabetic individuals with inadequate glycemic control, selected by convenience sampling. In both groups, were administered structured questionnaire and cognitive assessment with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the clock drawing test (CDT), besides assessment of functional mobility by the Timed Up & Go (TUG).
In TUG, DM2 patients presented a mean time of 11.27 seconds versus 9.52 seconds (p = 0.013). The association between cognitive decline and decrease of mobility was positive in individuals with T2DM (p = 0.037). In the subgroup that showed decrease of mobility and associated cognitive decline, 18% were patients with DM2 and 1.6% were individuals without T2DM (p < 0.01).
Patients with T2DM presented worse functional mobility and cognitive performance, supporting the hypothesis that DM2 influence functional mobility and cognitive ability, regardless of neuropathic or vascular complications. These data suggest that hyperglycemia is an aggravating factor in the performance of activities requiring mental functions such as attention, working memory and orientation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare frequency and risk of falls based on a functional mobility test in diabetic and non-diabetic individuals.
Cross-sectional study involving patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) selected by convenience sampling. Men and women between the ages of 50 and 65 were included and divided as group 1 (G1) - with DM2 diagnosis for < 10 years fasting blood glucose at interview/test time, as well as prior > 200 mg/dL; and group 2 (G2) - no diabetes, same age group, and fasting blood glucose < 100 mg/dL. Both groups responded to a structured questionnaire about their health, fall risk, and underwent a physical exam and a mobility assessment test (Timed Up and Go - TUG). The results were analyzed by the software SPSS, with TUG being categorized in ranges of risk for fall. We considered that the risk was positive for all those who fit into medium- and high-risk range.
Fifty patients with DM2 and 68 patients without DM2 were assessed. There were no statistical differences in the number of falls between the groups, however non-diabetic subjects obtained a higher performance in TUG test (p = 0.003) as the risk categories were observed. Reduced visual acuity and difficulty in getting up were more frequently reported in G1 (p < 0.05).
There appears to be an association between hyperglycemic status and poorer mobility, with an increased fall risk even in younger patients and in those with shorter disease duration.
Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira 04/2012; 58(2):234-9. DOI:10.1590/S0104-42302012000200021 · 0.93 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To verify the prevalence of women with risk of fractures estimated by ultrasonometry of the calcaneus (UOC) in a population of elderly women and its association with clinical risk factors.
Cross-sectional study of which sample was randomly selected and submitted to a structured questionnaire about risk factors for fractures. All women underwent UOC.
We studied 168 Caucasian postmenopausal women, with a mean age of 69.56 ± 6.27 years; 81% of these women had abnormal test results and 41% of the abnormal results were considered higher risk. Women with abnormal test results had lower weight, height and BMI, and had lower values of SOS, BUA, BQI and T-score. After adjustment, BMI remained significant for abnormal UOC (OR = 3.37, 95% CI: 1.19 9.56, p = 0.02), and history of previous fractures for UOC of the higher risk range (OR = 4.44, 95% CI: 1.16-16.96, p = 0.03).
We observed a high prevalence of risk of fractures determined by the UOC. Our prevalence was higher than those in other Brazilian studies. There was an association between UOC and BMI and previous history of fractures.
Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira 12/2011; 57(6):651-6. DOI:10.1590/S0104-42302011000600011 · 0.93 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between quality of life and spinal fracture in women aged over 60 living in Southern Brazil.
A case-control study was conducted with the application of the WHOQOL-bref questionnaire to 100 women living in the city of Chapecó (SC), aged over 60, postmenopausal, white or Caucasian, with no important cognitive impairment or a history of diseases known to affect bone metabolism, or malignant neoplasias. The population was divided into two groups depending on the presence or absence of fractures in the spine radiography. We analyzed variables related to the current and previous medical history, life habits and family history of fractures, and the domains and facets that compose the WHOQOL-bref. All participants were informed about the objectives and methodologies adopted and gave written informed consent to participate in the study.
The mean age of the women in the fracture group was older than that of women with fractures (p<0.05). Also women with fractures tended to belong to a higher social class, to have more years of study, a higher family income, and a greater use of alcoholic drinks (p<0.05). In the evaluation of the WHOQOL-bref domains, the fracture group had the highest average in the psychological field (χ=63.6±3.0) and the lowest in the environment field (χ=9.3±58.8). In the group without fracture, the highest average also occurred in the psychological domain (χ=67.2±9.3) and the lowest in the field of social relations (χ=57.5±7.7). Statistical analysis showed no significant correlation between the averages of the facets that make up the areas between the groups with and without fractures.
This study suggests that there is no impairment of quality of life among older women with vertebral fractures, but the relation between QL and time of occurrence and severity of the fractures should be better evaluated. Both groups had higher scores in the psychological domain, showing that the respondents rely on personal beliefs, spirituality and religion, accept their physical appearance while maintaining self-esteem and the ability to think, to learn and to concentrate despite the presence of this disease. There was no statistically significant difference between groups or between domains in the same group.
Revista brasileira de ginecologia e obstetrićia: revista da Federação Brasileira das Sociedades de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia 05/2011; 33(5):231-7.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fractures are the main problems related to bone fragility in postmenopausal women and account for the increase in the risk of new fractures, mortality, and costs. This study's objective was to verify the occurrence of vertebral fragility fracture and correlate it with demographic, behavioral, and clinical factors in a Brazilian population. The cross-sectional study was based on a random sample of elderly women living in Chapecó, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. The sample consisted of 186 white women over 60 years of age. Of these, 48.9% had asymptomatic vertebral fractures, with higher prevalence in T11-12 and L4-5. Adjusted analysis showed a gradient between age and vertebral fracture, while fracture prevalence was 2.3 times higher in women over 80 years. Fracture prevalence was 1.44 times higher in sedentary as compared to non-sedentary women. Due to the high prevalence of asymptomatic vertebral fractures, the authors suggest the use of spinal x-rays in elderly women for fracture screening and prevention.
Cadernos de saúde pública / Ministério da Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública 09/2010; 26(9):1777-87. DOI:10.1590/S0102-311X2010000900011 · 0.98 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A strong aging tendency is currently being observed in the world population, leading to an increase n the prevalence of such diseases as osteoporosis and fractures. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of fracture risk, estimated by quantitative ultrasound of the calcaneus in a population of postmenopausal women residing in the Ilha de Paquetá neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. We conducted anthropometric measurements and quantitative ultrasound of the calcaneus using Sonost 2000 in 385 postmenopausal women. Some 59.22% of the sample showed a T-score < -1, while 16.88% had T-score < -2.5. The test parameters varied with increasing age, with a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) between fracture risk groups according to age, time since menopause, weight, BMI, and body fat. There was a correlation between sound velocity and BMI (r = 0.155; p = 0.002). We concluded that some 60% of the female study population showed some degree of fracture risk. The women at highest risk (T-score < -2.5) were older, with more time since menopause, and had higher weight and BMI as compared to the other groups.
Cadernos de Saúde Pública 03/2007; 23(2):381-90. · 0.98 Impact Factor