Revista Espanola de Cardiologia 12/2011; 65(7):670-1.
ABSTRACT: To validate the axillary approach as a safe and efficient option for the transcatheter aortic valve implantation in patients who have contraindication for femoral approach at three Spanish hospitals.
We included patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis at very high or prohibitive surgical risk, selected by a multidisciplinary team, for transcatheter aortic valve implantation, and had contraindication to the femoral approach.
We included 19 of 186 (10.5%) patients, who were implanted a percutaneous aortic valve, between November 2008 and March 2010. The mean age was 78.3 (standard deviation [SD]±8.65) years and 73.7% were males. The mean logistic EuroSCORE was 28.7% (SD±16.3%). The procedural success rate was 100%. After the procedure the maximum transvalve gradient decreased from 81.7 mmHg (SD±21.5) to 15.8 mmHg (SD±5.5), and no patient presented residual aortic regurgitation >2. The all-cause mortality, with a mean follow-up time of 9.2 (SD±3.2) months was 10.5%, and the in-hospital and 30-day mortality rates were 0%. The global incidence of major complications due to the procedure was 15.7%. Definitive pacemaker implantation was carried out for atrioventricular block in 8 patients (44.4%).
The axillary approach for transcatheter aortic valve implantation using the CoreValve(®) and contraindication to the femoral approach is safe and efficient for selected patients, with excellent results in terms of success implantation and in hospital and 30-day mortality.
Revista Espa de Cardiologia 02/2011; 64(2):121-6. · 2.53 Impact Factor
Revista Espa de Cardiologia 09/2010; 63(9):1108-9. · 2.53 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Chronic renal failure (CRF) is an emergent pathology in industrialized countries and is associated with high prevalence of coronary artery disease. Our aim is to determine the influence of CRF in the appearance of adverse cardiovascular events after sirolimus-eluting stent implantation in a non selected cohort.
Observational retrospective study with a cohort of 461 patients who received one or more sirolimus-eluting stent between September 2002 and December 2005 at our institution. We evaluated the incidence of adverse cardiovascular events during the follow-up period and their relation with chronic kidney disease. We used the abbreviated Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation to calculate the GFR.
The mean follow-up was 42 months (SD ± 13) and the mean age was 61 ± 11 years and 85 percent of the group were men. Chronic renal failure was present in 50 patients, 11 percent of the cohort. In a multivariate model, after adjustment for age, sex, left ventricle election fraction, anemia, diabetes, hypertension, Killip class and stent thrombosis, chronic renal failure was an independent predictive factor of death from any cause (hazard ratio, 3.82; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.41-10.33, p = 0.008), and an significant risk factor for restenosis (hazard ratio 3.47; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.01-11.97, p = 0.045). Significant differences were not found in thrombosis between patients with or without CRF (8% vs 3.4%, p = 0,109), although a trend was observed in the CRF group. There no were statistical association with need for a new target vessel revascularization (TVR) after coronary intervention either (18.8% versus 10.5%, p = 0.094).
The presence of chronic renal failure in patients with coronary disease is associated with higher risk of restenosis and is a potent predictor of mortality after sirolimus-eluting stent implantation.
Medicina Clínica 05/2010; 135(6):250-5. · 1.38 Impact Factor