[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Dermatomyositis (DM) is a multisystem inflammatory disease with a strong association with malignancy. We aimed to describe a series of Asian patients with DM and identify any significant clinical factors associated with malignancy.
This was a retrospective review of a multi-racial cohort of 69 Asian patients diagnosed with DM over an 11-year period from 1996 to 2006.
Malignancy was detected in 15 out of 68 patients (22%), the most common of which was nasopharyngeal carcinoma (7 cases). Compared to the non-malignancy group, the malignancy-associated group was older and had more male patients. There were no statistically significant clinical, serological or laboratory factors associated with a higher risk of malignancy.
This study highlights the importance of ongoing malignancy screening especially for nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Asian patients with DM.
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore 11/2010; 39(11):843-7. · 1.36 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A prospective study was performed to assess the usefulness of desmoglein enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay testing compared with indirect immunofluorescence in the diagnosis of new cases of pemphigus, as well as to compare the relative sensitivities of monkey oesophagus and normal human skin as substrates for indirect immunofluorescence. These tests were performed on the sera of 29 consecutive new cases of pemphigus diagnosed over a 2-year period based on clinical, histological and direct immunofluorescence findings. Desmoglein enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was positive in all patients whereas indirect immunofluorescence was positive in only 25 of 29 patients. All four patients with negative indirect immunofluorescence had positive antinuclear antibodies or cytoplasmic fluorescence that could have masked the anti-intercellular antibodies. Desmoglein enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay appeared to reflect the disease activity better than indirect immunofluorescence in a few patients who had active disease of recent onset. Monkey oesophagus was found to be superior or equal to human skin as a substrate for indirect immunofluorescence in both pemphigus vulgaris and foliaceus.
Australasian Journal of Dermatology 12/2005; 46(4):239-41. · 0.97 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report 3 cases of pemphigus vulgaris (PV) confirmed by histology and direct and indirect immunofluorescence that showed transition to pemphigus foliaceus (PF) 2-4 years from the time of disease onset. Desmoglein (Dsg) ELISA testing of the sera from these 3 patients in the later stages of their disease showed the presence of anti-Dsg1 antibodies and the absence of anti-Dsg3 antibodies. These patients were on prednisolone and immunosuppressives at the time the sera were tested, and it is unclear if the transition from PV to PF is a permanent one or whether it is due to preferential suppression of Dsg3 antibodies below a certain threshold. Previously reported cases of transition from PV to PF and PF to PV are summarized.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A subset of erythema multiforme (erythema multiforme) is associated with herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection; viral cultures of erythema multiforme lesions are, however, usually negative and viral antigens difficult to identify. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been used to demonstrate the association, hence, is currently the only available sensitive diagnostic means for HSV-associated erythema multiforme. A nested PCR, which could simultaneously detect and genotype HSV in erythema multiforme lesions and in clinical swab specimen was developed using the DNA polymerase gene of HSV as target gene because it is the only detectable HSV gene in a high proportion of erythema multiforme lesions. The PCR has demonstrated its robust sensitivity on swab samples by being able to detect further 45.3% HSV cases in comparison with virus isolation with 100% specificity in both detection and genotyping confirmed by virus isolation and DNA sequencing. This study represents the first investigation of typing HSV virus in HSV-associated erythema multiforme patients, and the finding that 66.7% of the patients was attributed to HSV1, 27.8% to HSV2, and 5.6% to HSV1 and 2 co-infection may reflect the distribution of HSV1 and 2 in local general population.
Journal of Medical Virology 12/2003; 71(3):423-8. · 2.37 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The wide variation in the detection of herpes simplex virus (HSV) DNA (36-75%) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in erythema multiforme (EM) may be partly attributed to differences in case selection in terms of subsets of EM studied.
To determine the frequencies of detection of HSV DNA in specific subsets of EM.
Nested PCR was used to detect HSV DNA in skin biopsies with histologically proven EM.
PCR was performed on skin biopsies from 63 patients with EM. HSV DNA was detected in 3/11 (27.2%) of single-episode HSV-associated EM (HAEM), 6/10 (60%) of recurrent HAEM, 1/4 (25%) of single-episode idiopathic EM and 6/12 (50%) of recurrent idiopathic EM. HSV DNA was not detected in atypical EM (0/11), suspected drug-induced EM (0/9) or Stevens-Johnson syndrome (0/6).
The overall PCR positive rates of HAEM (42.9%) and idiopathic EM (43.8%) were comparable suggesting that idiopathic EM is likely to be related to a subclinical HSV infection.