P R Cook

University of Washington Seattle, Seattle, Washington, United States

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Publications (12)19.53 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There has been a recent explosion of new in vitro tests for the diagnosis of allergies. At present there is no general agreement on which type of in vitro test is best. Recently our hospital switched in vitro testing from the modified radioallergosorbent system (mRAST) to the Pharmacia CAP system (CAP). While changing in vitro testing techniques, 47 patients were tested with both the mRAST and CAP tests. Comparisons were made between the mRAST and CAP results of Alternaria tenuis and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus allergens. These results were then compared with the results of patients who also underwent intradermal skin testing based on end point titration techniques.
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 12/1997; 117(5):471-4. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Seventy paranasal sinus computed tomography scans of patients with cystic fibrosis were compared with those of age-matched control groups of randomly selected chronic sinusitis patients without cystic fibrosis to determine whether differences in disease patterns existed. In patients older than 10 years, frontal sinus agenesis and maxilloethmoid sinus opacification were significantly more prevalent in patients with cystic fibrosis than in chronic sinusitis patients without cystic fibrosis. Medial bulging of the lateral nasal wall was significantly greater in patients with cystic fibrosis than in chronic sinusitis patients without cystic fibrosis in patients older than 5 years. On the basis of these findings, a diagnostic triad of radiologic findings for cystic fibrosis detection is presented, as well as its clinical implications.
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 04/1996; 114(3):394-9. · 1.73 Impact Factor
  • G J Nishioka, P R Cook
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    ABSTRACT: The enhanced understanding of the pathophysiology of cystic fibrosis (CF) has advanced significantly the management of this disorder, resulting in both an increased longevity and an improved quality of life. Sinonasal disease is an important aspect of CF. The goal of this article is to provide a current synopsis of CF sinonasal disease with an emphasis on disease symptomatology, physical signs, characteristic radiographic features, and outcome-based management options. When indicated, functional endoscopic sinus surgery has been shown to be a safe and effective treatment option for children with CF.
    Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America 03/1996; 29(1):193-205. · 1.46 Impact Factor
  • P R Cook, G J Nishioka
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    ABSTRACT: Allergic disease is very common in the U.S. population and even more common in children seen by otolaryngologists. Allergy causes or contributes to virtually all of the diseases in the respiratory tract that otolaryngologists, particularly otolaryngic allergists, evaluate and treat. The signs and symptoms of allergic disease in the pediatric patient are reviewed to improve the appreciation of the role of allergy in pediatric otolaryngology. Recent research developments, which are reviewed in detail in this article, underscore the importance of allergic, inflammatory response in rhinosinusitis. The key to long-term therapeutic success, particularly in pediatric rhinosinusitis, is management of the underlying allergic diathesis.
    Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America 03/1996; 29(1):39-56. · 1.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the first prospective study of the effect of partial middle turbinectomy on nasal airflow and resistance as measured objectively by active anterior rhinomanometry. Our study group consisted of 31 consecutive patients who underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery with simultaneous partial middle turbinate resections. We found that all patients had significant improvement in nasal airflow (p < 0.001) and significant decrease in nasal resistance (p < 0.001). Thus we found no deleterious effect on nasal function. Additionally, we reviewed the literature on retrospective series in which patients had received partial middle turbinectomies and found no evidence that nasal function was impaired after surgery. We conclude that partial middle turbinectomy may be performed without adversely altering nasal function, as measured by active anterior rhinomanometry.
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 10/1995; 113(4):413-9. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Twenty-nine consecutive patients with cystic fibrosis were offered functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Twenty-six of these patients underwent surgery. A symptom questionnaire was obtained from the patient or parent before surgery. At the end of the study this symptom questionnaire was again administered to the same individual, and 21 completed it. There were 14 male and 7 female patients, with a mean age of 12.3 years and a median age of 8.7 years. Mean follow-up was 34.3 months. Results for the following symptoms were significant: nasal airway obstruction was improved (p < 0.0002), olfactory function was improved (p < 0.0037), purulent nasal discharge was decreased (p < 0.001), and activity level was increased (p < 0.001). Other parameters are also reported in the text. In summary, this study prospectively studies the effects of functional endoscopic sinus surgery on symptoms in patients with cystic fibrosis. The study points out several significant areas of symptom improvement and supports the selective use of functional endoscopic sinus surgery in patients with cystic fibrosis. Indications for surgery are provided.
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 10/1995; 113(4):440-5. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anaphylaxis may be defined as a systemic, immunoglobulin E-mediated (Gell-Coombs type I) hypersensitivity reaction triggered by exposure to an antigen in a previously sensitized patient. Anaphylaxis may occur in a variety of circumstances; however, when it occurs as the result of immunotherapy, it is of great concern to the practicing allergist. When describing or reporting anaphylaxis relating to immunotherapy, most allergists speak in terms of the types of reactions, local vs. systemic. Germane to this discussion is the use of the term systemic reaction, which can mean anything from mild allergy symptoms resulting from an allergy injection to bradycardia and hypotension (shock). In this article we report serious or significant systemic reactions, which are characterized by any of the following symptoms: urticaria, sneezing or nasal obstruction, throat tightness or congestion, wheezing, and shock (bradycardia or hypotension). There were no fatalities reported from the survey group. The overall reaction rate was 0.3%.
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 07/1994; 110(6):487-93. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Twenty asthma patients who underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic sinusitis were studied. Medical records and questionnaire data for these 20 patients were studied regarding the impact of sinus disease and functional endoscopic sinus surgery on their asthma. We found that 95% reported that their asthma was worsened by their sinus disease (95% confidence interval, 0.74 to 0.99+), and 85% reported that functional endoscopic sinus surgery improved their asthma (0.60 to 0.97). Of the 13 patients who used both inhalers and systemic medication, 53.8% were able to eliminate some of their medication (0.21 to 0.79). Furthermore, 61.5% of these patients had a concomitant reduction in their inhaler use (0.28 to 0.85). All patients (six) who used only inhalers experienced a reduction in their inhaler use (0.54 to 1.00), and two patients were able to eliminate their inhalers completely. One of two patients who were steroid dependent was able to discontinue steroids after surgery. Of patients who used steroids intermittently (13), 53.8% were able to eliminate the use of steroids after surgery (0.21 to 0.79). Patients who required preoperative hospital admissions (4) and emergency room or urgent physician office visits (18) had a 75.0% and 81.3% (p < 0.001) reduction in visits, respectively, after surgery. Because 43% of the cost of asthma is the result of hospitalizations and emergency department/urgent physician office visits, a significant impact on health care costs can be realized with functional endoscopic sinus surgery in this patient population.
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 06/1994; 110(6):494-500. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Eighteen patients were operated on by functional endoscopic sinus surgery who had no ostiomeatal unit obstruction on computed tomography scan and had unremarkable paranasal sinuses. These patients also had no apparent ostiomeatal unit obstruction on diagnostic nasal endoscopy. Data were collected on these patients regarding the impact of very limited functional endoscopic sinus surgery on their principal complaint of recurrent sinusitis with facial pain/headache thought to be of sinogenic origin. Sixteen patients (88.9%) had a reduction in the number of sinus infections requiring antibiotic therapy. This reduction was significant at p < 0.0001. Twelve of 14 patients whose facial pain/headache was believed to be of sinogenic origin had a significant reduction in severity (95% confidence interval, 49.2% to 95.3%). We discuss the role of reversible nasal mucosal disease in the pathophysiology of recurrent rhinosinusitis in this patient population. This was a very small, select group of patients who had specific complaints and had had medical treatment failures. This therapy is not recommended for every patient, but only a select few with classic complaints of sinus headaches or recurrent sinusitis and negative computed tomography scans.
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 06/1994; 110(6):505-9. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A total of 283 consecutive patients with chronic sinusitis underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery. There were 72 allergic patients and 211 nonallergic patients. Data were collected on the effect of immunotherapy on middle meatotomy patency, synechiae formation, and recurrent polyps in allergic patients. Data supported the following conclusions: (1) Immunotherapy given either before or after surgery does not statistically influence middle meatotomy patency, synechiae formation, or recurrence of polyps after functional endoscopic sinus surgery. However, the data do suggest, for all three outcome parameters, that allergic patients who undergo immunotherapy do better than those who do not undergo immunotherapy and, with the exception of recurrent polyps, do as well as nonallergic patients. (2) The prevalence of preoperative polyps is the same for allergic and nonallergic patients in this study, but polyp recurrence is higher in allergic patients. (3) Approximately 40% of allergic patients who began preoperative immunotherapy stopped immunotherapy after surgery because their allergic symptoms resolved or were minimal. A comment regarding this observation is provided.
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 05/1994; 110(4):406-12. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on a series of 33 consecutive cases of antrochoanal polyp (ACP) treated by endoscopic sinus surgery over a five-year period. All but one patient was treated by endoscopic sinus surgery alone. This method of treatment was quite effective for ACPs. These 33 patients represent 22.3% of all nasal polyp patients on whom we operated during the same period. This incidence of ACP is greater than that generally reported in the literature. Some authors have attempted to distinguish ACPs from common nasal polyps primarily on the basis of morphology, histology, and the clinical behavior of the ACPs. In our series, a multivariate analysis, including histopathologic correlation, did not support the notion that ACPs are clearly distinct from common nasal polyps. Some interesting differences between the polyp groups did, however, become evident in our data analysis. Generally, ACPs are not thought to be associated with allergic disease; however, in our series we found the association of allergic disease with ACPs to be statistically significant (Chi-square = 4.575, p < .05).
    Ear, nose, & throat journal 06/1993; 72(6):401-2, 404-10. · 1.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although anaphylactic reactions resulting from immunotherapy rarely occur, when they do occur they can be life-threatening. The literature reveals more than 30 deaths attributed to immunotherapy but numerous reports of anaphylaxis. We reviewed a 5-year experience of immunotherapy in a University practice and their experience with systemic reactions is presented. More than 125,000 injections were given in this time period. Of the 550 patients receiving immunotherapy, 14% experienced anaphylactic reactions, the majority of which were mild.
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 08/1992; 107(1):78-83. · 1.73 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

161 Citations
19.53 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1996
    • University of Washington Seattle
      Seattle, Washington, United States
  • 1993–1995
    • University of Missouri
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Department of Surgery
      Columbia, MO, United States