P Falson

Aarhus University, Aarhus, Central Jutland, Denmark

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Publications (26)109.62 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have found that despite a markedly low calcium affinity the D813A/D818A mutant is capable, after complexation with Cr.ATP, of occluding Ca(2+) to the same extent (1-2 Ca(2+) per ATPase monomer) as wild- type ATPase. The inherent ability of the synthetic L6-7 loop peptide to bind Ca(2+) was demonstrated with murexide and mass spectrometry. NMR analysis indicated the formation of specific 1:1 cation complexes of the peptide with calcium and lanthanum with coordination by all three aspartate residues D813/D815/D818 that resulted in an altered conformation of the peptide chain. Overall our observations suggest that, in addition to mediating contact between the intramembranous Ca(2+) binding sites and the cytosolic phosphorylation site as previously suggested, the L6-7 loop, in a preceding step, participates in the formation of an entrance port important for lodging Ca(2+) at a high-affinity binding site inside the membrane.
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 05/2003; 986:90-5. · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: By pumping calcium from the cytosol to the ER, sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPases (SERCAs) play a major role in the control of calcium signaling. We describe two SERCA1 splice variants (S1Ts) characterized by exon 4 and/or exon 11 splicing, encoding COOH terminally truncated proteins, having only one of the seven calcium-binding residues, and thus unable to pump calcium. As shown by semiquantitative RT-PCR, S1T transcripts are differentially expressed in several adult and fetal human tissues, but not in skeletal muscle and heart. S1T proteins expression was detected by Western blot in nontransfected cell lines. In transiently transfected cells, S1T homodimers were revealed by Western blot using mildly denaturing conditions. S1T proteins were shown, by confocal scanning microscopy, to colocalize with endogenous SERCA2b into the ER membrane. Using ER-targeted aequorin (erAEQ), we have found that S1T proteins reduce ER calcium and reverse elevation of ER calcium loading induced by SERCA1 and SERCA2b. Our results also show that SERCA1 variants increase ER calcium leakage and are consistent with the hypothesis of a cation channel formed by S1T homodimers. Finally, when overexpressed in liver-derived cells, S1T proteins significantly induce apoptosis. These data reveal a further mechanism modulating Ca(2+) accumulation into the ER of nonmuscle cells and highlight the relevance of S1T proteins to the control of apoptosis.
    The Journal of Cell Biology 07/2001; 153(6):1301-14. · 10.82 Impact Factor
  • Analytical Biochemistry 11/2000; 285(2):276-8. · 2.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have used the Hepatitis B Virus DNA genome as a probe to identify genes clonally mutated in vivo, in human liver cancers. In a tumor, HBV-DNA was found to be integrated into the gene encoding Sarco/Endoplasmic Reticulum Calcium ATPase (SERCA), which pumps calcium, an important intracellular messenger for cell viability and growth, from the cytosol to the endoplasmic reticulum. The HBV X gene promoter cis-activates chimeric HBV X/SERCA1 transcripts, with splicing of SERCA1 exon 11, encoding C-terminally truncated SERCA1 proteins. Two chimeric HBV X/SERCA1 proteins accumulate in the tumor and form dimers. In vitro analyses have demonstrated that these proteins localize to the ER, determine its calcium depletion and induce cell death. We have also shown that these biological effects are related to expression of the SERCA, rather than of the viral moiety. This report involves for the first time the expression of mutated SERCA proteins in vivo in a tumor cell proliferation and in vitro in the control of cell viability. Oncogene (2000).
    Oncogene 07/2000; 19(25):2877-86. · 8.56 Impact Factor
  • Biochemical Society Transactions 01/2000; 27(6):917-23. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a method for estimating ligand binding to a macromolecular sample under conditions where this binding is of low affinity and must be measured under equilibrium conditions, without removal of the unbound ligand. The method is based on centrifugal ultrafiltration through a membrane with a molecular mass cut-off intermediate between that of the ligand and that of the target, and the amount of bound ligand is calculated from the difference between the (total) ligand in the concentrated sample and the (free) ligand in the ultrafiltrate. Centrifugal ultrafiltration makes it possible to separate free ligand from bound ligand (without changing its concentration) and to simultaneously concentrate the target (such that the proportion of bound ligand becomes significant, even under low-affinity binding conditions). We applied this technique, using Centricon 10 (Amicon) devices, to several cases (soluble proteins, intact membranes, detergent-solubilized proteins, and pure detergent micelles) and assessed its value with respect to the common artifacts that occur in other protocols involving protein retention on nitrocellulose filters (nonspecific ligand adsorption and protein denaturation).
    Analytical Biochemistry 12/1998; 264(2):141-8. · 2.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment of rabbit sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase with a variety of proteases, including elastase, proteinase K, and endoproteinases Asp-N and Glu-C, results in accumulation of soluble fragments starting close to the ATPase phosphorylation site Asp351 and ending in the Lys605-Arg615 region, well before the conserved sequences generally described as constituting the "hinge" region of this P-type ATPase (residues 670-760). These fragments, designated as p29/30, presumably originate from a relatively compact domain of the cytoplasmic head of the ATPase. They retain two structural characteristics of intact Ca2+-ATPase as follows: high sensitivity of peptidic bond Arg505-Ala506 to trypsin cleavage, and high reactivity of lysine residue Lys515 toward the fluorescent label fluorescein 5'-isothiocyanate. Regarding functional properties, these fragments retain the ability to bind nucleotides, although with reduced affinity compared with intact Ca2+-ATPase. The fragments also bind Nd3+ ions, leaving open the possibility that these fragments could contain the metal-binding site(s) responsible for the inhibitory effect of lanthanide ions on ATPase activity. The p29/30 soluble domain, like similar proteolytic fragments that can be obtained from other P-type ATPases, may be useful for obtaining three-dimensional structural information on the cytosolic portion of these ATPases, with or without bound nucleotides. From our findings we infer that a real hinge region with conformational flexibility is located at the C-terminal boundary of p29/30 (rather than in the conserved region of residues 670-760); we also propose that the ATP-binding cleft is mainly located within the p29/30 domain, with the phosphorylation site strategically located at the N-terminal border of this domain.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 03/1998; 273(12):6619-31. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The topology of Ca2+-ATPase in sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) vesicles was investigated with the aid of sequence-specific antibodies, produced against oligopeptides corresponding to sequences close to the membranous portions of the protein. The antisera in competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays only reacted with intact SR vesicles to a limited extent, but most epitopic regions were exposed by low concentrations of nondenaturing detergent, octaethylene glycol dodecyl ether (C12E8) or after removal of cytosolic regions by proteinase K. In particular, these treatments exposed the loop regions in the C-terminal domain, including L7-8, the loop region located between transmembrane segments M7 and M8, with a putative intravesicular position, which had immunochemical properties very similar to those of the C terminus with a documented cytosolic exposure. In contrast to this, the reactivity of the N-terminal intravesicular loop regions L1-2 and L3-4 was only increased by C12E8 treatment but not by proteinase K proteolysis. Complexation of Ca2+-ATPase with beta,gamma-CrATP stabilized the C-terminal domain of Ca2+-ATPase against proteinase K proteolysis and reaction with most of the antisera, but immunoreactivity was maintained by the L6-7 and L7-8 loops. Immunoelectron microscopic analyses of vesicles following negative staining, thin sectioning, and the SDS-digested freeze-fracture labeling method suggested that the L7-8 epitope, in contrast to L6-7 and the C terminus, can be exposed on either the intravesicular or cytosolic side of the membrane. A preponderant intravesicular location of L7-8 in intact vesicles is suggested by the susceptibility of this region to proteolytic cleavage after disruption of the vesicular barrier with C12E8 and in symmetrically reconstituted Ca2+-ATPase proteoliposomes. In conclusion, our data suggest an adaptable membrane insertion of the C-terminal Ca2+-ATPase domain, which under some conditions permits sliding of M8 through the membrane with cytosolic exposure of L7-8, of possible functional significance in connection with Ca2+ translocation. On the technical side, our data emphasize that extreme caution is needed when using nondenaturing detergents or other treatments like EGTA at alkaline pH to open up vesicles for probing of intravesicular location with antibodies.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 12/1997; 272(46):29015-32. · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 12/1997; 834:142-5. · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Limited proteolysis by proteinase K of rabbit SERCA1 Ca2+-ATPase generates a number of fragments which have been identified recently. Here, we have focused on two proteolytic C-terminal fragments, p20C and p19C, starting at Gly-808 and Asp-818, respectively. The longer peptide p20C binds Ca2+, as deduced from changes in migration rate by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis performed in the presence of Ca2+ as well as from labeling with 45Ca2+ in overlay experiments. In contrast, the shorter peptide p19C, a proteolysis fragment identical to p20C but for 10 amino acids missing at the N-terminal side, did not bind Ca2+ when submitted to the same experiments. Two cluster mutants of Ca2+-ATPase, D813A/D818A and D813A/D815A/D818A, expressed in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, were found to have a very low Ca2+-ATPase activity. Region 808-818 is thus essential for both Ca2+ binding and enzyme activity, in agreement with similar results recently reported for the homologous gastric H+, K+-ATPase (Swarts, H. G. P., Klaassen, C. H. W., de Boer, M., Fransen, J. A. M. , and De Pont, J. J. H. H. M. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 29764-29772). However, the accessibility of proteinase K to the peptidyl link between Leu-807 and Gly-808 clearly shows that the transmembrane segment M6 ends before region 808-818. It is remarkable that critical residues for enzyme activity are located in a cytoplasmic loop starting at Gly-808.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 08/1997; 272(28):17258-62. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Up to now, removal of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) from proteins in terms of restoration of their activity was an unsolved problem. A general procedure using ceramic hydroxyapatite (HAP) chromatography was developed for the complete removal of SDS bound to soluble or membrane proteins. This procedure involves (i) the binding of the SDS-protein complexes onto the ceramic hydroxyapatite column, (ii) extensive washing of bound proteins with phosphate buffer containing a mild detergent to exchange SDS, (iii) elution of the retained protein by increasing the phosphate concentration. Using this approach, complete exchange of [35S]SDS into a nonionic detergent such as dodecyl maltoside was achieved with a 90-100% protein recovery. The efficiency of protein-bound SDS removal is very likely due to the combined effect of phosphate ions and the hydrophobic tail of nonionic detergent: acting together, they are able to displace SDS molecules from their protein-binding sites. The advantages of this HAP-mediated SDS removal method include high efficiency, rapidity, simplicity and general applicability to a wide variety of detergents and soluble or membrane proteins. Of utmost importance, SDS-treated P-glycoprotein, glutamate dehydrogenase, and lysozyme fully recovered their enzymatic activities after HAP chromatography, including lysozyme electroeluted from SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. This demonstrates that reactivation of SDS-treated protein can be achieved, provided that SDS is completely removed under mild conditions.
    Analytical Biochemistry 06/1997; 247(2):333-41. · 2.58 Impact Factor
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 01/1997; 834:142-145. · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We expressed the 52-kDa integral membrane domain (B3mem) of the human erythrocyte anion transporter (band 3; AE1) in a protease-deficient strain of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae under the control of the inducible GAL10-CYC1 promoter. Immunoblots of total protein from transformed yeast cells confirmed that the B3mem polypeptide was overexpressed shortly after induction with galactose. Cell surface expression of the functional anion transporter was detected by using a simple transport assay to measure stilbene disulfonate-inhibitable chloride influx into intact yeast cells. The B3mem polypeptide was recycled and degraded by the cells with a half-life of approximately 1-3 hr, which led to a steady-state level of expression in exponentially growing cultures. Our data suggest that 5-10% of total B3mem is functionally active at the cell surface at any one time and that overexpression of this anion transport protein does not interfere with cell growth or survival. This is one of only a few reports of the functional expression of a plasma membrane transport protein in the plasma membrane of yeast cells and to our knowledge is the first report of red cell band 3-mediated anion transport at the plasma membrane of cDNA-transformed cells. The cell surface expression system we describe will provide a simple means for future study of the functional properties of band 3 by using site-directed mutagenesis.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 11/1996; 93(22):12245-50. · 9.81 Impact Factor
  • Analytical Biochemistry 06/1996; 236(2):363-4. · 2.58 Impact Factor
  • FEBS Letters 01/1995; 358(1). · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe here an easy system for the production of mg amounts of the rabbit Ca(2+)-ATPase SERCA 1a in the yeast S. cerevisiae. The protein is present in several membranes, including the plasma membrane of the yeast, in a native conformation. It can be purified by immunoprecipitation and can be phosphorylated from ATP in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner. Using a temperature-sensitive secretion mutant strain, the fully active protein can also be obtained in secretory vesicles.
    FEBS Letters 11/1994; 354(1):117-22. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The segment R165-T330 of the alpha subunit of Schizosaccharomyces pombe F1-ATPase, corresponding to a putative nucleotide-binding domain by comparison with related nucleotide-binding proteins, has been overexpressed in Escherichia coli. Produced as a nonsoluble material, it was purified in a nonnative form, using a rapid procedure that includes one reversed-phase chromatography step. Refolding of the domain, called DN alpha 19, was achieved quantitatively by using a high-dilution step and monitored by circular dichroism and intrinsic fluorescence. Once folded, DN alpha 19 was highly soluble and stable. It bound 1 mol/mol either of adenine or guanine di- or triphosphate nucleotide, with a Kd ranging from 2.3 to 5.4 microM, or of methylanthraniloyl derivatives of the same nucleotides, with a Kd ranging from 0.2 to 0.6 microM. Interesting, DN alpha 19 was able to hydrolyze nucleoside triphosphates at a low but significant rate. The distance between one tryptophan residue located in the nucleotide-binding site and the ribose-linked methylanthraniloyl group of di- or triphosphate nucleotides was estimated by fluorescence resonance energy transfer to be 13 or 11 A, respectively, suggesting that the tryptophan is close to the polyphosphate moiety of the nucleotide. This tryptophan residue was tentatively assigned to W190 by a hydrophobic cluster comparison with the H-ras p21 protein, suggesting that the putative loop of DN alpha 19 containing W190 could play a functional role in nucleotide binding.
    Biochemistry 11/1993; 32(39):10387-97. · 3.38 Impact Factor
  • Biochemistry - BIOCHEMISTRY-USA. 01/1993; 32(39):10387-10397.
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    ABSTRACT: The Schizosaccharomyces pombe nuclear gene, atp2, encoding the beta subunit of the mitochondrial ATP synthase, was sequenced and found to contain a 1575-bp open reading frame. Two adjacent transcription-initiation sites were found at positions 34 and 44 nucleotides upstream of the translation-initiation codon. The deduced polypeptide sequence was composed of 525 amino acid residues (molecular mass = 56875 Da). The mature polypeptide starts at residue 45 (molecular mass = 51,685 Da), indicating the presence of a presequence of 44 residues, presumably involved in mitochondrial targeting. The atp2 mutant B59-1 [Boutry, M. & Goffeau, A. (1982) Eur. J. Biochem. 125, 471-477] and its related revertant allele R4-3 [Jault, J. M., Di Pietro, A., Falson, P., Gautheron, D. C., Boutry, M. & Goffeau, A. (1989) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 158, 392-399] were also cloned and sequenced. A single nonsense mutation, CAG (Gln170)----TAG (stop) in mutant B59-1, became a missense mutation, TAG (stop)----TAC (Tyr) in revertant R4-3. Gln170 is located between the first and second elements belonging to the nucleotide-binding site. Its substitution by a tyrosine residue increases the enzyme affinity towards ADP, the amount of endogenous nucleotides and the apparent negative cooperativity for ATPase activity.
    European Journal of Biochemistry 08/1991; 200(1):61-7. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The first described alpha-subunit mutation of yeast mitochondrial F1 has been recently identified as a single Gln173----Leu substitution in a strongly conserved sequence (Falson, P., Maffey, L., Conrath, K., and Boutry, M. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 287-293). This mutation is shown here to greatly modify the biphasic pattern of ATPase activity as a function of pH: (i) the shoulder observed at acidic pH is significantly increased; (ii) the main peak, at alkaline pH, is markedly lowered; (iii) the optimal pH is shifted from 8.8 to 7.7. The mutation lowers both apparent negative cooperativity and sensitivity to azide inhibition which concomitantly increase when the assay pH decreases. Azide partial inhibition produces apparent negative cooperativity which can be further abolished by bicarbonate. The mutation increases both activation energies determined from biphasic Arrhenius plots. The mutation decreases the inactivation rate by 5'-p-fluorosulfonylbenzoyladenosine and abolishes the protection by nucleotide binding at the adenine-specific regulatory site. On the contrary, it does not modify the reactivity of 5'-p-fluorosulfonylbenzoylguanosine at the less-selective catalytic site. In addition, partial inactivation by 5'-p-fluorosulfonylbenzoyladenosine, as opposed to 5'-p-fluorosulfonylbenzoylguanosine, produces apparent negative cooperativity under conditions where unmodified-enzyme kinetics are noncooperative. The results show that alpha-Gln173 participates in nucleotide interaction at a regulatory site which controls the negative cooperativity of F1-ATPase activity.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 06/1991; 266(13):8073-8. · 4.65 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

241 Citations
109.62 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1997
    • Aarhus University
      Aarhus, Central Jutland, Denmark
    • French National Centre for Scientific Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1993–1996
    • Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire
      Strasburg, Alsace, France
  • 1991
    • Catholic University of Louvain
      Walloon Region, Belgium
  • 1986–1991
    • Claude Bernard University Lyon 1
      • Institut de biologie et chimie des protéines (IBCP)
      Villeurbanne, Rhone-Alpes, France