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Publications (4)43.31 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Following reduced intensity-conditioned allogeneic stem cell transplantation (RIC allo-SCT) for chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), there is an inverse relationship between relapse and extensive chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). We evaluated outcomes in 50 consecutive patients with CLL using the approach of alemtuzumab-based RIC allo-SCT and pre-emptive donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) for mixed chimerism or minimal residual disease (MRD), with the intention of reducing the risk of GVHD. Forty two patients had high-risk disease, including 30% with 17p deletion (17p-). Of patients who were not in complete remission (CR) entering transplant, 83% subsequently achieved MRD-negative CR. Both MRD detection and uncorrected mixed chimerism were associated with greater risks of treatment failure. Nine of sixteen patients receiving DLI for persistent or relapsed disease subsequently attained MRD-negative CR. With a median follow-up of 4·3 years, 4-year current progression-free survival was 65% and overall survival was 75% (60% and 61% in respectively, patients with 17p-). DLI was associated with a 29% cumulative incidence of severe GVHD and mortality of 6·4%. At last follow-up, 83% of patients in CR were off all immunosuppressive treatment. In conclusion, the directed delivery of allogeneic cellular therapy has the potential to induce durable remissions in high-risk CLL without incurring excessive GVHD.
    British Journal of Haematology 01/2013; · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The clinical significance of mixed chimerism following allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains controversial. Its relevance and incidence are probably influenced by the conditioning regimen and incorporation of T-cell depletion. The presence of recipient chimerism levels >40-50% following T-cell replete reduced intensity transplantation correlates with a high risk of graft rejection, regardless of donor-lymphocyte infusions, but it is unclear whether this finding translates to T-cell depleted transplants. We conducted a retrospective single-institution analysis of patients receiving alemtuzumab-based HSCT. 27/152 (18%) evaluable cases had predominantly recipient T-cell chimerism at 3 months or beyond. By contrast, coincident chimerism in the granulocyte lineage was predominantly of donor origin (median 100%) in all but one patient. Donor lymphocyte infusion effectively converted predominantly recipient T-cell chimerism to ful donor chimerism in all evaluable cases including three cases with no detectable donor T cells. The only graft failure occurred in the patient with predominantly recipient myeloid chimerism in whom rejection occurred rapidly before donor lymphocytes could be administered. We conclude that predominant or complete recipient T-cell chimerism following alemtuzumab-based regimens does not have the same clinical implications as that following T-cell replete transplants and can be effectively converted with donor lymphocytes without the need for lympho-depleting agents or re-conditioning.
    British Journal of Haematology 12/2011; 156(4):516-22. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Reduced-intensity conditioning has minimized nonrelapse-related mortality rates after allogeneic transplantation in patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma, and relapse has now become the major cause for treatment failure. We aimed to assess the impact of donor lymphocyte infusions (DLIs) on relapse incidence when administered for mixed chimerism and their utility as salvage therapy when given for relapse. This study reports the outcomes of 76 consecutive patients with multiply relapsed or refractory Hodgkin's lymphoma who underwent allogeneic transplantation that incorporated in vivo T-cell depletion. Forty-two patients had related donors and 34 had unrelated donors. DLIs were administered in a dose-escalating fashion to 22 patients for mixed chimerism (median time of first dose, 9 months post-transplantation) and to 24 patients for relapse. Three-year donor lymphocyte-related mortality was 7%, relating mainly to the induction of graft-versus-host disease. Nineteen (86%) of 22 patients receiving donor lymphocytes for mixed chimerism converted to full donor status. Four-year relapse incidence was 5% in these 22 patients compared with 43% in patients who remained relapse free but full donor chimeras at 9 months post-transplantation (P = .0071). Nineteen (79%) of 24 patients receiving donor lymphocytes for relapse responded (14 complete responses, five partial responses). Four-year overall survival from relapse was 59% in recipients of donor lymphocytes, contributing to a 4-year overall survival from transplantation of 64% and a 4-year current progression-free survival of 59% in all 76 patients. These data demonstrate the potential for allogeneic immunotherapy with donor lymphocytes both to reduce relapse risk and to induce durable antitumor responses in patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma after hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation that incorporates in vivo T-cell depletion.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 01/2011; 29(8):971-8. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Allogeneic blood or BM transplantation (BMT) is the most commonly applied form of adoptive cellular therapy for cancer. In this context, the ability of donor T cells to respond to recipient antigens is coopted to generate graft-versus-tumor (GVT) responses. The major reason for treatment failure is tumor recurrence, which is linked to the eventual loss of functional, host-specific CTLs. In this study, we have explored the role of recipient antigen expression by nonhematopoietic cells in the failure to sustain effective CTL immunity. Using clinically relevant models, we found that nonhematopoietic antigen severely disrupts the formation of donor CD8+ T cell memory at 2 distinct levels that operate in the early and late phases of the response. First, initial and direct encounters between donor CD8+ T cells and nonhematopoietic cells blocked the programming of memory precursors essential for establishing recall immunity. Second, surviving CD8+ T cells became functionally exhausted with heightened expression of the coinhibitory receptor programmed death-1 (PD-1). These 2 factors acted together to induce even more profound failure in long-term immunosurveillance. Crucially, the functions of exhausted CD8+ T cells could be partially restored by late in vivo blockade of the interaction between PD-1 and its ligand, PD-L1, without induction of graft-versus-host disease, suggestive of a potential clinical strategy to prevent or treat relapse following allogeneic BMT.
    The Journal of clinical investigation 10/2010; 120(11):3855-68. · 15.39 Impact Factor