A Piasecki

Medical School Hamburg, Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

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Publications (4)19.55 Total impact

  • B Hoffmann, A Piasecki, D Paul
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    ABSTRACT: Fetal rat hepatocytes (day 19 of gestation) multiply in primary culture in arginine-free, hydrocortisone-containing chemically defined medium MX-82 supplemented either with epidermal growth factor (EGF) or insulin or both. In contrast, hepatocytes did not multiply under similar culture conditions using Dulbecco's minimum essential medium (DMEM). Cells underwent two divisions within 10 days in cultures maintained in MX-82 medium without a medium change, and cells grew to increased final cell densities when the medium was renewed every third day. When the medium MX-82 was enriched by the addition of lipids, intermediary metabolites, and trace metals (medium MX-83), cells grew to higher densities. In the absence of the growth factors, cells became quiescent and subsequently could be induced to synthesize DNA in response to EGF. With the increasing numbers of cells per dish, the growth response of the hepatocytes diminished. Levels of hepatocyte-specific albumin and alpha-fetoprotein mRNAs at day 0 were similar to those observed at day 10 in primary fetal rat hepatocyte cultures and were maintained at higher levels in medium MX-83 than in medium MX-82.
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 07/1989; 139(3):654-62. · 4.22 Impact Factor
  • D Paul, A Piasecki, H Baisch, M Begemann
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    ABSTRACT: Adult rat hepatocytes multiply in primary cultures when incubated in arginine-free MX-83 medium supplemented with dialyzed fetal calf serum, insulin, glucagon, hydrocortisone, epidermal growth factor, and transferrin. In the absence of mitogens, the fraction of the cells engaged in DNA synthesis dropped sharply. However, cells initiated DNA synthesis in response to the mitogenic mixture indicating that hepatocyte proliferation is controlled by G1----S transition rates. In contrast, rat hepatoma line DTH-3, derived from Morris 7777 "minimal deviation" hepatoma, required only insulin for proliferation in chemically defined MX-83 medium. The lengths of their cell cycle phases varied with the growth rate. The phases of the growth cycle were proportionately shortened (expanded) when the growth rate was increased (decreased). It is concluded that DTH-3 hepatoma cells, which display a decreased growth factor requirement as compared with adult rat hepatocytes differ from normal hepatocytes by fundamental alterations in the mechanisms controlling the progression of the cell cycle.
    European Journal of Cell Biology 07/1988; 46(2):270-4. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocytes of transgenic mouse fetuses harboring SV40 virus transforming gene sequences in the SV delta e-MGH fusion gene construct 202 driven by the mouse metallothionein (MT-I) enhancer [R. D. Palmiter, H. Y. Chen, A. Messing, and R. L. Brinster (1985) Nature (London) 316, 457-460] were cultured at Day 19 of gestation and established as a differentiated line expressing albumin and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) mRNAs. Hepatocyte line FMH-202 contains integrated SV40 sequences, expresses SV40 T-antigen genes, and exhibits unlimited growth potential because it has been cultured 18 months without apparent decrease in cell viability or in growth rate that could suggest the occurrence of a crisis period. Immortalized cells multiply in chemically defined medium deficient in arginine with transferrin plus insulin, whereas EGF, insulin, and transferrin are obligatory requirements for fetal or newborn mouse hepatocyte multiplication in primary cultures. Cells did not grow in agar and were not tumorigenic in nude mice. Their immortalized, nonmalignant phenotype was further documented by low saturation densities of confluent monolayers showing no overgrowth, and by growth arrest in the absence of insulin with subsequent induction of DNA synthesis and resumption of cell growth in response to insulin. Thus, it appears that immortalized SV40 T-antigen-expressing hepatocytes are present in the liver of the transgenic mice. However, at later points in liver development the transforming activity of T-antigen becomes apparent and leads to hepatocellular carcinoma formation in vivo.
    Experimental Cell Research 05/1988; 175(2):354-62. · 3.56 Impact Factor
  • M Höhne, A Piasecki, E Ummelmann, D Paul
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    ABSTRACT: Neonatal rat hepatocytes (NRH) in primary cultures were transformed upon transfection with plasmid pSV 5-neo containing polyoma virus (Py) early region sequences. Clones of cells (Py-NRH) resistant to the antibiotic G418 were obtained after selection in arginine-deficient medium with serum, epidermal growth factor (EGF), transferrin and insulin. They did not undergo senescence during serial subcultivation. One clone (Py-NRH Cl A) harbored a single integrated copy of Py early region sequences and expressed transforming Py genes, hepatocyte-specific transcripts, including albumin, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and tyrosine aminotransferase (TAT) mRNAs. Subclones isolated after about 45 cell doublings still contained albumin and AFP, but no TAT mRNAs, indicating that long-term stabilization of liver functions is not necessarily permanent unless selected for (e.g. arginine synthesis). Cells grew unrestricted in medium containing insulin and no longer required EGF. Cells grew in agar, secreted a beta-transforming growth factor-like activity into the medium and were tumorigenic in nude mice. Hybridization studies using v-erbB DNA as a probe showed that Py-NRH, unlike neonatal hepatocytes in primary culture, express the EGF receptor gene at low or undetectable levels. Py-NRH Cl A and a subclone (5A) derived from it, however, contained elevated levels of rat c-neu oncogene-related RNA, whereas levels in another subclone (3A) were low or undetectable. These findings demonstrate that a proto-oncogene was activated after transfection of hepatocytes with DNA tumor virus transforming genes. However, the expression of c-neu oncogene is not related to the maintenance of the transformed state.
    Oncogene 02/1987; 1(4):337-45. · 8.56 Impact Factor