ABSTRACT: The chemical states of boron in coal fly ash, which may control its leaching into the environment, were investigated by focused-ion-beam time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (FIB-TOF-SIMS) and satellite-transition magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (STMAS NMR) spectroscopy. The distribution of boron on the surface and in the interior of micron-sized fly ash particles was directly observed by FIB-TOF-SIMS. Coordination numbers of boron and its bonding with different atoms from particles of bulk samples were investigated by STMAS NMR. Boron in coal fly ash with relatively poor leaching characteristics appears as trigonal BO(3) and coexists with Ca and Fe at the outer layer of every particle and inside CaO-MgO particles. In contrast, boron in coal fly ash with better leaching characteristics appears as CaO- or MgO-trigonal BO(3) and tetragonal BO(4), and it is distributed only on the outer surface of each ash particle without showing any correlation with a particular element.
Chemosphere 08/2010; 80(8):881-7. · 3.21 Impact Factor