[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hodgkin's lymphoma is frequently associated with mast cell infiltration that correlates directly with disease severity, but the mechanisms underlying this relationship remain unclear. Here, we report that mast cells promote the growth of Hodgkin's tumor by modifying the tumor microenvironment. A transplantation assay shows that primary murine mast cells accelerate tumor growth by established Hodgkin's cell lines, and promote marked neovascularization and fibrosis. Both mast cells and Hodgkin's cells were sensitive to bortezomib, but mast cells were more resistant to bortezomib. However, bortezomib inhibited degranulation, PGE(2)-induced rapid release of CCL2, and continuous release of vascular endothelial growth factor-A from mast cells even at the concentration that did not induce cell death. Bortezomib-treated mast cells lost the ability to induce neovasculization and fibrosis, and did not promote the growth of Hodgkin tumor in vivo. These results provide further evidence supporting causal relationships between inflammation and tumor growth, and demonstrate that bortezomib can target the tumor microenvironment.
Leukemia: official journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K 03/2012; 26(10):2269-76. · 8.30 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A micro-agglutination test method for detecting antibodies to Brucella canis was developed. Heat-killed Brucella canis antigens were diluted to an optical density of 0.8 at 420 nm using a spectrophotometer. A volume of 0.025 ml of the antigen was incubated with the same volume of serially diluted sera for 18 to 24 hr at 37 C. Titers of selected dog sera obtained by the present micro-test method were well correlated with those obtained by the classical tube test with satisfactory reproducibility. The micro-test method is more advantageous for screening the antibodies of dog sera because the test can be performed with: (1) smaller volume of the test sera and the antigen (2) shorter period for incubation, and (3) lesser labor.