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Publications (19)18.92 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Okuda, K., Esteva, M., Segura, E. L., and Bijovsky, A. T. 1999. The cytostome of Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes is associated with the flagellar complex. Experimental Parasitology 92, 223-231. Proliferative forms of Trypanosoma cruzi, amastigotes and epimastigotes, have a cytostome, a specialized structure formed by an invagination of the flagellar pocket's membrane surrounded by microtubules and frequently followed by a row of vesicles. All this assemblage penetrates deeply into the cytoplasm overpassing the nucleus. This structure, together with the flagellar pocket, appears to play an important role in the nutrition of the parasite. We demonstrated that the monoclonal antibody 2C4, made-up against isolated flagellar complex of T. cruzi epimastigotes, recognizes a protein doublet of 76 and 87 kDa in total epimastigotes homogenate. The 76-kDa polypeptide is enriched in the detergent-soluble fraction whereas the 87-kDa polypeptide is highly represented in the insoluble fractions and the purified flagella. Immuno-fluorescence assays show the antigen as a small spot at the flagellar pocket region. Immunogold labeling of ultrathin sections of epimastigote forms reveals gold particles at the opening of flagellar pocket, concentrated in the cytostome region. Immunocytochemistry of epimastigote whole-mount cytoskeletons reveals the labeling on an array of three to four microtubules that appears attached to flagellum, running in the direction of the nucleus. Ultrastructural observations have shown that the posterior region of isolated flagella, corresponding to the level of the flagellar pocket, possesses a microtubular structure compatible with that from the cytostome. The relationship between the cytostome, an endocytic organelle, and the flagellum is here described for the first time.
    Experimental Parasitology 09/1999; 92(4):223-31. · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: SKF525A, an inhibitor and inducer of cytochrome P450, was tested on different developmental stages of Trypanosoma cruzi. Growth, motility and structure of epimastigotes, motility and infectivity of trypomastigotes, and infectivity of trypomastigotes to Vero cells in culture were abolished by the drug at 10-100 microM concentrations. When blood from infected mice was treated with the drug, and used to infect 8 day-old mice, no parasites were observed at 0.6-1 mM, and all animals survived. Blood cell morphology was well preserved, and the sleeping time of pentobarbital-treated mice inoculated with the same amount of drug was not increased. The present results suggest that SKF525A or other related inhibitors of cytochrome P450 coned be tested as an additive for blood sterilization in blood banks.
    Medicina 02/1998; 58(4):415-8. · 0.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this work it was shown that the infectivity of trypomastigote forms of Trypanosoma cruzi was affected upon the interaction with the Monoclonal Antibody (McAb) 2E9, which was raised against a glycoconjugated fraction of membranes of epimastigotes (Tulahuen strain). Characterization of the epitope recognized by this McAb, as well as its effects on complement mediated lysis and host cell invasion are reported. Immunocytochemical analysis showed that the McAb was reactive with two macromolecules (41-58 kDa) present on Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes (Tulahuen and Y strain), while it recognized several trypomastigotes macromolecules, showing a more intense reactivity with a band of 80 kDa. By indirect immunofluorescence, it was found there were subpopulations of blood and tissue culture derived trypomastigotes which attach the antibody to varying degrees. Studies using chemical or enzymatically treated antigens suggested that the McAb 2E9 was directed against carbohydrate epitopes, which were identified as being--galactosyl residues. In addition, preliminary results are shown, suggesting that the epitope recognized by the McAb 2E9 is involved in adhesion/or internalization of trypomastigotes.
    Revista latinoamericana de microbiología 01/1997; 39(1-2):33-46.
  • Source
    Archivio per l'Antropologia e la Etnologia. 01/1992; 122:369-376.
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    ABSTRACT: Subcellular fractions of Trypanosoma cruzi (epimastigotes) were assayed in their capacity to induce protective or aggressive effects in experimental animals. The flagellar fraction showed the best immunoprotective properties without tissular aggression. Monoclonal antibodies were prepared from mice immunized with this fraction. One of them, FCH-F8-4, was able to neutralize the infectivity of bloodstream trypomastigotes, to produce complement-mediated lysis on cell culture-derived trypomastigotes and to recognize the surface of trypomastigotes and epimastigotes by immunofluorescence. FCH-F8-4 reacted in Western blotting with several epimastigote proteins ranging from 50 to 150 kDa, showing a more intense reactivity with 4 bands while it reacted with two molecules on trypomastigote preparations (15 and 48 kDa). Purified antibody was coupled to CNBr-activated Sepharose and used to purify antigens from epimastigote extracts. These antigens were used to immunize BALB/c mice in the presence of Bordetella pertussis as adjuvant. Animals were protected against a challenge with 10(3) metacyclic forms of T. cruzi (Tulahuén strain). Only 40% of immunized mice presented detectable parasites in blood after challenge. Parasitemia decreased 90% in relation to controls in those animals. Survival of immunized mice was 100% in all immunoprotection experiments. These results suggest that the epitope recognized by FCH-F8-4 present in the purified antigens keeps the protective characteristics of flagellar fraction and could be a candidate for the development of a vaccine against T. cruzi infection.
    Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology 03/1990; 39(1):117-25. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Subcellular fractions of T. cruzi epimastigotes (Epi) were studied for their capability to induce protective or aggressive effects in animals. The flagellar fraction (F) showed the best immunoprotective properties without tissular aggression. Monoclonal antibodies were raised against F. Two of them, FCH-F8-1 and 4, were able to neutralize the infectivity of bloodstream forms, to mediate lysis by complement of cell culture derived[trypomastigotes (Tripo) and to recognize the surface of Tripo and Epi. FCH-F8-1 reacted with a 85 kDa protein from Tripo (assayed by immunoprecipitation) and with peptides of 43 kDa on Epi and Tripo (tested by immunoblotting). FCH-F8-4 recognized several proteins ranging from 50 to 150 kDa on Epi and two molecules of 15 and 48 kDa on Tripo. Mice immunized with antigens purified by affinity chromatography by using FCH-F8-4 were protected against the infection. Several recombinant clones were detected on a cDNA lambda gt11 expression library constructed from T. cruzi Epi (Tulahuén strain): three with FCH-F8-4 and two with FCH-F8-1. One clone recognized by each monoclonal antibody was studied gamma (FCH-F8-1) 1 and gamma (FCH-F8-4) 1. Both inserts were of 150 base pairs each; they detected a 3.5 and 5.0 kilobases Epi mRNA, respectively. Both inserts were sequenced, and the amino acid sequences were inferred. gamma (FCH-F8-4) 1 codified for a 19 aa peptide, PAFLGCSSRFSGSFSGVEP, and gamma (FCH-F8-1) 1 for a 29 aa peptide EFLERGRISCORHSYTSYTSCSDEHNVTPFC. The whole 19 aa peptide was synthesized. This peptide (SP4) inhibited the ELISA reactivity against the parasite of chronically infected and F immunized mouse sera.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    Medicina 02/1989; 49(3):203-9. · 0.42 Impact Factor
  • Medicina 02/1987; 47(5):493-9. · 0.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas' disease, is widely spread in Central and South America. The present report describes three monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) directed against the flagellar fraction of epimastigotes (Ffe) of the parasite, Tulahuén strain. The three mAbs were of IgG1 isotype. Indirect immunofluorescence assays revealed that the three mAbs bind to epimastigotes, the FCH-F8-1 and -3 bind to blood trypomastigotes (BT) and FCH-F8-1 is the only one that binds to amastigotes. Three different proteins of the parasite were recognized by the mAbs in immunoprecipitation assays: an 85 kDa of BT with the FCH-F8-1 mAb, a 40 kDa of Ffe with the FCH-F8-2 mAb, and a 90 kDa of Ffe and of BT with the FCH-F8-3 mAb. Positive complement mediated lysis (CML) of BT and metacyclic forms, obtained from the insect vector feces, were shown by the FCH-F8-1, while FCH-F8-3 only showed CML against the metacyclic trypomastigotes. FCH-F8-2 did not mediate any CML activity. Passive transference of the mAbs to BALB/c mice conferred protection, in terms of survival, ranging from 50 (FCH-F8-2 and -3) to 80% (FCH-F8-1) against a challenge with 1 X 10(3) BT. These results suggest that FCH-F8-1 may be a useful tool to purify proteins in order to investigate their role in immunoprotection experiments.
    Immunology Letters 11/1986; 13(4):165-71. · 2.34 Impact Factor
  • Medicina 02/1986; 46(4):435-9. · 0.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The immunization with the flagellar (F) fraction from epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi has been shown to protect mice against a challenge of bloodstream trypomastigotes of the parasite, both in terms of mortality and decrease in parasitemia. We have compared the immunoprotective properties of the fresh F fraction with those of a lyophilized F (LF) fraction, alone or together with Bordetella pertussis (Bp) as adjuvant. The best results were obtained with LF + Bp: after challenge with 1 X 10(3) metacyclic trypomastigotes, 100% of the mice immunized with LF + Bp survived, and 60% of them showed no signs of parasitemia. Only the animals in which patent parasitemia was demonstrated presented heart and muscle infiltrates.
    Immunology Letters 02/1986; 12(1):1-4. · 2.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mice were immunized with subcellular fractions obtained by differential centrifugation from epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi (Tulahuén strain). In a chronic model of Chagas' disease, they were challenged each with 25 bloodstream trypomastigotes. Non-immunized, non-challenged and non-immunized challenged animals were kept as controls. Among the challenged mice, those immunized with 105,000 g pellet (Mc) and 105,000 g supernatant (Cs) fractions presented positive xenodiagnosis, myocarditis and myositis similar to those shown by non-immunized challenged controls. The fractions enriched in flagella, the 5000 g pellet (P5) and the flagellar fraction (F) resulted in fewer animals with positive xenodiagnosis and in hosts partially protected from the development of myocarditis. In the absence of infection, Mc and Cs induced an intense myocarditis while F induced mild lesions similar to those found in the controls. P5 caused a myocarditis intermediate between that elicited by Mc and that in the controls. 50% of the animals immunized with Cs presented pathological electrocardiograms in the absence of challenge. The animals immunized with F and P5 and challenged were protected against the development of pathological electrocardiograms, whereas those immunized with Mc and Cs behaved like the non-immunized controls. The immunized, non-challenged animals presented anti-T. cruzi IgG antibodies, with titres which were lower than those shown by the immunized and challenged mice.--The results show the possibility of obtaining tissue lesions with antigenic preparations of T. cruzi in the absence of infection, and suggest that the mechanisms involved in the generation of myocarditis and electrocardiographic alterations are probably different, since these pathologies can be elicited by different subcellular fractions. Among the antigenic components of the parasite, the flagellar fraction gave the best immunoprotective properties, with little or no immunoaggressive effects.
    Acta Tropica 01/1986; 42(4):299-309. · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Immunization of mice with subcellular fractions of C. fasciculata led to myocarditis and electrocardiographic alterations similar to those induced by immunization with T. cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas' disease, suggesting the presence of similar cardiotoxic antigens in both trypanosomatid flagellates.
    Experientia 03/1984; 40(2):171-3.
  • Medicina 02/1983; 43(2):131-6. · 0.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Three purified human IgG antibodies against Trypanosoma cruzi (anti-F, anti-Mc and anti-Cs) showed different reactivities in vitro. While all of them agglutinated specifically sensitized sheep red cells the complement-fixing capacity of anti-Fc and anti-Cs was higher than that of anti-Mc antibody. This one also showed a minimal precipitating activity. When the ability to neutralize mice bloodstream trypomastigotes was analyzed, the results obtained indicated that anti-F antibody was the most effective.
    Immunology Letters 05/1982; 4(4):199-203. · 2.34 Impact Factor
  • Medicina 02/1982; 42(5):502-6. · 0.42 Impact Factor
  • Medicina 02/1981; 41(3):328-32. · 0.42 Impact Factor
  • Medicina 02/1980; 40 Suppl 1:257. · 0.42 Impact Factor
  • Medicina 02/1980; 40 Suppl 1:97-102. · 0.42 Impact Factor
  • Medicina 02/1980; 40 Suppl 1:256-7. · 0.42 Impact Factor