Misun Cho

Yonsei University, Seoul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (8)22.06 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Recently, we identified a novel therapeutic target and a small molecule for regulating angiogenesis. Our study showed that ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase binding protein (UQCRB) of the mitochondrial complex III plays a crucial role in hypoxia-induced angiogenesis via mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediated signaling. Herein, we developed new synthetic small molecules that specifically bind to UQCRB and regulate its function. To improve the pharmacological properties of 6-((1-hydroxynaphthalen-4-ylamino)dioxysulfone)-2H-naphtho[1,8-bc]thiophen-2-one (HDNT), a small molecule that targets UQCRB, a series of HDNT derivatives were designed and synthesized. Several derivatives showed a significant increase in hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) inhibitory potency compared to HDNT. The compounds bound to UQCRB and suppressed mitochondrial ROS-mediated hypoxic signaling, resulting in potent inhibition of angiogenesis without inducing cytotoxicity. Notably, one of these new derivatives significantly suppressed tumor growth in a mouse xenograft model. Therefore, these mitochondrial UQCRB modulators could be potential leads for the development of novel antiangiogenic agents.
    Journal of medicinal chemistry. 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Expression and stability of the tumor suppressor runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3) are regulated by histone deacetylase (HDAC). HDAC inhibition alters epigenetic and posttranslational stability of RUNX3, leading to tumor suppression. However, HDAC inhibitors can nonselectively alter global gene expression through chromatin remodeling. Thus, lactam-based HDAC inhibitors were screened to identify potent protein stabilizers that maintain RUNX3 stability by acetylation. RUNX activity and HDAC inhibition were determined for 111 lactam-based analogues through a cell-based RUNX activation and HDAC inhibition assay. 3-[1-(4-Bromobenzyl)-2-oxo-2,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrol-3-yl]-N-hydroxypropanamide (11-8) significantly increased RUNX3 acetylation and stability with relatively low RUNX3 mRNA expression and HDAC inhibitory activity. This compound showed significant antitumor effects, which were stronger than SAHA, in an MKN28 xenograft model. Thus, we propose a novel strategy, in which HDAC inhibitors serve as antitumor chemotherapeutic agents that selectively target epigenetic regulation and protein stability of RUNX3.
    ChemMedChem 12/2013; · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are important enzymes in epigenetic regulation and are therapeutic targets for cancer. Most zinc-dependent HDACs induce proliferation, dedifferentiation, and anti-apoptotic effects in cancer cells. We designed and synthesized a new series of pyridone-based HDAC inhibitors that have a pyridone ring in the core structure and a conjugated system with an olefin connecting the hydroxamic acid moiety. Consequently, most of the selected pyridone-based HDAC inhibitors showed similar or higher inhibition profiles in addition to remarkable metabolic stability against hydrolysis relative to the corresponding lactam-based HDAC inhibitors. Furthermore, the selectivity of the novel pyridine-based compounds was evaluated across all of the HDAC isoforms. One of these compounds, (E)-N-hydroxy-3-{1-[3-(naphthalen-2-yl)propyl]-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridin-3-yl}acrylamide, exhibited the highest level of HDAC inhibition (IC(50) =0.07 μM), highly selective inhibition of class I HDAC1 and class II HDAC6 enzymes, metabolic stability in mouse liver microsomal studies, and effective growth inhibition of various cancer cell lines. Docking studies indicated that a long alkyl linker and bulky hydrophobic cap groups affect in vitro activities. Overall, the findings reported herein regarding pyridone-based HDAC inhibitors can be used to guide future research efforts to develop new and effective anticancer therapeutics.
    ChemMedChem 01/2013; · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hydroxamate based HDAC inhibitors have promising anticancer activities but metabolic instability and poor phar-macokinetic profiles cause poor in vivo results. From QSAR and PK studies, gamma-lactam core and diverse substituents on cap group including halo, alkyl, and alkoxy groups with various carbon chain linkers improved HDAC inhibition and metabolic stability. The biological properties of prepared gamma-lactam HDAC inhibitors were evaluated and compound 10f had potent anticancer activity and high oral bioavailability.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 11/2012; · 5.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are involved in post-translational modification and epi-genetic expression, and have been the intriguing targets for treatment of cancer. In previous study, we reported synthesis and the biological preliminary results of γ-lactam based HDAC inhibitors. Based on the previous results, smaller γ-lactam core HDAC inhibitors are more active than the corresponding series of larger δ-lactam based analogues and the hydrophobic and bulky cap groups are required for better potency which decreased microsomal stability. Thus, γ-lactam analogues with methoxy, trifluoromethyl groups of ortho-, meta-, para-positions of cap group were prepared and evaluated their biological potency. Among them, trifluoromethyl analogues, which have larger lipophilicity, showed better HDAC inhibitory activity than other analogues. In overall, lipophilicity leads to increase hydrophobic interaction between surface of HDAC active site and HDAC inhibitor, improves HDAC inhibitory activity.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 04/2012; 22(12):4189-92. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are involved in post-translational modification and gene expression. Cancer cells recruited amounts of HDACs for their survival by epi-genetic down regulation of tumor suppressor genes. HDACs have been the promising targets for treatment of cancer, and many HDAC inhibitors have been investigated nowadays. In previous study, we synthesized δ-lactam core HDAC inhibitors which showed potent HDAC inhibitory activities as well as cancer cell growth inhibitory activities. Through QSAR study of the δ-lactam based inhibitors, the smaller core is suggested as more active than larger one because it fits better in narrow hydrophobic tunnel of the active pocket of HDAC enzyme. The smaller γ-lactam core HDAC inhibitors were designed and synthesized for biological and property optimization. Phenyl, naphthyl and thiophenyl groups were introduced as the cap groups. Hydrophobic and bulky cap groups increase potency of HDAC inhibition because of hydrophobic interaction between HDAC and inhibitors. In overall, γ-lactam based HDAC inhibitors showed more potent than δ-lactam analogues.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 02/2011; 21(4):1218-21. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The novel δ-lactam based HDAC inhibitor, KBH-A118 (3) shows a good HDAC enzyme and cancer cell growth inhibitory activities but has undesirable pharmacokinetics profiles because of instability in mouse liver microsome. To improve metabolic stability, various analogues were prepared with substituents on aromatic ring of cap group and various chain lengths between the cap group and δ-lactam core. The newly prepared analogues showed moderate to potent in vitro activities. Among them six compounds (8a, 8e, 8j, 8n, 8t, and 8v) were evaluated on mouse liver microsome assay and it turned out that the microsomal stabilities were dependent on lipophilicity and the number of the rotatable bonds. Finally, the animal pharmacokinetic profiles of 8e displayed improving oral exposure and oral bioavailability.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 11/2010; 20(22):6808-11. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of coumarin based TACE inhibitors were designed to bind in S1' pocket of TACE enzyme based on their docking study. Twelve analogues were synthesized and most of compounds were active in vitro TACE enzyme inhibition as well as cellular TNF-α inhibition. Among these, 15l effectively inhibited the production of serum TNF-α by oral administration at a dose of 30 mg/kg. Compound 15l also showed a good oral bioavailability at 42% and effectively inhibited paw edema in rat carrageenan model. Quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) study using genetic function approximation technique (GFA) and docking study were performed to confirm the series of coumarin core TACE inhibitors. QSAR model have been evaluated internally and externally using test set prediction. Through docking study of each molecule, it is validated that the electrostatic descriptors from the QSAR equation could explain the importance of S1' pocket and the TACE inhibitory activity well.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 11/2010; 18(24):8618-29. · 2.82 Impact Factor