M. Verdugo

University of Vienna, Wien, Vienna, Austria

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Publications (30)62.32 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We investigate the environmental dependence of the mass-metallicty (MZ) relation and it's connection to galaxy stellar structures and morphologies. In our studies, we analyze galaxies in massive clusters at z~0.4 from the CLASH (HST) and CLASH-VLT surveys and measure their gas metallicities, star-formation rates, stellar structures and morphologies. We establish the MZ relation for 90 cluster and 40 field galaxies finding a shift of ~-0.3 dex in comparison to the local trends seen in SDSS for the majority of galaxies with logM<10.5. We do not find significant differences of the distribution of 4 distinct morphological types that we introduce by our classification scheme (smooth, disc-like, peculiar, compact). Some variations between cluster and field galaxies in the MZ relation are visible at the high mass end. However, obvious trends for cluster specific interactions (enhancements or quenching of SFRs) are missing. In particular, galaxies with peculiar stellar structures that hold signs for galaxy interactions, are distributed in a similar way as disc-like galaxies - in SFRs, masses and O/H abundances. We further show that our sample falls around an extrapolation of the star-forming main sequence (the SFR-M* relation) at this redshift, indicating that emission-line selected samples do not have preferentially high star-formation rates (SFRs). However, we find that half of the high mass cluster members (M*>10^10Msun) lie below the main sequence which corresponds to the higher mass objects that reach solar abundances in the MZ diagram.
    09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We investigate various galaxy population properties of the massive X-ray luminous galaxy cluster XDCP J0044.0-2033 at z=1.58, which constitutes the most extreme matter density peak at this redshift currently known. We analyze deep VLT/HAWK-I NIR data in the J- and Ks-bands, complemented by Subaru imaging in i and V, Spitzer observations at 4.5 micron, and new spectroscopic observations with VLT/FORS2. We detect a cluster-associated excess population of about 90 galaxies, which follows a centrally peaked, compact NFW galaxy surface density profile with a concentration of c200~10. Based on the Spitzer 4.5 micron imaging data, we measure a stellar mass fraction of fstar,500=(3.3+-1.4)% consistent with local values. The total J- and Ks-band galaxy luminosity functions of the core region yield characteristic magnitudes J* and Ks* consistent with expectations from simple z_f=3 burst models. However, a detailed look at the morphologies and color distributions of the spectroscopically confirmed members reveals that the most massive galaxies are undergoing a very active mass assembly epoch through merging processes. Consequently, the bright end of the cluster red-sequence is not in place, while at intermediate magnitudes [Ks*,Ks*+1.6] a red-locus population is present, which is then sharply truncated at magnitudes fainter than Ks*+1.6. The dominant cluster core population comprises post-quenched galaxies transitioning towards the red-sequence at intermediate magnitudes, while additionally a significant blue cloud population of faint star-forming galaxies is present even in the densest central regions. Our observations lend support to the scenario in which the dominant effect of the dense z~1.6 cluster environment is an accelerated mass assembly timescale through merging activity that is responsible for driving core galaxies across the mass quenching threshold of log(Mstar/Msun)~10.4.
    06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: Observations and cosmological simulations show galaxy clusters as a family of nearly self-similar objects with properties that can be described by scaling relations as a function of mass and time. Here we study the scaling relations between the galaxy velocity dispersion (σv) and X-ray quantities, such as X-ray bolometric luminosity (LBolX,500) and temperature (TX) in galaxy clusters at high redshifts (0.64 ≤ z ≤ 1.46). We also compare our results with the analogous study of the local HIFLUGCS sample. Methods: For the analysis, we use a set of 15 distant galaxy clusters extracted from the literature and selected via different methods. We also use a sample of ten newly discovered clusters selected via their X-ray emission by the XMM-Newton Distant Cluster Project (XDCP), with more than ten confirmed spectroscopic members per cluster. For both samples, the same method was used to determine σv. We also study the evolution of this scaling relation by comparing the high redshift results with the data from the HIFLUGCS sample, which is taken as a representative of the conditions in the local Universe. For such an analysis, we restrict the study to the clusters in the common LBolX,500 range. We also investigate the LX - TX and the σv - TX relations for the 15 clusters from the literature sample. Results: We report the results of the X-ray and kinematic analysis of ten newly detected high redshift clusters and provide their spectroscopic and kinematic details. For the entire distant sample, we find a slope fully consistent with the one typical of local clusters, albeit with a large associated uncertainty (~26%). We repeat the fit by freezing the slope to the value found for the HIFLUGCS systems restricted to the same luminosity range as our sample to investigate the evolution of the amplitude alone. We find a positive offset of ΔA/A = 0.44 ± 0.22 if the self-similar evolution is neglected, hence indicating the possible need for including evolutionary effects. However, the LX - TX relation is found to be in good agreement with the local relation without any significant redshift evolution. Finally, the σv - TX relation appears to slightly deviate from the theoretical expectation that galaxies and gas particles have a similar specific kinetic energy. However, the associated uncertainty is currently too large for making any conclusive statement in this regard.Appendices are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
    03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Observations and cosmological simulations show galaxy clusters as a family of nearly self-similar objects with properties that can be described by scaling relations as a function of e.g. mass and time. Here we study the scaling relations between the galaxy velocity dispersion and X-ray quantities like X-ray bolometric luminosity and temperature in galaxy clusters at high redshifts (0.64 $\leq$ z $\leq$ 1.46). We also compare our results with the similar study of the local HIFLUGCS sample. For the analysis, we use a set of 15 distant galaxy clusters extracted from the literature plus a sample of 10 newly discovered clusters selected in X-rays by the \XMM Distant Cluster Project (XDCP) with more than 10 confirmed spectroscopic members per cluster. We also study the evolution of this scaling relation by comparing the high redshift results with the data from the local HIFLUGCS sample. We also investigated the $L_X - T_X$ and the $\sigma_v - T_X$ relations for the 15 clusters in the literature sample. We report the results of the X-ray and kinematic analysis of 10 newly detected high redshift clusters and provide their spectroscopic and kinematic details. For the entire, distant sample we find a slope fully consistent with the one typical of local clusters, albeit with a large associated uncertainty. The study on the evolution of the amplitude reveals a positive offset if the self-similar evolution is neglected, hence possibly indicating the need for including evolutionary effects. However, the $L_X - T_X$ relation is found to be in good agreement with the local relation without any significant redshift evolution. Finally, the $\sigma_v - T_X$ relation appears to slightly deviate from the theoretical expectation that galaxies and gas particles have a similar specific kinetic energy. However, the associated uncertainty is currently too large for making any conclusive statement in this regard.
    11/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We describe the pre-OmegaTranS project, a deep survey for transiting extra-solar planets in the Carina region of the Galactic Disk. In 2006-2008 we observed a single dense stellar field with a very high cadence of ~2min using the ESO Wide Field Imager at the La Silla Observatory. Using the Astronomical Wide-field System for Europe and the Munich Difference Imaging Analysis pipeline, a module that has been developed for this project, we created the light curves of 16000 stars with more than 4000 data points which we searched for periodic transit signals using a box-fitting least-squares detection algorithm. All light curves are publicly available. In the course of the pre-OmegaTranS project we identified two planet candidates - POTS-1b and POTS-C2b - which we present in this work. With extensive follow-up observations we were able to confirm one of them, POTS-1b, a hot Jupiter transiting a mid-K dwarf. The planet has a mass of 2.31+-0.77M_Jup and a radius of 0.94+-0.04R_Jup and a period of P=3.16d. The host star POTS-1 has a radius of 0.59+-0.02R_Sun and a mass of 0.70+-0.05M_Sun. Due to its low apparent brightness of I=16.1mag the follow-up and confirmation of POTS-1b was particularly challenging and costly.
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 08/2013; 435(4). · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The XMM-Newton Distant Cluster Project (XDCP) aims at the identification of a well defined sample of X-ray selected clusters of galaxies at redshifts z>0.8. We present a catalogue of the extended sources in one the deepest ~250 ksec XMM-Newton fields targeting LBQS 2215-175 covering the CFHTLS deep field four. The cluster identification is based, among others, on deep imaging with the ESO VLT and from the CFHT legacy survey. The confirmation of cluster candidates is done by VLT/FORS2 multi-object spectroscopy. Photometric redshifts from the CFHTLS D4 are utilized to confirm the effectiveness of the X-ray cluster selection method. The survey sensitivity is computed with extensive simulations. At a flux limit of S(0.5-2.0 keV) ~ 2.5e-15 erg/s we achieve a completeness level higher than 50% in an area of ~0.13 square degrees. We detect six galaxy clusters above this limit with optical counterparts, of which 5 are new spectroscopic discoveries. Two newly discovered X-ray luminous galaxy clusters are at z>1.0, another two at z=0.41 and one at z=0.34. For the most distant X-ray selected cluster in this field at z=1.45 we find additional (active) member galaxies from both X-ray and spectroscopic data. Additionally, we find evidence of large scale structures at moderate redshifts of z=0.41 and z=0.34. The quest for distant clusters in archival XMM-Newton data has led to the detection of six clusters in a single field, making XMM-Newton an outstanding tool for cluster surveys. Three of these clusters are at z>1, which emphasises the valuable contribution of small, yet deep surveys to cosmology. Beta-models are appropriate descriptions for the cluster surface brightness to perform cluster detection simulations in order to compute the X-ray selection function. The constructed logN-logS tends to favour a scenario where no evolution in the cluster X-ray luminosity function (XLF) takes place.
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 01/2013; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this paper is twofold. Firstly, we present F-VIPGI, a new version of the VIMOS Interactive Pipeline and Graphical Interface (VIPGI) adapted to handle FORS2 spectroscopic data. Secondly, we investigate the spectro-photometric properties of a sample of galaxies residing in distant X-ray selected galaxy clusters, the optical spectra of which were reduced with this new pipeline. We provide basic technical information about the innovations of the new software and, as a demonstration of the capabilities of the new pipeline, we show results obtained for 16 distant (0.65 < z < 1.25) X-ray luminous galaxy clusters selected within the XMM-Newton Distant Cluster Project. We performed a spectral indices analysis of the extracted optical spectra of their members, based on which we created a library of composite high signal-to-noise ratio spectra representative of passive and star-forming galaxies residing in distant galaxy clusters. The spectroscopic templates are provided to the community in electronic form. By comparing the spectro-photometric properties of our templates with the local and distant galaxy population residing in different environments, we find that passive galaxies in clusters appear to be well evolved already at z = 0.8 and even more so than the field galaxies at similar redshift. Even though these findings would point toward a significant acceleration of galaxy evolution in densest environments, we cannot exclude the importance of the mass as the main evolutionary driving element either. The latter effect may indeed be justified by the similarity of our composite passive spectrum with the luminous red galaxies template at intermediate redshift.
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 01/2013; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The publication discusses the extended source content in the stacked XMM-Newton observations targeting LBQS J2212-1759. Table "emldet.dat" presents the complete point source content in the field instead. The source list is an abbreviated version of the table generated by emldetect (XMM-SAS task) leaving only the most essential columns (celestial coordinates, photon counts and flux) in the energy bands 0.5-4.5keV. The details of the source detection are described in detail in the paper, a method which is similar to Watson et al., 2009A&A...493..339W. Low resolution spectra recorded with the VLT/FORS2 facility using the 300I and 600I grism have been used to classify over 200 objects within the CFHT Legacy Survey deep field D4 (observations in 2007 Aug/Sep, 2007Oct/Nov and 2008Jun). A focus has been put on potential cluster member galaxies of X-ray selected galaxy cluster candidates and on X-ray point sources. A fraction of late-type stars have received a spectrum as they were targeted as red galaxies. (2 data files).
    VizieR Online Data Catalog. 11/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: We provide a library of spectroscopic templates in the near-ultraviolet and optical range representative of the galaxy population residing in distant, X-ray selected, galaxy clusters. The studied targets belong to the redshift range 0.65<=z<=1.25 and are drawn from the XMM-Newton Distant Cluster Project (XDCP) sample. We used a total of 186 cluster galaxies we grouped in five different spectral classes: passive, post-starburst, quiescent star-forming, dusty starburst and starburst. All spectra within each group were co-added to generate the empirical template representative of the given spectral class. All galaxies were observed with the VLT-FORS2 spectrograph with the grism 300I+11, which provides a resolution of R=660 and a wavelength coverage of 6000-10500Å. The spectra have been reduced with F-VIPGI, the new semi-automated pipeline for FORS2 spectroscopy presented in this paper. (5 data files).
    VizieR Online Data Catalog. 11/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: We studied one of the most X-ray luminous cluster of galaxies in the REFLEX survey, RXC J1504.1-0248 (hereafter R1504; z=0.2153), using XMM-Newton X-ray imaging spectroscopy, VLT/VIMOS optical spectroscopy, and WFI optical imaging. The mass distributions were determined using both the so-called hydrostatic method with X-ray imaging spectroscopy and the dynamical method with optical spectroscopy, respectively, which yield M^{H.E.}_{500}=(5.81+/-0.49)*1.e14Msun and M^{caustic}_{500}=(4.17+/-0.42)*1e14Msun. According to recent calibrations, the richness derived mass estimates closely agree with the hydrostatic and dynamical mass estimates. The line-of-sight velocities of spectroscopic members reveal a group of galaxies with high-velocities (>1000 km/s) at a projected distance of about r^{H.E.}_{500}=(1.18+/-0.03) Mpc south-east of the cluster centroid, which is also indicated in the X-ray two-dimensional (2-D) temperature, density, entropy, and pressure maps. The dynamical mass estimate is 80% of the hydrostatic mass estimate at r^{H.E.}_{500}. It can be partially explained by the ~20% scatter in the 2-D pressure map that can be propagated into the hydrostatic mass estimate. The uncertainty in the dynamical mass estimate caused by the substructure of the high velocity group is ~14%. The dynamical mass estimate using blue members is 1.23 times that using red members. The global properties of R1504 obey the observed scaling relations of nearby clusters, although its stellar-mass fraction is rather low.
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 04/2012; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our spectroscopic observations were spread across 5 nights in October and November 2004 for Cl 0412, 7 nights in December 2005 and February 2005 for MS 1008, 5 nights between May and July 2005 for MS 2137. For photometric data, we use both VLT/FORS2 and HST/ACS images. We obtained imaging of the MS 1008, MS 2137 and Cl 0412 samples in the ACS/F606W filter while we exploited existing imaging of MS 0451 in the ACS/F814W filter from the ST-ECF HST archive. Ground based images were taken in the B, V, R and I filters for the whole sample. The FORS2 filters B, V and I are close approximations to the Johnson-Cousins photometric system while the R filter is a special filter for FORS2 that is similar to the Cousins R . (5 data files).
    VizieR Online Data Catalog. 02/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: The XMM-Newton Distant Cluster Project is a serendipitous survey for clusters of galaxies at redshifts z>=0.8 based on deep archival XMM-Newton observations. ... Low-significance candidate high-z clusters are followed up with the seven-channel imager GROND (Gamma-Ray Burst Optical and Near-Infrared Detector) that is mounted at a 2m-class telescope. ... The test case is XMMU J0338.7+0030, suggested to be at z~1.45+/-0.15 from the analysis of the z-H vs H colour-magnitude diagram obtained from the follow-up imaging. Later VLT-FORS2 spectroscopy enabled us to identify four members, which set this cluster at z=1.097+/-0.002. To reach a better knowledge of its galaxy population, we observed XMMU J0338.7+0030 with GROND for about 6 hr. The publicly available photo-z code le Phare was used. The Ks-band number counts of the non-stellar sources out of the 832 detected down to z'~26 AB-mag in the 3.9x4.3 square arcmin region of XMMU J0338.7+0030 imaged at all GROND bands clearly exceed those computed in deep fields/survey areas at ~20.5 - 22.5 AB-mag. The photo-z's of the three imaged spectroscopic members yield z=1.12+/-0.09. The spatial distribution and the properties of the GROND sources with a photo-z in the range 1.01 - 1.23 confirm the correspondence of the X-ray source with a galaxy over-density at a significance of at least 4.3 sigma. Candidate members that are spectro-photometrically classified as elliptical galaxies define a red locus in the i'-z' vs z' colour-magnitude diagram that is consistent with the red sequence of the cluster RDCS J0910+5422 at z=1.106. XMMU J0338.7+0030 hosts also a population of bluer late-type spirals and irregulars. The starbursts among the photometric members populate both loci, consistently with previous results. The analysis of the available data set indicates that XMMU J0338.7+0030 is a low-mass cluster (M_200 ~ 1E14 M_sun) at z=1.1. (Abridged)
    01/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper we study the large scale structures and their galaxy content around the most X-ray luminous cluster known, RX J1347.5-1145 at z=0.45. We make use of ugriz CFHT MEGACAM photometry and VIMOS VLT spectroscopy to identify structures around the RXJ1347 on a scale of 20x20 Mpc2. We construct maps of the galaxy distribution and the fraction of blue galaxies. We study the photometric galaxy properties as a function of environment, traced by the galaxy density. We identify group candidates based on galaxy overdensities and study their galaxy content. We also use available GALEX NUV imaging to identify strong unobscured star forming galaxies. We find that the large scale structure around RXJ1347 extends in the NE-SW direction for at least 20 Mpc, in which most of the group candidates are located. As other studies, we find that the fraction of blue galaxies (Fblue) is a function of galaxy number density, but the bulk of the trend is due to galaxies belonging to massive systems. The fraction of the UV-bright galaxies is also function of environment, but their relative numbers compared to the blue population seems to be constant regardless of the environment. These UV emitters also have similar properties at all galaxy densities, indicating that the transition between galaxy types occurs in short time-scales. Candidate galaxy groups show a large variation in their galaxy content and Fblue in those groups display little dependence with galaxy density. This may indicate possible differences in their evolutionary status or the processes that are acting in groups are different than in clusters. The large scale structure around rich clusters are dynamic places for galaxy evolution. In the case of RXJ1347 the transformation may start within infalling groups to finish with the removal of the cold gas once galaxies are accreted in massive systems. (ABRIDGED)
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 11/2011; 421(3). · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The XMM-Newton - Blanco Cosmology Survey project (XMM-BCS) is a coordinated X-ray, optical and mid-infrared cluster survey in a field also covered by Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect surveys by the South Pole Telescope and the Atacama Cosmology Telescope. The aim of the project is to study the cluster population in a 14 deg$^2$ field. In this work, we present a catalog of 46 X-ray selected clusters from the initial 6 deg$^2$ survey core. We describe the XMM-BCS source detection pipeline and derive physical properties of the clusters. We provide photometric redshift estimates derived from the BCS imaging data and spectroscopic redshift measurements for a low redshift subset of the clusters. We derive the cluster log N - log S relation using an approximation to the survey selection function and find it in good agreement with previous studies. We carry out an initial comparison between X-ray luminosity derived masses and masses from optical estimators from the Southern Cosmology Survey for a subset of the cluster sample. Optical masses based on cluster richness and total optical luminosity are found to be significantly higher than the X-ray values. (abridged)
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 11/2011; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on two fossil groups of galaxies at redshifts z= 0.425 and 0.372 discovered in the Cosmic Evolution Survey (COSMOS) area. Selected as X-ray extended sources, they have total masses (M200) equal to 1.9(±0.41) × 1013 and 9.5(±0.42) × 1013 M⊙, respectively, as obtained from a recent X-ray luminosity–mass scaling relation. The lower mass system appears isolated, whereas the other sits in a well-known large-scale structure (LSS) populated by 27 other X-ray emitting groups. The identification as fossil is based on the i-band photometry of all the galaxies with a photometric redshift consistent with that of the group at the 2σ confidence level and within a projected groupcentric distance equal to 0.5R200, and iAB≤ 22.5 mag limited spectroscopy. Both fossil groups exhibit high stellar-to-total mass ratios compared to all the X-ray selected groups of similar mass at 0.3 ≤z≤ 0.5 in the COSMOS. At variance with the composite galaxy stellar mass functions (GSMFs) of similarly massive systems, both fossil group GSMFs are dominated by passively evolving galaxies down to Mstars∼ 1010 M⊙ (according to the galaxy broad-band spectral energy distributions). The relative lack of star-forming galaxies with 1010≤Mstars≤ 1011 M⊙ is confirmed by the galaxy distribution in the b−r versus i colour–magnitude diagram. Hence, the two fossil groups appear as more mature than the coeval, similarly massive groups. Their overall star formation activity ended rapidly after an accelerated build up of the total stellar mass; no significant infall of galaxies with Mstars≥ 1010 M⊙ took place in the last 3 to 6 Gyr. This similarity holds although the two fossil groups are embedded in two very different density environments of the LSS, which suggests that their galaxy populations were shaped by processes that do not depend on the LSS. However, their progenitors may do so. We discuss why the late merging of a compact group is favoured over the early assembly as a formation scenario for the isolated, low-mass fossil group.
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 09/2011; 417(4):2927 - 2937. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on 2 fossil groups of galaxies at z=0.425 and 0.372 discovered in the Cosmic Evolution Survey (COSMOS) area. Selected as X-ray extended sources, they have total masses (M_200) of 1.9(+/-0.41)E13 and 9.5(+/-0.42)E13 M_sun, respectively, as obtained from a recent X-ray luminosity-mass scaling relation. The lower mass system appears isolated, whereas the other sits in a well-known large-scale structure (LSS) populated by 27 other X-ray emitting groups. The identification as fossil is based on the i-band photometry of all the galaxies with a photo-z consistent with that of the group at the 2-sigma confidence level and within a projected group-centric distance equal to 0.5R_200, and i_AB<=22.5-mag limited spectroscopy. Both fossil groups exhibit high stellar-to-total mass ratios compared to all the X-ray selected groups of similar mass at 0.3<=z<=0.5 in the COSMOS. At variance with the composite galaxy stellar mass functions (GSMFs) of similarly massive systems, both fossil group GSMFs are dominated by passively evolving galaxies down to M^stars~1E10 M_sun (according to the galaxy broad-band spectral energy distributions). The relative lack of star-forming galaxies with 1E10<=M^stars<=1E11 M_sun is confirmed by the galaxy distribution in the b-r vs i color-magnitude diagram. Hence, the 2 fossil groups appear as more mature than the coeval, similarly massive groups. Their overall star formation activity ended rapidly after an accelerated build up of the total stellar mass; no significant infall of galaxies with M^stars>=1E10 M_sun took place in the last 3 to 6 Gyr. This similarity holds although the 2 fossil groups are embedded in two very different density environments of the LSS, which suggests that their galaxy populations were shaped by processes that do not depend on the LSS. However, their progenitors may do so. ...
    07/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: We report on the discovery of a galaxy cluster at z = 1.490 originally selected as an extended X-ray source in the XMM-Newton Distant Cluster Project. Further observations carried out with the VLT-FORS2 spectrograph allowed the spectroscopic confirmation of seven secure cluster members, providing a median system redshift of z = 1.490 +/- 0.009. The color magnitude diagram of XMMU J0338.8+0021 reveals the presence of a well populated red sequence with z-H ~ 3, albeit with an apparent significant scatter in color. Since we do not detect indications for strong star formation activity in any of the objects, the color spread could indicate different stellar ages of the member galaxies. In addition, we found the brightest cluster galaxy in a very active dynamical state, with an interacting, merging companion located at a physical projected distance of d ~ 20kpc. From the X-ray luminosity we estimate a cluster mass of M200 ~ 1.2 x 10^(14) Msun. The data seem to suggest a scenario in which XMMU J0338.8+0021 is a young system, possibly caught in a moment of active ongoing mass assembly.
    06/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: We propose warm Spitzer IRAC photometry (channels 1 and 2) on a sample of 24 distant (0.8
    Spitzer Proposal. 05/2011;
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics 01/2011; submitted. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the discovery of a galaxy cluster at z = 1.490 originally selected as an extended X-ray source in the XMM-Newton Distant Cluster Project. Further observations carried out with the VLT-FORS2 spectrograph allowed the spectroscopic confirmation of seven secure cluster members, providing a median system redshift of z = 1.490 ± 0.009. The color-magnitude diagram of XMMU J0338.8+0021 reveals the presence of a well-populated red sequence with z - H &ap; 3, albeit with an apparent significant scatter in color. Since we do not detect indications of any strong star formation activity in these objects, the color spread could represent the different stellar ages of the member galaxies. In addition, we found the brightest cluster galaxy in a very active dynamical state, with an interacting, merging companion located at a physical projected distance of d &ap; 20 kpc. From the X-ray luminosity, we estimate a cluster mass of M200 ~ 1.2 × 1014 M&sun;. The data appear to be consistent with a scenario in which XMMU J0338.8+0021 is a young system, possibly caught in a moment of active ongoing mass assembly. Based on observations under programme ID 084.A-0844 collected at the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, Chile, and observations collected at the Centro Astronómico Hispano Alemán at Calar Alto, operated jointly by the Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC).Tables 1, 2 and Figs. 3-6 are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 01/2011; 532. · 5.08 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

10 Citations
62.32 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • University of Vienna
      Wien, Vienna, Austria
  • 2011
    • Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics
      Arching, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2008
    • Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
      • Institute for Astrophysics
      Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany