ABSTRACT: To investigate effectiveness of doxycycline after trabeculectomy in rabbits by evaluating bleb appearance, intraocular pressure, and levels of matrix metalloproteinase-1, -2, -3, and -9 and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 and -2 in the subconjunctival (sc) area.
Twenty-nine New Zealand White rabbits were assigned into 1 of 6 groups as follows: topical doxycycline (0.1%), postoperative sc injection of doxycycline (100 mg/2 mL), and intraoperative mitomycin-C (MMC) (0.2 mg/mL) and their respective control groups.
There was significant difference between intraocular pressure in the case groups, but there was no significant difference in topical doxycycline and MMC groups during the follow up. In the topical doxycycline group, levels of TIMP-1 and perifericTIMP-1 were higher and levels of perifericMMP-2 and inflammation were lower than their controls. In the sc doxycycline group, peripheral inflammation was higher than in the corresponding control. Only peripheral inflammation was significantly different between case groups, with the highest level in sc and the lowest level in MMC groups. Further, topical doxycycline group showed no significant difference in bleb appearance or peripheral inflammation compared with MMC group. Conjunctival burn and corneal vascularization were detected only in the sc doxycycline group.
Topical doxycycline is more effective than sc doxycycline but is similar to MMC, and it can be an alternative to MMC in trabeculectomy in rabbits.
Journal of ocular pharmacology and therapeutics: the official journal of the Association for Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 10/2010; 26(5):399-406. · 1.46 Impact Factor