Masahiko Fujino

Nagoya Second Red Cross Hospital, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

Are you Masahiko Fujino?

Claim your profile

Publications (15)43.54 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Primaly solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) of the ovary is a rare tumor; recently 6 cases have been reported. Its pathogenesis, however, remains largely unclear. We report an additional case of primary ovarian SPN of an 18-year-old girl. The aim of this study is to define the difference between pancreatic and ovarian SPN by histological and molecular examination. Microscopically the tumor predominantly showed a solid pattern and focally a pseudopapillary pattern. The tumor cells showed two patterns of abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm and intracytoplasmic vacuoles. Immunohistochemistry of the tumor was positive for β-catenin (nuclear and cytoplasmic reactivity), α1-antitrypsin, vimentin, CD56, synaptophysin (focal weak), CD10. Mutation analyses revealed a point mutation, c.110C >T, in exon 3 of the the β-catenin gene (CTNNB1), which causes the replacement of serine with phenylalanine at codon 37. A Ser37 point mutation is known to be one of the oncogenic somatic mutations in pancreatic SPN and the major oncogenic β-catenin mutation. Ovarian SPN of our case was similar to pancreatic SPN histologicaly and had the same genomic characteristics. We expected that both ovarian and pancreatic SPNs shared the same oncogenesis related to Wnt/β-catenin pathway for tumorgenesis.
    Pathology International 10/2014; · 1.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor is a rare tumor deriving from mesenchymal tissue. Approximately 50% of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors harbor an anaplastic lymphoma kinase fusion gene. Pulmonary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors harboring tropomyosin3-anaplastic lymphoma kinase or protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor-type F polypeptide-interacting protein-binding protein 1-anaplastic lymphoma kinase have been reported previously. However, it has not been reported that inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors harbor echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4-anaplastic lymphoma kinase fusion gene which is considered to be very specific to lung cancers. A few tumors harboring echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4-anaplastic lymphoma kinase fusion gene other than lung cancers have been reported and the tumors were all carcinomas. A 67-year-old man had been followed up for a benign tumor for approximately 3 years before the tumor demonstrated malignant transformation. Lobectomy and autopsy revealed that an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor harboring echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4-anaplastic lymphoma kinase fusion gene had transformed into an undifferentiated sarcoma. This case suggests that echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4-anaplastic lymphoma kinase fusion is an oncogenic event in not only carcinomas but also sarcomas originating from stromal cells.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2013; · 1.75 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The best treatment for recurrent granulosa cell tumor(GCT)is considered to be surgical resection, because the effects of chemotherapy or radiation on GCT are obscure. The common site of recurrence is the pelvic cavity, including the surface of the liver and intestine as tumor-dissemination-patterns. Between June 1988 and June 2011, we treated 15 patients with GCT at our hospital. The median follow-up time was 56(22-286)months. Ten patients were stage I, 3 were stage II, and 2 were stage III. No patients had residual lesions at the primary surgery area. Six patients have recurred, and the median disease free survival(DFS)was 85(15-128)months. Six patients had relapses in the pelvic cavity, 2 in the retroperitneal lymph nodes, and 1 in the upper abdomen. Two patients relapsed more than twice; however, the rapid detection of recurrence and surgical resection have kept all patients alive. Thirteen patients have no evidence of disease(NED), 2 are alive with disease(AWD), and no one has died of the disease(DOD). We suggest that maximal debulking surgery to achieve complete cytoreduction of recurrent GCT is the most important treatment for prolonging survival.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 02/2013; 40(2):203-7.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare B-cell neoplasm with an aggressive clinical behavior that predominantly occurs in the oral cavity of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients. However, it has recently been recognized that PBLs can also affect individuals without HIV infection, and suggested that these neoplasms show different clinicopathological characteristics between HIV-positive and -negative patients. Herein we describe a case of gastric PBL in a female HIV-negative patient. The tumor was composed of a diffuse and cohesive proliferation of large neoplastic cells, which resembled immunoblasts or plasmablasts with a starry sky appearance. Immunophenotypically, the neoplastic cells were diffusely positive for CD138, MUM1, IgM, and BOB-1, and negative for CK, LCA, CD3, CD20, CD79a, Pax5, kappa, lambda, CD30, ALK, S-100, HMB-45, MPO, and HHV-8. The MIB-1 index was nearly 100%. Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA in situ hybridization was negative. A monoclonal immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangement was detected in polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and heteroduplex analyses. A combination of PCR-based analysis of immunoglobulin gene rearrangement and immunohistochemistry can be useful to substantiate the diagnosis by utilizing routine paraffin-embedded tissue sections, because PBL in the setting of extra-oral localization and immunocompetence is a diagnostic challenge, given its rarity, morphology, and absence of CD20 expression.
    Pathology International 11/2012; 62(11):763-70. · 1.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The chromosomal 1p/19q state was analyzed in 16 low-grade meningiomas and 7 atypical meningiomas using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis. Chromosome 1p aberrations were observed in all atypical meningiomas, but in only one low-grade meningioma. Atypical meningiomas showed 19q deletion or imbalance, suggesting chromosomal instability of 19q. A small group of low-grade meningioma showed 19q aberrations. FISH 1p/19q deletion/imbalance analysis is a sensitive method for detecting chromosome aberrations of meningiomas and provides useful information for grading of meningiomas. Patients with low-grade meningioma with chromosomal instability of 1p/19q should be followed up carefully. Assessment of the chromosomal state by FISH might be of crucial importance in the clinical management of meningiomas.
    Neurologia medico-chirurgica 01/2010; 50(1):27-32; discussion 32. · 0.49 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Intestinal transplant-associated microangiopathy (i-TAM) is an important complication after allogeneic hematopoietic SCT. From 1997 to 2006, 87 of 886 patients with diarrhea after transplantation received colonoscopic biopsy. i-TAM, GVHD and CMV colitis were diagnosed histopathologically. The median duration from transplantation to the onset of diarrhea was 32 days (range: 9-130 days) and that from the onset of diarrhea to biopsy was 12 days (range: 0-74 days). The median maximal amount of diarrhea was 2 l/day (range: 130-5600 ml/day). Histopathological diagnosis included i-TAM (n=80), GVHD (n=26), CMV colitis (n=17) and nonspecific findings (n=2) with overlapping. Among 80 patients with i-TAM, abdominal pain was a major symptom, and only 11 patients fulfilled the proposed criteria for systemic TAM. Non-relapse mortality (NRM) among patients without resolution of diarrhea was 72% and i-TAM comprised 57% of NRM. NRM was 25% among patients without intensified immunosuppression, but was 52, 79 and 100% among those with intensified immunosuppression before diarrhea, after diarrhea, and before and after diarrhea, respectively. In conclusion, i-TAM is a major complication presenting massive refractory diarrhea and abdominal pain, which causes NRM. Avoiding intensified immunosuppression that damages vascular endothelium until the resolution of i-TAM may improve transplant outcome.
    Bone marrow transplantation 02/2009; 44(1):43-9. · 3.00 Impact Factor
  • Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 02/2009; 15(2):104-104. · 3.35 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigated the results of cervical cytology, pathology of colposcopic biopsy and surgical specimen among 765 women suspected to have cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Significantly more patients with cervical cytology class III b than class III a were diagnosed in CIN grade 3 on colposcopic biopsy. The concordance rate of colposcopic biopsy and surgical specimen was 79.8%, but we preoperatively diagnosed CIN grade 3 or more at 96.1% with colposcopic biopsy. In time course observation, CIN regressed in 26.3% of all patients, progressed in 19.3% and did not change in 54.4%. Many patients of CIN grade 2 progressed to grade 3 in two years. Significantly more patients of CIN grade 1 or 2 with cervical cytology class III b progressed than with class III a (p<0.05).
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 10/2008; 35(9):1541-5.
  • Source
    M Fujino, Y Kim, M Ito
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is one of the severe complications after stem cell transplantation (SCT) and is associated with graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis including FK506. In this study, we experimented on rats using FK506 to demonstrate the occurrence of intestinal TMA. FK506 was administrated into Wistar/ST rats intraperitoneally for 7 days. Rats were examined histopathologically after FK506 injection using light and electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry. FK506 concentrations in whole blood were measured by enzyme immunoassay. In the acute phase, hemorrhagic lesions with multifocal erosions and crypt loss were found in the small intestines of all treated rats. Capillary vessels were dilated, and a few platelet thrombi were found. Electron microscopy demonstrated degenerative swelling of endothelial cells and platelet aggregates adhering to the vessel walls. In the later phase, epithelial regenerative failure, characterized by crypt ghosts, was found in the affected mucosa. Apoptotic epithelial cells were increased in number. The extent of intestinal injury was proportional to the whole blood levels of FK506. The intestinal lesions in rats were consistent with TMA and induced by the injection of FK506 alone. Apoptotic enteropathy was also observed and similar to intestinal GVHD. In this study, we established an intestinal TMA model induced by immunosuppressant (Tacrolimus) only without irradiation.
    Bone Marrow Transplantation 04/2007; 39(6):367-72. · 3.47 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We used immunohistochemical analysis to investigate 146 bone marrow (BM) clot specimens from patients with fever of unknown origin (FUO) (n = 124) or hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) (n = 22). Intravascular lymphoma (IVL) primarily involving BM was detected in 12 (8.2%) of the 146 patients. Diagnosis was based on the presence of CD20+ and CD79a+ tumor cells confined within the lumina of sinuses and surrounded by CD34+ endothelial cells. Of the 12 IVL cases, 6 were CD5+; of these 6 CD5+ cases, 5 were positive for vimentin. The finding of a considerably high prevalence of IVL tumor cells in BM from patients with FUO or HPS suggests that immunohistochemical examination of BM may be helpful in the diagnosis of IVL in these patients. Vimentin coexpression in CD5+ IVL might be evidence of origin from a subset of prefollicular B-cells.
    International Journal of Hematology 03/2003; 77(2):159-63. · 1.68 Impact Factor
  • J W Choi, Y Kim, M Fujino, M Ito
    Annals of Hematology 10/2002; 81(9):548-50. · 2.40 Impact Factor
  • Source
    J W Choi, Y Kim, M Fujino, M Ito
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between the fetal hemoglobin-containing erythroblasts (F blasts) and apoptosis in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), we immunohistochemically assessed F blasts, F cells, and apoptosis in 137 patients with MDS. A marked increase in the number of F blasts in the bone marrow was identified in 116 of 137 patients (84.7%), and the number of F cells was elevated in 54 patients (39.4%). Among the erythroblasts stained by anti-glycophorin C antibody, the mean percentage of F blasts was 14.63 +/- 9.17% in MDS, which was significantly higher than that in non-MDS patients with stress erythropoiesis (4.82 +/- 3.35%, P < 0.01), although there were no significant differences in the number of F cells between these groups. In particular, 62 of the 137 MDS patients (45.3%) had an apparent increase in F blasts but no elevation of F cells. The apoptotic rate was significantly higher in the patients with a F blast/F cell (Fb/Fc) ratio >or=5.0 than in those with a Fb/Fc ratio <1.0 (P < 0.01). The results indicate that F cell precursors are incapable of maturing into functioning end-stage F cells, presumably owing to apoptotic cell death. The measurement of F blasts in the bone marrow is needed for the precise evaluation of fetal-type erythropoiesis in MDS.
    Leukemia 08/2002; 16(8):1478-83. · 9.38 Impact Factor
  • Jong Weon Choi, Masahiko Fujino, Masafumi Ito
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Making a morphologic distinction between hypocellular refractory anemia (hypo RA) and aplastic anemia (AA) is difficult. To investigate the significance of hemoglobin F-containing erythroblasts (F-blasts) and p53 expression in making the distinction between hypo RA and acquired AA, we immunohistochemically assessed F-blasts and p53 in bone marrow specimens from 16 patients with hypo RA, 31 patients with acquired AA, and 15 hematologically normal individuals. F-blast production was elevated in 87.5% (14/16) of patients with hypo RA, but in only 3.2% (1/31) of patients with AA (P < .01). p53 was overexpressed in 75.0% (12/16) of hypo RA patients and in 6.4% (2/31) of AA patients (P < .01). The mean contents of F-blasts and p53-positive cells in patients with hypo RA were 6.31% +/- 3.27% and 7.54% +/- 4.36%, respectively, of all bone marrow cells, which were significantly higher than for patients with AA (0.35% +/- 0.46% and 0.58% +/- 1.29%, P < .01). In conclusion, a high prevalence of elevated F-blast production is noted in hypo RA, suggesting that the assessment of F-blasts in bone marrow can be used as an additional tool for differentiating hypo RA from acquired AA.
    International Journal of Hematology 05/2002; 75(3):257-60. · 1.68 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigated whether the anatomic distribution of hematopoietic cells determines the type of hemoglobin produced in patients with extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH). Fetal hemoglobin (HbF) production is not restricted to fetal erythropoietic organs during EMH. A shift of erythropoiesis to fetal hematopoietic organs in EMH does not necessarily induce HbF synthesis in adulthood.
    Haematologica 04/2002; 87(3):323-5. · 5.87 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To date there are few antibodies available for the detection of fetal hemoglobin (HbF)-containing erythroblasts (F-blasts) in paraffin-embedded hematopoietic tissues. Recently, we developed a new polyclonal antibody specific to F-blasts by immunization of a rabbit with synthetic peptides of human HbF. Specificity and reactivity of the antibody were confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunohistochemistry. ELISA confirmed that the antibody showed strong immunoreactivity to fetal hemoglobin but no reaction to adult hemoglobin. The antibody could detect the presence of fetal blood hemolysates (10 μxg/mL) at a dilution of 10p-5. According to immunohistochemical analysis, there were strong positive reactions to fetal erythroblasts in the liver and the spleen at 29 weeks of gestation and to erythroblasts from patients with myelodysplastic syndromes and erythroleukemia but no reactions to normal adult erythroblasts in bone marrow. Fetal erythrocytes in fetal blood vessels of placental tissues were strictly distinguished from maternal erythrocytes in the same sections by their positive reactions, indicating the presence of HbF. This new antibody will be a useful tool for studying fetal hemoglobin synthesis and for detecting F-blasts in archival specimens of various hematological diseases.
    International Journal of Hematology 10/2001; 74(3):277-280. · 1.68 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A case of nasal type natural killer (NK)/T cell lymphoma of the subcutis showing clinical and morphological features that resemble subcutaneous panniculitis-like T cell lymphoma (SPTCL) is presented. A 73-year-old man presented with swelling of the left arm and was diagnosed with panniculitis by a dermatologist. It was concluded from a skin biopsy specimen that the patient had non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the large cell, NK/T cell type because the neoplastic cells showed polyclonal CD3 immunoreactivity. Treatment with interferon-gamma was initiated, but the patient died of disseminated intravascular coagulation and multiple organ failure 2 months after the initial symptoms appeared. However, involvement of additional organs by the lymphoma was not apparent clinically. An autopsy was not performed. A routinely stained section of the biopsy skin specimen revealed massive necrosis of the subcutaneous fat, karyorrhexis admixed with reactive histiocytes, and large atypical lymphoid cells. Immunoreactivity for polyclonal CD3 was present in the perinuclear region, but absent in the neoplastic cell membranes. CD56, CD45RO (UCHL-1), CD43 (MT1), CD45 (leukocyte common antigen), and the cytotoxic molecules perforin, granzyme B and TIA-1 were positive, but CD20 (L26), CD4, CD8, and betaF1 were negative. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) mRNA was detected in the nuclei of neoplastic cells by in situ hybridization. Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T cell lymphoma is reported to be an EBV-negative, clonal T cell neoplasm. Although this case showed clinical and morphological features that resembled SPTCL, perinuclear polyclonal CD3 staining and membranous CD56 reactivity seen in neoplastic cells were suggestive of NK cells. Furthermore, the neoplastic cells were positive for EBV. This case is considered to be a NK/T cell lymphoma of the subcutis resembling SPTCL. It is believed that it is important to recognize such a tumor because patients may undergo a fulminant clinical course, despite the tumor being localized in the subcutaneous adipose tissue.
    Pathology International 04/1999; 49(3):241-6. · 1.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hemolymph nodes (HLs) are unique lymph nodes, in that their lymphatic sinuses contain numerous erythrocytes. In this study, we compared the internal structure and immunologic function of HLs with those of ordinary lymph nodes (OLs) and the spleen. Electron microscopy revealed erythrocytes passing through the walls of blood vessels in the intermediate sinus area (IMSA) of a HL between expanded endothelial cell junctions. However, no direct communication was found between lymphatic sinuses and blood vessels. Numerous carbon particles appeared in the IMSA of HLs on 5 days after intravenous carbon particle injection, while OLs lacked particle deposition. Immunohistochemical studies showed that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) reached the IMSA of HLs and extravasated into medullary cords 4 hours after intravenous LPS injection, resulting in the appearance of more IgM-stained lymphocytes in the IMSA of HLs than in that of OLs on day 5. The ability of organs to produce antibodies was determined by counting the number of plaque forming colonies after intravenous injection of sheep red blood cells (SRBC). The HLs antibody-producing ability was between that of OLs and the spleen. These results suggest that HLs possess functionally open blood vessels in the IMSA and their immunologic capability is between that of OLs and the spleen. These findings suggests that HLs are lymphoid organs that have characteristics between those of the OLs and the spleen, both ultrastructurally and functionally.
    Nagoya journal of medical science 12/1997; 60(3-4):129-37.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is a large body of evidence indicating that stress influences immune competence. For example, psoriasis and atopic dermatitis may be exacerbated by psychic stress and related to abnormalities in the cellular constituents of the immune system in the skin. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We therefore investigated the potential of acute immobilization stress to affect the DTH response in BALB/c mice. DTH was significantly reduced in an immobilization time-dependent manner when stress exposure was just before sensitization. Although the number of Langerhans cells (LC) did not change under these conditions, marked alteration of LC morphology was observed with a significant decrease in area. Recovery of LC was observed within 24 h when the DTH response was also restored. Expression of the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), which inhibits LC antigen presentation, was significantly increased up to 1.6-fold in nerve fibres of immobilized mice. We conclude that stress-induced suppression of DTH could be due to reduction of LC antigen presentation with morphological change in association with CGRP elevation.
    Clinical & Experimental Immunology 09/1997; 109(2):397-401. · 3.28 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A panel of rat monoclonal antibodies directed against mouse splenic stromal cells were isolated. These monoclonal antibodies were immunohistochemically divided into four groups which reacted with non-lymphoid cells of the murine spleen; (I) in the white pulp, (II) at the marginal zone, (III) in the red pulp, and (IV) on the endothelium of splenic blood vessels. These monoclonal antibodies were studied immunohistochemically in lymphoid organs by means of light and electron microscopy. Monoclonal antibodies SS-4 (group I) reacted with fibroblastic reticulum cells that were distributed only in the white pulp of the spleen and in the follicular areas of lymph nodes. The SS-4 staining cell, in clustered splenic stromal cells, formed colonies which included a small number of Thy-1 positive lymphocytes. Therefore, we concluded that SS-4 staining stromal cells comprise the lymphoid compartment. In contrast, monoclonal antibodies SS-1, SS-3 and SS-5 (group II) reacted with dendritic shaped cells in the marginal zone of the spleen. Examination of splenic extramedullary hematopoiesis in mice rescued by bone marrow transplantation after lethal irradiation revealed that SS-3 and SS-5 reacted with dendritic shaped stromal cells in clonal nodules of engrafted marrow in the red pulp. SS-3 and SS-5 staining cells could not be observed in physiologic hematopoiesis of non-transplanted mice. It was suggested that SS-3 and SS-5 staining stromal cells are involved in primitive hematopoiesis. Monoclonal antibodies SS-2, SS-6 and SS-7 (group III) mainly reacted with dendritic cells and macrophages in the red pulp. Monoclonal antibodies SS-B and SS-9 (group IV) reacted with endothelial cells of blood vessels and sinuses. These findings of heterogeneity in mouse splenic stromal cells are further evidence that specific micro-environments are composed by specialized stromal cells.
    Pathology International 06/1997; 47(5):275-81. · 1.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Immunohistochemistry was used to study the kinetics of B lymphocytes (B-lys) in the early stages of the localized inflammatory response induced in SMA mice by the subcutaneous injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). At the injection sites, medium-sized B-lys formed early inflammatory lesions with neutrophils and activated macrophages on days 1 and 2. The B-lys were morphologically similar to monocytes, but were not stained with Mac1 antibody. Remarkably the B-lys showed the phenotypes of B220+, IgM+, IgD (slight to negative), Ly-1- and CD23- by double immunohistochemical staining. The B-lys were also positive for alkaline phosphatase. Consequently the B-lys could be identified as monocytoid B-lys or marginal zone B-lys. Plasmacytic B-lys and plasma cells were first observed on days 3 and 4, but no lymphoid follicles were found at the injection sites. In the inguinal lymph nodes, the same B-lys responses were mainly induced in the paracortical lesions (T cell areas) preceding the formation of activated germinal centers (GC). These findings suggested that the B-lys, induced by injections of LPS, matured into plasma cells in the localized inflammatory lesions independent of GC, and that they were different from follicular B-lys.
    Pathology International 07/1996; 46(6):399-407. · 1.59 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

102 Citations
43.54 Total Impact Points

Top co-authors View all

Institutions

  • 2007–2009
    • Nagoya Second Red Cross Hospital
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 1996–2003
    • Nagoya University
      • Division of Pathology
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan