[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Theatre is a web-based computing system designed for the comparative analysis of genomic sequences, especially with respect to motifs likely to be involved in the regulation of gene expression. Theatre is an interface to commonly used sequence analysis tools and biological sequence databases to determine or predict the positions of coding regions, repetitive sequences and transcription factor binding sites in families of DNA sequences. The information is displayed in a manner that can be easily understood and can reveal patterns that might not otherwise have been noticed. In addition to web-based output, Theatre can produce publication quality colour hardcopies showing predicted features in aligned genomic sequences. A case study using the p53 promoter region of four mammalian species and two fish species is described. Unlike the mammalian sequences the promoter regions in fish have not been previously predicted or characterized and we report the differences in the p53 promoter region of four mammals and that predicted for two fish species. Theatre can be accessed at http://www.hgmp.mrc.ac.uk/Registered/Webapp/theatre/.
Nucleic Acids Research 08/2003; 31(13):3510-7. · 8.81 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Plasminogen related growth factors (PRGFs) and their receptors play major roles in embryogenesis, tissue regeneration and neoplasia. In order to investigate the complexity and evolution of the PRGF receptor family we have cloned and sequenced three receptors for PRGFs in the teleost fish Fugu rubripes, a model vertebrate with a compact genome. One of the receptor genes isolated encodes the orthologue of mammalian MET, whilst the other two may represent Fugu rubripes orthologues of RON and SEA. This is the first time three PRGF receptors have been identified in a single species.
Febs Letters - FEBS LETT. 01/1999; 443(3):370-374.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fugu rubripes (Fugu) has one of the smallest recorded vertebrate genomes and is an economic tool for comparative DNA sequence analysis. Initial characterization of 128 kb of Fugu DNA attributed the compactness of this genome, in part, to a sparseness of repetitive DNA sequence compared with mammalian genomic sequences. This paper describes a new and comprehensive analysis in which 501 theoretically possible microsatellites with a repeat unit of one to six bases were used to query two orders of magnitude more Fugu DNA (i.e. 11.338 Mb). A total of 6042 microsatellites were identified and categorized. In decreasing order, the 20 most frequently occurring microsatellites are AC, A, C, AGG, AG, AGC, AAT, AAAT, ACAG, ACGC, ATCC, AAC, ATC, AGGG, AAAG, AAG, AAAC, AT, CCG and TTAGGG. The 20 most frequently occurring microsatellites represent 81.79% of all microsatellites identified. Our results indicate that one microsatellite occurs every 1.876 kb of DNA in Fugu, 11.55% of the microsatellites are detected in open reading frames that are predicted protein coding regions. With respect to the proportion of microsatellites present in open reading frames and the total abundance (bp) of all microsatellites, the genome of Fugu is similar to the genome of many other vertebrate species. Previous estimates performed indicate that approximately 1% of many vertebrate genomes are comprized of microsatellite sequences. However, many differences prevail in the abundance and frequency of the individual microsatellite classes. Many of the frequently occurring microsatellites in Fugu are known to code in other species for regions in proteins such as transcription factors, whilst others are associated with known functions, such as transcription factor binding sites and form part of promoter regions in DNA sequences of genes. Therefore, it is likely that such repeats in genomes have a role in the evolution of genes, regulation of gene expression and consequently the evolution of species.
Journal of Molecular Biology 06/1998; 278(4):843-54. · 3.91 Impact Factor