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Publications (4)11.07 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To assess the effect of weight loss on ventricular repolarization in morbidly obese patients, 39 normotensive subjects whose baseline body mass indexes were ≥40 kg/m(2) before weight loss from bariatric surgery were studied. All patients were free of underlying organic heart disease, heart failure, and conditions that might affect ventricular repolarization. Twelve-lead electrocardiography and transthoracic echocardiography were performed just before surgery and at the nadir of postoperative weight loss. The corrected QT interval (QTc) was derived using Bazett's formula. QTc dispersion was calculated by subtracting the minimum from the maximum QTc on the 12-lead electrocardiogram. Echocardiographic left ventricular (LV) mass was indexed to height(2.7). The mean body mass index decreased from 42.8 ± 2.1 to 31.9 ± 2.2 kg/m(2) (p <0.0005). For the entire group, weight loss was associated with significant reductions in mean QTc (from 428.7 ± 18.5 to 410.5 ± 11.9 ms, p <0.0001) and mean QTc dispersion (from 44.1 ± 11.2 to 33.2 ± 3.3 ms, p <0.0005). Mean QTc and QTc dispersion decreased significantly with weight loss in patients with LV hypertrophy but not in subjects without LV hypertrophy. Multivariate analysis identified pre-weight loss LV mass/height(2.7) as the most important predictor of pre-weight loss QTc and QTc dispersion and also identified weight loss-induced change in LV mass/height(2.7) as the most important predictor of weight loss-induced changes in QTc and QTc dispersion. In conclusion, LV hypertrophy is a key determinant of QTc and QTc dispersion in normotensive morbidly obese patients. Regression of LV hypertrophy associated with weight loss decreases QTc and QTc dispersion.
    The American journal of cardiology 04/2012; 110(3):415-9. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is an important tool to identify and quantify expression of certain proteins (antigens) to gain insights into the molecular processes in a diseased tissue. However, it is a challenge for pathologists to remember the discriminative characteristics of the growing number of such antigens across multiple diseases. The complexity of their expression patterns, fueled by continuous discoveries in molecular pathology, gives rise to a combinatorial explosion that places an unprecedented burden on a practicing pathologist and therefore increases cost and variability of IHC studies. To tackle these issues, we have developed antibody test optimized selection method, a novel informatics tool to help pathologists in improving the IHC antibody selection process. The method uses extensions of Shannon's information entropies and Bayesian probabilities to dynamically build an efficient diagnostic tree. A comparative analysis of our method with the expert and World Health Organization classification guidelines showed that the proposed method brings threefold reduction in number of antibody tests required to reach a diagnostic conclusion. The developed method can significantly streamline the antibody test selection process, decrease associated costs and reduce inter- and intrapathologist variability in IHC decision-making.
    Journal of pathology informatics. 01/2012; 3:1.
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    ABSTRACT: Prolongation of the corrected QT interval (QTc) has been described in obese subjects. This study assesses the relation of left ventricular (LV) mass to QTc in normotensive severely obese subjects. Fifty normotensive patients whose BMI was ≥40 kg/m(2) (mean age: 38 ± 7 years) were studied. QTc was derived using Bazett's formula. LV mass was calculated using the formula of Devereux et al. and was indexed to height(2.7). Mean QTc was 428.8 ± 19.0 ms and was significantly longer in those with than in those without LV hypertrophy (P < 0.01) QTc correlated positively and significantly with BMI (r = 0.392, P < 0.025), LV mass/height(2.7) (r = 0.793, P < 0.0005), systolic blood pressure (r = 0.742, P < 0.001), LV end - systolic wall stress (r = 0.746, P < 0.001) and LV internal dimension in diastole (r = 0.788, P < 0.0005). Among five variables tested, LV mass/height(2.7) was identified as the sole predictor of QTc by multivariate analysis. In conclusion, LV mass and loading conditions that may affect LV mass are important determinants of QTc in normotensive severely obese subjects.
    Obesity 08/2011; 20(9):1950-4. · 3.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Physician-patient email communication is gaining popularity. However, a formal assessment of physicians' email communication skills has not been described. We hypothesized that the email communication skills of rheumatology fellows can be measured in an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) setting using a novel email content analysis instrument which has 18 items. During an OSCE, we asked 50 rheumatology fellows to respond to a simulated patient email. The content of the responses was assessed using our instrument. The majority of rheumatology fellows wrote appropriate responses scoring a mean (±SD) of 10.6 (±2.6) points (maximum score 18), with high inter-rater reliability (0.86). Most fellows were concise (74%) and courteous (68%) but not formal (22%). Ninety-two percent of fellows acknowledged that the patient's condition required urgent medical attention, but only 30% took active measures to contact the patient. No one encrypted their messages. The objective assessment of email communication skills is possible using simulated emails in an OSCE setting. The variable email communication scores and incidental patient safety gaps identified, suggest a need for further training and defined proficiency standards for physicians' email communication skills.
    Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 11/2010; 17(6):702-6. · 3.57 Impact Factor