[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The clinical profile of belatacept in kidney transplant recipients was evaluated to determine if earlier results in the BENEFIT study were sustained at 3 years. BENEFIT is a randomized 3 year, phase III study in adults receiving a kidney transplant from a living or standard criteria deceased donor. Patients were randomized to a more (MI) or less intensive (LI) regimen of belatacept, or cyclosporine. 471/666 patients completed ≥3 years of therapy. A total of 92% (MI), 92% (LI), and 89% (cyclosporine) of patients survived with a functioning graft. The mean calculated GFR (cGFR) was ∼21 mL/min/1.73 m(2) higher in the belatacept groups versus cyclosporine at year 3. From month 3 to month 36, the mean cGFR increased in the belatacept groups by +1.0 mL/min/1.73 m(2) /year (MI) and +1.2 mL/min/1.73 m(2) /year (LI) versus a decline of -2.0 mL/min/1.73 m(2) /year (cyclosporine). One cyclosporine-treated patient experienced acute rejection between year 2 and year 3. There were no new safety signals and no new posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) cases after month 18. Belatacept-treated patients maintained a high rate of patient and graft survival that was comparable to cyclosporine-treated patients, despite an early increased occurrence of acute rejection and PTLD.
American Journal of Transplantation 01/2012; 12(1):210-7. · 6.19 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Current immunosuppressive regimens in renal transplantation typically include calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) and corticosteroids, both of which have toxicities that can impair recipient and allograft health. This 1-year, randomized, controlled, open-label, exploratory study assessed two belatacept-based regimens compared to a tacrolimus (TAC)-based, steroid-avoiding regimen. Recipients of living and deceased donor renal allografts were randomized 1:1:1 to receive belatacept-mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), belatacept-sirolimus (SRL), or TAC-MMF. All patients received induction with 4 doses of Thymoglobulin (6 mg/kg maximum) and an associated short course of corticosteroids. Eighty-nine patients were randomized and transplanted. Acute rejection occurred in 4, 1 and 1 patient in the belatacept-MMF, belatacept-SRL and TAC-MMF groups, respectively, by Month 6; most acute rejection occurred in the first 3 months. More than two-thirds of patients in the belatacept groups remained on CNI- and steroid-free regimens at 12 months and the calculated glomerular filtration rate was 8-10 mL/min higher with either belatacept regimen than with TAC-MMF. Overall safety was comparable between groups. In conclusion, primary immunosuppression with belatacept may enable the simultaneous avoidance of both CNIs and corticosteroids in recipients of living and deceased standard criteria donor kidneys, with acceptable rates of acute rejection and improved renal function relative to a TAC-based regimen.
American Journal of Transplantation 01/2011; 11(1):66-76. · 6.19 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Belatacept is associated with better renal function and an improved cardiovascular/metabolic risk profile versus cyclosporine in kidney transplant recipients. The current analysis examined pooled safety data for belatacept versus cyclosporine used in combination with basiliximab, mycophenolate mofetil, and steroids.
Patients enrolled in three core studies in de novo kidney transplantation were randomized to a more intensive (MI) or less intensive (LI) regimen of belatacept or cyclosporine. The pooled analysis included 1425 patients (MI: 477; LI: 472; cyclosporine: 476). Median follow-up was approximately 2.4 years.
Belatacept was generally well tolerated. The frequency of deaths (MI: 7%; LI: 5%; cyclosporine: 7%) and serious infections (MI: 37%; LI: 32%; cyclosporine: 36%) were lower in the LI group versus cyclosporine. The frequency of malignancies was 10%, 6%, and 7% in the MI, LI, and cyclosporine groups, respectively. Sixteen cases of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) occurred (n=8 MI; n=6 LI; n=2 cyclosporine), including nine cases involving the central nervous system (CNS) (n=6 MI; n=3 LI). The risk of CNS PTLD was highest in Epstein-Barr virus(-) recipients; more CNS PTLD cases occurred in the MI group. One case of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy was reported in the MI group.
Treatment with belatacept-based regimens was generally safe for a period of at least 2 years. There was a greater risk of PTLD--specifically CNS PTLD--in the belatacept groups versus cyclosporine, especially in Epstein-Barr virus(-) patients and with the MI dose. The number of deaths and serious infections was lower in the LI regimen versus MI and cyclosporine. The overall safety profile favored the LI over the MI regimen.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Belatacept is a first-in-class co-stimulation blocker in development for primary maintenance immunosuppression. A Phase II study comparing belatacept with cyclosporine (CsA) for prevention of acute rejection and protection of renal function in kidney transplant recipients demonstrated similar efficacy and significantly higher measured GFR at 1 year for belatacept, but the incidence of posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder was higher. Here, we present the results for the extension of this trial, which aimed to assess long-term safety and efficacy of belatacept. Seventy-eight of 102 patients who were receiving belatacept and the 16 of 26 who were receiving CsA completed the long-term extension period. GFR remained stable in patients who were receiving belatacept for 5 years, and the incidences of death/graft loss or acute rejection were low. The frequencies of serious infections were 16% for belatacept and 27% for CsA, and neoplasms occurred in 12% of each group. No patients who were treated with belatacept and one patient who was treated with CsA developed posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder during the follow-up period. Serious gastrointestinal disorders occurred more frequently with belatacept (12% belatacept versus 8% CsA), and serious cardiac disorders occurred more frequently with CsA (2% belatacept versus 12% CsA). Pharmacokinetic analyses showed consistent exposure to belatacept over time. CD86 receptor saturation was higher in patients who were receiving belatacept every 4 weeks (74%) compared with every 8 weeks (56%). In conclusion, this study demonstrated high patient persistence with intravenous belatacept, stable renal function, predictable pharmacokinetics, and good safety with belatacept over 5 years.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 09/2010; 21(9):1587-96. · 8.99 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Belatacept, a costimulation blocker, may preserve renal function and improve long-term outcomes versus calcineurin inhibitors in kidney transplantation. This Phase III study (Belatacept Evaluation of Nephroprotection and Efficacy as First-line Immunosuppression Trial) assessed a more intensive (MI) or less intensive (LI) regimen of belatacept versus cyclosporine in adults receiving a kidney transplant from living or standard criteria deceased donors. The co-primary endpoints at 12 months were patient/graft survival, a composite renal impairment endpoint (percent with a measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) at Month 12 or a decrease in mGFR > or =10 mL/min/1.73 m(2) Month 3-Month 12) and the incidence of acute rejection. At Month 12, both belatacept regimens had similar patient/graft survival versus cyclosporine (MI: 95%, LI: 97% and cyclosporine: 93%), and were associated with superior renal function as measured by the composite renal impairment endpoint (MI: 55%; LI: 54% and cyclosporine: 78%; p < or = 0.001 MI or LI versus cyclosporine) and by the mGFR (65, 63 and 50 mL/min for MI, LI and cyclosporine; p < or = 0.001 MI or LI versus cyclosporine). Belatacept patients experienced a higher incidence (MI: 22%, LI: 17% and cyclosporine: 7%) and grade of acute rejection episodes. Safety was generally similar between groups, but posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder was more common in the belatacept groups. Belatacept was associated with superior renal function and similar patient/graft survival versus cyclosporine at 1 year posttransplant, despite a higher rate of early acute rejection.
American Journal of Transplantation 03/2010; 10(3):535-46. · 6.19 Impact Factor