Mehrdad Nadji

University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, United States

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Publications (160)535.63 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Malignant mixed Müllerian tumors (MMMTs) are aggressive malignant neoplasms with a high recurrence rate and poor prognosis. Despite advances in adjuvant therapies in recent years, the prognosis of these tumors has not improved. Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) is produced by a variety of malignant tumors and acts as a growth factor in an autocrine/paracrine manner. Its function requires the presence of its receptors to exert its effects on neoplastic cells. In this study, we evaluated the expression of GHRH receptors (GHRH-R) in a group of MMMTs. Thirty-one examples of MMMTs from endometrium, ovary, uterine tube, and pelvic peritoneum were retrieved from the files of Department of Pathology at the University of Miami, Jackson Memorial Hospital. Immunohistochemistry for GHRH-R was performed on paraffin sections and the staining results were evaluated separately in both epithelial and mesenchymal components of each tumor. The presence of pituitary type growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor mRNA and that of its biologically active splice variant were also evaluated by RT-PCR in 6 of the tumors. Positive immunohistochemical reaction for GHRH-R was detected in 30 tumors (96%). The epithelial and sarcomatous components were positive in 30 (96%), whereas one endometrial tumor was negative in both components. The mRNA for GHRH-R and its splice variant was found in all 6 tested tumors. This study shows that GHRH-R is expressed by the majority of MMMTs in both epithelial and mesenchymal components. This finding could potentially serve as a basis for therapeutic approaches using synthetic peptide antagonists of GHRH-R that have shown significant efficacy with minimal side effects in experimental models.
    International Journal of Gynecological Pathology 11/2015; DOI:10.1097/PGP.0000000000000229 · 1.67 Impact Factor

  • Cancer Research 08/2015; 75(15 Supplement):1286-1286. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2015-1286 · 9.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Schwannomas of the brachial plexus are rare and typically present as slowly growing masses. We describe a case of a 37-year-old female who presented with acute onset of severe left upper extremity pain. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a 2.3 × 2.1 cm peripherally enhancing centrally cystic lesion in the left axilla, along the cords of the left brachial plexus, with significant surrounding edema and enhancement. The mass was surgically removed. Pathology was consistent with a schwannoma with infarction. The pain completely resolved immediately after surgery. © The Author(s) 2015.
    06/2015; 28(3):333-6. DOI:10.1177/1971400915594923
  • Carolina Reyes · Mehrdad Nadji ·
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    ABSTRACT: The histologic and immunohistochemical profile of typical medullary carcinomas (TMC) of the breast are well established. Among the strict histologic criteria for the diagnosis of TMC is complete circumscription of tumor with pushing borders. Those tumors that do not fulfill all morphologic requirements of TMC are designated as atypical medullary carcinomas (AMC). We herewith describe the histology and immunophenotype of a heretofore undescribed variant of TMC composed of multiple distinctly separate nodules that otherwise meet all other histologic and immunohistochemical phenotypes of TMC. Among 2952 cases of infiltrating mammary carcinomas, 111 (3.8%) met the strict criteria for TMC, including positivity for HLA-DR. Nine of these tumors were composed of multiple separate noncoalescing nodules. Immunohistochemical stains for ER, PR, HER2, and HLA-DR, as well as for p53 and Ki-67 were repeated on these nodular forms. Staining for p63 was used to identify possible intraductal components of these tumors. The age of patients ranged from 34 to 53 years. All 9 patients had negative sentinel lymph nodes. Tumors ranged in the overall size from 2.2 to 3.9 cm and were composed of 3 to 6 distinct nodules ranging in size from 0.2 to 1.1 cm surrounding a larger main tumor nodule. The nodules were composed of syncytial groups of large cells with atypical nuclei and prominent nucleoli. A lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate was present within and around each satellite nodule. Serial sections did not show coalescing of the nodules into a single tumor mass. Similarly, staining for p63 failed to support the possibility of nodules representing intraductal components of main tumor. All tumors were negative for ER, PR, and HER2, but positive for HLA-DR. Eight of 9 tumors were diffusely positive for p53 and all 9 showed a high proliferation index in >70% of tumor cells with Ki-67. We conclude that the nodular variants of medullary carcinomas (nTMC) of the breast are uncommon forms of TMC. They occur in relatively younger women and share the same immunophenotype with TMCs; they are triple negative, express HLA-DR and p53, and show a high proliferative index. As the diagnosis of TMC carries major clinical and prognostic implications, the recognition of its nodular variant becomes equally important.
    Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology: AIMM / official publication of the Society for Applied Immunohistochemistry 02/2015; 23(9). DOI:10.1097/PAI.0000000000000161 · 2.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Breast adipose tissue is inflamed in obese mice, containing hypertrophic adipocytes.•Breast fat contains high numbers of macrophages and crown-like structures in obesity.•Highest numbers of macrophages and crown-like structures occur in obese tumor bearers.•Breast fat from normal obese mice has higher concentrations of phosphatidylethanolamines.•Breast fat from tumor bearers expressed higher phosphatidylcholines than normal mice.•The presence of the tumor is associated with phosphatidylcholines.
    Biochimie 11/2014; 108. DOI:10.1016/j.biochi.2014.11.009 · 2.96 Impact Factor
  • Victoria Sujoy · Mehrdad Nadji · Azorides R Morales ·
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Recent studies have questioned the supporting evidence for the American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists (ASCO/CAP) guidelines of the 8-hour minimum fixation time required for estrogen receptor immunohistochemistry (ER-IHC) assays in breast cancer. Methods: We investigated whether brief formalin fixation together with rapid tissue processing affects the sensitivity of ER in core breast biopsies. Five core samples each from 22 mastectomy specimens were collected and fixed in 10% formalin for periods ranging from 30 minutes to 1 week. Core 5 was fixed and processed according to the ASCO/CAP guidelines. ER-IHC was performed following heat-induced antigen retrieval using antibody 1D5. The proportion and intensity of reaction was recorded using the Q score. Results: Five of 22 cancers were ER negative in all cores. In 17 ER-positive cases, no differences were found in the intensity of reaction between 30 minutes and 1 week of formalin fixation. Similarly, no difference was observed in the Q scores of rapidly and conventionally processed control tumor cores. Conclusions: Brief formalin fixation along with rapid processing has no negative effect on the sensitivity of ER-IHC in breast core biopsies. This combination significantly reduces the turnaround time for preparing breast needle biopsy specimens.
    American Journal of Clinical Pathology 04/2014; 141(4):522-6. DOI:10.1309/AJCPO7Z4SFIYDSXN · 2.51 Impact Factor
  • Carolina Reyes · Offiong F Ikpatt · Mehrdad Nadji · Richard J Cote ·
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    ABSTRACT: Automated whole slide imaging (WSI), also known as virtual microscopy is rapidly becoming an important tool in diagnostic pathology. Currently, the primary utilization of the technique is for transmission of digital images, for second opinion consultation, as well as for quality assurance and education. The high-resolution of digital images along with the refinement of technology could now allow for WSI to be used as an alternative to conventional microscopy (CM) as a first line diagnostic platform. However, the accuracy and reproducibility of the technology for the routine histopathologic diagnosis has not been established yet. This study was undertaken to compare the intra-observer variability of WSI and CM in the primary diagnosis of breast biopsies. One hundred and three consecutive core needle biopsies of breast were selected for this study. Each slide was digitally scanned and the images were stored in a shared file. Three board-certified pathologists independently reviewed the glass slides by CM first, and in an interval of 2-3 weeks for the 2(nd) time to establish their baseline CM versus CM reproducibility. They then reviewed the digital images of all cases following the same interval of time to compare the reproducibility of WSI versus CM for each observer. The diagnostic categories included the typical range of benign and malignant mammary lesions. The intra-observer variability for CM versus CM was 4%, 7%, and 0% for observers 1, 2, and 3 respectively. The diagnostic variability for WSI versus CM was 1%, 4%, and 1% for the same observers. All diagnostic disagreements were between ductal hyperplasia and atypical ductal hyperplasia. There was no intra-observer disagreement in the diagnosis of benign versus malignant disease. The intra-observer variability in the diagnosis of the core needle biopsies of the breast by high-resolution, WSI was the same as conventional glass slide microscopy. These results suggest that, WSI could be used similar to CM for the initial diagnosis of breast biopsies.
    02/2014; 5(1):5. DOI:10.4103/2153-3539.127814

  • Cancer Research 08/2013; 73(8 Supplement):91-91. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2013-91 · 9.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Macrophages are key players in the inflammatory response. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that although all macrophage subpopulations in tumor hosts are affected by the disease, it is the close proximity to the tumor that induces major alterations in these cells. We compared tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) with peritoneal macrophages from mice bearing D1-DMBA-3 mammary tumors (T-PEMs). Our results show that TAMs downregulate IL-12p70 but upregulate IL-12p40, IL-23, IL-6 and IL-10. Some NFκB and C/EBP transcription factors family members are decreased in TAMs; however NFκBp50 homodimers, STAT1/pSTAT1 and STAT3/pSTAT3 are overexpressed. Furthermore, while TAMs block T-cell proliferation and are more prone to apoptosis compared to T-PEMs, both types of macrophages have an impaired phagocytic capacity. Moreover, TAMs constitutively express iNOS and produce nitric oxide but do not express arginase and are Gr-1(high) and CD11b(low). Collectively, our analysis of two spatially distinct macrophage subpopulations in tumor-bearing mice revealed that the tumor modulates them differently into two molecularly and functionally dissimilar macrophage subpopulations.
    Cellular Immunology 06/2013; 283(1-2):51-60. DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2013.06.008 · 1.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic carcinoma is one of the cancers with the worse prognosis, thus any therapeutic improvement is imperative. Cytotoxic LH-RH analog, AN-152 (proprietary designation, AEZS-108), consisting of doxorubicin (DOX) conjugated to D-Lys6LH-RH, is now in clinical trials for targeted therapy of several sex hormone-dependent tumors that express LH-RH receptors. We investigated LH-RH receptors in human pancreatic carcinoma and the effects of AN-152 (AEZS-108) on experimental pancreatic cancers. We determined LH-RH receptor presence in human pancreatic cancer samples by immunohistochemistry and, in three human pancreatic cancer lines (SW-1990, Panc-1 and CFPAC-1), by binding assays and Western blotting. The effects of the cytotoxic LH-RH analog were investigated on growth of these same cancer lines xenografted into nude mice. We also analyzed differences between the antitumor effects of the cytotoxic analog and its cytotoxic radical alone, doxorubicin (DOX), on the expression of cancer-related genes by PCR arrays. LH-RH receptors were expressed in two randomly selected surgically removed human pancreatic cancer samples and in all three cancer lines. Cytotoxic LH-RH analogs powerfully inhibited growth of all three tumor lines in nude mice; AN-152 was significantly stronger than DOX on Panc-1 and CFPAC-1 cancers. PCR array showed that cytotoxic LH-RH analog AN-152 affected the expression of genes associated with cellular migration, invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis more favorably than DOX, however the changes in gene expression varied considerably among the three cancer lines. Cytotoxic LH-RH analog, AEZS-108, may be a useful agent for the treatment of LH-RH receptor positive advanced pancreatic carcinoma.
    Oncotarget 06/2013; 4(5):751-60. DOI:10.18632/oncotarget.1044 · 6.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma multiforme is the most frequent tumor of the central nervous system in adults and has a dismal clinical outcome, which necessitates the development of new therapeutic approaches. We investigated in vivo the action of the targeted cytotoxic analog of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone, AN-152 (AEZS-108) in nude mice (Ncr nu/nu strain) bearing xenotransplanted U-87 MG glioblastoma tumors. We evaluated in vitro the expression of LHRH receptors, proliferation, apoptosis and the release of oncogenic and tumor suppressor cytokines. Clinical and U-87 MG samples of glioblastoma tumors expressed LHRH receptors. Treatment of nude mice with AN-152, once a week at an intravenous dose of 413 nmol/20g, for six weeks resulted in 76 % reduction in tumor growth. AN-152 nearly completely abolished tumor progression and elicited remarkable apoptosis in vitro. Genomic (RT-PCR) and proteomic (ELISA, Western blot) studies revealed that AN-152 activated apoptosis, as reflected by the changes in p53 and its regulators and substrates, inhibited cell growth, and elicited changes in intermediary filament pattern. AN-152 similarly reestablished contact regulation as demonstrated by expression of adhesion molecules and inhibited vascularization, as reflected by the transcription of angiogenic factors. Our findings suggest that targeted cytotoxic analog AN-152 (AEZS-108) should be considered for a treatment of glioblastomas.
    Oncotarget 03/2013; 4(3). DOI:10.18632/oncotarget.917 · 6.36 Impact Factor
  • Carolina Reyes · Carmen Gomez-Fernández · Mehrdad Nadji ·
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    ABSTRACT: Mammaglobin A (MG-A) is purportedly useful for detecting metastatic carcinomas suspected to be of breast origin and has been advocated as a useful marker of micrometastasis in sentinel lymph nodes and minimal residual tumor in bone marrow. Little is known about its expression frequency in histologic subtypes of breast cancer. Excisional biopsy specimens from 1,079 untreated invasive mammary carcinomas were evaluated for immunohistochemical expression of MG-A. In addition to estrogen (ER) and progesterone receptors (PR) and HER2, staining for p63 and HLA-DR was used to further characterize histologic subtypes. Of the carcinomas, 36 were classified as metaplastic (based on morphologic features, ER-/PR-/HER2-, p63+), 38 as medullary (ER-/PR-/HER2-, HLA-DR+), and 1,005 as ductal, no special type (NST). All metaplastic and medullary carcinomas were negative for MG-A. Of 1,005 ductal carcinomas, NST, 492 (49.0%) were MG-A+, 62.0% with a reaction in fewer than 25% of the cells. MG-A immunohistochemical studies failed to detect all medullary and metaplastic cancers and more than 50% of ductal carcinomas, NST. In two thirds of MG-A+ ductal carcinomas, the reaction was only focal and usually in a minority of cells. These findings suggest that MG-A has limited value in identifying the mammary origin of carcinomas, particularly in small biopsy specimens used to detect metastasis or minimal residual disease.
    American Journal of Clinical Pathology 05/2012; 137(5):747-52. DOI:10.1309/AJCP5W5SEZSEHUHE · 2.51 Impact Factor

  • Cancer Research 04/2012; 72(8 Supplement):2224-2224. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2012-2224 · 9.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Experimental data indicate that antagonists of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) could be used clinically in disorders characterized by excessive GHRH/growth hormone (GH) secretion, but direct evidence for the effectiveness of GHRH antagonists on human pituitary tissue is still lacking. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of our GHRH antagonists MZ-4-71 and JV-1-36 and the somatostatin (SST) analog RC-160 on superfused pituitary cells obtained from a human GH-secreting adenoma. Using Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry, we demonstrated profuse expression of the GHRH receptor and its major splice variant SV1 and an increase in the expression of Gsa protein in the adenoma tissue. Exposure of the tumor cells to exogenous pulses of GHRH induced definite GH responses, causing a 3- to 5-fold elevation of the basal GH level. The antagonists MZ-4-71 and JV-1-36 did not alter basal GH secretion, indicating that the adenoma cells did not secrete GHRH in an autocrine manner. However, both antagonists prevented the stimulatory effect of exogenous GHRH. Similarly to the GHRH antagonists, neither SST-14 nor the SST analog RC-160 had an effect on the basal GH secretion of the tumor cells, but both peptides inhibited the stimulatory effect of exogenous GHRH, with RC-160 being more potent than SST. Our study provides direct evidence for the effectiveness of potent GHRH antagonists such as MZ-4-71 and JV-1-36 on human pituitary GH-secreting adenoma tissue and strongly suggests that these drugs could be used for therapy of GHRH-associated forms of acromegaly, particularly for those patients in whom surgery fails or is not an option.
    Neuroendocrinology 02/2012; 96(1):81-8. DOI:10.1159/000335989 · 4.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Benign prostatic hyperplasia often affects aging men. Antagonists of the neuropeptide growth hormone-releasing hormone reduced prostate weight in an androgen induced benign prostatic hyperplasia model in rats. Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone antagonists also produce marked, protracted improvement in lower urinary tract symptoms, reduced prostate volume and an increased urinary peak flow rate in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. We investigated the influence of a combination of antagonists of growth hormone-releasing hormone and luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone on animal models of benign prostatic hyperplasia. We evaluated the effects of the growth hormone-releasing hormone antagonist JMR-132, given at a dose of 40 μg daily, the luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone antagonist cetrorelix, given at a dose of 0.625 mg/kg, and their combination on testosterone induced benign prostatic hyperplasia in adult male Wistar rats in vivo. Prostate tissue was examined biochemically and histologically. Serum levels of growth hormone, luteinizing hormone, insulin-like growth factor-1, dihydrotestosterone and prostate specific antigen were determined. Marked shrinkage of the rat prostate (30.3%) occurred in response to the combination of growth hormone-releasing hormone and luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone antagonists (p<0.01). The combination strongly decreased prostatic prostate specific antigen, 6-transmembrane epithelial antigen of the prostate, interleukin-1β, nuclear factor-κβ and cyclooxygenase-2, and decreased serum prostate specific antigen. A combination of growth hormone-releasing hormone antagonist with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone antagonist potentiated a reduction in prostate weight in an experimental benign prostatic hyperplasia model. Results suggest that this shrinkage in prostate volume was induced by the direct inhibitory effects of growth hormone-releasing hormone and luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone antagonists exerted through their respective prostatic receptors. These findings suggest that growth hormone-releasing hormone antagonists and/or their combination with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone antagonists should be considered for further development as therapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia.
    The Journal of urology 02/2012; 187(4):1498-504. DOI:10.1016/j.juro.2011.11.081 · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The management of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) presents a clinical challenge because of limitations in efficacy of current therapies. Novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of CRPC are needed. Antagonists of hypothalamic growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) inhibit growth of various malignancies, including androgen-dependent and independent prostate cancer, by suppressing diverse tumoral growth factors, especially GHRH itself, which acts as a potent autocrine/paracrine growth factor in many tumors. We evaluated the effects of the GHRH antagonist, JMR-132, on PC-3 human androgen-independent prostate cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. JMR-132 suppressed the proliferation of PC-3 cells in vitro in a dose-dependent manner and significantly inhibited growth of PC-3 tumors by 61% (P < 0.05). The expression of GHRH, GHRH receptors, and their main splice variant, SV1, in PC-3 cells and tumor xenografts was demonstrated by RT-PCR and Western blot. The content of GHRH protein in PC-3 xenografts was lowered markedly, by 66.3% (P < 0.01), after treatment with JMR-132. GHRH induced a significant increase in levels of ERK, but JMR-132 abolished this outcome. Our findings indicate that inhibition of PC-3 prostate cancer by JMR-132 involves inactivation of Akt and ERK. The inhibitory effect produced by GHRH antagonist can result in part from inactivation of the PI3K/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin and Raf/MEK/ERK pathways and from the reduction in GHRH produced by cancer cells. Our findings support the role of GHRH as an autocrine growth factor in prostate cancer and suggest that antagonists of GHRH should be considered for further development as therapy for CRPC.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 01/2012; 109(5):1655-60. DOI:10.1073/pnas.1120588109 · 9.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study compared histological and immunohistochemical changes of cutaneous leishmaniasis treated with meglumine antimoniate, imiquimod, and the combination of both therapies. Single blind clinicopathological studies of fifteen patients with old world cutaneous leishmaniasis in Kerman, Iran were included. A total of four patients received a combination of imiquimod (5% cream) and intra-lesional meglumine antimoniate weekly for four weeks. Monotherapy with imiquimod was given to seven patients and four patients were treated with meglumine antimoniate intralesionally. Histological confirmation was performed before and during therapy. Semi-quantitative histological parameters such as numbers of mixed inflammatory cells (cells/mm(2)) and percentages of Langerhans cells (CD1a+), T-cells (CD3+), B-cells (CD20+), and macrophages (CD68+) were calculated immunohistochemically in the dermis and adjacent epidermis. Topical imiquimod significantly reduced mean histiocytic cellular aggregation size (P<0.05). Meglumine antimoniate reduced parasite load and infected activated histiocytes in the dermis (P<0.05). Meglumine antimoniate therapy decreased epidermal CD3+ lymphocytes but increased them in the dermis, within the granulomas (P<0.05). During topical application of imiquimod a depletion of CD1a+ dendritic cells in the epidermis (P<0.05) and slight predominance of dendritic cells in the dermis were observed. Combined therapy and imiquimod monotherapy decreased CD68+ macrophages in the dermis (P<0.05). Meglumine antimoniate decreases parasite load with considerable effect on up-regulation of T-cells, which demonstrates that meglumine antimoniate works as parasitocidal and immunomodulator, which could be a first line of treatment. Imiquimod accentuates the host immune response and reduces granuloma size which could be effective immunomodulator for combination therapy. Monotherapy of imiquimod is less effective than the two other regimens in decreasing parasite load, inflammation and congestion at the inoculated site.
    Archives of Iranian medicine 07/2011; 14(4):238-43. · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The majority of men will develop symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) after 70 years of age. Various studies indicate that antagonists of LHRH, such as cetrorelix, exert direct inhibitory effects on BPH mediated by specific LHRH receptors. Our aim was to investigate the mRNA for LHRH and LHRH receptors and the expression of LHRH receptors in specimens of human BPH. The expression of mRNA for LHRH (n=35) and LHRH receptors (n=55) was investigated by RT-PCR in surgical specimens of BPH, using specific primers. The characteristics of binding sites for LHRH on 20 samples were determined by ligand competition assays. The LHRH receptor expression was also examined in 64 BPH specimens by immunohistochemistry. PCR products for LHRH were found in 18 of 35 (51%) BPH tissues and mRNA for LHRH receptors was detected in 39 of 55 (71%) BPH specimens. Eighteen of 20 (90%) samples showed a single class of high affinity binding sites for [D-Trp(6) ]LHRH with a mean K(d) of 4.04 nM and a mean B(max) of 527.6 fmol/mg membrane protein. LHRH antagonist cetrorelix showed high affinity binding to LHRH receptors in BPH. Positive immunohistochemical reaction for LHRH receptors was present in 42 of 64 (67%) BPH specimens. A high incidence of LHRH receptors in BPH supports the use of LHRH antagonists such as cetrorelix, for treatment of patients with lower urinary tract symptoms from BPH.
    The Prostate 04/2011; 71(5):445-52. DOI:10.1002/pros.21258 · 3.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH), a hypothalamic polypeptide, acts as a potent autocrine/paracrine growth factor in many cancers. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a pathologic proliferation of prostatic glandular and stromal tissues; a variety of growth factors and inflammatory processes are inculpated in its pathogenesis. Previously we showed that potent synthetic antagonists of GHRH strongly inhibit the growth of diverse experimental human tumors including prostate cancer by suppressing various tumoral growth factors. The influence of GHRH antagonists on animal models of BPH has not been investigated. We evaluated the effects of the GHRH antagonists JMR-132 given at doses of 40 μg/d, MIA-313 at 20 μg/d, and MIA-459 at 20 μg/d in testosterone-induced BPH in Wistar rats. Reduction of prostate weights was observed after 6 wk of treatment with GHRH antagonists: a 17.8% decrease with JMR-132 treatment; a 17.0% decline with MIA-313 treatment; and a 21.4% reduction with MIA-459 treatment (P < 0.05 for all). We quantified transcript levels of genes related to growth factors, inflammatory cytokines, and signal transduction and identified significant changes in the expression of more than 80 genes (P < 0.05). Significant reductions in protein levels of IL-1β, NF-κβ/p65, and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) also were observed after treatment with a GHRH antagonist. We conclude that GHRH antagonists can lower prostate weight in experimental BPH. This reduction is caused by the direct inhibitory effects of GHRH antagonists exerted through prostatic GHRH receptors. This study sheds light on the mechanism of action of GHRH antagonists in BPH and suggests that GHRH antagonists should be considered for further development as therapy for BPH.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 02/2011; 108(9):3755-60. DOI:10.1073/pnas.1018086108 · 9.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Enhanced expression of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) and phenotypic markers (CD44(+)/CD24(-)) in stem cells from breast tumors has been reported. This study was undertaken to monitor expression of these markers in cells from body cavity fluids of female patients suspected to have a malignancy. Cells from peritoneal and pleural fluids of 100 female patients were examined by diagnostic cytology and analyzed by laser flow cytometry for enhanced ALDH1 expression. Cells from 36 body cavity fluids with ALDH1(bright) fluorescence were then analyzed for the expression of CD44 and CD24 markers. In samples positive for malignancy, ALDH1(bright) cells with both SSC(low) and SSC(high) were seen. In 15 body cavity fluids positive for malignancy, the percentage of ALDH1(bright) cells ranged from 0.26 to 6.34% of the total cells. The percentage of ALDH1(bright) cells with CD44(+)/CD24(-) expression in these samples ranged from 0.02 to 3.66%. ALDH1(bright) cells with CD44(+)/CD24(-) expression were also present in body cavity fluids of patients in whom diagnostic cytology could not detect any malignancy. However, the percentage of ALDH1(bright) and CD44(+)/CD24(-) cells amongst the 21 body cavity fluids with negative cytology was lower than that of samples with malignancy. Expression of ALDH1(bright) and the CD44(+)/CD24(-) phenotype in body cavity fluids in which diagnostic cytology could not find any malignant cells suggests that this phenotype may not be restricted to the putative breast tumor stem cells. It is possible that only subsets of cells with this phenotype are the putative breast tumor stem cells.
    Cytometry Part B Clinical Cytometry 05/2010; 78(3):176-82. DOI:10.1002/cyto.b.20509 · 2.40 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

4k Citations
535.63 Total Impact Points


  • 1980-2015
    • University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • Division of Gynecologic Oncology
      • • Department of Medicine
      Miami, Florida, United States
  • 1994-2014
    • Jackson Memorial Hospital
      • Department of Urology
      Miami, Florida, United States
  • 1981-2013
    • University of Miami
      • • Miller School of Medicine
      • • Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Department of Pathology
      كورال غيبلز، فلوريدا, Florida, United States
    • Roswell Park Cancer Institute
      • Department of Diagnostic Immunology Research and Biochemistry
      Buffalo, New York, United States
  • 1993
    • University of Zurich
      Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
  • 1984
    • Georgetown University
      • Department of Pathology
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
    • Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
      Ciudad de México, The Federal District, Mexico